The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

Old Iranian Online

Avestan: Base Form Dictionary

Jonathan Slocum and Scott L. Harvey

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Unicode 2 and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
<(hapax) krd>   'send' (?)   --
1.134
<-aya>   '...'   --
4.34
<-ista->   indicates superlative   --
1.130, 3.5, 3.151, 3.427, 4.48, 4.156, 4.160, 4.174, 4.185, 4.187, 4.230, 5.82, 5.133
<-tara->   'more, better'   --   [Pokorny 4. ter-, teru- : tr-, tra-, teru- :: to cross, get over, etc.]   --
6.111
<-vat->   '...'   --
2.172, 3.191
<a>   'no, none'   --
4.354, 5.180
<a->   'he, this'   --
2.6, 4.115
<a->   (privative)   --   [Pokorny 1. ne, ne, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   --
1.104
<aipi>   'toward, approaching'   --   [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   --
1.160, 4.450
<aiwi>   'toward, with respect to'   --   [Pokorny ebhi? : obhi : bhi :: from, around, (up) to, etc.]   --
5.81, 5.91, 5.103
<aurvathana->   'adversary'   --
5.206
<aurvant->   'swift, runner, steed'   --   [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   --
6.68, 6.177, 6.183
<anah->   'sin'   --   [Pokorny 2. ai- :: to drive, close in; harm, overwhelm]   --
4.299
<ava->   'one, alone'   --   [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : ue-, uo- :: other; that (one)]   --
2.21, 2.98
<ashasa->   'wild'   --
3.450
<ashema->   'anger, fury, wrath'   --   [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   --
1.24, 1.91, 4.240
<ashma->   'anger, fury, wrath'   --
6.160
<aogah->   'power, strength'   --   [Pokorny aueg-, uog-, aug-, ug- :: to augment, increase, magnify]   --
2.184, 6.23
<aor>   'down'   --   [Pokorny 3. au-, aue, ue- :: down, away from]   --
3.354
<aka->   'bad, evil, wicked'   --   [Pokorny 2. ank-, ang- :: to flex, bend, angle]   --
4.107, 4.156, 4.174, 4.230
<anghu->   'existence, life'   --   [Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: ghost, spirit, demon]   --
3.242, 4.148, 4.244
<ajyaiti->   'death'   --
4.144
<at>   'then, but, and, so, thus'   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
1.184, 2.5, 2.35, 2.136, 2.228, 3.57, 3.178, 3.327, 3.370, 4.5, 4.87, 4.128, 4.158, 4.239, 4.266, 4.294, 4.307, 4.336, 4.392, 4.449
<ath>   'so, thus, likewise'   --   [Pokorny ant-s :: brow, front, anterior]   --
1.42, 1.171, 3.146, 3.274, 6.106
<athra>   'here, there'   --
6.201, 6.215
<ad>   'then, thereupon, thus'   --
1.54, 4.378
<ana->   'him'   --
3.315, 3.383
<anasha->   'powerless'   --
2.141
<anya->   'other'   --   [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   --
1.41, 3.255, 3.256, 6.158
<ans>   'attain'   --
3.304
<apmem>   'last'   --
3.374, 4.147
<amavant->   'strong, powerful, vigorous'   --   [Pokorny omu- :: to suffer; firm up, proceed energetically]   --
5.129
<ayah->   'metal, iron'   --
4.284
<aym->   'this, that'   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
1.100, 2.81, 2.92, 2.182, 2.210, 3.229, 3.241, 3.271, 3.298, 3.331, 3.410, 3.422, 3.464, 4.75, 4.169, 4.211, 4.217, 4.253, 4.279, 4.296, 4.321, 4.341
<ar>   'rise'   --   [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   --
3.421
<Armaiti->   name of a goddess = 'righteousness, devotion, piety'   --
3.152
<ava>   'away, down'   --   [Pokorny 3. au-, aue, ue- :: down, away from]   --
4.380, 4.382
<ava->   'this, that'   --   [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : ue-, uo- :: other; that (one)]   --
1.114, 2.195
<avant->   'as much, so much, so long, such'   --
5.21, 5.23, 5.46
<avar>   'down'   --
2.254
<avah->   'help, helping'   --   [Pokorny 7. au-, aue-, auei- :: to like, help]   --
2.173
<asan->   'stone, heaven'   --
4.188
<asishta->   'fastest'   --
4.393
<asura->   'weak'   --
2.153
<aspa->   'horse'   --   [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse]   --
5.194
<aspna->   patronymic form of aspa- 'horse'   --   [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse]   --
3.112
<aspi->   'mare'   --   [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse]   --
5.73
<asha->   'truth'   --   [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base aru-, re-, and i-base (a)ri-, rei- :: to fit, suit]   --
1.58, 1.101, 2.26, 2.54, 2.114, 2.186, 2.224, 3.28, 3.134, 3.253, 3.314, 3.451, 4.33, 4.183, 4.258, 4.325, 4.355, 4.407, 6.168
