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Old Iranian Online

Avestan: Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Scott L. Harvey

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
a-vaēnatā
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' + verb; 2nd person plural present imperative active <vaēna-> 'see, observe, look' -- 4.49
ainīm
noun; accusative singular masculine <anya-> 'other' -- 3.256
aipī
preposition; <aipi> 'toward, approaching' -- 4.450
aipī-ciθīṯ
adverb; <aipi> 'toward, approaching' + <ciθ> indefinite marker -- 1.160
aiβi-družinti
verbal prefix; <aiwi> 'toward, with respect to' + verb; 3rd person plural present indicative active <draoga-> 'lie, deceive' -- 5.81, 5.91, 5.103
aurvaθanąm
noun; genitive plural masculine <aurvaθana-> 'adversary' -- 5.206
aurvantəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <aurvant-> 'swift, runner, steed' -- 6.177, 6.183
aurvō
noun; vocative singular masculine <aurvant-> 'swift, runner, steed' -- 6.68
aēibyō
demonstrative pronoun; dative plural <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 2.182, 4.321
aēnaŋhąm
noun; genitive plural neuter <aēnah-> 'sin' -- 4.299
aēm
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 2.92
aēvā
adjective; instrumental singular masculine <aēva-> 'one, alone' -- 2.21
aēvā
adjective; nominative singular masculine <aēva-> 'one, alone' -- 2.98
aēšasā
adjective; nominative plural masculine <aēšasa-> 'wild' -- 3.450
aēšəmō
noun; nominative singular masculine <aēšəma-> 'anger, fury, wrath' -- 1.24
aēšəməm
noun; accusative singular masculine <aēšəma-> 'anger, fury, wrath' -- 1.91, 4.240
aēšąm
demonstrative pronoun; genitive plural <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 4.279, 4.296
aēšma
noun; instrumental singular masculine <aēšma-> 'anger, fury, wrath' -- 6.160
aogō
noun; accusative singular neuter <aogah-> 'power, strength' -- 2.184
aojan̨ha
noun; instrumental singular masculine <aogah-> 'power, strength' -- 6.23
aojištō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <uγra-> 'strong' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 1.130
aorā-cā
adverbial prefix; <aorā> 'down' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.354
akəm-cā
adjective; accusative singular neuter <aka-> 'bad, evil, wicked' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.107
axvafnəm
privative prefix; <a> 'no, none' + noun; accusative singular masculine <xvafna-> 'sleep, dream' -- 5.180
aŋhaitī
verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <ah-> 'be, become' -- 3.373, 4.452
aŋhaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <ah-> 'be, become' -- 1.173, 2.168, 3.262, 3.330, 4.146, 4.282, 4.369
aŋhuš
noun; nominative singular masculine <aŋhu-> 'existence, life' -- 4.148
acištā
adjective; accusative plural masculine <aka-> 'bad, evil, wicked' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.174
acištō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <aka-> 'bad, evil, wicked' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.156
acištəm
adjective; accusative singular neuter <aka-> 'bad, evil, wicked' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.230
ajyāitīm-cā
noun; accusative singular masculine <ajyaiti-> 'death' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.144
aṯ
particle; <aṯ> 'then, but, and, so, thus' -- 1.184, 2.5, 2.35, 2.228, 3.370, 4.5, 4.87, 4.158, 4.239, 4.266, 4.307, 4.392, 4.449
aṯ-cā
particle; <aṯ> 'then, but, and, so, thus' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.136, 3.57, 3.178, 3.327, 4.128, 4.294, 4.336
aθā
adverb; <aθā> 'so, thus, likewise' -- 1.42, 1.171, 3.146, 3.274, 6.106
aθra
indeclinable; <aθra> 'here, there' -- 6.201
adā
adverb; <adā> 'then, thereupon, thus' -- 1.54, 4.378
advaēšō
compound noun; nominative singular masculine <a-> (privative) + <dvaesa-> 'hatred' -- 1.104
anaēšəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <anaēša-> 'powerless' -- 2.141
anāiš
demonstrative pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <ana-> 'him' -- 3.315, 3.383
anąsaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular augmented aorist indicative active <nas> 'be lost, disappear' -- 3.358
anyē
adjective; nominative plural masculine <anya-> 'other' -- 6.158
anyō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <anya-> 'other' -- 1.41
anyō
noun; nominative singular masculine <anya-> 'other' -- 3.255
apə̄mem
adjective; accusative singular neuter <apə̄məm> 'last' -- 3.374
apə̄məm
adverb; <apə̄məm> 'last' -- 4.147
abyas-cā
demonstrative pronoun; dative plural feminine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.241
amavantəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <amavant-> 'strong, powerful, vigorous' -- 5.129
ayaŋhā
noun; instrumental singular neuter <ayah-> 'metal, iron' -- 4.284
ayå
demonstrative pronoun; genitive dual masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 4.169, 4.211
arš-vacaŋhəm
adjective; <ərəš-> 'right, correct, true' + noun; accusative singular masculine <vacah-> 'speech, word' -- 5.172
aršuxδaēibyasca
adjective; <ərəš-> 'right, correct, true' + past participle passive; instrumental singular feminine <vak> 'say, speak, declare' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.160
avaēšąm
demonstrative pronoun; genitive plural neuter <ava-> 'this, that' -- 1.114
avaṯ
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter <ava-> 'this, that' -- 2.195
avarə̄
adverb; <avar> 'down' -- 2.254
avavaṯ
adjective; accusative singular neuter <avant-> 'as much, so much, so long, such' -- 5.46
avā
verbal prefix; <ava> 'away, down' -- 4.380
avō
adjective; accusative singular neuter <avah-> 'help, helping' -- 2.173
avō-bavaitī
verbal prefix; <ava> 'away, down' + verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <bu> 'be, become' -- 4.382
avåntəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <avant-> 'as much, so much, so long, such' -- 5.21, 5.23
asištā
adjective; nominative plural masculine <asišta-> 'fastest' -- 4.393
asūrahyā
adjective; genitive singular masculine <asura-> 'weak' -- 2.153
asə̄nō
noun; accusative plural masculine <asan-> 'stone, heaven' -- 4.188
asti
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <ah-> 'be, become' -- 5.62, 6.123
astū
verb; 3rd person singular present imperative active <ah-> 'be, become' -- 3.429
aspanąm
noun; genitive singular masculine <aspa-> 'horse' -- 5.194
asrvātəm
verb; 3rd person dual aorist indicative passive <sru> 'hear, listen' -- 4.94
aša
noun; instrumental singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 6.168
ašaonaēca
noun; dative singular masculine <ašavant-> 'follower of the Truth' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.65
ašaonaṯ
noun; ablative singular masculine <ašavant-> 'follower of the Truth' -- 5.59
ašaonąm
adjective; genitive plural masculine <ašavant-> 'follower of the Truth' -- 5.92
ašava-jaciṯ
noun; <ašavant-> 'follower of the Truth' + root noun; <gan-> 'slayer' + indefinite marker; <ciṯ> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- 5.47
ašavabyō
noun; dative plural masculine <ašavant-> 'follower of the Truth' -- 4.448
ašavabyō
noun; dative singular masculine <ašavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- 3.188
ašavā
adjective; nominative singular masculine <ašavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- 3.461
ašah́yā-cā
noun; genitive singular masculine <aša-> 'truth' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.407
ašahyā
noun; genitive singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 3.134
ašā
noun; instrumental singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 1.101, 2.54, 2.186, 3.253, 4.33
ašā-cā
adjective; instrumental singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.258
ašā-cā
noun; nominative singular masculine <aša-> 'truth' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.355
ašāi
noun; dative singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 4.325
ašāi-cā
noun; dative singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.114
ašāunī
adjective; nominative singular feminine <ašavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- 3.187
ašāunē
noun; dative singular masculine <ašavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- 4.159
ašāum
noun; accusative singular feminine <ašavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- 6.62
ašāṯ
noun; ablative singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 3.28
ašāṯ-cīṯ
noun; ablative singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' + emphatic particle; <cīṯ> 'indeed, verily, etc.' -- 2.26
ašəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <aša-> 'truth' -- 1.58, 2.224, 4.183
azəm
personal pronoun; nominative singular <azəm-> 'I' -- 5.16
azə̄m-cīṯ
pronoun; 1st person nominative singular <azəm-> 'I' + emphatic particle; <cīṯ> 'indeed, verily, etc.' -- 2.209
azyå
adjective; genitive singular feminine <azi-> 'fertile' -- 1.202
ahurahe
noun; genitive singular masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 5.87
ahurā
noun; vocative singular masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 2.183, 2.251, 4.323
ahurāi
