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Hittite Online

Table of Contents

Sara E. Kimball, Winfred P. Lehmann, and Jonathan Slocum

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Lessons

0. Introduction to Hittite
1. The Proclamation of Anittas (Old Hittite)
2. The Telepenus "Vanishing God" Myth (Anatolian mythology)
3. The Proclamation of Telepenus (Old Hittite)
4. The Law Code (Old Hittite)
5. The Annals of Mursilis (Classical Neo-Hittite)
6. The Apology of Hattusilis III (Classical Neo-Hittite)
7. The Treaty of Tudhaliya with Kuruntas of Tarhuntassa (Later Neo-Hittite)
8. The Plague Prayer of Mursilis II (Neo-Hittite)
9. The Ritual of Tunnawi (Middle Hittite)
10. The KI.LAM Festival (state festival originating in the Old Kingdom)

Grammar Points

1. The Sound System
     1.1. Vowels
     1.2. Diphthongs
     1.3. Stops
     1.4. Glides, Nasals, and Liquids
     1.5. Fricatives and Affricates
     1.6. References on Hittite Phonology
2. The Cuneiform Syllabary
     2.1. Spellings for Consonants
     2.2. Spellings for Vowels
     2.3. Spellings for Consonant Clusters
3. The Use of Sumerian and Akkadian
     3.1. Sumerograms
     3.2. Phonetic Complements
     3.3. Akkadograms and Use of Akkadian
     3.4. Determinatives
     3.5. Rebus Spellings
4. Active verbs
     4.1. Active Endings
     4.2. Inflection of the mi- and hi-conjugations
     4.3. Paradigms of mi-conjugation verbs
     4.4. Paradigms of hi-conjugation verbs
5. Gender and Case
     5.1. Noun and Adjective Endings
     5.2. Sample A-stem Noun Paradigms
     5.3. A-stem Adjectives
6. Basic Word Order
     6.1. Form of the Subject
     6.2. Order of Elements
7. Use of the Nominative, Accusative, and Ergative
     7.1. The Nominative
     7.2. The Accusative
     7.3. Neo-Hittite Confusion of Animate Nominative and Accusative Endings
     7.4. The Ergative
8. U-Stem Adjectives and Nouns
     8.1. Paradigms of u-stem adjectives
     8.2. Paradigms of u-stem nouns
     8.3. Paradigms of au-stem nouns
9. Nominal sentences
10. Adjectives
     10.1. Attributive adjectives
     10.2. Adjectives used as predicate nominatives.
11. Enclitics
     11.1. Sentence particles and enclitics
12. Personal Pronouns
13. The Middle Voice
     13.1. Middle Endings
     13.2. Middle Paradigms
14. Uses of the Middle
15. The Genitive
     15.1. Use of Akkadian to indicate possession
     15.2. Partitive apposition
     15.3. Predicative genitives
     15.4. Genitive of material
     15.5. Partitive genitive
     15.6. Nominal genitives
16. Demonstrative Pronouns
17. The Enclitic String
     17.1. Enclitic combinations
     17.2. Before -za
     17.3. Pronoun slot
18. Enclitic possessive pronouns
     18.1. Sound Changes Accompanying Enclitic Possessives
19. The Dative-Locative
     19.1. Indirect Objects
     19.2. Dative of Goal
     19.3. Possessive Dative
     19.4. The Dative with Adjectives
     19.5. The Ethical Dative
     19.6. Dative with Comparatives
20. I-Stem Adjectives and Nouns
21. Iya-stem Adjectives and Nouns
22. r/n-stem nouns
     22.1. Complex Suffixes
     22.2. Pēr, parn- 'house'
23. The Locative
     23.1. Abstract locative
     23.2. Action in time
24. The Imperative
     24.1. Third person imperative
     24.2. Voluntive
     24.3. Negative adverb
     24.4. Archaic forms of "come, go"
25. The quotative particle
26. The Ablative.
     26.1. Motion away
     26.2. Without verbs of motion
     26.3. Consequence
     26.4. Akkadian IŠTU
     26.5. Postpositions
     26.6. Spatial relations
     26.7. With parkui-
27. nt-stem Adjectives and Nouns
28. Derived Verbs
     28.1. Causatives in -nu-
     28.2. Factitive verbs in -ahh-
     28.3. Mi-conjugation verbs in -ēss-
     28.4. Variable meaning
29. The participle
     29.1. Verbal adjective
     29.2. Transitive verbs
     29.3. Intransitive verbs
     29.4. Other uses of participles.
30. Conditional and Comparative Clauses
     30.1. Conditional Clauses
     30.2. Comparative Clauses
31. The Instrumental
     31.1. Causation
     31.2. Containment
     31.3. Verbs meaning "fill"
     31.4. Call by name
     31.5. Adverbs
     31.6. Ablative
32. T-Stem Nouns
33. Adverbial Temporal Clauses
     33.1. Adverbial Clauses with mān 'when'
     33.2. Adverbial Clauses with māhhan 'when'
     33.3. Adverbial Clauses with kuwāpi 'when'
     33.4. Adverbial Clauses with kuitman 'while, until'
34. The emphasizing particle -pat
     34.1. Previous mention
     34.2. Reflexive, etc.
     34.3. Clauses
35. Coordinating Conjunctions
     35.1. Nu
     35.2. namma 'when'
     35.3. nasma and nassu 'or'
36. R-, L- and N-stem nouns
37. The Allative
38. Relative and Indefinite Pronouns and Clauses
     38.1. Definite and Indefinite Relative Clauses
     38.2. Non-restrictive Relative Clauses
     38.3. Relative Adverbs
     38.4. Emphasis
     38.5. Indefinite Pronouns
39. The Uses of har-, hark-
     39.1. Basic meaning
     39.2. Use with Adjectives, Particples, and Locatives
     39.3. The Perfect
40. The Reflexive Particle
41. Questions
     41.1. Yes/No and Rhetorical Questions
     41.2. Extensive action
     41.3. Repeated action
     41.4. Inhibitive sense
     41.5. The supine
42. Questions with Interrogative Pronouns, Adjectives, and Adverbs
43. Infinitives
     43.1. Purpose or goal
     43.2. Infinitive as object
     43.3. Infinitive with object
     43.4. Adverbial infinitives
44. N-stem and S-stem Nouns
     44.1. N-stems
     44.2. S-stems
45. Postpositions
     45.1. Frozen case forms
     45.2. With enclitic pronouns
46. Negatives
     46.1. Emphatic negative
     46.2. General particle natta
     46.3. Indefinite pronouns and adverbs
     46.4. Negative adverb nāwi
     46.5. Adverb nūmān
47. Local Adverbs and Preverbs
     47.1. Compound Verbs
     47.2. Separation of Preverb and Verb
     47.3. Separation of Preverb and Verb
48. Sentence Particles
     48.1. Examples of asta
     48.2. Examples of -ssan
     48.3. The Particle -kan
49. Enclitic Conjunctions
     49.1. Adversative -a-
     49.2. -ma-
     49.3. Conjunctive -a-, -ya- 'and'
     49.4. The Akkadogram Ù
     49.5. Omitted Conjunctions
50. The Modal Particle man
     50.1. Use in contrary-to-fact clauses
     50.2. Use With the Present-Future
     50.3. Use in Wishes