<ashavan->   '(in accordance with) Truth'   --   [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base aru-, re-, and i-base (a)ri-, rei- :: to fit, suit]   --
3.187, 3.188, 3.461, 4.159, 6.62
<ashavant->   'follower of the Truth'   --   [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base aru-, re-, and i-base (a)ri-, rei- :: to fit, suit]   --
4.448, 5.47, 5.59, 5.65, 5.92
<azi->   'fertile'   --   [Pokorny agh- :: animal that may bear young]   --
1.202
<azem->   'I'   --   [Pokorny eg-, eg(h)om, ego :: ego, I (pronoun)]   --
1.10, 1.13, 1.23, 1.38, 1.43, 1.172, 2.93, 2.97, 2.111, 2.209, 2.229, 2.253, 2.255, 4.338, 4.354, 5.16, 5.26, 6.85, 6.107
<ah>   'energy, zest, zeal'   --
1.187
<ah->   'be, become'   --
1.128, 1.173, 2.168, 3.262, 3.330, 3.373, 3.387, 3.429, 4.146, 4.282, 4.339, 4.369, 4.452, 5.62, 6.123
<ahu->   'existence, life, breath'   --
3.318, 4.344, 6.12
<ahu->   'lord'   --
2.22
<ahura->   'lord'   --   [Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: ghost, spirit, demon]   --
1.88, 1.170, 1.190, 2.8, 2.51, 2.183, 2.251, 3.30, 3.99, 3.203, 3.462, 4.21, 4.199, 4.323, 4.353, 5.6, 5.28, 5.87
<ahe>   'indeed, certainly'   --
5.111
<ahmat>   'henceforth'   --
6.135
<>   '(up) to, toward, etc.'   --   [Pokorny 1. e, o :: (particle: he, this, etc.)]   --
1.22, 1.27, 1.191, 2.155, 2.242, 3.33, 3.72, 3.207, 3.316, 3.384, 4.49, 4.218, 4.281, 4.354, 4.395, 6.222
<>   (conveys sense of reversal with verbs of motion)   --
3.297
<at>   'then, thereupon, therefore, and, but'   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
5.10, 5.18, 6.163, 6.199, 6.214
<tar->   'fire'   --
5.85
<dna->   'portion, forging together, retaliation'   --
4.285
<dra->   'lowly'   --
1.119
<yapta->   'riches, bounty, boon, spoils'   --
3.20
<rmaiti->   'devotion, piety'   --
4.270
<varena->   'invitation, choice'   --
4.59
<su->   'swift'   --   [Pokorny okú-s :: quick(ly)]   --
5.73
<sna->   'successful, effective'   --   [Pokorny se[i]dh- : sidh-, and sudh- :: to aim at, strive for]   --
5.98
<zuiti->   'fat, butter'   --
2.50
<zhush->   'propulsion implement'   --
3.341
<hiti->   'defilement, pollution   --
6.138
<ith>   'thus'   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
3.270
<id>   'here'   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
2.94
<ish>   'strive, desire, arrive'   --   [Pokorny 1. ais- :: to wish, desire, ask/search for]   --
4.8
<sh-xshathri>   'powerful'   --
2.157
<shti->   'sacrifice'   --   [Pokorny eik- :: to own, possess, be capable]   --
3.6
<uxdha->   'word, saying'   --   [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear]   --
3.48, 3.61
<ughra->   'strong'   --
1.130
<uta>   'and'   --   [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : ue-, uo- :: other; that (one)]   --
6.70
<utayiti->   'fresh, lasting, enduring'   --
4.268
<upa>   'near, up on/to, etc.'   --   [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: under, (from) below, etc.]   --
3.398, 4.227, 6.9, 6.18, 6.141, 6.144
<uparem>   'above'   --
6.14
<urusha->   'emaciated'   --
2.67
<urvan->   'soul, self'   --
1.7, 1.200, 2.138
<urvta->   'rule, order, commandment'   --   [Pokorny 6. uer- :: to speak, talk formally]   --
4.421
<urvza->   'joy, bliss'   --
4.38
<uvaya->   'both'   --
5.60
<ustana->   'stretched forth'   --   [Pokorny 1. ten-, tend- :: to span, stretch, extend]   --
1.186
<erezu->   'straight, just'   --   [Pokorny 1. reg- :: to regulate, make just/right; king, reign]   --
3.95
<eresh->   'right, correct, true'   --
4.117, 4.213, 5.160, 5.172
<ereshva->   'lofty'   --
1.120
<erezu->   'straight'   --   [Pokorny 1. reg- :: to regulate, make just/right; king, reign]   --
5.82
<erezheji->   'living justly'   --
1.215, 3.480
<ev>   'down'   --
2.83
<neiti->   'ill-being, lack of freedom'   --
4.435
<nman->   'spirit, breath'   --
4.271
<ka->   'who, what'   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
1.9, 1.12, 1.85, 2.77
<kainya->   'maiden, girl'   --
3.217
<kan->   'atonement, punishment'   --   [Pokorny 1. kuei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   --
4.297
<kath>   'how, in what way'   --
1.59
<kad>   'when'   --   [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   --
2.165
<kayadha->   category of evil deed   --
5.45
<kar>   'do, make'   --
4.343, 6.134
<ku>   'where'   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
3.460
