Reporting exam results
STEP 7. Analyze the data
Understanding how to interpret and use student exam scores is as important as knowing how to construct the exam. If you are using open-ended questions, one analysis approach is to use a scoring rubric. [more] If you are using multiple-choice or true/false fixed-choice questions, applying statistical tools, such as an item analysis, can provide useful information. [more]
STEP 8. Make conclusions
Evaluate your results based on how well students met course learning objectives. In addition, use exam results to change or improve future exams or instruction.
STEP 9. Report results
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. According to this law, you may not release grades or other non-directory information (i.e. social security numbers; student identification number, race, ethnicity, and/or nationality; gender; or transcripts) to anyone except the student (unless a prior written consent of the student is received). [more]
Therefore, grades or feedback from the exam must be kept confidential and only released directly to the student. You may report general results of the exams without providing any student identifiers (e.g. percentage of letter grades awarded) and still maintain confidentiality. When you report general results, be sure to include your overall impressions, how scores were calculated, and the contribution to the course grade. You should also share any information about dropped questions or other scoring abnormalities.