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A Grammar of Proto-Germanic

Winfred P. Lehmann

Jonathan Slocum, ed.

B. TEXT SOURCES

(Editor's Note: The author's original bibliography was very much incomplete — especially with respect to the sources of [mostly Germanic] texts quoted or referred to in the book, for which citations were entirely missing. Source texts cited below may not always coincide with sources that the author actually used, but the editor is endeavouring to ensure consistency of content. This appendix may be updated, pending future developments.)

Beowulf [8th century] : Old English heroic poem; see Klaeber, 1950 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 1-120.

Björketorp inscription [7th century curse] : rune stone located in Blekinge, Sweden; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 87-88.

Bede's Caedmon [7th century] : Old English account of the monk/poet; see Onions, 1959 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 42-46.

Codex Argenteus [early 6th century] : Gothic Bible manuscript now located in the University of Uppsala library; see, e.g., Streitberg, ed., 1960 (cf. Appendix A).

Eggja (Eggjum) runic inscription [ca. 8th century] : pre-Viking Age flagstone found on a farm near Sogndal, Norway; see Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 184-185.

Egils saga [early 13th century] : epic Old Norse tale possibly written by Snorri Sturluson; see, e.g., Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 106-115.

Cynewulf's Elene [9th century] : Old English poem from the Vercelli Book found in northern Italy; see, e.g., Gradon, 1966 (cf. Appendix A).

Gallehus runic inscription [4th century] : Proto-Norse, on a gold drinking horn unearthed in south Jutland, Denmark; now lost; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), p. 41.

Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla [early 13th century] : Old Norse kings' sagas; see, e.g., Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 117-123.

Heliand [early 9th century] : Old Saxon alliterative epic poem found in Monacensis manuscript; see Behaghel & Taeger, eds., 1984 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 7-210.

Hildebrandslied [early 9th century] : anonymous 68-line poem in Old High German mixed with Old Saxon; earliest manuscript located in the Murhardsche Bibliothek in Kassel; see Müllenhoff et al., 1892 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 2-6.

Hrafnkels saga [late 13th century] : anonymous Old Norse prose fiction; see Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 58-86.

Hrolfs saga [14th century] : Old Norse tale of pre-Viking Age kings; see, e.g., Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 26-32.

Íslendingasaga [13th century] : Old Norse historical work, part of the Sturlungasaga attributed to Sturla Þórðarson; see, e.g., Jóhannsson, 1956 (cf. Appendix A).

John [4th century, in Gothic & Greek] : see Streitberg, ed., 1960 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 30-83.

Kjølevig inscription [5th century] : Proto-Norse rune stone found on a farm north-east of Stavanger, Norway; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 50-51.

Kragehul runic inscription [4th century] : Proto-Norse, on a spear shaft found in a bog in Fyn, Denmark; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 35-36.

Leif's Voyage [14th century] : Old Norse tales about the Viking discovering America; see, e.g., Gordon, 1971 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 43-47.

Ari Þorgilsson's Libellus Islandorum, a.k.a. Íslendingabók [early 12th century] : Old Norse historical work, original now lost; 17th century copy located at the Árni Magnússon Institute; see Benediktsson, 1968 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 4-28.

Luke [4th century, in Gothic & Greek] : see Streitberg, ed., 1960 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 84-163.

Luke [9th century, in Latin & Old High German] : from a bilingual translation of Tatian's lost gospel harmony, the Diatessaron. Original is Codex Sangallensis 56 in the Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen, with a facsimile edition now online.

Mark [4th century, in Gothic & Greek] : see Streitberg, ed., 1960 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 162-225.

Matthew [4th century, in Gothic & Greek] : see Streitberg, ed., 1960 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 2-29.

Otfrid, author of Evangelienbuch [9th century] : Old High German poem, first Germanic epic in rhymed verse; see Erdmann & Wolff, eds., 1957 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 1-265.

Song of Weland, a.k.a. Vœlundarqviða [13th century] : Old Norse saga; see Neckel & Kuhn, eds., 1962 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 116-123.

Stentoften inscription [7th century curse] : rune stone now located at the Church of St. Nicolai in Sölvesborg, Sweden; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 85-87.

Tomstad inscription [ca. 5th century] : Proto-Norse rune stone found on a farm near Lista, Norway; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), p. 68.

Tune inscription [5th century monument] : Proto-Norse rune stone now located at the University Museum of Antiquities in Oslo; see Antonsen, 1975 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 44-46.

The Voyages of Ohthere and Wulfstan [9th century] : travelogues inserted by Alfred the Great into his Old English translation of Orosius' history of the world; see Onions, 1959 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 17-22.

Wessobrunner Gebet [late 8th century prayer] : one of the earliest known Old High German poetic works; see Müllenhoff et al., 1892 (cf. Appendix A), pp. 1-2.