noun; dative singular masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 1.190, 4.21
ahurō
noun; nominative singular masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 1.170, 2.8, 2.51, 3.30, 3.99, 3.203, 3.462, 5.6
ahurəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 1.88, 4.199, 5.28
ahuråŋhō
noun; vocative plural masculine <ahura-> 'lord' -- 4.353
ahū
noun; nominative singular masculine <ahu-> 'lord' -- 2.22
ahūm
noun; accusative singular masculine <aŋhu-> 'existence, life' -- 3.242, 4.244
ahūm
noun; accusative singular neuter <ahu-> 'existence, life, breath' -- 3.318, 4.344
ahe
particle; <ahe> 'indeed, certainly' -- 5.111
ahmaṯ
adverb; <ahmaṯ> 'henceforth' -- 6.135
ahmāi
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 1.100, 4.75
ahmāi-cā
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.253
ahyā
demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 2.210
ahyā
demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 3.331
ahvā
noun; instrumental singular feminine <ah> 'energy, zest, zeal' -- 1.187
ā
postposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- 3.316
ā
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- 1.22, 1.191, 2.155, 3.384, 4.281, 4.395
ā-tē
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' + enclitic pronoun; <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 6.222
ā-dəbaomā
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' + noun; nominative singular masculine <dəbaoman-> 'beguilement, deception' -- 4.218
ā-mōyastrā-baranā
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' + enclitic pronoun; dative singular <azəm-> 'I' + privative prefix; <a> 'no, none' + adjective; <stra-> 'spread-out' (?) + noun; instrumental singular masculine <barana-> 'carriage, support' -- 4.354
āaṯ
adverb; <āaṯ> 'then, thereupon, therefore, and, but' -- 5.10, 5.18, 6.163, 6.199, 6.214
āiš
demonstrative pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 3.410
āxva
indeclinable; <aθra> 'here, there' -- 6.215
ātarš
noun; nominative singular masculine <ātar-> 'fire' -- 5.85
ādānāiš
noun; instrumental plural neuter <ādāna-> 'portion, forging together, retaliation' -- 4.285
ādrə̄ng
noun; accusative plural masculine <ādra-> 'lowly' -- 1.119
āyaptā
noun; accusative plural neuter <āyapta-> 'riches, bounty, boon, spoils' -- 3.20
āyesē
verbal prefix; <ā> (conveys sense of reversal with verbs of motion) + verb; 1st person singular present indicative middle <yam> 'offer' -- 3.297
ārmaitiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <ārmaiti-> 'devotion, piety' -- 4.270
Ārmatōiš
proper name; genitive singular feminine <Armaiti-> name of a goddess = 'righteousness, devotion, piety' -- 3.152
āvarənå
noun; accusative dual masculine <āvarəna-> 'invitation, choice' -- 4.59
āsu-aspīm
adjective; <āsu-> 'swift' + noun; accusative singular feminine <aspi-> 'mare' -- 5.73
āsnąm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <āsna-> 'successful, effective' -- 5.98
āzūtōiš
adjective; genitive singular feminine <āzuiti-> 'fat, butter' -- 2.50
āžuš
noun; accusative singular neuter <āzhuš-> 'propulsion implement' -- 3.341
āhitiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <āhiti-> 'defilement, pollution -- 6.138
āhišāyā
preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' + verb; 3rd person singular perfect indicative active <hišāy-> 'bind, tie up' -- 1.27
iθā
adverb; <iθā> 'thus' -- 3.270
idā
particle; <idā> 'here' -- 2.94
irīraθarə
verb; 3rd person plural perfect indicative active <raēθa-> 'rush upon, mix with' -- 6.224
ivīzayathā
verbal prefix; <vi> 'wide, apart' + verb; 2nd person plural present indicative active <> 'abandon, relinquish' -- 3.367
išəntō
present participle active; vocative plural masculine <> 'strive, desire, arrive' -- 4.8
ī
enclitic demonstrative pronoun; 3rd person accusative plural masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 2.81
ī
enclitic demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 3.229, 3.271
īm
enclitic demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 4.341
īratū
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <ar> 'rise' -- 3.421
īš
enclitic demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 4.217
īš
enclitic demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural masculine <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 3.422, 3.464
īšā-xšaθrīm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <īšā-xšaθri> 'powerful' -- 2.157
īštiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <īšti-> 'sacrifice' -- 3.6
uxδā
noun; accusative plural neuter <uxδa-> 'word, saying' -- 3.48
uxδāiš
noun; instrumental plural neuter <uxδa-> 'word, saying' -- 3.61
uxšyeiti
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative passive <vaxš> 'grow' -- 6.104
uta
conjunction; <uta> 'and' -- 6.70
utayūitiš
adjective; nominative singular feminine <utayūiti-> 'fresh, lasting, enduring' -- 4.268
upa-staomi
verbal prefix; <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' + verb; 1st person singular present indicative active <stu> 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -- 6.9, 6.18
uparəmcit
adverb; <uparəm> 'above' + indefinite marker; <ciṯ> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- 6.14
upā
adverbial postposition; <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' -- 3.398
upā-jasaṯ
verbal prefix; <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' + verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <gam> 'go' -- 4.227
upāstaoiti
verbal prefix; <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' + verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <stu> 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -- 6.144
upāzaiti
verbal prefix; <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' + verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <zan> 'bear, give birth' -- 6.141
urušaēibyō
adjective; dative plural masculine <uruša-> 'emaciated' -- 2.67
urūruδuša
perfect active participle; instrumental singular masculine <raod> 'grow, sprout' -- 6.45
urvā
noun; nominative singular masculine <urvan-> 'soul, self' -- 1.7, 1.200, 2.138
urvātā
noun; accusative plural neuter <urvāta-> 'rule, order, commandment' -- 4.421
urvāzā
noun; accusative plural neuter <urvāza-> 'joy, bliss' -- 4.38
ustānāiš
adjective; instrumental plural masculine <ustana-> 'stretched forth' -- 1.186
uštā
past participle passive; accusative plural masculine <vas> 'desire, wish' -- 4.453
uštā
verb; 2nd person plural imperfect indicative active <vas> 'desire, wish' -- 1.87
ərəš
adverb; <ərəš-> 'right, correct, true' -- 4.117, 4.213
ərəšvåŋhō
noun accusative plural masculine <ərəšva-> 'lofty' -- 1.120
ərəzūš
adjective; accusative plural masculine <erezu-> 'straight, just' -- 3.95
ərəžəjyōi
adjective; dative singular masculine <ərəžəji-> 'living justly' -- 1.215, 3.480
ə̄
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <a-> 'he, this' -- 2.6
ə̄əāvā
preposition; <ə̄əāvā> 'down' -- 2.83
ə̄nəitī
noun; accusative dual feminine <ə̄nəiti-> 'ill-being, lack of freedom' -- 4.435
ə̄hmā-rātōiš
pronoun; compound stem form <azəm-> 'I' + noun; genitive singular masculine <rāta-> 'gift' -- 2.255
ąnmā
noun; accusative singular neuter <ąnman-> 'spirit, breath' -- 4.271
ąsuš
noun; accusative plural masculine <ahu-> 'existence, life, breath' -- 6.12
ås-cā
demonstrative pronoun; genitive dual masculine <a-> 'he, this' -- 4.115
kainibyō
noun; dative plural feminine <kainya-> 'maiden, girl' -- 3.217
kaēnā
noun; nominative singular feminine <kaēnā-> 'atonement, punishment' -- 4.297
kaθā
adverb; <kaθā> 'how, in what way' -- 1.59
kadā
adverb; <kadā> 'when' -- 2.165
kayaδanąm
noun; genitive plural masculine <kayaδa-> category of evil deed -- 5.45
kava-cā
noun; nominative singular masculine <kəvi-> 'title: adherent to the daevic religion' (?) + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.82
kastē
interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ka-> 'who, what' -- 2.77
kahmāi
interrogative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ka-> 'who, what' -- 1.9
kudā
adverb; <kudā> 'where' -- 2.223
adverb; <ku> 'where' -- 3.460
kərədušā
perfect active participle; instrumental singular masculine <(hapax) krd> 'send' (?) -- 1.134
kərənaon
verb; 3rd person plural present subjunctive active <kar> 'do, make' -- 4.343
kəhrpəm
noun; accusative singular feminine <kəhrp-> 'form, body, outward appearance' -- 6.35
kəhrpə̄m
noun; accusative singular feminine <kəhrp-> 'form, body, outward appearance' -- 4.267
kə̄
interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ka-> 'who, what' -- 1.12
kə̄m
interrogative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ka-> 'who, what' -- 1.85
xraosəntąm
verb; 3rd person plural present imperative middle <xruš> 'scream, howl' -- 3.397
xraoždištə̄ng
adjective; accusative plural masculine <xrūždra-> 'hard, firm' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.187
xraθwā
noun; instrumental singular neuter <xraθwa-> 'power, will, insight' -- 3.150
xrūnerąm-cā
adjective; genitive plural masculine <xrūnar-> 'man-defiling' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.408
xrvīm-drvō
adjective; accusative singular masculine <xrvi-> 'bloody' + noun; genitive singular masculine <drav-> 'wood' -- 6.162