<kud>   'where'   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
2.223
<kevi->   'title: adherent to the daevic religion' (?)   --
3.82
<kehrp->   'form, body, outward appearance'   --   [Pokorny 1. (s)kel- :: to cut, halve]   --
4.267, 6.35
<xratu->   'will, intention, vision'   --
6.10, 6.19
<xrathwa->   'power, will, insight'   --
3.150
<xrush>   'scream, howl'   --
3.397
<xrnar->   'man-defiling'   --
3.408
<xrzhdra->   'hard, firm'   --   [Pokorny 1. kreu-, kreuu- : kru-, kreus-, krus- :: raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust]   --
4.187
<xrvi->   'bloody'   --
6.162
<xsnu>   'satisfy'   --
4.198
<xshathra->   'power'   --
2.187, 2.227, 3.478, 4.254, 4.310
<xsham>   'accept'   --
2.142
<xshaya>   'ruling'   --
1.73
<xshn>   'know'   --
2.243
<xshn->   'recognition' (?)   --
3.70
<xshvid->   'milk'   --   [Pokorny sueid- :: milk]   --
2.65
<xva>   'good, worthy'   --
5.58
<xva->   'self'   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
4.63
<xvatu->   'belonging to the family'   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
3.179
<xvathra->   'good breathing, ease, comfort'   --   [Pokorny eter- :: intestines]   --
3.305
<xvapah->   'dream-like'   --
6.182, 6.188
<xvafna->   'sleep, dream'   --   [Pokorny 1. suep-, sup- :: to sleep]   --
4.93, 5.180
<xvareiti->   'nourishment'   --
6.121
<xvaretha->   'food'   --
3.303
<xvarenah->   'glory'   --   [Pokorny sauel-, sauol-, suuél-, suel-, sul- :: Sol, sun]   --
5.113
<xviti->   'well-being, freedom of movement'   --
4.434
<gairi->   'mountain'   --   [Pokorny 3. guer-, guor- :: mountain]   --
6.39, 6.41, 6.75
<gao->   'cow'   --
1.6, 1.56, 1.61, 1.76, 1.105, 1.201, 2.64, 2.137, 5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.152, 5.170
<gaona->   'hair'   --   [Pokorny geu-, guu-, gu- :: to bend, curl; cup, vessel]   --
6.221
<gaoman->   'possessed of milk'   --
6.220
<gaosha->   'ear'   --   [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear]   --
5.174
<gad>   'ask, entreat, supplicate'   --
5.196
<gan>   'smite, strike'   --
6.21
<gan->   'slayer'   --
5.47, 6.111
<ganya->   'slaying, killing, destroying'   --
6.122
<gam>   'go'   --
1.133, 4.133, 4.227, 4.255, 4.298, 5.138
<gaya->   'life'   --   [Pokorny gua-, guem- :: to come, go]   --
4.143
<gar>   'be awake'   --
5.181
<gush>   'hear'   --
2.100
<gerez->   'lament, complain'   --
1.8
<gusha->   'ear'   --
4.47
<ca>   'and'   --   [Pokorny 1. kue :: (enclitic) and]   --
1.25, 1.28, 1.29, 1.156, 1.157, 1.158, 1.201, 2.38, 2.39, 2.65, 2.114, 2.136, 2.187, 2.200, 2.225, 2.227, 3.42, 3.45, 3.49, 3.57, 3.62, 3.74, 3.82, 3.86, 3.109, 3.135, 3.176, 3.178, 3.226, 3.228, 3.241, 3.327, 3.352, 3.354, 3.395, 3.406, 3.407, 3.408, 3.409, 3.428, 3.467, 4.20, 4.22, 4.34, 4.102, 4.103, 4.107, 4.128, 4.143, 4.144, 4.145, 4.197, 4.253, 4.258, 4.294, 4.336, 4.352, 4.355, 4.407, 4.434, 4.436, 4.447, 5.64, 5.65, 5.113, 5.139, 5.140, 5.156, 5.157, 5.158, 5.159, 5.160, 6.32, 6.33, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93
<carana->   'moving, feet, support'   --   [Pokorny 1. kuel-, kuelu- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   --
6.69
<carekerethra->   '(hymns of) praise'   --
2.122
<cashman->   'eye'   --   [Pokorny kuek-, kuok-, kuek-s- :: to see, show, appear]   --
5.176
<ci>   'discriminate, tell apart'   --
4.118, 4.214
<cit>   gives indefinite or emphatic sense   --   [Pokorny 1. kue :: (enclitic) and]   --
5.26, 5.47, 6.5, 6.14, 6.113, 6.116, 6.119
<cith>   indefinite marker   --
1.148, 1.160
<cithrem>   'manifest, clear, visible, plain'   --
6.147
<cin>   '...'   --   [Pokorny kuene :: (particle: uncertainty, generalization)]   --
4.215
<cisti->   'knowledge, thought'   --   [Pokorny 1. kuei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   --
4.368
<ct>   '...'   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
4.11
<ct>   'indeed, verily, etc.'   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
2.26, 2.209
<jaiti->   'going'   --
5.202
<jan>   'smite, slay, destroy'   --
1.103, 5.50
<jnaya->   'woman'   --
3.275
<jnar->   'man-killing'   --
3.407
<jytu->   'life'   --
3.465
<tbish>   'hate, despise'   --   [Pokorny duei- :: to fear]   --
5.201, 5.207
<ta->   'he, that, this'   --
3.258, 3.369, 3.440, 3.475
<tanu->   'body'   --
3.300, 3.452, 4.64, 5.199
<tas>   'carve, create, fashion, shape'   --
1.14, 2.41, 2.53, 5.175, 6.181
