The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

New Testament Greek Online

Lesson 7

Winfred P. Lehmann and Jonathan Slocum

The inclusion of the report on the transfiguration in three of the gospels indicates its importance. It is interesting to compare the accounts in Matthew 17:1-13 and Luke 9:28-36 with that of Mark. Neither of the others is as detailed as Mark, lending support to the idea that both were written later than his, and made modifications. Only Mark describes the extreme whiteness of Jesus's clothing. And the conclusion in Luke seems rather abrupt. On the other hand, if Mark as author is indeed providing his account on the basis of information from Peter, he may have omitted the somewhat unflattering statement on Peter's behavior that is included in both of the other gospels. The central elements of the event are however identical.

Reading and Textual Analysis

Mark 9:2-13, and John 5:39 (memory verse)

9:2 - Καὶ μετὰ ἡμέρας ἓξ παραλαμβάνει ὁ Ἰησοῦς τὸν Πέτρον καὶ τὸν Ἰάκωβον καὶ Ἰωάννην, καὶ ἀναφέρει αὐτοὺς εἰς ὄρος ὑψηλὸν κατ' ἰδίαν μόνους.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • μετὰ -- preposition; <μετά> after, with -- after
  • ἡμέρας -- noun, feminine; accusative plural of <ἡμέρα> day -- days
  • ἓξ -- number; <ἕξ> six -- six
  • παραλαμβάνει -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <παραλαμβάνω> take -- takes
  • -- article; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Ἰησοῦς -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ἰησοῦς> Jesus -- Jesus
  • τὸν -- article; accusative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Πέτρον -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Πέτρος> Peter -- Peter
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • τὸν -- article; accusative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Ἰάκωβον -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Ἰάκωβος> James -- James
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • Ἰωάννην -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Ἰωάννης> John -- John
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἀναφέρει -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <ἀναφέρω> lead -- leads
  • αὐτοὺς -- pronoun; accusative plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- them
  • εἰς -- preposition; <εἰς> towards -- up
  • ὄρος -- noun, neuter; accusative singular of <ὄρος> mountain -- mountain
  • ὑψηλὸν -- adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ὑψηλός> high -- (a) high
  • κατ' -- preposition; <κατά> completely, down, under -- ...
  • ἰδίαν -- adverb locution; <ἰδίαν> alone -- by themselves
  • μόνους -- adjective; accusative plural masculine of <μόνος> alone -- alone

9:3 - καὶ μετεμορφώθη ἔμπροσθεν αὐτῶν, καὶ τὰ ἱμάτια αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο στίλβοντα λευκὰ λίαν, οἷα γναφεὺς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς οὐ δύναται οὕτως λευκᾶναι.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • μετεμορφώθη -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist passive of <μεταμορφόω> transform -- he was transfigured
  • ἔμπροσθεν -- preposition; <ἔμπροσθεν> before, in front -- before
  • αὐτῶν -- pronoun; genitive plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- them
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • τὰ -- article; nominative plural neuter of <> the -- ...
  • ἱμάτια -- noun, neuter; accusative plural of <ἱμάτιον> clothing -- clothing
  • αὐτοῦ -- pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- his
  • ἐγένετο -- deponent verb; 3rd person singular aorist of <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- became
  • στίλβοντα -- verb; nominative plural neuter of present middle participle of <στίλβω> to shine, be radiant -- radiant
  • λευκὰ -- adjective; nominative plural neuter of <λευκός> white -- white
  • λίαν -- adverb; <λίαν> very -- very
  • οἷα -- adjective; nominative plural neuter of <οἷος> like, such that -- such that
  • γναφεὺς -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <γναφεύς> fuller -- fuller
  • ἐπὶ -- preposition; <ἐπί> on, about -- on
  • τῆς -- article; genitive singular feminine of <> the -- ...
  • γῆς -- noun, feminine; genitive singular of <γῆ> earth, land -- earth
  • οὐ -- particle; <οὐ> not -- not
  • δύναται -- deponent verb; 3rd person singular present middle of <δύναμαι> be able -- is able
  • οὕτως -- adverb; <οὕτως> so, thus -- to such an extent
  • λευκᾶναι -- verb; aorist infinitive of <λευκάνόω> make white -- whiten