xšaθrā
noun; instrumental singular neuter <xšaθra-> 'power' -- 4.254
xšaθrəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <xšaθra-> 'power' -- 3.478, 4.310
xšaθrəm-cā
noun; accusative singular neuter <xšaθra-> 'power' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.187
xšaθrəm-cā
noun; nominative singular neuter <xšaθra-> 'power' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.227
xšanmə̄nē
infinitive; dative <xšam> 'accept' -- 2.142
xšayantō
present participle active; nominative plural masculine <xšaya> 'ruling' -- 1.73
xšnaošən
verb; 3rd person plural s-aorist indicative active <xsnu> 'satisfy' -- 4.198
xšnə̄m
noun; accusative singular feminine <xšnā-> 'recognition' (?) -- 3.70
xšmaibyā
pronoun; dative plural masculine <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 1.5
xšmaibyā-cā
personal pronoun; dative plural <yūžəm-> 'you' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.226
xšmaṯ
pronoun; ablative singular <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 1.40
xšvīdəm-cā
noun; accusative singular masculine <xšvid-> 'milk' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.65
xvaētaovē
adjective; dative singular masculine <xvaētu-> 'belonging to the family' -- 3.179
xvafnā
noun; instrumental singular masculine <xvafna-> 'sleep, dream' -- 4.93
xvareitiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <xvareiti-> 'nourishment' -- 6.121
xvarənaŋhaca
noun; instrumental singular masculine <xvarənah-> 'glory' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.113
xvah́yāi
reflexive pronoun; dative singular feminine <xva-> 'self' -- 4.63
xvāθrəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <xvathra-> 'good breathing, ease, comfort' -- 3.305
xvādaēnāṯ
prefix; <xva> 'good, worthy' + noun; ablative singular masculine <daēnā-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -- 5.58
xvāparąm
prefix; <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' + adverb; <param> 'far, away, opposite, across' -- 6.58
xvāpå
adjective; nominative singular masculine <xvapah-> 'dream-like' -- 6.182, 6.188
xvīti-cā
noun; accusative dual feminine <xviti-> 'well-being, freedom of movement' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.434
xvə̄nvaṯ
noun; stem <hvar-> 'sun' + possessive suffix <-vat-> '...' -- 3.191
gairinąm
noun; genitive plural masculine <gairi-> 'mountain' -- 6.39
gaēm-cā
noun; accusative singular masculine <gaya-> 'life' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.143
gaodāyō
compound adjective; accusative singular neuter <gao-> 'cow' + <dā-> 'give, put' -- 1.76
gaoma
adjective; nominative singular masculine <gaoman-> 'possessed of milk' -- 6.220
gara
noun; locative singular masculine <gairi-> 'mountain' -- 6.75
garayō
noun; accusative plural masculine <gairi-> 'mountain' -- 6.41
gava
noun; instrumental singular feminine <gao-> 'cow' -- 5.152
gavōi
noun; dative singular feminine <gao-> 'cow' -- 1.61, 1.105, 2.64
gūšatā
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative middle <guš> 'hear' -- 2.100
gərəždā
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <gərəz-> 'lament, complain' -- 1.8
gə̄uš
noun; genitive singular feminine <gao-> 'cow' -- 1.6, 1.56, 2.137
gə̄uš-aiš
noun; instrumental plural masculine <gə̄uša-> 'ear' -- 4.47
gə̄uš-cā
noun; genitive singular feminine <gao-> 'cow' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.201
carānəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <carana-> 'moving, feet, support' -- 6.69
carəkərəθrā
noun; accusative plural neuter <carəkərəθra-> '(hymns of) praise' -- 2.122
ciθrəm
adjective; accusative singular neuter <ciθrəm> 'manifest, clear, visible, plain' -- 6.147
cistiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <cisti-> 'knowledge, thought' -- 4.368
jaiδyantō
present participle passive; nominative plural masculine <gad> 'ask, entreat, supplicate' -- 5.196
jaγaurvåŋhəm
perfect participle; accusative singular masculine <gar> 'be awake' -- 5.181
janyå
verb; 2nd person singular present subjunctive active <jan> 'smite, slay, destroy' -- 5.50
jamaitī
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <gam> 'go' -- 4.298
jasaētəm
verb; 3rd person dual imperfect indicative middle <gam> 'go' -- 4.133
jasaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <gam> 'go' -- 4.255
jimā
verb; 1st person singular aorist subjunctive active <gam> 'go' -- 1.133
jə̄nayō
noun; vocative plural feminine <jə̄naya-> 'woman' -- 3.275
jə̄nerąm
adjective; genitive plural masculine <jə̄nar-> 'man-killing' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.407
jyātə̄uš
noun; genitive singular masculine <jyātu-> 'life' -- 3.465
ṯbišyantąm
present participle passive; genitive plural masculine <ṯbiš> 'hate, despise' -- 5.201, 5.207
taibyō
demonstrative pronoun; dative plural masculine <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 3.136
taibyō
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 4.309
taṯ
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter <ta-> 'he, that, this' -- 3.475
taṯ
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter <ta-> 'he, that, this' -- 3.258
tatašaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <tas> 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -- 6.181
tatašā
verb; 3rd person singular perfect indicative active <tas> 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -- 2.41
tanubyō
noun; dative plural neuter <tanu-> 'body' -- 5.199
tanuyē
noun; dative singular masculine <tanu-> 'body' -- 4.64
tanvō
noun; genitive singular feminine <tanu-> 'body' -- 3.300
tavā
personal pronoun; genitive singular <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 3.477
tašaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <tas> 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -- 1.14, 2.53
tašā
noun; nominative singular masculine <tašar-> 'carver, fashioner, shaper, creator' -- 1.55
demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 4.6, 4.420
pronoun; nominative dual masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 4.88, 4.130
tāiš
demonstrative pronoun; instrumental plural masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 4.451
emphatic particle; <> '...' -- 3.110
enclitic pronoun; genitive singular <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 6.6, 6.15, 6.60
tōi
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular <ta-> 'he, that, this' -- 3.440
tōi
personal pronoun; dative singular <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 4.280
tōi
pronoun; genitive singular masculine <ha-> 'you' -- 1.60
tōi
pronoun; nominative plural masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 4.337
təm
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 5.114, 5.128, 5.137, 5.141
təviš-cā
noun; nominative singular neuter <təvis-> 'violence' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.29
tə̄m
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 2.49
tə̄m
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ta-> 'he, that, this' -- 3.369
tə̄m
personal pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 3.161
tə̄m-cā
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.109
θwaxšō
noun; accusative singular neuter <θwaxša-> 'zeal, care, nurture' -- 1.77
θwarōždūm
verb; 2nd person plural s-aorist indicative middle <θwarōz> 'carve, fashion, shape, create' -- 1.11
θwā
enclitic pronoun; 2nd person accusative singular <θwa> 'you' -- 2.37
θwā
personal pronoun; accusative singular masculine <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 6.178, 6.184, 6.200
θwā
possessive pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <θwa> 'you' -- 3.149
θwōrəštā
noun; nominative singular masculine <θwōrəšṯar> 'Fashioner' -- 2.40
θwąm
pronoun; 2nd person accusative singular <θwa> 'you' -- 2.212
daiŋ́haom
noun; accusative singular feminine <dahyav-> 'country, region, realm' -- 5.39
daēnayāi
noun; dative singular feminine <daēnā-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -- 3.204
daēnayå
noun; genitive singular feminine <daēnā-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -- 3.46
daēnābīš
noun; instrumental plural feminine <daēnā-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -- 3.240
daēnąm
noun; accusative singular feminine <daēnā-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -- 3.98
daēvanąm
noun; genitive plural masculine <daēva-> 'divine being' -- 6.124
daēvā-cinā
noun; nominative plural masculine <daēva-> 'divine being' + indefinite particle; <cinā> '...' -- 4.215
daēvāiš-cā
noun; instrumental plural masculine <daēva-> 'divine being' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.156
daŋhaŋha
adjective; instrumental singular masculine <dan̨hah-> 'skillful' -- 5.155
dadāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 4.425
dadāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 2.171, 3.101, 3.202, 4.269
dadātū
verb; 3rd person singular present imperative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 3.411
dadən
verb; 3rd person plural present subjunctive active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 4.326
daδāiti
verb; 3rd person plural present indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 5.97
