The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

Baltic Online

Latvian: Base Form Dictionary

Jonathan Slocum, Lilita Zalkalns, and Peteris Vanags

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Unicode 2 and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
<acs>   eye   --   [Pokorny oku- :: to see, ogle; eye]   --
8.28, 9.184
<aizbe'gt, aizbe'gu, aizbe'gu>   to flee   --   [Pokorny bhegu- :: to flee, run away]   --
9.126
<aizbraukt, aizbraucu, aizbraucu>   to leave   --   [Pokorny bhreu-k- :: to strike, throw]   --
8.81
<aizvien>   all the time, the whole time   --   [Pokorny gho :: behind; towards]   --
8.160
<ap>   around, by, near, about   --   [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   --
9.100
<apjozt, apjoz'u, apjozu>   to gird (round)   --   [Pokorny io[u]s- : ius- :: belt; to gird]   --
9.169
<apkalpot, apkalpoju, apkalpoju>   serve   --
9.9
<apkampt, apkampju, apkampu>   to embrace   --   [Pokorny kap- :: to cop, grab, grasp; have?]   --
8.154
<apmierina't, apmierinu, apmierina'ju>   to satisfy, calm down   --   [Pokorny 7. mei- : moi- : mi- :: mild, soft]   --
9.137
<apsegt, apsedzu, apsedzu>   to cover   --   [Pokorny 2. seg-, nasalized seng- :: to attach, tack on]   --
9.102
<apva'rdot, apva'rdoju, apva'rdoju>   to charm   --   [Pokorny 6. uer- :: to speak, talk formally]   --
9.112
<ar>   with, together, and   --   [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   --
8.116, 9.104, 9.170, 10.73
<arvien>   all the time, the whole time   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
8.42, 8.44, 9.94
<atloks>   collar   --   [Pokorny lenk- :: to bend]   --
9.166
<atsta't, atsta'ju, atsta'ju>   leave, depart, abandon   --   [Pokorny sta- : stu- :: to stand]   --
9.40
<ats'l'u'kt, ats'l'u'cu, ats'l'u'cu>   to slip down   --   [Pokorny (s)leug-, (s)leuk- :: to swallow]   --
8.133
<augsts>   high, chief   --   [Pokorny aueg-, uog-, aug-, ug- :: to augment, increase, magnify]   --
10.85
<austrums>   east   --   [Pokorny aues- :: to shine]   --
10.23, 10.49
<balina't, balinu, balina'ju>   to bleach   --   [Pokorny 1. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelu- :: glittering white]   --
9.162
<balti>   white   --   [Pokorny 1. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelu- :: glittering white]   --
9.161
<balts>   white   --   [Pokorny 1. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelu- :: glittering white]   --
9.165
<bazni'ca>   church   --
9.12
<be'rns>   child   --   [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   --
9.130
<bet>   but, yet, however   --   [Pokorny 1. b(h)e, and b(h)egh :: beside, outside, without]   --
8.37
<Bethlehem>   Bethlehem   --
10.10, 10.112, 10.132
<bieza>   thick   --   [Pokorny bhengh-, bhngh-, adj. bhnghú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   --
9.181
<bikses>   trousers   --
9.164
<Birkenbaums>   Birkenbaums   --
8.151
<bite>   bee   --   [Pokorny bhei- :: bee (insect)]   --
9.11, 9.14
<bu't, esmu, biju>   to be   --   [Pokorny bheu-, bheuu-, bhua-, bhue- : bhou- : bhu- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   --
8.132, 8.153, 8.167, 9.30, 9.59, 9.90, 9.144, 10.9, 10.37, 10.45, 10.99, 10.118, 10.138, 10.150
<caur>   through   --   [Pokorny 6. skeu(-t)- :: to cut, scratch, separate]   --
10.120
<cieti>   tightly   --
8.152
<cilve'ks>   person, human being   --
9.39
<debess>   heaven, sky   --   [Pokorny 2. enebh- : nebh-, embh-, mbh- :: wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water]   --
9.55
<dievins>   God   --   [Pokorny 1. dei-, deiu-, di-, dia- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   --
9.177
<dievs>   god   --   [Pokorny 1. dei-, deiu-, di-, dia- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   --
9.114