9:4 - καὶ ὤφθη αὐτοῖς Ἠλίας σὺν Μωυσεῖ, καὶ ἦσαν συλλαλοῦντες τῷ Ἰησοῦ.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ὤφθη -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist passive of <ὁράω> see -- appeared (was seen)
  • αὐτοῖς -- pronoun; dative plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- by them
  • Ἠλίας -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ἠλίας> Elias -- Elias
  • σὺν -- preposition; <σύν> with -- with
  • Μωυσεῖ -- noun, masculine; dative singular of <Μωυσῆς> Moses -- Moses
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἦσαν -- verb; 3rd person plural imperfect of <εἰμί> I am -- were
  • συλλαλοῦντες -- verb; nominative plural masculine of present participle of <συλλαλέω> talk with -- talking with
  • τῷ -- article; dative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Ἰησοῦ -- noun, masculine; dative singular of <Ἰησοῦς> Jesus -- Jesus

9:5 - καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ Πέτρος λέγει τῷ Ἰησοῦ; ῥαββὶ, καλόν ἐστιν ἡμᾶς ὧδε εἶναι, καὶ ποιήσωμεν τρεῖς σκηνάς, σοὶ μίαν καὶ Μωυσεῖ μίαν καὶ Ἠλίᾳ μίαν.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἀποκριθεὶς -- verb; nominative singular masculine of aorist passive participle of <ἀποκρίνω> separate, answer -- speaking up
  • -- article; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Πέτρος -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Πέτρος> Peter -- Peter
  • λέγει -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <λέγω> say -- says
  • τῷ -- article; dative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Ἰησοῦ -- noun, masculine; dative singular of <Ἰησοῦς> Jesus -- to Jesus
  • ῥαββὶ -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ῥαββί> rabbi -- Master
  • καλόν -- adjective; accusative singular neuter of <καλός> good, beautiful -- good
  • ἐστιν -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <εἰμί> I am -- it is
  • ἡμᾶς -- pronoun; accusative plural masculine of <ἐγώ> I -- (for) us
  • ὧδε -- adverb; <ὧδε> here -- here
  • εἶναι -- verb; infinitive of <εἰμί> I am -- to be
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ποιήσωμεν -- verb; 1st person plural future subjunctive of <ποιέω> make, do -- let us make
  • τρεῖς -- number; <τρεῖς> three -- three
  • σκηνάς -- noun, feminine; accusative plural of <σκηνή> tent -- tents
  • σοὶ -- pronoun; dative singular masculine of <σύ> you -- for you
  • μίαν -- number; accusative singular feminine of <εἷς> one -- one
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • Μωυσεῖ -- noun, masculine; dative singular of <Μωυσῆς> Moses -- for Moses
  • μίαν -- number; accusative singular feminine of <εἷς> one -- one
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • Ἠλίᾳ -- noun, masculine; dative singular of <Ἠλίας> Elias -- for Elias
  • μίαν -- number; accusative singular feminine of <εἷς> one -- one

9:6 - οὐ γὰρ ᾖδει τί ἀποκριθῇ; ἔκφοβοι γὰρ ἐγένοντο.

  • οὐ -- particle; <οὐ> not -- not
  • γὰρ -- conjunction; <γάρ> for -- for
  • ᾖδει -- verb; 3rd person singular pluperfect of <οἶδα> know -- he ...did know
  • τί -- interrogative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <τίς> who, what -- what
  • ἀποκριθῇ -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive of <ἀποκρίνω> separate, answer -- he might comment
  • ἔκφοβοι -- adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ἔκφοβος> very afraid -- very afraid
  • γὰρ -- conjunction; <γάρ> for -- for
  • ἐγένοντο -- verb; 3rd person plural imperfect of <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- they became