daδāiti
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 5.74, 5.84
daδąm
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 5.20
dafšnyā
adjective; nominative plural masculine <dafšnya-> 'powerless' -- 3.386
dabən
verb; 3rd person plural aorist indicative active <dab> 'fit together' (?) -- 3.44
darəgə̄m
adjective; accusative singular neuter <darəga-> 'long' -- 4.437
darəsatā
noun; accusative plural neuter <darəsata-> 'visible, beautiful to see' -- 4.37
dazdūm
verb; 2nd person plural present imperative middle <dā-> 'give, put' -- 3.231
dazdē
verb; 3rd person dual imperfect indicative middle <dā-> 'give, put' -- 4.135
dāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 3.137
dāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 2.201, 3.19
dātā
verb; 2nd person plural aorist imperative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 2.185
dātā
verb; 2nd person plural aorist indicative middle <dā-> 'give, put' -- 1.72
dāmiδātəm
noun; <dāmi-> 'creation' + past participle passive; accusative singular masculine <dā-> 'give, put' -- 6.179, 6.185
dāmōhu
noun; locative plural neuter <dāman-> 'dwelling, creation, creatures (pl.)' -- 5.132
dāyāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist optative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 2.82
dāhī
verb; 2nd person singular aorist subjunctive active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 3.481
dim
personal pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 5.19, 6.109
dugədrąm
noun; genitive plural feminine <dugədar-> 'daughter' -- 3.122
duš-xvarəthə̄m
compound noun; accusative singular neuter <duš-> 'bad, evil' + <xvarətha-> 'food' -- 3.303
dušmainyunąm
prefix; <duš-> 'bad, evil' + noun; genitive plural masculine <mainyu-> 'spirit' -- 5.203
duždåŋhō
adjective; nominative plural neuter <duždā-> 'of bad gifts, maleficent' -- 4.120
dužvarənāiš
noun; instrumental plural masculine <dužvarena-> 'choosing badly' -- 3.437
dužvarəšnaŋhō
noun; nominative plural masculine <dužvarešnah-> 'wrong-doers' -- 3.385
dərəš-cā
noun; nominative singular feminine <darəs-> 'wantoness, rage, fury' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.28
dərəzā
noun; instrumental singular feminine <dərəz-> 'shackle' -- 3.425
də̄jīṯ-arətaēibyō
compound noun; dative plural masculine <dəjit-> 'violation' (?) + noun; <aša-> 'truth' -- 3.314
də̄jīṯ-arətā
compound noun; nominative plural masculine <dəjit-> 'violation' (?) + noun; <aša-> 'truth' -- 3.451
dåŋhō
noun; genitive singular neuter <dah-> 'gift' -- 3.94
dyāi
verb; 1st person singular present subjunctive passive <dā-> 'give, put' -- 2.127
drujim
noun; accusative singular masculine <druj-> 'deceit' -- 4.328
drūjō
noun; ablative singular feminine <druj-> 'deceit' -- 3.283, 3.296, 4.381
drəgaovē
noun; dative singular masculine <drigu-> 'needy, poor' -- 3.482
drəgvatō
present participle active; genitive singular masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 3.357
drəgvatąm
adjective; genitive plural masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 4.157
drəgvasū
noun; locative plural masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 1.219
drəgvō-dəbyō
adjective; dative plural masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 4.438
drəgvōdəbīš
noun; instrumental plural masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 1.90
drəgvōdəbyō
noun; dative plural masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 3.313
drəgvå
adjective; nominative dual masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 4.173
drvataēca
noun; dative singular masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.64
drvataṯ
noun; ablative singular masculine <drəgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -- 5.54
drvatātəm
noun; accusative singular feminine <drvatāt-> 'health, vitality' -- 5.198
dvaidī
verb; 1st person dual aorist indicative middle <dā-> 'give, put' -- 1.205
dvafšō
noun; nominative singular masculine <dvafša-> 'distress, ruin, pain, anguish' -- 3.423
naēdā
negative particle; <naēda> 'not, nor' -- 2.24
narō
noun; vocative plural masculine <nar-> 'man' -- 3.273
narəpīš
noun; nominative singular neuter <narəpi-> 'reduction, absence' -- 3.441
narəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <nar-> 'man' -- 4.62
narə̄m
noun; accusative singular masculine <nar-> 'man' -- 4.61
narš
noun; nominative singular masculine <nar-> 'man' -- 6.22
nasyeiti
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <nas> 'be lost, disappear' -- 6.132
enclitic personal pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <azəm-> 'I' -- 6.107
niγne
verbal prefix; <ni> 'down' + verb; 1st person singular present indicative middle <gan> 'smite, strike' -- 6.21
nitəmacit
adjective; <nitəma-> 'lowest' + indefinite marker; <ciṯ> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- 6.113, 6.116, 6.119
nidaθaṯ
verbal prefix; <ni> 'down' + verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 6.187
nivarānī
preposition; <> '...' + verb; 1st person singular present subjunctive active <var> 'choose' -- 3.165
adverb; <> 'now' -- 2.252
nōiṯ
negative particle; <nōiṯ> 'no, none' -- 1.37, 1.102, 1.115, 1.214, 1.217, 2.20, 4.119, 4.212, 5.80, 5.90, 5.102
nəmaŋhaca
noun; instrumental singular neuter <naman-> 'reverence' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.140
nərəš
noun; genitive singular masculine <nar-> 'man' -- 2.152
nə̄
enclitic pronoun; 1st person dative plural <azəm-> 'I' -- 2.111
nə̄
enclitic pronoun; 1st person genitive plural <azəm-> 'I' -- 2.97
nə̄
enclitic pronoun; 2nd person accusative plural <vaēm-> 'we' -- 4.76
nə̄
enclitic pronoun; dative plural masculine <azəm-> 'I' -- 1.172
nąsaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <ans> 'attain' + 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <nas> 'be lost, disappear' -- 3.304
enclitic pronoun; 1st person dative singular <azəm-> 'I' -- 2.253
nmānāṯ
noun; ablative singular neuter <nmāna-> 'abode, house' -- 6.137
paiti
postposition; <paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' -- 4.79
paiti
preposition; <paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' -- 5.193, 6.38, 6.76, 6.88, 6.91, 6.94, 6.190
paiti-jaitīm
preposition; <paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' + active noun; accusative singular feminine <jaiti-> 'going' -- 5.202
paitī-mravaṯ
verbal prefix; <paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' + verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <mrū> 'speak, say' -- 1.106
paitī-zānatā
verbal prefix; <paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' + verb; 2nd person plural present imperative active <xšnā> 'know' -- 2.243
paityāstīm
noun; accusative singular feminine <paityāstī-> 'firm foundation' -- 3.132
paiθyaē-cā
noun; dative singular masculine <paiti-> 'husband, master' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.176
pairi-jasāi
verbal prefix; <pairi> 'around, among' + verb; 1st person singular present subjunctive middle <gam> 'go' -- 5.138
pairī
postposition; <pairi> 'around, among' -- 1.220
pairī-ciθīṯ
adverb; <pairi> 'around, among' + <ciθ> indefinite marker -- 1.148
paurvatāxva
noun; accusative plural neuter (?) <paurvat-> 'mountain' + demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter (?) <hva-> 'this' -- 6.216
paouruyē
adjective; nominative dual masculine <paouruya-> 'first, original' -- 4.90
paouruyō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <paouruya-> 'first, original' -- 4.286
paourvīm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <paouruya-> 'first, original' -- 2.214
paourvīm
adverb; <paouruya-> 'first, original' -- 4.134
paθanąm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <paθana-> 'spacious' -- 6.56
paθō
noun; accusative plural masculine <paθ-> 'path, road' -- 3.96
pantąm
noun; accusative singular feminine <paθ-> 'path, road' -- 5.83
para-cā
adverbial prefix; <parā> 'before, beyond, away' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.352
parā
adverb; <parā> 'before, beyond, away' -- 3.301, 3.359
parā
preposition; <parā> 'before, beyond, away' -- 4.72
piθā
noun; accusative plural neuter <piθa-> 'defense' -- 3.299
pouru-sareδō
adjective; <pouru-> 'many' + noun; nominative singular masculine <sareδa-> 'kind, sort, species' -- 6.217
pouru-spaxštīm
adjective; <pouru-> 'wide' + noun; accusative singular feminine <spaxšti-> 'vision' -- 5.200
Pourucistā
proper name; vocative singular feminine <Pourucistā-> 'Pouruchista' (?) -- 3.111
pərəθu-vaēδayanəm
adjective; <pərəθu-> 'wide, broad' + noun; accusative singular masculine <vaēδayana-> 'attainment, discovery, acquisition' -- 5.178
pərəθvīm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <pərəθu-> 'wide, broad' -- 6.55
pərəsaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <pərəs-> 'ask' -- 1.57
pərəsåŋhe
verb; 2nd person singular s-aorist subjunctive middle <fras> 'inquire, discuss' -- 5.55
pərəsmanəng
present participle middle; accusative plural masculine <pərəs-> 'ask' -- 4.226
pəšō-tanvō
compound noun; nominative plural masculine <peša-> 'brought to an end' + <tanu-> 'body' -- 3.452
feδrōi