<tashar->   'carver, fashioner, shaper, creator'   --
1.55
<t>   '...'   --
3.110
<tevis->   'violence'   --
1.29
<tvm->   'you'   --   [Pokorny tu :: thou, you]   --
3.136, 4.280, 4.309, 6.6, 6.15, 6.34, 6.60, 6.178, 6.184, 6.200, 6.222
<thwa>   'you'   --   [Pokorny tu :: thou, you]   --
2.37, 2.212, 3.149
<thwaxsha->   'zeal, care, nurture'   --
1.77
<thwarz>   'carve, fashion, shape, create'   --
1.11
<thwreshtar>   'Fashioner'   --   [Pokorny tuerk- :: to cut]   --
2.40
<dan->   'attitude, intention, insight'   --   [Pokorny dheiu- : dhia- : dhi- :: to look, see, show]   --
3.46, 3.98, 3.204, 3.240, 5.58
<dava->   'divine being'   --   [Pokorny 1. dei-, deiu-, di-, dia- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   --
1.156, 4.215, 6.124
<danhah->   'skillful'   --   [Pokorny 1. dens- :: to learn; mental power]   --
5.155
<dafshnya->   'powerless'   --
3.386
<dab>   'fit together' (?)   --
3.44
<darega->   'long'   --   [Pokorny 5. del- :: long]   --
4.437
<dares->   'wantoness, rage, fury'   --
1.28
<daresata->   'visible, beautiful to see'   --
4.37
<dah->   'gift'   --
3.94
<dahyav->   'country, region, realm'   --
5.39
<d->   'give, put'   --
1.72, 1.76, 1.205, 2.82, 2.127, 2.171, 2.185, 2.201, 3.19, 3.101, 3.137, 3.202, 3.231, 3.411, 3.481, 4.135, 4.269, 4.326, 4.425, 5.15, 5.20, 5.74, 5.84, 5.97, 6.179, 6.185, 6.187
<dman->   'dwelling, creation, creatures (pl.)'   --
5.132
<dmi->   'creation'   --
6.179, 6.185
<dugedar->   'daughter'   --   [Pokorny dhug(h)uter- :: daughter]   --
3.122
<dush->   'bad, evil'   --   [Pokorny dus- :: bad, foul, evil]   --
3.303, 5.203
<duzhd->   'of bad gifts, maleficent'   --   [Pokorny dus- :: bad, foul, evil]   --
4.120
<duzhvarena->   'choosing badly'   --   [Pokorny dus- :: bad, foul, evil]   --
3.437
<duzhvareshnah->   'wrong-doers'   --   [Pokorny dus- :: bad, foul, evil]   --
3.385
<dejit->   'violation' (?)   --
3.314, 3.451
<debaoman->   'beguilement, deception'   --
4.218
<derez->   'shackle'   --   [Pokorny 2. dher-, dheru- :: to hold, support]   --
3.425
<draoga->   'lie, deceive'   --   [Pokorny 2. dhreugh- :: to harm, deceive]   --
5.81, 5.91, 5.103
<drav->   'wood'   --
6.162
<drigu->   'needy, poor'   --
3.482
<drug->   'false'   --
5.41
<druj->   'deceit'   --   [Pokorny 2. dhreugh- :: to harm, deceive]   --
3.283, 3.296, 4.328, 4.381
<dregvant->   'possessor of the Lie'   --
1.90, 1.219, 3.313, 3.357, 4.157, 4.173, 4.438, 5.54, 5.64
<drvatt->   'health, vitality'   --
5.198
<dvaesa->   'hatred'   --   [Pokorny duei- :: to fear]   --
1.104
<dvafsha->   'distress, ruin, pain, anguish'   --
3.423
<dvar>   'rush together'   --
4.241
<nada>   'not, nor'   --
2.24
<naman->   'reverence'   --
5.140
<nar->   'man'   --   [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, uner-? :: vital force; man]   --
2.152, 3.273, 4.61, 4.62, 6.22
<narepi->   'reduction, absence'   --
3.441
<nas>   'be lost, disappear'   --   [Pokorny nek- :: death, dying, necrosis; corpse]   --
3.304, 3.358, 6.132
<ni>   'down'   --   [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   --
6.21, 6.187
<nitema->   'lowest'   --   [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   --
6.113, 6.116, 6.119
<niviti->   'striking down'   --
5.204
<n>   '...'   --
3.165
<n>   'now'   --   [Pokorny nu- :: now]   --
2.252
<nit>   'no, none'   --   [Pokorny 1. ne, ne, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   --
1.37, 1.102, 1.115, 1.214, 1.217, 2.20, 4.119, 4.212, 5.80, 5.90, 5.102
<nmna->   'abode, house'   --   [Pokorny dem-, demu- :: to build, timber; house, domicile]   --
6.137
<paiti>   'near, toward, with respect to'   --
1.106, 2.243, 4.79, 5.193, 5.202, 6.38, 6.76, 6.88, 6.91, 6.94, 6.190
<paiti->   'husband, master'   --   [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   --
3.176
<paityst->   'firm foundation'   --
3.132
<pairi>   'around, among'   --   [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   --
1.148, 1.220, 5.138
<paurvat->   'mountain'   --
6.216
<paouruya->   'first, original'   --   [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   --
2.214, 4.90, 4.134, 4.286
<path->   'path, road'   --   [Pokorny pent- :: to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path]   --
3.96, 5.83
<pathana->   'spacious'   --   [Pokorny 1. pet-, pet-, petu- :: to stretch out (esp. arms)]   --
6.56
<param>   'far, away, opposite, across'   --
6.58