9:7 - καὶ ἐγένετο νεφέλη ἐπισκιάζουσα αὐτοῖς, καὶ ἐγένετο φωνὴ ἐκ τῆς νεφέλης·

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐγένετο -- deponent verb; 3rd person singular aorist of <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- developed
  • νεφέλη -- noun, feminine; nominative singular of <νεφέλη> cloud -- a cloud
  • ἐπισκιάζουσα -- verb; nominative singular feminine of present participle of <ἐπισκιάζω> overshadow -- overshadowing
  • αὐτοῖς -- pronoun; dative plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- them
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐγένετο -- deponent verb; 3rd person singular aorist of <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- came
  • φωνὴ -- noun, feminine; nominative singular of <φωνή> voice, sound -- a voice
  • ἐκ -- preposition; <ἐκ> from, out of -- out of
  • τῆς -- article; genitive singular feminine of <> the -- the
  • νεφέλης -- noun, feminine; genitive singular of <νεφέλη> cloud -- cloud

οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός. ἀκούετε αὐτοῦ.

  • οὗτός -- demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <οὗτος> this -- this
  • ἐστιν -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <εἰμί> I am -- is
  • -- article; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • υἱός -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <υἱός> son -- son
  • μου -- pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <ἐγώ> I -- my
  • -- article; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- the
  • ἀγαπητός -- adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ἀγαπητός> dear, beloved -- beloved
  • ἀκούετε -- verb; 2nd person plural imperative of <ἀκούω> hear, listen -- listen to
  • αὐτοῦ -- pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- him

9:8 - καὶ ἐξάπινα περιβλεψάμενοι οὐκέτι οὐδένα εἶδον εἰ μὴ τὸν Ἰησοῦν μόνον μεθ' ἑαυτῶν.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐξάπινα -- adverb; <ἐξάπινα> suddenly -- suddenly
  • περιβλεψάμενοι -- verb; nominative plural masculine of aorist participle middle of <περιβλέπω> look around -- looking around
  • οὐκέτι -- adverb; <οὐκέτι> no longer -- no longer
  • οὐδένα -- pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν> no one, nothing -- anyone
  • εἶδον -- verb; 3rd person plural aorist of <ὁράω> see -- they saw
  • εἰ -- conjunction; <εἰ> if -- if
  • μὴ -- particle; <μή> not -- not = except
  • τὸν -- article; accusative singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • Ἰησοῦν -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Ἰησοῦς> Jesus -- Jesus
  • μόνον -- adjective; accusative singular masculine of <μόνος> alone -- alone
  • μεθ' -- preposition; <μετά> after, with -- with
  • ἑαυτῶν -- reflexive pronoun; genitive plural masculine of <ἑαυτοῦ> oneself -- themselves

9:9 - Καὶ καταβαινόντων αὐτῶν ἐκ τοῦ ὄρους διεστείλατο αὐτοῖς ἵνα μηδενὶ ἅ εἶδον διηγήσωνται, εἰ μὴ ὅταν ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀναστῇ.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • καταβαινόντων -- verb; genitive plural masculine of present participle of <καταβαίνω> descend -- (were) going down
  • αὐτῶν -- pronoun; genitive plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- (as) they
  • ἐκ -- preposition; <ἐκ> from, out of -- from
  • τοῦ -- article; genitive singular neuter of <> the -- the
  • ὄρους -- noun, neuter; genitive singular of <ὄρος> mountain -- mountain
  • διεστείλατο -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist middle of <διαστέλλω> give express orders -- he gave express orders
  • αὐτοῖς -- pronoun; dative plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- to them
  • ἵνα -- conjunction; <ἵνα> so that -- that
  • μηδενὶ -- adjective; dative singular masculine of <μηδείς> no one -- to no one
  • -- relative pronoun; accusative plural neuter of <ὅς> who, which -- what
  • εἶδον -- verb; 3rd person plural aorist of <ὁράω> see -- they had seen
  • διηγήσωνται -- verb; 3rd person plural aorist subjunctive of <διηγέομαι> divulge -- should divulge
  • εἰ -- conjunction; <εἰ> if -- if
  • μὴ -- particle; <μή> not -- not = except
  • ὅταν -- conjunction; <ὅταν> when, every time -- when
  • -- article; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- the
  • υἱὸς -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <υἱός> son -- son
  • τοῦ -- article; genitive singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • ἀνθρώπου -- noun, masculine; genitive singular of <ἄνθρωπος> human being -- of man
  • ἐκ -- preposition; <ἐκ> from, out of -- from
  • νεκρῶν -- noun, masculine; genitive plural of <νεκρός> dead -- (the) dead
  • ἀναστῇ -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive <ἀνίστημι> rise -- would arise

9:10 - καὶ τὸν λόγον ἐκράτησαν πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς συζητοῦντες τὶ ἐστιν τὸ ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀναστῆναι.