noun; dative singular masculine <pitar-> 'father' -- 3.167
ferašvā
verb; 2nd person singular s-aorist imperative middle <fras> 'inquire, discuss' -- 3.148
Fərašaoštras-cā
proper name; nominative singular masculine <Ferašaoštra-> 'Frashaostra' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.86
fərašə̄m
adjective; accusative singular masculine <fəraša-> 'shining' -- 4.342
fraorəṯ
adverb; <fraorəṯ> 'readily' -- 3.73, 4.202
frajyāitiš
noun; nominative singular masculine <frajyāiṯi> 'life's possibility' -- 1.216
fratarəmcit
adverb; <fratarəm> 'opposite' + indefinite marker; <ciṯ> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- 6.5
fradaxšta
adjective; nominative plural masculine <fradaxštā-> 'guiding, instructive' -- 6.203
fravašayō
noun; nominative plural feminine <fravaši-> the immortal element in a person, personified as a class of deity -- 5.96
fravāxšē
noun; locative singular masculine <fravāxš-> 'stalk, branch, penis' -- 6.95
frasåbyō
noun; dative plural feminine <frasā-> 'question, inquiry' -- 1.206
frasparəγē
noun; locative singular masculine <frasparak-> 'sprout' -- 6.92
frazaintīm
noun; accusative singular feminine <frazanti-> 'progeny, offspring' -- 5.99
frāidīm
noun; accusative singular masculine <frāidi-> 'growth, prosperity' -- 3.288
frākərəsta
verbal prefix; <fra> 'forward, toward' + past participle passive; instrumental singular masculine <kar> 'do, make' -- 6.134
frāxšnənē
noun; locative singular masculine <frāxšnəna-> 'concern' -- 2.240
frādaδąm
verbal prefix; <fra> 'forward, toward' + verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <dā-> 'give, put' -- 5.15
frīnəmnā
present participle middle; nominative dual masculine <frī> 'devote' -- 1.189
fšuyantaē-cā
present participle active; dative singular masculine <fsuya-> 'breed (esp. cattle)' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.38
fšuyentē
present participle active; dative singular masculine <fsuya-> 'breed (esp. cattle)' -- 1.218
baēvarə-cašmanəm
adjective; <baēvara-> 'ten-thousand' + noun; accusative singular masculine <cašman-> 'eye' -- 5.176
baēšaza
noun; accusative plural neuter <baēšaza-> 'remedy, poison' -- 6.223
baēšazəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <baēšaza-> 'remedy, poison' -- 6.148
baēšazyehe
adjective; genitive singular masculine <baēšazya-> 'generative, curative' -- 6.146
baodantō
present participle active; nominative plural masculine <bud> 'be attentive, aware' -- 4.78
baγō
noun; nominative singular masculine <baγa-> 'god, deity' -- 6.180, 6.186
barəθrīm
noun; accusative singular feminine <barəθri-> 'mother, womb' -- 6.59
barəsmana
noun; instrumental singular neuter <barəsman-> grass bundle used in the Indo-Iranian sacrifice -- 5.153
barəšaēšu
noun; locative singular plural <barəša-> 'neck, back' -- 5.192
barəzayå
adjective; genitive singular feminine <barəz> 'high, exalted, loud' -- 6.191
baršnuš
noun; accusative plural masculine <baršnu-> 'high point, peak' -- 6.37
bavaiti
verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <bu> 'be, become' -- 6.112
bavaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <bu> 'be, become' -- 4.366
bāδa
adverb; <bāδa> 'true, reliable' -- 6.140, 6.143
būnōi
noun; locative singular masculine <būna-> 'ground, base' -- 3.343
bərəzantō
present participle active; accusative plural masculine <bərəz-> 'be high, elevated' -- 6.42
bərəzantəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <bərəzant-> 'high, elevated, lofty, big, great, clear' -- 5.177
bąnayən
verb; 3rd person plural present injunctive active <banaya-> 'poison, make ill' -- 4.243
maiδyån̨hō
adjective; nominative plural masculine <maiδyah-> 'madness-inducing' -- 6.159
mainivå
noun; genitive dual masculine <mainyu-> 'spirit' -- 4.170
mainyuš
noun; nominative singular masculine <mainyu-> 'spirit' -- 3.356, 4.184
mainyū
noun; nominative dual masculine <mainyu-> 'spirit' -- 4.89, 4.132
mairištō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <mairišṯa-> 'knowing/remembering best' -- 1.144
mairyō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <mairya-> 'false, malicious' -- 5.40
maēγəmca
noun; accusative singular masculine <maēγa-> 'cloud' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 6.32
maēθā
adjective; nominative singular feminine <maēδa-> 'changing, false' -- 4.370
magahyā
noun; genitive singular masculine <maga-> 'gift' -- 3.332
magāi-ā
noun; dative singular masculine <maga-> 'gift' + preposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- 2.242
magə̄m
noun; accusative singular masculine <maga-> 'gift' -- 3.368
maδō
noun; nominative singular masculine <maδa-> 'intoxication' -- 6.167
mana
personal pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <azəm-> 'I' -- 6.85
manaŋhā
noun; instrumental singular masculine <manah-> 'mind' -- 4.51
manaŋhā
noun; instrumental singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' -- 2.79, 2.197, 3.60, 4.256, 4.312
manaŋhō
noun; genitive singular masculine <manah-> 'mind' -- 6.226
manaŋhō
noun; genitive singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' -- 3.133, 3.189, 3.245, 4.24, 4.398
manahi-cā
noun; locative singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.102
manahīm
adjective; accusative singular neuter <manahya-> 'spiritual' -- 3.317
manō
noun; accusative singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' -- 4.161, 4.231
manō
noun; nominative singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' -- 2.226
manå
noun; nominative plural neuter <manah-> 'mind' -- 4.365
marətaēibyō
noun; dative plural masculine <marəta-> 'mortal' -- 2.84
marətānō
noun; genitive singular masculine <marəta-> 'mortal' -- 4.245
mašā
noun; instrumental singular masculine <mašya-> 'human being' -- 2.230
mašyāiš-cā
noun; instrumental plural masculine <mašya-> 'human being' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.157
mašyåŋhō
noun; vocative plural masculine <mašya-> 'human being' -- 4.426
mazištō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <maz-> 'large, great' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 3.427
mazōi
adjective; dative singular masculine <maz-> 'large, great' -- 2.241
mazə̄
adjective; genitive singular neuter <maz-> 'large, great' -- 4.73
mazdā
adjective; vocative singular masculine <mazdā-> 'wise' -- 2.112, 2.211, 2.239
mazdā
noun; vocative singular masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' -- 3.476, 4.308
mazdāθā
noun; accusative plural neuter <mazdāδa-> 'thing to be considered' -- 4.10
mazdąm
noun; accusative singular masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' -- 1.204, 4.203, 5.29
mazdå
adjective; nominative singular masculine <mazdā-> 'wise' -- 2.63
mazdå
noun; genitive singular masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' -- 3.71, 4.406, 5.86, 6.71
mazdå
noun; nominative singular masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' -- 1.142, 2.9, 3.31, 3.201, 4.424, 5.7
mazdås-cā
noun; genitive singular masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.135
mazdås-cā
noun; vocative plural masculine <mazda-> 'wise one' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.352
enclitic pronoun; 1st person accusative singular <azəm-> 'I' -- 1.10, 1.13, 1.23, 2.229
prohibitive participle; <> used to express prohibition -- 5.49, 5.52, 5.56
miθrō
noun; nominative singular masculine <miθra-> 'contract, agreement, pact' -- 5.63
Miθrō
proper name; nominative singular masculine <Miθra-> 'Mithra' -- 5.75
miθrō-druxš
noun; <miθra-> 'contract, agreement, pact' + adjective; nominative singular masculine <drug-> 'false' -- 5.41
miθrəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <miθra-> 'contract, agreement, pact' -- 5.48, 5.79, 5.89, 5.101
Miθrəm
proper name; accusative singular masculine <Miθra-> 'Mithra' -- 5.12, 5.118, 5.134, 5.145, 5.148, 5.169
mīždəm
noun; accusative singular neuter <mīzda-> 'wages, prize' -- 3.329
mošu-cā
adverb; <mošu> 'soon' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.428
mōi
enclitic pronoun; 1st person dative singular <azəm-> 'I' -- 1.38, 1.43, 2.93
mərəiθyaoš
noun; genitive singular masculine <mərəthyu-> 'death' -- 3.426
mərəγa
noun; nominative plural masculine <mərəγa-> 'forest animal, bird' -- 6.204
mərəngəduyē
verb; 2nd person plural present subjunctive middle <mrc> 'destroy' -- 3.319
mərəncaite
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative middle <marək-> 'kill, destroy, bring ruin' -- 5.37
mə̄
adjective pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ma-> 'my' -- 1.199
mə̄ŋ́hī
verb; 1st person singular aorist indicative middle <man> 'know, think' -- 2.213
mə̄n-cā
abbreviated noun (?); accusative singular masculine <manah-> 'mind' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.228
mə̄m-bə̄əduš
compound stem (?); accusative singular neuter <manah-> 'mind' + perfect participle; accusative singular neuter <band-> 'shine' (?) -- 3.193
mąθraca
noun; instrumental singular masculine <mąθra-> 'formulaic verse, spell, poetic intention' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.156
mąθrəm
noun accusative singular masculine <maθra-> 'mantra, magic formula' -- 2.52
mąmciṯ
personal pronoun; accusative singular <azəm-> 'I' + indefinite marker; <ciṯ> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- 5.26