<par>   'before, beyond, away'   --   [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   --
3.301, 3.352, 3.359, 4.72
<pitar->   'father'   --   [Pokorny puté(r), genitive putr-és :: father]   --
3.167
<pitha->   'defense'   --
3.299
<pesha->   'brought to an end'   --
3.452
<pouru->   'many'   --   [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelu-, ple- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   --
6.217
<pouru->   'wide'   --
5.200
<Pourucist->   'Pouruchista' (?)   --
3.111
<perethu->   'wide, broad'   --   [Pokorny plat-, plad-, plet-, plot-, plut- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   --
5.178, 6.55
<peres->   'ask'   --
1.57, 4.226
<Ferashaoshtra->   'Frashaostra'   --
3.86
<ferasha->   'shining'   --
4.342
<fra>   'forward, toward'   --
5.15, 6.134
<fraoret>   'readily'   --
3.73, 4.202
<frajyiti>   'life's possibility'   --
1.216
<fratarem>   'opposite'   --
6.5
<fradaxsht->   'guiding, instructive'   --
6.203
<fravashi->   the immortal element in a person, personified as a class of deity   --
5.96
<fravxsh->   'stalk, branch, penis'   --
6.95
<fras>   'inquire, discuss'   --
3.148, 5.55
<fras->   'question, inquiry'   --   [Pokorny 4. perk-, prek-, prk- :: to request, ask/pray for]   --
1.206
<frasparak->   'sprout'   --
6.92
<frazanti->   'progeny, offspring'   --
5.99
<fridi->   'growth, prosperity'   --
3.288
<frxshnena->   'concern'   --
2.240
<fr>   'devote'   --
1.189
<fsuya->   'breed (esp. cattle)'   --
1.218, 2.38
<bavara->   'ten-thousand'   --
5.176
<bashaza->   'remedy, poison'   --
6.148, 6.223
<bashazya->   'generative, curative'   --
6.146
<baoidhi->   'smell'   --
6.67
<bagha->   'god, deity'   --
6.180, 6.186
<banaya->   'poison, make ill'   --
4.243
<band->   'shine' (?)   --
3.193
<bar>   'bear, carry'   --   [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   --
6.206
<barana->   'carriage, support'   --
4.354
<barethri->   'mother, womb'   --   [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   --
6.59
<baresman->   grass bundle used in the Indo-Iranian sacrifice   --   [Pokorny 3. bhel-, bhle- :: to grow, spread, swell, inflate]   --
5.153
<baresha->   'neck, back'   --
5.192
<barez>   'high, exalted, loud'   --
6.191
<barshnu->   'high point, peak'   --
6.37
<bdha>   'true, reliable'   --   [Pokorny 2. bhe, bho :: (emphatic particle)]   --
6.140, 6.143
<bu>   'be, become'   --
4.366, 4.382, 6.112
<bud>   'be attentive, aware'   --
4.78
<bna->   'ground, base'   --
3.343
<beret>   'cry' (?)   --
3.302
<berez->   'be high, elevated'   --   [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble; barrow, mountain]   --
6.42
<berezant->   'high, elevated, lofty, big, great, clear'   --   [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble; barrow, mountain]   --
5.177
<ma->   'my'   --   [Pokorny 1. me- :: me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)]   --
1.199
<maidhyah->   'madness-inducing'   --
6.159
<mainyu->   'spirit'   --
3.356, 4.89, 4.132, 4.170, 4.184, 5.203
<mairishta->   'knowing/remembering best'   --
1.144
<mairya->   'false, malicious'   --   [Pokorny 2. mel- :: to deceive]   --
5.40
<magha->   'cloud'   --   [Pokorny meigh-, also meik- :: to flicker, twinkle; mist]   --
6.32
<madha->   'changing, false'   --
4.370
<maga->   'gift'   --
2.242, 3.332, 3.368
<mathra->   'mantra, magic formula'   --
2.52
<madha->   'intoxication'   --   [Pokorny mad- :: to drip; wet; fat, glossy, well-fed]   --
6.167
<man>   'know, think'   --
2.213
<manah->   'mind'   --   [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   --
2.79, 2.197, 2.226, 3.60, 3.133, 3.189, 3.193, 3.228, 3.230, 3.245, 4.24, 4.51, 4.102, 4.161, 4.231, 4.256, 4.312, 4.365, 4.398, 6.226
<manahya->   'spiritual'   --
3.317
<marek->   'kill, destroy, bring ruin'   --
5.37
<mareta->   'mortal'   --   [Pokorny 4. mer-, meru- :: to die]   --
2.84, 4.245
<mashya->   'human being'   --
1.157, 2.230, 4.426
<maz->   'large, great'   --   [Pokorny meg(h)- : meg(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   --
2.241, 3.427, 4.73
<mazda->   'wise one'   --   [Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to; vivacious]   --
1.142, 1.204, 2.9, 3.31, 3.71, 3.135, 3.201, 3.476, 4.203, 4.308, 4.352, 4.406, 4.424, 5.7, 5.29, 5.86, 6.71
<mazd->   'wise'   --   [Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to; vivacious]   --
2.63, 2.112, 2.211, 2.239