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • τὸν -- article; accusative singular masculine of <> the -- the
  • λόγον -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <λόγος> word, reason -- statement
  • ἐκράτησαν -- verb; 3rd person plural aorist of <κρατέω> hold fast, take to heart; rule, conquer -- they took to heart
  • πρὸς -- preposition; <πρός> to -- among
  • ἑαυτοὺς -- reflexive pronoun; accusative plural masculine of <ἑαυτοῦ> oneself -- themselves
  • συζητοῦντες -- verb; nominative plural masculine present participle of <συζητέω> discuss -- discussing
  • τὶ -- interrogative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <τίς> who, what -- what
  • ἐστιν -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <εἰμί> I am -- is (might be)
  • τὸ -- article; nominative singular neuter of <> the -- the
  • ἐκ -- preposition; <ἐκ> from, out of -- from
  • νεκρῶν -- noun, masculine; genitive plural of <νεκρός> dead -- the dead
  • ἀναστῆναι -- verb; infinitive aorist of <ἀνίστημι> rise -- rising

9:11 - Καὶ ἐπηρώτων αὐτὸν λέγοντες ὅτι λέγουσιν οἱ γραμματεῖς ὅτι Ἠλίαν δεῖ ἐλθεῖν πρῶτον;

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐπηρώτων -- verb; 3rd person plural imperfect of <ἐπερωτάω> ask -- they asked
  • αὐτὸν -- pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- him
  • λέγοντες -- verb; nominative plural masculine of present participle of <λέγω> say -- saying
  • ὅτι -- conjunction; <ὅτι> because, that -- ...
  • λέγουσιν -- verb; 3rd person plural present of <λέγω> say -- do. . .say
  • οἱ -- article; nominative plural masculine of <> the -- the
  • γραμματεῖς -- noun, masculine; nominative plural of <γραμματεύς> scribe -- scribes
  • ὅτι -- conjunction; <ὅτι> because, that -- that
  • Ἠλίαν -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Ἠλίας> Elias -- Elias
  • δεῖ -- verb; 3rd person singular present of <δεῖ> it is necessary -- it is necessary
  • ἐλθεῖν -- deponent verb; infinitive aorist of <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- come
  • πρῶτον -- adverb; <πρῶτον> first -- first

9:12 - ὁ δὲ ἔφη αὐτοῖς· Ἠλίας μὲν ἐλθὼν πρῶτον ἀποκαθιστάνει πάντα.

  • -- article used as pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <> the -- he
  • δὲ -- particle; <δέ> and, on the other hand -- but
  • ἔφη -- verb; 3rd person singular imperfect of <φῆμι> say -- he said
  • αὐτοῖς -- pronoun; dative plural masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- to them
  • Ἠλίας -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ἠλίας> Elias -- Elias
  • μὲν -- particle; <μέν> on the one hand -- indeed
  • ἐλθὼν -- deponent verb; nominative singular masculine of aorist participle of <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- having come
  • πρῶτον -- adverb; <πρῶτον> first -- first
  • ἀποκαθιστάνει -- verb; present infinitive of <ἀποκαθίστημι> restore -- to restore
  • πάντα -- adjective used as substantive; accusative plural neuter of <πᾶς> all, every -- all (things)

καὶ πῶς γέγραπται ἐπὶ τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, ἵνα πολλὰ πάθῃ καὶ ἐξουδενηθῇ;