mąz
abbreviated noun (?); accusative singular masculine (?) <manah-> 'mind' -- 3.230
mraocąs
present participle active; nominative singular masculine <mru> 'drive, plunge, beat' -- 3.353
mraoṯ
verb; 3rd person singular imperfect indicative active <mrū> 'speak, say' -- 5.5
mraomī
verb; 1st person singular present indicative active <mrū> 'speak, say' -- 3.218
yaē-cā
relative pronoun; dative plural masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.42
yaē-cā
relative pronoun; nominative plural <ya-> 'who, what, which' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.197
yaojantē
verb; 3rd person plural aorist subjunctive middle <yuj> 'join, unite, yoke' -- 4.394
yaṯ
adverb; <yaṯ> 'when' -- 5.11
yaθa
conjunction; <yaθa> 'just as, like' -- 5.25, 5.43
yaθā
adverb; <yaθa> 'just as, like' -- 1.174, 4.283
yaθā-cā
adverb; <yaθa> 'just as, like' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.145
yaθra
adverb; <yaθra> 'where, in order to' -- 6.43, 6.65
yaθra
conjunction; <yaθra> 'where, in order to' -- 6.139, 6.142
yaθrā
adverb; <yaθra> 'where, in order to' -- 3.355, 4.367
yadā
relative adverb; <yadā> 'when' -- 4.295
yavaṯ
adverb; <yavaṯ> 'how long, as long as' -- 3.340
yavā
adjective; instrumental singular masculine <yavan-> 'during life' -- 2.166
yavōi
noun; dative singular neuter <yav-> 'duration, period, time of life' -- 3.32, 3.206
yasna
noun; accusative singular masculine <yasna-> 'sacrifice, offering, hymn' -- 5.117, 5.144
yasnąs-cā
noun; accusative plural masculine <yasna-> 'sacrifice, offering, hymn' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.74
yazatəm
future participle passive; accusative singular masculine <yaz> 'sacrifice, offer' -- 5.130
yazamaide
verb; 1st person plural present indicative middle <yaz> 'sacrifice, offer' -- 5.150, 5.171
yazāi
verb; 1st person singular present subjunctive middle <yaz> 'sacrifice, offer' -- 5.115, 5.135, 5.142
yazənte
verb; 3rd person plural present indicative middle <yaz> 'sacrifice, offer' -- 5.190
yahmāi
relative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 1.131
yahmi
relative pronoun; locative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 6.20
relative pronoun; accusative plural neuter <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 4.9, 4.35
relative pronoun; instrumental singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 1.117, 3.479, 4.242
relative pronoun; instrumental singular neuter <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 2.198
relative pronoun; nominative accusative masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 1.145
relative pronoun; nominative dual masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 4.91
relative pronoun; nominative plural neuter <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 4.423
relative pronoun; nominative singular feminine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 3.166
yā-cā
relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.158
yā-tē
relative pronoun; nominative plural masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' + enclitic pronoun; genitive singular <tvə̄m-> 'you' -- 6.34
yim
relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 5.13, 5.27, 5.53, 5.57, 5.189
yūšmāvatąm
pronoun; genitive plural masculine <yūžəm-> 'you' + possessive suffix; <vat-> 'like' -- 2.256
yūžə̄m
pronoun; 2nd person nominative singular <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 2.181, 2.238
ye-cā
dative ending; plural masculine <-aya> '...' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.34
yesnyata
adjective; accusative singular masculine <yesnya-> 'sacrifice, worship' -- 5.22
yesnyā-cā
noun; accusative plural masculine <yesnya-> 'sacrifice, worship' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.22
yezivī
adjective; vocative singular feminine <yazu-> 'youngest' -- 3.121
yezī
conjunction; <yezī> 'as, because, when' -- 3.17
relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 5.76, 6.11, 6.108, 6.165
yōi
relative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 5.78, 5.88, 5.100
yōi
relative pronoun; nominative plural masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 4.324, 4.340, 4.408
yə̄
relative pronoun; nominative singular <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 4.172, 4.186
yə̄
relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 1.89, 2.80, 2.96, 2.140, 2.169, 3.243, 3.463
yə̄m
relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 2.154
yə̄mā
noun; nominative dual masculine <yə̄ma-> 'twin' -- 4.92
yə̄mə
relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 3.286
yąm
relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine <ya-> 'who, what, which' -- 3.97
yåŋhō
noun; genitive singular neuter <yāh-> 'pilgrimage, retribution' -- 4.74
raocə̄bīs
noun; instrumental plural neuter <raocah-> 'light' -- 4.36
raoδahe
verb; 2nd person singular present indicative middle <raod> 'grow, sprout' -- 6.66
raose
verb; 2nd person singular aorist subjunctive middle <raod> 'grow, sprout' -- 6.74
raostā
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative middle <rud> 'howl, cry out, lament' -- 2.139
rajīš
noun; nominative singular neuter <rajī-> 'darkness' -- 3.442
ratuš
noun; nominative singular masculine <ratu-> 'judgement, model, plan' -- 1.62, 2.25
raθaēštārō
noun; <raθa-> 'chariot' + agent root noun; <stā> 'stand, stay, remain' -- 5.191
raya
noun; instrumental singular masculine <rai-> 'radiance, wealth, splendor' -- 5.112
rašō
noun; accusative singular neuter <rašah-> 'harm, damage' -- 4.439
razištəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <ərəzu-> 'straight' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 5.82
rāthəmō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <rāthəma-> 'adhering to' -- 3.285
rādəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <rāda-> 'provider' -- 2.143
rāmąm-cā
noun; accusative plural masculine <rāman-> 'peace, tranquility' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.409
rāmąm-cā
noun; accusative singular neuter <rāman-> 'peace, tranquility' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.200
rāstī
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <rāθ> 'adhere' -- 3.439
rəmō
noun; nominative singular masculine <rəma-> 'bloodlust, violence, chains' -- 1.26
vaēdōdūm
verb; 2nd person plural present imperative middle <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 3.239
vaēdəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <vaēda-> 'provider' -- 2.215
vaēm
personal pronoun; nominative singular <azəm-> 'I' -- 4.338
vaēšō
noun; nominative singular neuter <vaēšah-> 'poison' -- 3.438
vaocaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative active <vak> 'say, speak, declare' -- 2.7
vaxəδrahyā
noun; genitive singular neuter <vaxəδra-> 'speech organ' -- 2.128
vaxšayatō
present participle active; accusative plural masculine <vaxšaya-> 'cause to grow' -- 6.36
vaxšyā
verb; 1st person singular future indicative active <vak> 'say, speak, declare' -- 4.7
vaŋuhīš
adjective; nominative plural feminine <vohu-> 'good' -- 5.93
vaŋhāu
adjective; locative singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' -- 4.410
vaŋhuyāi
adjective; dative singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' -- 3.205
vaŋhuyå
adjective; genitive singular feminine <vohu-> 'good' -- 3.47
vaŋhēuš
adjective; genitive singular masculine <vohu-> 'good' -- 6.225
vaŋhə̄uš
adjective; genitive singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' -- 3.131, 3.190, 3.244, 4.23, 4.397
vaca
noun; instrumental singular masculine <vacah-> 'speech, word' -- 6.8, 6.17, 6.86
vacaca
noun; instrumental singular masculine <vacah-> 'speech, word' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.157
vacahi-cā
noun; locative singular neuter <vacah-> 'speech, word' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.103
vacō
noun; accusative singular neuter <vacah-> 'speech, word' -- 3.375
vadəmnō
noun; genitive singular masculine <vadman-> (?) 'possessed of speech' -- 3.227
vantaca
noun; instrumental singular masculine <vanta-> 'praise, homage' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.139
vafūš
noun; accusative plural masculine <vafu-> 'prophecy, teaching, solemn words' -- 2.11
vayū-bərədubyō
compound noun; dative plural masculine <vayu-> 'air, wind' (?) + verb; <bərət> 'cry' (?) -- 3.302
vayōi
interjection; <vayoi> 'woe' -- 3.372
vayå
adjective; ablative dual masculine <uvaya-> 'both' -- 5.60
varatā
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative middle <var> 'choose' -- 4.171
vareδayan̨uha
verb; 2nd person singular present imperative middle <vərəz> 'do, make, perform' -- 6.84
varəšaitē
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <vərəz> 'do, make, perform' -- 1.159
varšajīš
noun; locative singular masculine <varšak-> 'root, tree' -- 6.89
vasaṯ
verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <vas> 'desire, wish' -- 1.176
vasəmī
verb; 1st person singular present indicative active <vas> 'desire, wish' -- 2.156
vasə̄-itōiš-cā
noun; genitive singular feminine <vasəiti-> 'liberty, prosperity' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.467
