Rob Roy Kelly American Wood Type Collection
The Collection
History Publications Specimens Details
American Wood Type
Production Manufacturers Bibliography
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Wood borders were first shown by Edwin Allen in George Nesbitt’s 1838 First Premium Wood Types Cut by Machinery. One of the most commonly shown early borders were variations on the “Grecian Key” pattern, simply titled Grecian Border. William H. Page greatly expanded the ornamented border styles available in wood type beginning with his 1859 Specimens of Wood Type. By the early-1860s all wood type manufacturers showed border material in solid, grooved and ornamented styles.

Page developed a stamping process in the early 1880s that was used to produce border material. The precision inherent in this process allowed Page to offer a wide range of intricate geometric border styles. He would perfect and patent this process later in the decade to also make die-cut or “New Process” wood type.

All manufacturers sold wood border by the pica measure. J.E. Hamilton began offering a series of solid, single- and double-grooved wood rule based on the point system he named New Series Wood Rule in 1897. While ornamented borders became less popular after the turn of the century wood rule in solid and grooved styles remained an important component of wood type manufacturers offerings throughout the twentieth century.

Border No 169
Border No 329
Border No 296
Border No 78
Border No 181
Border No 176
Border No 279
Border No 244
Border No 185
Border No 254
Chain Border No 1
Border No 175
Border No 162
Border No 243
Border No 239
Fancy Rule No 51
Border No 120
Border No 291
Border No 300
Tuscan Border
Star Border
Roman Flame Border
Border No 17
Border No 17 (2nd color)
Corner No 32
Corner No 93
Corner No 16
Corner No 17
Streamer Borders
Wood Rule No 11
Wood Rule No 9
Wood Rule No 7
Fancy Rule No 22
Fancy Rule No 6
Wood Rule No 12
Star Rule No 11
Star Rule No 9
Star Rule No 5
Star Rule No 8
Star Rule No 6
Star Rule No 4
Border & Rule