<mazddha->   'thing to be considered'   --   [Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to; vivacious]   --
4.10
<m>   used to express prohibition   --   [Pokorny 1. me- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   --
5.49, 5.52, 5.56
<mith>   'rob of'   --
3.466
<Mithra->   'Mithra'   --
5.12, 5.75, 5.118, 5.134, 5.145, 5.148, 5.169
<mithra->   'contract, agreement, pact'   --   [Pokorny 4. mei- :: to tie, bind]   --
5.41, 5.48, 5.63, 5.79, 5.89, 5.101
<mzda->   'wages, prize'   --   [Pokorny mizdhó- :: fee, pay, meed, reward]   --
3.329
<moshu>   'soon'   --   [Pokorny moks, Indo-Iranian *moksu :: soon]   --
3.428
<meregha->   'forest animal, bird'   --
6.204
<merethyu->   'death'   --   [Pokorny 4. mer-, meru- :: to die]   --
3.426
<mthra->   'formulaic verse, spell, poetic intention'   --
5.156
<mru>   'drive, plunge, beat'   --
3.353
<mr>   'speak, say'   --
1.106, 3.218, 5.5
<mrc>   'destroy'   --
3.319
<ya->   'who, what, which'   --
1.89, 1.117, 1.131, 1.145, 1.158, 2.80, 2.96, 2.140, 2.154, 2.169, 2.198, 3.42, 3.97, 3.166, 3.243, 3.286, 3.463, 3.479, 4.9, 4.35, 4.91, 4.172, 4.186, 4.197, 4.242, 4.324, 4.340, 4.408, 4.423, 5.13, 5.27, 5.53, 5.57, 5.76, 5.78, 5.88, 5.100, 5.189, 6.11, 6.20, 6.34, 6.108, 6.165
<yaoti->   'pasture'   --
5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170
<yat>   'when'   --
5.11
<yatha>   'just as, like'   --
1.174, 4.145, 4.283, 5.25, 5.43
<yathra>   'where, in order to'   --
3.355, 4.367, 6.43, 6.65, 6.139, 6.142
<yad>   'when'   --   [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   --
4.295
<yam>   'offer'   --   [Pokorny iem- :: to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin]   --
3.297
<yav->   'duration, period, time of life'   --   [Pokorny 2. ieu-, ieuu-, ieu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   --
3.32, 3.206
<yavat>   'how long, as long as'   --
3.340
<yavan->   'during life'   --   [Pokorny 3. ieu- :: young]   --
2.166
<yasna->   'sacrifice, offering, hymn'   --   [Pokorny iag- :: to worship, venerate]   --
3.74, 5.117, 5.144
<yaz>   'sacrifice, offer'   --
5.115, 5.130, 5.135, 5.142, 5.150, 5.171, 5.190
<yazu->   'youngest'   --
3.121
<yh->   'pilgrimage, retribution'   --
4.74
<yuj>   'join, unite, yoke'   --   [Pokorny 2. ieu-, ieuu-, ieu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   --
4.394
<yzhem->   'you'   --   [Pokorny 1. iu- :: you (plural)]   --
1.5, 1.40, 2.181, 2.238, 2.256, 3.163, 3.226, 3.254, 3.328, 3.371, 3.477
<yesnya->   'sacrifice, worship'   --   [Pokorny iag- :: to worship, venerate]   --
4.22, 5.22
<yez>   'as, because, when'   --
3.17
<yma->   'twin'   --   [Pokorny iem- :: to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin]   --
4.92
<rai->   'radiance, wealth, splendor'   --
5.112
<ratha->   'rush upon, mix with'   --
6.224
<raocah->   'light'   --   [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine; see]   --
4.36
<raod>   'grow, sprout'   --
6.45, 6.66, 6.74, 6.218
<raj->   'darkness'   --
3.442
<ratu->   'judgement, model, plan'   --
1.62, 2.25
<ratha->   'chariot'   --   [Pokorny ret(h)- :: to run, roll, rotate]   --
5.191
<rashah->   'harm, damage'   --   [Pokorny rekþh- :: to harm, injure]   --
4.439
<rta->   'gift'   --
2.255
<rthema->   'adhering to'   --
3.285
<rth>   'adhere'   --
3.439
<rda->   'provider'   --   [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base aru-, re-, and i-base (a)ri-, rei- :: to fit, suit]   --
2.143
<rman->   'peace, tranquility'   --   [Pokorny rem-, remu- :: to rest; to support]   --
2.200, 3.409
<ru>   'flow'   --
6.13
<ruthma->   'growth, increase'   --
6.72
<rud>   'howl, cry out, lament'   --
2.139
<rema->   'bloodlust, violence, chains'   --
1.26
<vada->   'provider'   --
2.215
<vadhayana->   'attainment, discovery, acquisition'   --
5.178
<vana->   'see, observe, look'   --
4.49
<vam->   'we'   --   [Pokorny 1. ue-, uei- :: we two (dual), we (plural)]   --
4.76
<vashah->   'poison'   --   [Pokorny 3. ueis- :: to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison]   --
3.438
<vak>   'say, speak, declare'   --   [Pokorny ueku- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   --
2.7, 4.7, 5.160
<vaxedhra->   'speech organ'   --
2.128
<vaxsh>   'grow'   --
6.104
<vaxshaya->   'cause to grow'   --
6.36
<vacah->   'speech, word'   --   [Pokorny ueku- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   --
