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Old Norse Online

Table of Contents

Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Old Norse. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 2) in the left margin.
Lessons

0. Introduction to Old Norse
1. Ari Þorgilsson: On the Settling of Iceland
2. from the Prologue of Snorra Edda
3. from the Grettis saga
4. from the Njáls saga
5. from the Egils saga
6. from the Tale of Bǫðvarr Bjarki
7. from the Battle of Stamford Bridge
8. The Waking of Angantýr
9. from the Vǫluspá
10. from the Hávamál

Grammar Points

1. The Alphabet
2. Sound System
     2.1. Consonants
     2.2. Vowels
     2.3. Syllables and Stress
     2.4. Umlaut
     2.5. Consonant Changes
3. Strong Declension
     3.1. a / ja / wa-Stems
     3.2. ō / / -Stems
4. Strong Conjugation
     4.1. Strong Verb Classes
     4.2. Active Paradigm
     4.3. Middle Paradigm
5. Word Order and Concord
6. Further Sound Rules
     6.1. Syncope and Contraction
     6.2. Breaking
     6.3. Raising
     6.4. Lengthening and Shortening
     6.5. Retention of Semi-Vowels
7. Strong Declension
     7.1. i-Stems
     7.2. u-Stems
8. Personal Pronouns
     8.1. First and Second Person Pronouns
     8.2. Third Person Pronouns
9. Weak Conjugation
     9.1. Weak Verb Classes
     9.2. Active Paradigm
     9.3. Middle Paradigm
10. Particles
11. Strong Declension
     11.1. r-Stems
     11.2. nd-Stems
     11.3. Other Consonant Stems
12. Demonstratives
     12.1. Pronouns & Adjectives
     12.2. Definite Article
13. Adjectives
     13.1. Strong Declension
     13.2. Declension of annarr
     13.3. Possessive Adjectives
14. Past Participle
     14.1. Formation
     14.2. Supine
15. Prepositions
16. Weak Nominal Declension
     16.1. an/jan-Stems
     16.2. ōn/jōn-Stems
     16.3. in-Stems
17. Adjectives
     17.1. Weak Declension
     17.2. Comparison of Adjectives
18. Relatives, Interrogatives, and Indefinites
     18.1. Relatives
     18.2. Interrogatives
     18.3. Indefinites
19. Present Participle
20. Adjective Use
21. Distributive and Negative Pronouns and Adjectives
     21.1. Distributives
     21.2. Negatives
22. Numerals
     22.1. Cardinals and Ordinals
     22.2. Numeral Declension
23. The First Strong Conjugation
24. The Second Strong Conjugation
25. Adverbs
     25.1. General
     25.2. Negation and Affirmation
     25.3. Local
     25.4. Comparison
26. The Third Strong Conjugation
27. The Fourth Strong Conjugation
28. Subject Agreement and Verbal Complements
29. The Accusative Case
30. Pronouns, Adverbs, and Conjunctions Introducing Subordinate Clauses
31. The Fifth Strong Conjugation
32. The Sixth Strong Conjugation
33. The Genitive Case
34. The Dative Case
35. Subordinate Clauses with er and at
36. The Seventh Strong Conjugation
37. Weak Verbs and the First Weak Conjugation
     37.1. Basic Formation of Weak Verbs
     37.2. The First Weak Conjugation
38. The Subjunctive
     38.1. Present Subjunctive
     38.2. Past Subjunctive
39. Reflexive and Middle Verbs
     39.1. Reflexive Formation
     39.2. Use of Reflexives
40. Tense and Aspect
     40.1. Relative Time Marking
     40.2. The Perfect
     40.3. The Future
     40.4. Historical Present
41. Second Weak Conjugation
42. Third Weak Conjugation
43. Preterite-Present Verbs
     43.1. The First Gradation
     43.2. The Third Gradation
     43.3. The Fourth Gradation
     43.4. The Fifth Gradation
44. Anomalous Verbs: valda, vilja, vera
45. Word Derivation
     45.1. Derived Verbs
     45.2. Derived Nouns and Adjectives
     45.3. Compounds
46. Runes
     46.1. Phonology
     46.2. Orthography
     46.3. Orthographic Features
47. Runic Declension
     47.1. Declension of Vocalic Stems
     47.2. Declension of Consonant Stems
     47.3. Pronominal Declension
48. Runic Verbal Conjugation
49. Runic Syntax
     49.1. Adjectives and Modifiers
     49.2. Verb Placement and Word Order
50. Inscriptions