<dilt, dilstu, dilu>   decrease, wane, dwindle   --   [Pokorny 3. del-, dol-, delu- :: to split, divide]   --
8.55
<du'la'gs>   smoke stick   --   [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheuu-, presumably dhue-, compare suffixes dhue-k-, dhue-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   --
9.105
<du'ms>   smoke   --   [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheuu-, presumably dhue-, compare suffixes dhue-k-, dhue-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   --
8.8
<dzimt, dzimstu, dzimu>   to be born   --   [Pokorny gua-, guem- :: to come, go]   --
10.8, 10.100
<dzirde't, dzirdu, dzirde'ju>   to hear   --   [Pokorny 4. guer(u)- :: to praise, congratulate, raise one's voice]   --
10.67
<e'na>   shadow   --   [Pokorny 4. ai- :: to burn, shine]   --
8.92
<es>   I   --   [Pokorny eg-, eg(h)om, ego :: ego, I (pronoun)]   --
10.44, 10.151
<gads>   year   --   [Pokorny ghedh-, ghodh- :: to join, unite, gather, make a bond]   --
9.57, 9.172
<galotne>   top, summit   --   [Pokorny 1. guel- :: to stab; pain, death, quell]   --
9.149
<gandri'z>   almost, nearly, all but   --   [Pokorny 1. guhen- :: to swell, abound]   --
8.25
<gara'm>   past, by   --
8.82
<garens>   longish   --
8.7
<gars'>   spirit   --   [Pokorny guher- :: warm, hot]   --
9.47
<gotin'a>   little cow   --   [Pokorny guou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   --
9.115
<gribe't, gribu, gribe'ju>   to want   --   [Pokorny ghreib- :: to grip, grab]   --
8.70
<Gri'nta'ls>   Grintals   --
8.156
<gudrais>   wise man   --
10.21
<g'i'mis>   face   --
8.96
<Herods>   Herod   --
10.16, 10.65
<ieks'>   in   --   [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   --
10.11, 10.113
<ilgi>   long, for a long time   --   [Pokorny 5. del- :: long]   --
9.66
<Israe'lis>   Israel   --
10.159
<izklausi't, izklausu, izklausi'ju>   to inquire, ask   --   [Pokorny 1. kleu-, kleuu- : klu- :: to hear, listen]   --
10.93
<izmaukt, izmaucu, izmaucu>   hollowed out, carved from   --   [Pokorny 2. meug-, meuk- :: to slip, slide; meek]   --
9.145
<izsabija'ties, izsabija'jos, izsabija'jos>   to be frightened   --   [Pokorny bhoi- : bhui- : bhi-, bhiiu- :: to fear, be afraid]   --
10.68
<izz'a've't, izz'a've'ju, izz'a've'ju>   dry out   --
9.62
<ja>   if   --
9.128
<jauda't, jauda'ju, jauda'ju>   be able, can   --   [Pokorny 4. ieu- :: to separate, hold apart]   --
8.24
<jauna>   young, new   --   [Pokorny 3. ieu- :: young]   --
9.147
<Jeruza'leme>   Jerusalem   --
10.26, 10.72
<Je'zus>   Jesus   --
10.7
<jo>   because   --
9.13, 10.43, 10.116, 10.147
<Ju'ds>   Judah   --
10.146
<ju'ds>   Jew   --
10.12, 10.42, 10.114, 10.133
<ju'nijs>   June   --
9.87
<ka>   that   --   [Pokorny 2. kai :: and]   --
9.32
<ka'>   as, like   --   [Pokorny 2. kai :: and]   --
8.90
<kad>   when   --   [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   --
9.38, 9.89, 10.6, 10.62
<ka'da>   someone, anyone   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
9.129
<ka'ja>   foot   --
8.117
<kalte't, kalte'ju, kalte'ju>   to dry   --   [Pokorny 3. (s)kel- :: to parch, dessicate, dry out]   --
9.69
<Ka'rle'ns>   Charlie   --
8.150
<ka'rts>   pole   --   [Pokorny 4. (s)ker-, (s)keru-, (s)kre- :: to cut, shear, score, scribe]   --
8.106
<kas>   that   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
9.42, 9.143, 10.155
<kas>   which   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
9.73, 10.137
<katrs>   each, every   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
9.171
<kaz'oks>   fur coat   --
8.121
<kodi't,kodu, kodi'ju>   bite repeatedly   --   [Pokorny 2. ken-, kenu-, keni-, kenu- :: to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes]   --
8.119
<kokle>   kokle, traditional music instrument   --   [Pokorny kan- :: to sing, chant, sound]   --