3.375, 4.103, 5.157, 5.161, 5.172, 6.8, 6.17, 6.86
<vat->   'like'   --
2.256
<vadman->   (?) 'possessed of speech'   --
3.227
<van>   'surpass, overcome'   --
3.257
<vanta->   'praise, homage'   --
5.139
<vafu->   'prophecy, teaching, solemn words'   --
2.11
<vayu->   'air, wind' (?)   --
3.302
<vayoi>   'woe'   --   [Pokorny uai :: woe; wolf]   --
3.372
<vayxana->   'assembly-speaking, rhetorically skilled'   --
5.173
<var>   'choose'   --   [Pokorny 2. uel-, ulei-, ule(i)- :: to will, want, wish, choose]   --
3.165, 4.171
<varav->   'wide, broad'   --
5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170
<varez->   'work, perform'   --   [Pokorny 2. uerg-, ureg- :: to do, work, be effective]   --
3.153
<varshak->   'root, tree'   --
6.89
<vas>   'be clothed, swathed'   --
4.189
<vas>   'desire, wish'   --
1.87, 1.176, 2.113, 2.156, 4.453
<vaseiti->   'liberty, prosperity'   --
3.467
<vaz>   'marry'   --
3.216
<vahma->   'glorification, praise'   --
3.72
<vahmaya->   'worthy of praise'   --
5.24
<vahya->   'better'   --   [Pokorny uesu- :: good]   --
3.483, 4.106
<v>   'indeed, for, etc.'   --   [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : ue-, uo- :: other; that (one)]   --
1.185
<vc->   'voice'   --
2.151
<vdya->   'destroy'   --   [Pokorny 1. uedh- :: to hit, push]   --
1.92
<vra->   'rain'   --
6.33
<vstar->   'herdsman'   --
1.39
<vstrya->   'herdsman; pasture'   --
1.46, 1.75, 2.39, 3.177
<vi>   'wide, apart'   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
3.367, 4.118, 4.214, 6.206, 6.218
<vid>   'see, know, obtain'   --   [Pokorny 2. u(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   --
1.116, 2.10, 3.168, 3.239, 4.12, 4.313
<vis>   'find'   --
2.23, 2.95
<vispa->   'everyone/thing, all'   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
3.396
<vizh->   'clan'   --
3.413
<vcidha->   'decision, judgement'   --
4.60
<vcira->   'discerning'   --
1.169
<vspa->   'all, every'   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
3.33, 3.207, 5.38, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93, 6.156
<Vshtspa->   'Vishtaspa'   --
3.83
<vzxvanca>   'in every direction' (?)   --
6.205
<verez->   'perform an action'   --
4.175
<vohu->   'good'   --   [Pokorny uesu- :: good]   --
1.45, 2.78, 2.196, 2.225, 3.5, 3.47, 3.131, 3.190, 3.205, 3.244, 4.23, 4.48, 4.160, 4.257, 4.311, 4.397, 4.410, 5.93, 6.225
<verethra->   'attack, victory'   --   [Pokorny 5. uer- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   --
6.111
<veren->   'choose'   --
4.229
<verez>   'do, make, perform'   --
1.147, 1.159, 6.84
<verezyah->   'working, productive'   --
6.57
<vyna->   'insight, perception'   --   [Pokorny 3. uei-, ueiu- : ui- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   --
2.12
<saoshyant->   'giving power; savior (?)'   --
3.100
<saxvr->   'invocation, poetically formulated vow'   --
1.143
<sangh>   'announce, proclaim'   --
4.77, 4.322
<sac>   'learn, understand'   --
3.45, 4.422
<sata->   'hundred'   --
5.44
<sand>   'show, seem'   --
1.44
<sar->   'protection, alliance'   --   [Pokorny keru-, kra- :: to cook]   --
1.103, 3.138
<saredha->   'kind, sort, species'   --   [Pokorny kerdho-, kerdha :: line, row, herd]   --
6.217
<sava->   'benefit, salvation'   --
4.447
<sxvan->   'doctrine, teaching, instruction'   --   [Pokorny kas-, kus- :: to teach, show the way]   --
3.215
<ssn->   'teaching'   --   [Pokorny kas-, kus- :: to teach, show the way]   --
2.69, 2.99
<sca->   'light, pure, clear'   --
4.50
<sra->   'strong, powerful'   --   [Pokorny 1. keu-, keuu- : ku-, kua- :: to swell]   --
5.94, 5.131, 5.133, 5.179
<skenda->   'destruction'   --   [Pokorny (s)k(h)ed-, (s)k(h)e-n-d- :: to crush, shatter, split to pieces]   --
4.383
<staota->   'hymn, song of praise'   --
4.20
<stavana->   'praising, being praised'   --
6.105
<st>   'stand, stay, remain'   --
5.191
<stu>   'praise, laud, extol, celebrate'   --
6.9, 6.18, 6.31, 6.40, 6.53, 6.63, 6.110, 6.144
<stiti->   'song of praise, prayer'   --   [Pokorny 2. steu- :: to praise (aloud)]   --
6.118
<stra->   'spread-out' (?)   --
4.354
<spaxshti->   'vision'   --
5.200
<spayathra->   'atonement, prosperity'   --
4.384
<spas- spashu->   (?) 'perceive'   --   [Pokorny spek- :: to watch, inspect, spy on]   --
3.287
<Spitma->   'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra)   --
2.109, 3.16, 3.85, 3.120, 5.8, 5.17, 5.42, 5.51
