Types of student assessment
Student assessments can either be formative or summative depending upon when the assessment is implemented and how the results are used.
Formative assessment is an assessment conducted during the course and provides information useful in improving or shaping student learning. Usually, instructors implement formative types of assessments in order to help ensure that students learn and achieve the course learning outcomes
Summative assessment, in contrast, is conducted at the end of a unit or course to provide a final judgment of student performance with no chance for improvement. Summative assessments could be unit exams, final exams, or portfolios that are due at the end of a course.