9.79
<koks>   tree, wood   --
9.71, 9.101
<krekls>   shirt   --   [Pokorny 1. krek- :: to hit]   --
8.114, 9.167
<Kristus>   Christ   --
10.98
<kungs>   lord, master   --
10.144
<kur>   where   --   [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   --
8.165, 10.36, 10.97
<kuste'ties, kustos, kuste'jos>   move   --
8.20
<kuste'ties, kustos, kuste'jos>   to move around, work   --
9.160
<k'e'nin's'>   king   --
10.15, 10.40, 10.64
<labs>   good   --   [Pokorny labh- :: to grab, hold, seize]   --
8.5
<laiks>   time   --   [Pokorny 2. leik- :: to bend]   --
8.6, 10.17
<laiks>   time, period   --   [Pokorny 2. leik- :: to bend]   --
9.92
<laist, laiz'u, laidu>   to release   --   [Pokorny leid- :: to play, joke]   --
9.131
<lais'ana's>   departing   --   [Pokorny leid- :: to play, joke]   --
9.134
<latvietis>   Latvian   --
9.75
<le'ni>   slow   --   [Pokorny 3. le(i)- :: to weaken, leave behind; feeble]   --
9.68, 9.109
<li'dzi'gs>   similar, equal to   --   [Pokorny 2. leig-, lig- :: form, appearance; like, similar]   --
9.65
<li'dzina't, li'dzinu, li'dzina'ju>   to be similar to   --   [Pokorny 2. leig-, lig- :: form, appearance; like, similar]   --
9.174
<liels>   big   --   [Pokorny 2. lei- :: to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak]   --
10.143
<liels>   large   --
8.12
<liepa>   linden tree   --
9.70
<l'audis>   people   --   [Pokorny 1. leudh- :: to grow up; free; people]   --
10.92, 10.158
<ma'ci'ta'js>   pastor   --
10.89
<ma'koni'tis>   little cloud   --   [Pokorny 1. mak- :: wet, damp; to soak]   --
8.53, 8.166
<mans>   my   --   [Pokorny 1. me- :: me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)]   --
10.157
<maza>   little   --
10.140
<me'nesis>   month   --   [Pokorny menot, genitive meneses, from which menes-, mens-, mes-, men- :: month; moon]   --
9.88
<mesties, metos, metos>   set in   --   [Pokorny 3. me-, m-e-t- :: to measure]   --
8.41
<mi'di't, mi'du, mi'di'ju>   to tread, trample   --
8.115
<miesa>   flesh, body   --   [Pokorny memso-, me(m)s-ro- :: meat, flesh]   --
9.45
<mi'le't, mi'lu, mi'le'ju>   love   --   [Pokorny 7. mei- : moi- : mi- :: mild, soft]   --
9.6, 9.16
<mulde't, muldu, mulde'ju>   to babble, rave   --   [Pokorny 2. mel- :: to deceive]   --
8.137
<nabags>   poor, needy   --
8.130
<na'kt, na'ku, na'cu>   to come   --   [Pokorny enek-, nek-, enk-, nk- :: to reach, obtain]   --
10.20, 10.52, 10.152
<nakts>   night   --   [Pokorny neku-(t-), noku-t-s :: night]   --
8.91
<ne>   not   --   [Pokorny 1. ne, ne, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   --
8.20, 8.24, 8.27, 8.68, 8.70, 8.139, 9.43, 9.102, 9.126, 10.136
<neviena>   nobody, no one, not a single   --   [Pokorny 1. ne, ne, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   --
9.123
<no>   from   --   [Pokorny 4. an-, anu, ano, no :: on, along, over there]   --
9.72, 9.141, 9.146, 10.22, 10.95, 10.145, 10.148
<noga'zties, noga'z'os, noga'zos>   to tumble down   --
8.110
<nogrimt, nogrimu, nogrimu>   to sink   --   [Pokorny grem- :: to be damp; to sink]   --
9.183
<nolaisties, nolaiz'os, nolaidos>   to descend   --   [Pokorny leid- :: to play, joke]   --
8.93
<nozust, nozu'du, nozudu>   to disappear   --   [Pokorny 2. gheu-, gheu-d- :: to die, disappear, get away]   --
8.168
<padari't, padaru, padar'iju>   to do, make   --   [Pokorny deru-, dra- :: to work]   --
9.63
<padoties, padodos, padevos>   surrender, succumb   --   [Pokorny do- : du-, also do-u- : duu- : du- :: to give, donate]   --
9.18
<paka'pties, paka'pjos, paka'pos>   to step up   --
9.98
<pakula>   coarse linen   --   [Pokorny 3. kel-, kelu-, kla-, extended klad- :: to hit, hew, cut down]   --
9.163
<palaist, palaiz'u, palaidu>   to let go, release   --   [Pokorny leid- :: to play, joke]   --