  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • πῶς -- interrogative particle; <πῶς> how -- how
  • γέγραπται -- verb; 3rd person singular perfect passive of <γράφω> write -- is it written
  • ἐπὶ -- preposition; <ἐπί> on, about -- about
  • τὸν -- article; accusative singular masculine of <> the -- the
  • υἱὸν -- noun, masculine; accusative singular of <υἱός> son -- son
  • τοῦ -- article; genitive singular masculine of <> the -- ...
  • ἀνθρώπου -- noun, masculine; genitive singular of <ἄνθρωπος> human being -- of man
  • ἵνα -- conjunction; <ἵνα> so that -- that
  • πολλὰ -- adjective used as substantive; accusative plural neuter of <πολύς> many -- many things
  • πάθῃ -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist subjunctive of <πάσχω> suffer -- he must suffer
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐξουδενηθῇ -- verb; 3rd person singular aorist passive of <ἐξουδενέω> set at naught -- be set at naught

9:13 - ἀλλὰ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι καὶ Ἠλίας ἐλήλυθεν, καὶ ἐποίησαν αὐτῷ ὅσα ἤθελον, καθὼς γέγραπται ἐπ' αὐτόν.

  • ἀλλὰ -- conjunction; <ἀλλά> but -- but
  • λέγω -- verb; 1st person singular present of <λέγω> say -- I say
  • ὑμῖν -- pronoun; dative plural masculine of <σύ> you -- to you
  • ὅτι -- conjunction; <ὅτι> because, that -- that
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • Ἠλίας -- noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ἠλίας> Elias -- Elias
  • ἐλήλυθεν -- deponent verb; 3rd person singular pluperfect of <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- has come
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐποίησαν -- verb; 3rd person plural aorist of <ποιέω> make, do -- they have done
  • αὐτῷ -- pronoun; dative singular masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- to him
  • ὅσα -- conjunction; accusative plural neuter of <ὅσος> (as many) as -- as
  • ἤθελον -- verb; 3rd person plural imperfect of <ἐθέλω> wish, want -- they wished
  • καθὼς -- conjunction; <καθώς> as -- as
  • γέγραπται -- verb; 3rd person singular perfect passive of <γράφω> write -- is written
  • ἐπ' -- preposition; <ἐπί> on, about -- about
  • αὐτόν -- pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- him

John 5:39 (memory verse) - Ἐρευνᾶτε τὰς γραφάς, ὅτι ὑμεῖς δοκεῖτε ἐν αὐταῖς ζωὴν αἰώνιον ἔχειν; καὶ ἐκεῖναί εἰσιν αἱ μαρτυροῦσαι περὶ ἐμοῦ.

  • ἐρευνᾶτε -- verb; 2nd person plural imperative of <ἐρευνάω> search -- search
  • τὰς -- article; accusative plural feminine of <> the -- the
  • γραφάς -- noun, feminine; accusative plural of <γραφή> writing, scripture -- scriptures
  • ὅτι -- conjunction; <ὅτι> because, that -- because
  • ὑμεῖς -- pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <σύ> you -- you
  • δοκεῖτε -- verb; 2nd person plural present of <δοκέω> seem, think -- think
  • ἐν -- preposition; <ἐν> in -- in
  • αὐταῖς -- pronoun; dative plural feminine of <αὐτός> oneself, he -- them
  • ζωὴν -- noun, feminine; accusative singular of <ζωή> life -- life
  • αἰώνιον -- adjective; accusative singular feminine of <αἰώνιος> eternal -- eternal
  • ἔχειν -- verb; infinitive of <ἔχω> have -- have
  • καὶ -- conjunction; <καί> and -- and
  • ἐκεῖναί -- demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural feminine of <ἐκεῖνος> that -- they
  • εἰσιν -- verb; 3rd person plural present of <εἰμί> I am -- are
  • αἱ -- article; nominative plural feminine of <> the -- the (those who)
  • μαρτυροῦσαι -- verb; nominative plural feminine of aorist participle of <μαρτυρέω> bear witness -- testify
  • περὶ -- preposition; <περί> around -- concerning
  • ἐμοῦ -- pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <ἐγώ> I -- me