vastē
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative middle <vas> 'be clothed, swathed' -- 4.189
vaštī
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative active <vas> 'desire, wish' -- 2.113
vazyamnābyō
present participle middle; dative plural feminine <vaz> 'marry' -- 3.216
vahištā
adjective; accusative singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.48
vahištā
adjective; nominative singular feminine <vohu-> 'good' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 3.5
vahištəm
adjective; accusative singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.160
vahmāi-ā
noun; dative singular masculine <vahma-> 'glorification, praise' + adverbial postposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- 3.72
vahmyata
adjective; accusative singular masculine <vahmaya-> 'worthy of praise' -- 5.24
vahyō
adjective; accusative singular neuter <vahya-> 'better' -- 3.483, 4.106
emphatic particle; <> 'indeed, for, etc.' -- 1.185
vāγžibyō
noun; instrumental plural feminine <vacah-> 'speech, word' -- 5.161
vācim
noun; accusative singular feminine <vāc-> 'voice' -- 2.151
vādāyōiṯ
verb; 3rd person singular present optative active <vādāya-> 'destroy' -- 1.92
vārəmca
noun; accusative singular masculine <vāra-> 'rain' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 6.33
vāvərəzōi
verb 3rd person singular perfect indicative middle <vərəz> 'do, make, perform' -- 1.147
vāstā
noun; nominative singular masculine <vāstar-> 'herdsman' -- 1.39
vāstrā
noun; instrumental singular masculine <vāstrya-> 'herdsman; pasture' -- 1.75
vāstryaēibyō
noun; dative plural masculine <vāstrya-> 'herdsman; pasture' -- 3.177
vāstryā
noun; accusative plural neuter <vāstrya-> 'herdsman; pasture' -- 1.46
vāstryāi-cā
noun; dative singular masculine <vāstrya-> 'herdsman; pasture' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.39
vistō
past participle passive; nominative singular masculine <vis> 'find' -- 2.23, 2.95
vīciθahyā
noun; genitive singular neuter <vīciδa-> 'decision, judgement' -- 4.60
vīcirō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <vīcira-> 'discerning' -- 1.169
vīdāṯ
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 3.168
vīduyē
infinitive; dative singular; <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 1.116
vīdušē
present participle active; dative singular masculine <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 4.12
vīdvå
perfect active participle; nominative singular masculine <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 2.10
vībarən
verbal prefix; <vi> 'wide, apart' + verb; 3rd person plural imperfect indicative <bar> 'bear, carry' -- 6.206
vīraoδahe
verbal prefix; <vi> 'wide, apart' + verb; 2nd person singular present indicative middle <raod> 'grow, sprout' -- 6.218
vīvə̄nghatū
verb; 2nd person singular present imperative active desiderative <van> 'surpass, overcome' -- 3.257
vīspāi-ā
adjective; dative singular neuter <vīspa-> 'all, every' + postposition; <ā> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- 3.33, 3.207
vīspe
adjective; nominative plural masculine <vīspa-> 'all, every' -- 6.156
vīspēsca
adjective; locative singular masculine <vīspa-> 'all, every' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 6.87, 6.90, 6.93
vīspąm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <vīspa-> 'all, every' -- 5.38
vīspåŋhō
nominative plural masculine <vispa-> 'everyone/thing, all' -- 3.396
Vīštāspō
proper name; nominative singular masculine <Vīštāspa-> 'Vishtaspa' -- 3.83
vīšyātā
prefix; <vi> 'wide, apart' + verb; 3rd person plural aorist indicative active <ci> 'discriminate, tell apart' -- 4.118
vīšyātā
verb; 3rd person plural aorist indicative active <vi> 'wide, apart' + <ci> 'discriminate, tell apart' -- 4.214
vīzxvanca
adverb; <vīzxvanca> 'in every direction' (?) -- 6.205
vīžibyō
noun; dative plural feminine <viž-> 'clan' -- 3.413
vouru-gaoyaoitiš
adjective; <varav-> 'wide, broad' + noun; <gao-> 'cow' + noun; nominative singular masculine <yaoti-> 'pasture' -- 5.77
vouru-gaoyaoitīm
adjective; <varav-> 'wide, broad' + noun; <gao-> 'cow' + noun; accusative singular masculine <yaoti-> 'pasture' -- 5.14, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170
vohu-cā
adjective; nominative singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 2.225
vohū
adjective; accusative plural neuter <vohu-> 'good' -- 1.45
vohū
adjective; instrumental singular neuter <vohu-> 'good' -- 2.78, 2.196, 4.257, 4.311
vōi-vīdaitī
verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive active intensive <vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- 4.313
vərəθrająstarō
noun; <vərəθra-> 'attack, victory' + root noun; <gan-> 'slayer' + comparative suffix; nominative singular masculine <-tara-> 'more, better' -- 6.111
vərənātā
verb; 3rd person plural present injunctive middle <vərən-> 'choose' -- 4.229
vərəzyan̨xvąm
adjective; accusative singular feminine <vərəzyah-> 'working, productive' -- 6.57
vərəzyō
infinitive; <verəz-> 'perform an action' -- 4.175
və̄
enclitic personal pronoun; dative plural <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 3.163
və̄
enclitic personal pronoun; dative plural masculine <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 3.328, 3.371
və̄
enclitic personal pronoun; genitive masculine <yūžəm-> 'you' -- 3.254
vyāxanəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <vaȳxana-> 'assembly-speaking, rhetorically skilled' -- 5.173
vyānayā
noun; instrumental singular feminine <vyāna-> 'insight, perception' -- 2.12
saošyantō
noun; ablative singular masculine <saošyant-> 'giving power; savior (?)' -- 3.100
saxvārə̄
noun; accusative plural neuter <saxvār-> 'invocation, poetically formulated vow' -- 1.143
satəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <sata-> 'hundred' -- 5.44
sarəjā
compound noun; nominative singular masculine <sar-> 'protection, alliance' + <jan> 'smite, slay, destroy' -- 1.103
sarəm
noun; accusative singular feminine <sar-> 'protection, alliance' -- 3.138
sava-cā
noun; accusative plural neuter <sava-> 'benefit, salvation' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.447
sastē
infinitive; <saŋh> 'announce, proclaim' -- 4.322
sašaθā
verb; 2nd person plural present indicative active <sac> 'learn, understand' -- 4.422
saškən-cā
verb; 3rd person plural aorist indicative active <sac> 'learn, understand' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.45
sazdyāi
verb; infinitive <saŋh> 'announce, proclaim' -- 4.77
sāxvə̄nī
noun; accusative plural neuter <sāxvan-> 'doctrine, teaching, instruction' -- 3.215
sāsnayā
noun; instrumental singular feminine <sāsnā-> 'teaching' -- 2.69
sāsnå
noun; accusative plural feminine <sāsnā-> 'teaching' -- 2.99
surunvata
future participle passive; accusative singular masculine <sru> 'hear, listen' -- 5.116, 5.143
sūcā
adjective; instrumental singular neuter <sūca-> 'light, pure, clear' -- 4.50
sūrəm
adjective; accusative singular masculine <sūra-> 'strong, powerful' -- 5.131, 5.179
sūrå
adjective; nominative plural feminine <sūra-> 'strong, powerful' -- 5.94
səvištəm
adjective; <sūra-> 'strong, powerful' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 5.133
sąstā
verb; 2nd person plural s-aorist imperative active <sand> 'show, seem' -- 1.44
skəndō
noun; nominative singular masculine <skənda-> 'destruction' -- 4.383
scantū
verb; 3rd person plural present imperative active <haca-> 'follow, accompany' (?) -- 3.59
staoiti
verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive active <stu> 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -- 6.110
staotā-cā
noun; nominative plural masculine <staota-> 'hymn, song of praise' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.20
staomi
verb; 1st person singular present indicative active <stu> 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -- 6.31, 6.40, 6.53, 6.63
stavanō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <stavana-> 'praising, being praised' -- 6.105
stūitiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <stūiti-> 'song of praise, prayer' -- 6.118
spayaθrahyā
noun; genitive singular neuter <spayaθra-> 'atonement, prosperity' -- 4.384
spašuθā
verb; 2nd person plural present indicative active <spas-̨ spašu-> (?) 'perceive' -- 3.287
Spitama
proper name; vocative singular masculine <Spitāma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -- 5.17, 5.42, 5.51
Spitamāi
proper name; dative singular masculine <Spitāma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -- 5.8
Spitāmahyā
proper name; genitive singular masculine <Spitāma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -- 3.16
Spitāmī
proper name; vocative singular feminine <Spitāma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -- 3.120
Spitāmō
proper name; nominative singular masculine <Spitāma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -- 2.109, 3.85
spenta
adjective; nominative plural masculine <spənta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -- 6.202
spəntō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <spənta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -- 2.68
spəntå
