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Conduct research

Reporting experiment results

STEP 7. Analyze the data

Calculate descriptive statistics on outcome measures and determine if the variables are normally distributed, a requirement for many statistical tests. If a variable is not normally distributed, consult with a statistician to determine if you need to transform the variable.

While comparing group means and standard deviations will give you a rough sense of group differences on outcome measures, you must use statistical tests to demonstrate that these differences are unlikely to have occurred by chance. [more] 

STEP 8. Determine findings

From your data analysis, summarize the findings in relation to your research question(s) or hypotheses and to previous research findings. [more]

STEP 9. Report results

Conclusions are statements that interpret and evaluate the results found from the study.  Make sure to give primary emphasis to the results that relate to the research questions of your study such as the effect of an intervention.  One way to represent the magnitude of an intervention effect is with a percentage change. For example, you might report that scores increased 35% for an intervention group compared with 15% for a control group that did not receive the intervention.  Also discuss what practical or theoretical implications can be drawn for your findings, any major shortcomings or limitations of the methodology used, and directions or suggestions for future research. [more]

Page last updated: Sep 21 2011
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