Lesson Text

9:2 Καὶ μετὰ ἡμέρας ἓξ παραλαμβάνει ὁ Ἰησοῦς τὸν Πέτρον καὶ τὸν Ἰάκωβον καὶ Ἰωάννην, καὶ ἀναφέρει αὐτοὺς εἰς ὄρος ὑψηλὸν κατ' ἰδίαν μόνους. 9:3 καὶ μετεμορφώθη ἔμπροσθεν αὐτῶν, καὶ τὰ ἱμάτια αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο στίλβοντα λευκὰ λίαν, οἷα γναφεὺς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς οὐ δύναται οὕτως λευκᾶναι. 9:4 καὶ ὤφθη αὐτοῖς Ἠλίας σὺν Μωυσεῖ, καὶ ἦσαν συλλαλοῦντες τῷ Ἰησοῦ. 9:5 καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ Πέτρος λέγει τῷ Ἰησοῦ; ῥαββὶ, καλόν ἐστιν ἡμᾶς ὧδε εἶναι, καὶ ποιήσωμεν τρεῖς σκηνάς, σοὶ μίαν καὶ Μωυσεῖ μίαν καὶ Ἠλίᾳ μίαν. 9:6 οὐ γὰρ ᾖδει τί ἀποκριθῇ; ἔκφοβοι γὰρ ἐγένοντο.

9:7 καὶ ἐγένετο νεφέλη ἐπισκιάζουσα αὐτοῖς, καὶ ἐγένετο φωνὴ ἐκ τῆς νεφέλης· οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός. ἀκούετε αὐτοῦ. 9:8 καὶ ἐξάπινα περιβλεψάμενοι οὐκέτι οὐδένα εἶδον εἰ μὴ τὸν Ἰησοῦν μόνον μεθ' ἑαυτῶν.

9:9 Καὶ καταβαινόντων αὐτῶν ἐκ τοῦ ὄρους διεστείλατο αὐτοῖς ἵνα μηδενὶ ἅ εἶδον διηγήσωνται, εἰ μὴ ὅταν ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀναστῇ. 9:10 καὶ τὸν λόγον ἐκράτησαν πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς συζητοῦντες τὶ ἐστιν τὸ ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀναστῆναι.

9:11 Καὶ ἐπηρώτων αὐτὸν λέγοντες ὅτι λέγουσιν οἱ γραμματεῖς ὅτι Ἠλίαν δεῖ ἐλθεῖν πρῶτον;

9:12 ὁ δὲ ἔφη αὐτοῖς· Ἠλίας μὲν ἐλθὼν πρῶτον ἀποκαθιστάνει πάντα. καὶ πῶς γέγραπται ἐπὶ τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, ἵνα πολλὰ πάθῃ καὶ ἐξουδενηθῇ; 9:13 ἀλλὰ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι καὶ Ἠλίας ἐλήλυθεν, καὶ ἐποίησαν αὐτῷ ὅσα ἤθελον, καθὼς γέγραπται ἐπ' αὐτόν.

John 5:39 (memory verse) - Ἐρευνᾶτε τὰς γραφάς, ὅτι ὑμεῖς δοκεῖτε ἐν αὐταῖς ζωὴν αἰώνιον ἔχειν; καὶ ἐκεῖναί εἰσιν αἱ μαρτυροῦσαι περὶ ἐμοῦ.

Translation

From the King James version:
9:2 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them. 3 And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them. 4 And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus. 5 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias. 6 For he wist not what to say; for they were sore afraid.
7 And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him. 8 And suddenly, when they had looked round about, they saw no man any more, save Jesus only with themselves.
9 And as they came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead. 10 And they kept that saying with themselves, questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean.
11 And they asked him, saying, Why say the scribes that Elias must first come?
12 And he answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought. 13 But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him.
John 5:39 (memory verse) --
Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

Grammar

31. Inflection of adjectives and participles.

Section 12 provided the inflection of the most common adjectives, Here that of adjectives with consonantal stems is given for the adjective ἄκων 'unwilling'; it applies also to present participles.

    Masculine   Feminine   Neuter
Nom. sg.   ἄκων   ἄκουσα   ἄκον
Gen. sg.   ἄκοντος   ἀκούσης   ἀκοντος
Dat. sg.   ἄκοντι   ἀκούσῃ   ἄκοντι
Acc. sg.   ἄκοντα   ἄκουσαν   ἄκον
             
Nom. pl.   ἄκοντες   ἄκουσαι   ἄκοντα
Gen. pl.   ἀκόντων   ἀκουσῶν   ἀκόντων
Dat. pl.   ἄκουσι(ν)   ἀκούσαις   ἄκουσι(ν)
Acc. pl.   ἄκοντας   ἀκούσας   ἄκοντα

The frequent adjective, πᾶς 'all, whole' is also inflected in this way; the nominative and genitive singular are given as an illustration.

