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Lorraine and Tom Pangle, Co-Directors BAT 2.116, C4100, Austin, TX 78712 • 512-471-6648

Steele Brand

Lecturer

Post-Doctoral Fellow, Clements Center for History, Strategy, and Statecraft

CTI 375 • War/Society Anc Mediterranean

34595 • Spring 2014
Meets MWF 1000am-1100am BUR 216
(also listed as AHC 330, EUS 346, HIS 362G )
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This class surveys the military history of the ancient Mediterranean from the beginnings of recorded history (~3100 BC) to the final barbarian assimilations of the Roman Empire (~AD 500). The course is chronologically arranged and examines the spectrum of data between material and textual. It begins by studying human conflict in the civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Levant, Anatolia, and the Aegean, from the Lagash-Umma border conflict, the siege warfare of the Middle Bronze Age, and the unprecedented chariot clashes at Megiddo and Kadesh. It then transitions to warfare in the classical world, from the epic conflict with Persia, the calamitous Peloponnesian War, and Rome’s slow, militaristic rise to domination. Students will analyze the strategic, operational, and tactical objectives (or lack thereof) of the major campaigns. They will explore naval engagements, decisive land battles, siege warfare, subterfuge, and everything else on the periphery. Students will also examine the moral, religious, political, and economic factors that preceded battlefield encounters. Above all, this class follows the first chapter in the tragic, exciting, and unpredictable story of organized human violence.

Texts:

Arther Ferrill, The Origins of War: From the Stone Age to Alexander the Great (Westview Press)

William James Hamblin, Warfare in the Ancient Near East to C. 1600 BC (Routledge)

John Gibson Warry, Warfare in the Classical World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons, Warriors, and Warfare in the Ancient Civilizations of Greece and Rome (University of Oklahoma Press)

Grading:

60% exams (2 x 30% ea.), 40% participation / reading reflections

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