<spenta->   'beneficent, holy, sacred'   --   [Pokorny kuen- :: to celebrate; saint]   --
2.68, 3.151, 4.185, 5.95, 6.202
<spered->   'zeal'   --   [Pokorny sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)- :: to rush, sprint, spring; running]   --
3.164
<sravas->   'fame'   --
4.411
<srvay->   'cause to be heard'   --
2.123
<sru>   'give'   --
3.7
<sru>   'hear, listen'   --
4.46, 4.94, 5.116, 5.143
<shava->   'drive forth, set in motion'   --
1.118
<shi>   'dwell'   --
3.412
<shyaothana->   'act, deed'   --   [Pokorny kei- :: to move, set in motion]   --
3.49, 3.62, 4.104, 4.201, 5.158
<zairi->   'yellow'   --
6.221
<zaothra->   'libations'   --   [Pokorny 1. gheu- :: to gush, pour, found]   --
5.120, 5.136, 5.147, 5.159
<zan>   'bear, give birth'   --
6.141
<zam->   'earth, ground'   --   [Pokorny ghðem-, ghðom-, genitive-ablative gh(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   --
6.54, 6.64
<Zarathushtra->   'Zarathustra'   --   [Pokorny 3. ues- :: to ooze, dampen; wet]   --
2.108, 3.8, 3.123, 5.9
<zarathushtri->   'descendent of Zarathustra' (?)   --   [Pokorny 3. ues- :: to ooze, dampen; wet]   --
3.84
<zava->   'call, request'   --
1.132
<zasta->   'hand'   --   [Pokorny ghesto- :: arm, hand]   --
1.188, 2.172, 4.327
<zahya->   'weakened'   --
3.395
<z>   'abandon, relinquish'   --
3.367
<z>   'conquer, win, come in first'   --
4.409
<zvar->   'strength, vitality, vigor'   --   [Pokorny geu-, geuu-, also geuu- :: to hurry, promote]   --
5.195
<zi>   'for, indeed'   --   [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)]   --
1.146, 2.36, 3.162, 3.259, 4.379, 5.61, 6.157
<zrazdishta->   'most believing'   --
3.342
<ha->   '(s)he, this'   --   [Pokorny so(s), sa :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   --
1.71, 1.86, 1.129, 1.168, 1.175, 2.49, 2.66, 2.110, 2.125, 2.167, 2.170, 3.18, 3.43, 3.58, 3.109, 3.161, 3.260, 3.298, 3.424, 4.6, 4.88, 4.130, 4.337, 4.420, 4.451, 5.19, 5.114, 5.128, 5.137, 5.141, 6.109, 6.164
<ha->   'you'   --
1.60
<haithya->   'true, real'   --   [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   --
3.272, 4.200
<hacat->   '...'   --
3.112
<haoma->   plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant   --
5.151, 6.44, 6.61, 6.73, 6.103, 6.114, 6.117, 6.120, 6.145, 6.166, 6.219
<hak>   'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of'   --
6.161, 6.169
<haxti->   'thigh'   --   [Pokorny (s)keng- :: to hobble; lame, slanted]   --
3.344
<hanghush->   'profit, harvest'   --
3.192
<haca->   'follow, accompany' (?)   --
3.59
<hac>   'from, out of'   --   [Pokorny 1. seku- :: to segue, follow]   --
2.27, 3.29, 3.284, 6.136
<hathra>   'together, at the same place/time'   --   [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   --
4.364, 5.204, 6.133
<had>   'together with'   --   [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   --
1.74
<ham>   'together'   --   [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   --
6.13
<hameretha>   'enemy'   --   [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   --
5.205
<harait->   name of a mountain   --   [Pokorny 2. ser- :: to serve, guard, protect, shelter]   --
6.189
<havana->   'pressing stone'   --
6.7, 6.16
<haza->   'power, violence, oppression'   --
1.25
<hazaosha->   'like-minded'   --
2.55
<hazara->   'thousand'   --   [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   --
5.174, 6.122
<hi>   'indeed'   --
4.105
<hita->   'team of horses'   --
5.197
<hishy->   'bind, tie up'   --
1.27
<hizu->   'tongue'   --   [Pokorny dnghu, dnghua :: tongue]   --
5.154
<hu>   'well, good, beautiful'   --   [Pokorny su-, su- :: good, well]   --
5.175, 6.10, 6.19, 6.58, 6.67, 6.72
<huxshathra->   'good rule'   --
3.406
<hudah->   'of good gifts, beneficent'   --
4.116
<hudnu->   'blessed'   --
3.153
<hudema->   'sweetness'   --
2.126
<humzdra->   'careful, good to see'   --
4.32
<hushiti->   'good dwelling, comfort, safety'   --
2.199, 4.396
<hushna->   'profitable'   --
3.261
<hiti->   'pressure'   --
6.115
<hem>   '...'   --
3.466, 4.241
<hm>   'together, with'   --
3.147, 4.131
<hyat>   'if, so, when'   --
1.70, 1.203, 2.124, 4.11, 4.419, 4.436
<hyat>   'as, since, because'   --
4.129, 4.216, 4.228, 4.363
<hva->   'this'   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
6.216
<hvanghaoya->   'good existence'   --
3.34
<hvar->   'sun'   --
3.191