    Masculine   Feminine   Neuter
Nom. sg.   πᾶς   πᾶσα   πᾶν
Gen. sg.   παντός   πάσης   παντός

The nominative forms of other consonantal adjectives are given in dictionaries; the other cases may be identified with the help of the forms given above.

32. Two frequently occurring adjectives.

The forms of two frequently ocurring adjectives are given here in view of their common occurrence, μέγας 'great' and πολύς 'much'.

    Masculine   Feminine   Neuter
Nom. sg.   μέγας   μεγάλη   μέγα
Gen. sg.   μεγάλου   μεγάλης   μεγάλου
Dat. sg.   μεγάλῳ   μεγάλῃ   μεγάλῳ
Acc. sg.   μέγαν   μεγάλην   μέγα
             
Nom. pl.   μεγάλοι   μεγάλαι   μεγάλα
Gen. pl.   μεγάλων   μεγάλων   μεγάλων
Dat. pl.   μεγάλοις   μεγάλαις   μεγάλοις
Acc. pl.   μεγάλους   μεγάλας   μεγάλα

    Masculine   Feminine   Neuter
Nom. sg.   πολύς   πολλή   πόλυ
Gen. sg.   πολλοῦ   πολλῆς   πολλοῦ
Dat. sg.   πολλῷ   πολλῇ   πολλῷ
Acc. sg.   πολύν   πολλήν   πολύ
             
Nom. pl.   πολλοί   πολλαί   πολλά
Gen. pl.   πολλῶν   πολλῶν   πολλῶν
Dat. pl.   πολλοῖς   πολλαῖς   πολλοῖς
Acc. pl.   πολλούς   πολλάς   πολλά
33. Less frequent patterns of adjectival comparison.

The most frequent type of comparison with the suffixes -τερος, -τατος was given in section 22. Some common adjectives have different suffixes, as noted there for κακός, with its comparative in κακίων 'worse'and superlative κάκιστος. Similarly, καλός 'beautiful' has the forms καλλίων and κάλλιστος, ἐχθρός 'hostile' has the forms έχθίων, ἔχθιστος.

Other adjectives have different roots in the comparative and superlative forms. Some have several types of comparison, with differing connotations for the various types.

άγαθ́ος 'good'   ἀμείνων   ἄριστος   'clever, brave'
    βελτίων   βέλτιστος   'virtuous'
    κρείττων   κράτιστος   'strong, superior'
κακός 'bad'   χείρων   χείριστος   'less good'
    ἥττων   ἥκιστος   'weaker'
μέγας 'great'   μείζων   μέγιστος    
μικρός 'small'   μικρότερος   μικρότατος    
    ἐλάττων   ἐλαχ́ιστος   (also applies to ὀλίγος)
ὀλίγος 'little'   μείων   ---    
πολύς 'much'   πλείων   πλεῖστος    
34. Aorist of the passive.

As noted in section 30, the aorist in the passive differs from that in the middle.

    Indicative   Subjunctive   Optative   Imperative
1 sg   ἐπιστεύθην   πιστευθῶ   πιστευθείην    
2 sg   ἐπιστεύθης   πιστευθῇς   πιστευθείης   πιστεύθητι
3 sg   ἐπιστεύθη   πιστευθῇ   πιστευθείη   πιστευθήτω
                 
1 pl   ἐπιστεύθημεν   πιστευθῶμενͅ   πιστευθείημεν    
2 pl   ἐπιστεύθητε   πιστευθῆτε   πιστευθείητε   πιστεύθητε
3 pl   ἐπιστεύθησαν   πιστευθῶσι   πιστευθείησαν   πιστευθέντων
35. Infinitives and participles of the aorist middle and passive.
    Middle   Passive
Infinitive   πιστεύσασθαι
'to believe'
  πιστευθήσεσθαι
'to be believed'
Participle   πιστευσάμενος, -η, -ον
'one who believed'
  πιστευθείς, -θεῖσα, -θέν
'be believed'