Ethics for gathering data
Consider several ethical issues related to professionalism, and the collection and storing of data from human subjects when conducting educational research.
One important issue for researchers is to present truthful results. There is never any justification for misrepresentation or fraud, and the cost is enormous, both to the researcher and professional community. The American Educational Research Association has developed 10 standards for educational researchers.
Human subject research
Many professional organizations have prepared ethical guideless for educational research with human subjects such as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (The Belmont Report), and American Psychological Association (APA-section 8). Also, most institutions have an Institutional Review Board (IRB) that university researchers must seek approval from (and trained) prior to initiating human subject research. Some of the guidelines for conducting ethically acceptable research with human participants include informed consent, freedom to withdraw, anonymity and confidentiality, potential risk and benefits, and data security. See the University of Texas at Austin’s Institutional Review Board manual for additional and more specific information regarding these guidelines.