Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
Classical Armenian Online
Selected Annotated Bibliography
Todd B. Krause
For someone just beginning a study of Classical Armenian, several of the
grammars have reading selections. Jensen's grammar has a separate volume
dedicated to excerpts from major authors. In his work one may find
references to more complete editions of the Classical Armenian authors:
- Hans Jensen, Altarmenische Chrestomathie. Heidelberg:
Carl Winter Universitaetsverlag, 1964. Contains selections from the New Testaments,
as well as the works of Moses of Khoren, Faustus of Byzantium, Koriwn,
and Eznik of Kolb. Contains a glossary in German.
There is a severe lack of grammars for Classical Armenian written in
English. There are several exceptional grammars written in German:
- Hans Jensen, Altarmenische Grammatik. Heidelberg: Carl
Winter Universitaetsverlag, 1959. A very thorough treatise on the language,
giving the most complete discussion of syntax of any of the books listed. The
organization, however, is idiosyncratic, making reference difficult at times.
- A. Meillet, Altarmenisches Elementarbuch. Heidelberg: Carl
Winters Universitaetsbuchhandlung, 1913. A classic work. Gives
a brief but thorough outline of grammar, and includes several text selections
together with a glossary.
- Ruediger Schmitt, Grammatik des Klassisch-Armenischen.
Innsbruck: Innsbrucker Beitraege zur Sprachwissenschaft, 1981.
The most recent of the grammars, with the most attention to comparative issues
of Classical Armenian and the other Indo-European languages. Some short reading
selections with grammatical commentary.
- Robert W. Thomson, An Introduction to Classical Armenian. New York:
Caravan Books, 1975. Includes the text selections and glossary of
Meillet's book, but structures the grammar presentation in the format of
graded lessons, rather than the reference-grammar approach of the others.
- Robert Godel, An Introduction to the Study of Classical Armenian.
Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1975. A very terse account of the
language, divided into two parts: a synchronic approach, and a diachronic
approach. Purely a reference grammar, with no extended textual examples.
There are no dictionaries, in English, for Classical Armenian. In German,
the following is noteworthy:
- H. Huebschmann, Armenische Grammatik. 1 Theil: Armenische Etymologie.
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Haertel, 1897. An etymological dictionary of Classical
Armenian. Only the first part was published.
The following article sheds light on the position of Classical Armenian
within the Indo-European language group:
- Roberto Ajello, "Armenian," in The Indo-European Languages, ed. A. G.
Ramat and P. Ramat; New York: Routledge, 1998. A brief survey of the
linguistic heredity and phonological and morphological structure of Armenian.
A more detailed account of the history of the Armenian region may be found
in the following:
- George A. Bournoutian, A History of the Armenian People. Costa Mesa:
Mazda Publishers, 1993. A very readable outline of Armenian history,
especially useful because of numerous timelines relating events in Armenian
history to other contemporaneous happenings around the world.