8.107
<palikt, palieku, paliku>   remain, become   --   [Pokorny lenk- :: to bend]   --
8.10
<pamaza'm>   gradually, little by little   --   [Pokorny apo-, po, ap-u, pu :: off, out of, away from]   --
9.34
<pamirks'k'ina't, pamirks'k'inu, pamirks'k'ina'ju>   blink   --   [Pokorny 2. mer- :: to flicker, shimmer]   --
8.29
<pa'r>   over   --
10.156
<pat>   even   --   [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   --
8.26
<patikt, pati'ku, patiku>   to like   --   [Pokorny 2. tek- :: to reach, stretch out (hand) for]   --
9.43
<pats>   himself   --   [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   --
9.8
<piedurkne>   sleeve   --   [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   --
8.122
<piedzimt, piedzimstu, piedzimu>   to be born   --   [Pokorny gua-, guem- :: to come, go]   --
10.39
<pielu'gt, pielu'dzu, pielu'dzu>   to worship   --   [Pokorny 1. leugh- :: to lie, belie, prevaricate]   --
10.54
<plaga>   flag   --
8.104
<pravietis>   prophet   --
10.122
<priedi'te>   pine   --
9.148
<priesteris>   priest   --
10.86
<ragavas>   sled, sleigh   --
8.135
<raksti't, rakstu, raksti'ju>   to write   --
10.119
<raksts>   text, writing   --
10.88
<redze't, redzu, redze'ju>   to see   --   [Pokorny 2. reg- :: to see]   --
8.68, 8.71, 9.95, 10.18, 10.48
<ri'ci'ba>   at someone's disposal   --
9.20
<ri'koties, ri'kojos, ri'kojos>   to busy one's self, act, behave   --
9.99
<roka>   hand   --   [Pokorny 3f. uer-, uer-k- :: to bend, turn, wind]   --
9.106
<runa'ties, runa'jos, runa'jos>   to talk to one's self   --
9.110
<saaicina't, saaicinu, saaicina'ju>   to invite   --   [Pokorny aik- :: to call to]   --
10.83
<saci't, saku, saci'ju>   to say   --
10.28, 10.110
<saime>   family   --   [Pokorny 1. kei- :: to lie, recline; camp, home]   --
9.124
<sa'kt, sa'ku, sa'ku>   begin   --   [Pokorny (s)kek-, skeg- :: to jump, spring, move quickly; shake]   --
8.54
<saprast, saprotu, sapratu>   to understand   --   [Pokorny pret-, prot- :: to understand]   --
8.139
<sarkanais>   the red   --   [Pokorny 3. ser-, sor- :: red]   --
8.113
<saule>   sun, sunlight, sunshine   --   [Pokorny sauel-, sauol-, suuél-, suel-, sul- :: Sol, sun]   --
9.58
<sava>   his   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
9.10, 9.179
<sava>   one's   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
9.77, 9.113
<savs>   his   --   [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   --
8.120
<seja>   face   --   [Pokorny skai-, skui- : ski- :: to shine/shimmer dully; shadow]   --
9.103
<sencis>   ancestor   --
9.176
<siksna>   belt   --   [Pokorny 1. kik- :: belt, strap, thong]   --
9.168
<skani'ga>   sonorous   --   [Pokorny kan- :: to sing, chant, sound]   --
9.78
<skati'ties, skatos, skati'jos>   look at, gaze,stare   --   [Pokorny sket- : skut- :: to jump, spring]   --
8.23
<skati'ties, skatos, skati'jos>   to look, stare   --   [Pokorny sket- : skut- :: to jump, spring]   --
8.159
<skats>   look, sight, view   --   [Pokorny sket- : skut- :: to jump, spring]   --
8.40
<Skrastin's'>   Skrastins   --
8.131
<smieties, smejos, sme'jos>   to laugh   --   [Pokorny 1. (s)mei-, smeu- :: to smile]   --
8.142
<spietos'ana>   swarming   --   [Pokorny 3. sp(h)e(i)-, spi-, and sphe- : sphu- :: to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.]   --
9.91
<stabin's'>   little pillar   --   [Pokorny steb(h)-, and steb(h)- : stubh-, nasalized stemb(h)-, step-, also step-?, nasalized stemp-, nominal stubho-s, stemb(h)ro-s, stomb(h)o-s :: stump, post, pillar; to support, etc.]   --
8.9
<starp>   between, among   --   [Pokorny 3. ter-, teru-, and teri-, trei-, tri-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   --
10.90, 10.141