adjective; nominative plural feminine <spənta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -- 5.95
spərədā
noun; instrumental singular feminine <spərəd-> 'zeal' -- 3.164
spə̄ništā
adjective; instrumental singular neuter <spənta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 3.151
spə̄ništō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <spənta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' + superlative suffix; <-ista-> indicates superlative -- 4.185
sraotā
verb; 2nd person plural aorist imperative active <sru> 'hear, listen' -- 4.46
sravahī
noun; locative singular neuter <sravas-> 'fame' -- 4.411
srāvayeŋ́hē
causative infinitive; dative <srāvay-> 'cause to be heard' -- 2.123
srāvī
verb; 3rd person singular aorist indicative passive <sru> 'give' -- 3.7
šavaitē
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative middle <šava-> 'drive forth, set in motion' -- 1.118
šyaoθanā-cā
noun; accusative plural neuter <šyaoθana-> 'act, deed' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.49
šyaoθanāiš
noun; instrumental plural neuter <šyaoθana-> 'act, deed' -- 4.201
šyaoθanāiš-cā
noun; instrumental plural neuter <šyaoθana-> 'act, deed' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.62
šyaoθanōi
noun; locative singular neuter <šyaoθana-> 'act, deed' -- 4.104
šyaoθnaca
noun; instrumental singular neuter <šyaoθana-> 'act, deed' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.158
šyeitibyō
present participle active; dative plural feminine <ši> 'dwell' -- 3.412
zairi-gaonō
adjective; <zairi-> 'yellow' + noun; nominative singular masculine <gaona-> 'hair' -- 6.221
zaoθrābyasca
noun; instrumental plural neuter <zaoθra-> 'libations' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 5.159
zaoθrābyō
noun; instrumental plural neuter <zaoθra-> 'libations' -- 5.120, 5.136, 5.147
Zaraθuštrahē
proper name; genitive singular masculine <Zaraθuštra-> 'Zarathustra' -- 3.8, 3.123
Zaraθuštrāi
proper name; dative singular masculine <Zaraθuštra-> 'Zarathustra' -- 5.9
zaraθuštriš
adjective; nominative singular masculine <zaraθuštri-> 'descendent of Zarathustra' (?) -- 3.84
Zaraθuštrō
proper name; nominative singular masculine <Zaraθuštra-> 'Zarathustra' -- 2.108
zavə̄ng
noun; accusative plural neuter <zava-> 'call, request' -- 1.132
zastayō
noun; locative dual masculine <zasta-> 'hand' -- 4.327
zastavaṯ
possessive adjective; accusative singular neuter <zasta-> 'hand' + possessive suffix <-vat-> '...' -- 2.172
zastāiš
noun; instrumental plural masculine <zasta-> 'hand' -- 1.188
zazəntī
verb; 3rd person plural present subjunctive active <> 'conquer, win, come in first' -- 4.409
zah́yā-cā
adjective; nominative plural masculine <zahya-> 'weakened' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.395
zāvarə
noun; accusative singular neuter <zāvar-> 'strength, vitality, vigor' -- 5.195
emphatic particle; <zi> 'for, indeed' -- 1.146, 2.36, 3.162, 3.259, 4.379, 5.61, 6.157
zemō
noun; genitive singular feminine <zam-> 'earth, ground' -- 6.64
ząm
noun; accusative singular feminine <zam-> 'earth, ground' -- 6.54
zrazdištō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <zrazdišta-> 'most believing' -- 3.342
h́yāmā
verb; 3rd person plural present optative middle <ah-> 'be, become' -- 4.339
haiθyā
noun; nominative plural masculine <haiθya-> 'true, real' -- 3.272
haiθyāiš
adjective; instrumental plural neuter <haiθya-> 'true, real' -- 4.200
Haēcaṯ-aspānā
compound proper name; vocative singular feminine <haēcaṯ-> '...' + <aspāna-> patronymic form of aspa- 'horse' -- 3.112
haoma
noun; vocative singular masculine <haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -- 6.61, 6.73, 6.114, 6.117, 6.120
haoma
noun; vocative singular masculine ' <haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -- 6.44
haomayō
noun; locative dual masculine <haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -- 5.151
haomahe
noun; genitive singular masculine <haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -- 6.145, 6.166
haomō
noun; nominative singular masculine <haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -- 6.103, 6.219
haxtayå
noun; genitive dual neuter <haxti-> 'thigh' -- 3.344
haŋhuš
noun; accusative singular neuter <haŋhuš-> 'profit, harvest' -- 3.192
hacaite
verb; 3rd person singular present indicative middle <hak> 'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of' -- 6.169
hacā
adposition; <hacā> 'from, out of' -- 2.27, 3.29, 3.284, 6.136
hacinte
verb; 3rd person plural present indicative middle <hak> 'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of' -- 6.161
haθra
adverb; <haθra> 'together, at the same place/time' -- 6.133
haθrā
preposition; <haθra> 'together, at the same place/time' -- 4.364
haθrā-nivāitīm
adverb; <haθra> 'together, at the same place/time' + agent noun; accusative singular feminine <nivāiti-> 'striking down' -- 5.204
hadā
preposition; <hadā> 'together with' -- 1.74
han̨eurvayeiti
verbal prefix; <ham> 'together' + 3rd person singular present indicative active causative <ru> 'flow' -- 6.13
hamərəθanąm
noun; genitive plural masculine <hamərəθa> 'enemy' -- 5.205
haraiθyō
noun; genitive singular feminine <haraitī-> name of a mountain -- 6.189
havanəm
noun; accusative singular masculine <havana-> 'pressing stone' -- 6.7, 6.16
hazaošō
adjective; nominative singular masculine <hazaoša-> 'like-minded' -- 2.55
hazaŋra-gaošəm
adjective; <hazara-> 'thousand' + noun; accusative singular masculine <gaoša-> 'ear' -- 5.174
hazan̨raγnyāi
adjective; <hazara-> 'thousand' + noun; <ganya-> 'slaying, killing, destroying' -- 6.122
hazas-cā
noun; nominative singular masculine <haza-> 'power, violence, oppression' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 1.25
hātąm
present participle active; genitive plural masculine <ah-> 'be, become' -- 1.128
hitaēibyō
noun; dative plural masculine <hita-> 'team of horses' -- 5.197
hizvō
noun; instrumental singular masculine <hizu-> 'tongue' -- 5.154
emphatic particle; <hi> 'indeed' -- 4.105
hīm
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular feminine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 1.71
huxratvō
prefix; <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' + noun; vocative singular masculine <xratu-> 'will, intention, vision' -- 6.10, 6.19
huxšaθrāiš
noun; instrumental singular masculine <huxšaθra-> 'good rule' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 3.406
hutāštəm
prefix; <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' + past participle passive; accusative singular masculine <tas> 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -- 5.175
hudānvarəšvā
adverb (?); adjective stem <hudānu-> 'blessed' + verb; 2nd person singular aorist imperative middle <varəz-> 'work, perform' -- 3.153
hudəmə̄m
noun; accusative singular masculine <hudəma-> 'sweetness' -- 2.126
hudåŋhō
adjective; nominative plural neuter <hudah-> 'of good gifts, beneficent' -- 4.116
hubaoiδiš
prefix; <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' + noun; nominative singular masculine <baoiδi-> 'smell' -- 6.67
humązdrā
adjective; vocative plural masculine <humązdra-> 'careful, good to see' -- 4.32
huruθma
prefix; <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' + noun; nominative singular masculine <ruθma-> 'growth, increase' -- 6.72
hušitōiš
noun; genitive singular feminine <hušiti-> 'good dwelling, comfort, safety' -- 4.396
hušəitīš
noun; accusative plural feminine <hušiti-> 'good dwelling, comfort, safety' -- 2.199
hušə̄nem
adjective; accusative singular neuter <hušə̄na-> 'profitable' -- 3.261
hūitiš
noun; nominative singular feminine <hūiti-> 'pressure' -- 6.115
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 6.164
hōi
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular feminine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 1.86
hōi
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 2.125, 2.170, 3.18
hōi
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine / feminine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 3.260
hōi
personal pronoun; dative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 3.43, 3.58
hōiš
contracted form (?); demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' + demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter (?) <ayə̄m-> 'this, that' -- 3.298
hə̄ntū
verb; 3rd person plural present imperative active <ah-> 'be, become' -- 3.387
hə̄ndvārəntā
verb; 3rd person plural imperfect indicative middle <həm> '...' + <dvar> 'rush together' -- 4.241
hə̄m
preposition; <hə̄m> 'together, with' -- 3.147, 4.131
hə̄miθyāṯ
compound verb; 3rd person singular aorist optative active <həm> '...' + <miθ> 'rob of' -- 3.466
hyaṯ
conjunction; <hyat> 'as, since, because' -- 4.129, 4.216, 4.228, 4.363
hyaṯ
conjunction; <hyaṯ> 'if, so, when' -- 1.203, 2.124, 4.419
hyaṯ
relative adverb; <hyaṯ> 'if, so, when' -- 1.70
hyaṯ-cā
conjunction; <hyaṯ> 'if, so, when' + conjunction; <ca> 'and' -- 4.436
hyaṯ-cīṯ
conjunction; <hyaṯ> 'if, so, when' + indefinite participle; <cīṯ> '...' -- 4.11
hvaŋhəvīm
noun; accusative singular neuter <hvaŋhaoya-> 'good existence' -- 3.34
hvō
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- 1.129, 1.168, 1.175, 2.66, 2.110, 2.167, 3.424