<sta've't, sta'vu, sta've'ju>   to stand   --   [Pokorny sta- : stu- :: to stand]   --
8.157
<sta'vs>   stature, figure, frame   --   [Pokorny sta- : stu- :: to stand]   --
9.61
<sti'vs>   stiff   --
8.43
<s'ausmi'gs>   terrible, horrible, awful   --
8.45
<s'l'i'cene>   hose   --
9.142
<ta'>   so, thus   --
9.157, 10.117
<tad>   then, after that   --
8.38, 10.19
<taisi't, taisu, taisi'ju>   to make   --
9.76
<taisi'ties, taisos, taisi'jos>   to prepare one's self   --
9.132
<ta'pe'c>   therefore, because   --
9.31
<tas, ta'>   that   --   [Pokorny 1. to-, ta-, tio- :: that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)]   --
8.66, 8.79, 8.109, 8.163, 9.29, 9.36, 9.64, 9.136, 9.139, 10.14, 10.38, 10.41, 10.53, 10.63, 10.66, 10.91, 10.96, 10.109, 10.111, 10.121, 10.139, 10.142, 10.153
<trepi'tes>   step ladder   --
9.97
<tu>   you   --
10.131, 10.135, 10.149
<tur>   there   --
8.138, 9.108, 9.159
<ture'ta'js>   holder   --   [Pokorny 2. tuer- : tur-, tueru- :: to grab, hold]   --
8.105
<tuvoties, tuvojos, tuvojos>   approach   --
9.35
<tuvoties, tuvojos, tuvojos>   to approach   --
8.64
<tvaikonis>   steamboat   --   [Pokorny teu-, tuu-, teuu-, tuo-, tu- :: to swell, intumesce]   --
8.63
<u'dens>   water   --   [Pokorny 9. au(e)-, aued-, auer- :: to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.]   --
9.140
<un>   and   --
8.111, 8.118, 8.136, 8.141, 8.155, 8.158, 9.17, 9.46, 9.56, 9.67, 9.107, 9.127, 10.5, 10.27, 10.51, 10.70, 10.82, 10.87, 10.108, 10.130
<uz>   on, for   --   [Pokorny ud- :: out, away, up(wards)]   --
9.133
<uz>   on, upon   --   [Pokorny ud- :: out, away, up(wards)]   --
8.94, 8.134, 8.162, 9.96, 10.25
<uzacs>   eyebrow   --   [Pokorny oku- :: to see, ogle; eye]   --
9.182
<uzlaist, uzlaiz'u, uzlaidu>   to set on   --   [Pokorny leid- :: to play, joke]   --
9.138
<vai>   or   --
8.69
<vaira'k>   more, increasingly   --
9.173
<valdi't, valdu, valdi'ju>   to lead, rule   --   [Pokorny ual-, ual-d(h)- :: to prevail, be strong]   --
10.160
<valdnieks>   governor, leader   --   [Pokorny ual-, ual-d(h)- :: to prevail, be strong]   --
10.154
<val'a'>   open   --
8.108
<varbu't>   perhaps, maybe, possibly   --
9.28
<va'rds>   word, name   --   [Pokorny 6. uer- :: to speak, talk formally]   --
8.140
<vecais>   the old   --
9.175
<vecs>   old   --
9.74
<vecte'vs>   grandfather   --   [Pokorny tata-, and similarly teta- :: daddy (nursery word)]   --
9.5
<vecums>   age   --
9.37
<ve'l>   still, yet   --   [Pokorny 7. uel-, uelu-, ule- :: to turn, wind; round, voluble]   --
8.161
<vienli'dzi'gi>   equally   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
8.11
<viens>   one, alone   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
9.7
<vieta>   place   --   [Pokorny 3. uei-, ueiu- : ui- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   --
8.164
<vin's'>   he   --   [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   --
8.22, 8.39, 8.65, 8.67, 8.80, 9.15, 9.19, 9.33, 9.44, 9.60, 9.93, 9.111, 9.125, 9.135, 9.158, 10.46, 10.69, 10.74, 10.94
<visi>   everybody, everyone   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
8.95
<viss>   all   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
10.71, 10.84
<viss>   all, everything   --   [Pokorny 1. ui- :: apart, separate from, in two; both]   --
9.41
<Zal'ga>   Zalga   --
8.112
<zem>   under, beneath   --   [Pokorny ghðem-, ghðom-, genitive-ablative gh(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   --
9.180
<zeme>   land, country   --   [Pokorny ghðem-, ghðom-, genitive-ablative gh(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   --
10.13, 10.24, 10.50, 10.115, 10.134
<zibina't, zibinu, zibina'ju>   to flash   --
9.178
<zvaigzne>   star   --   [Pokorny ghuoigu- :: to shine; star]   --
10.47
<zvejnieks>   fisherman   --
8.21