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Old Russian Online

Table of Contents

Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum

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Lessons

0. Introduction to Old Russian
1. Invitation to the Varangians lines 1-9, from the Primary Chronicle
2. Invitation to the Varangians lines 10-17, from the Primary Chronicle
3. Death of Igor lines 1-38, from the Primary Chronicle
4. Olga's Revenge lines 38-70, from the Primary Chronicle
5. Olga's Revenge lines 71-101, from the Primary Chronicle
6. Olga's Revenge lines 102-143, from the Primary Chronicle
7. Olga's Revenge lines 143-164, from the Primary Chronicle
8. Excerpt from the Story of Boris and Gleb, lines 1-20
9. Excerpt from the Story of Boris and Gleb, lines 21-42
10. Excerpt from the Story of Boris and Gleb, lines 43-63

Grammar Points

1. Alphabet
2. Sound System
3. Twofold Declension
     3.1. o, jo-Stem Nouns
     3.2. a, ja-Stem Nouns
4. Verb Inflection
     4.1. Present Tense
     4.2. Imperfect Tense
5. Word Order
     5.1. Subject & Predicate
     5.2. Modifier & Modified
     5.3. Enclitics
6. Palatalization & Retraction
     6.1. Background: Important Vowel Shifts
     6.2. Palatalization of Velars
     6.3. Softening Chart
     6.4. j-Palatalization
     6.5. Retraction
7. Reduced Vowels and Full Vocalism
     7.1. Strong and Weak Jers
     7.2. Tense Jers
     7.3. Pleophony
8. Personal Pronouns
     8.1. First and Second Person Pronouns
     8.2. Reflexive Pronoun
     8.3. Third Person Pronoun
9. The Present System
     9.1. The Imperative
     9.2. Participles & the Infinitive
10. Conjunctions & Particles
11. i- and u-Stem Nouns
     11.1. i-Stem Nouns
     11.2. u-Stem Nouns
12. o- and a-Stem Adjectives
     12.1. Hard Indefinite Adjectives
     12.2. Soft Indefinite Adjectives
13. Pronominal Declension
     13.1. Hard Stem Pronominal Declension
     13.2. Soft Stem Pronominal Declension
     13.3. Mixed Pronominal Declension
14. The Aorist System
     14.1. Asigmatic Aorist
     14.2. Sigmatic Aorist
     14.3. New Aorist
15. Genitive Objects & Negation
     15.1. Genitive Objects
     15.2. Genitive with Negation
16. Consonant-Stem Nouns
     16.1. v-Stem Nouns
     16.2. n-Stem Nouns
17. Compound Forms of Adjectives
     17.1. Hard Compound Adjectives
     17.2. Soft Compound Adjectives
18. The l-Participle
19. Prefixes & Prepositions
     19.1. Prefixes
     19.2. Prepositions
20. Adjective Use
21. Further Consonant-Stem Nouns
     21.1. s-Stem Nouns
     21.2. nt-Stem Nouns
     21.3. r-Stem Nouns
22. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
     22.1. Short Form of the Comparative
     22.2. Long Form of the Comparative
     22.3. Comparatives without Positive Bases
     22.4. The Superlative
23. Relatives, Interrogatives & Indefinites
     23.1. The Relative Pronoun
     23.2. The Interrogative Pronoun & Adjective
     23.3. Indefinite Pronouns & Adjectives
24. Compound Tense Formation
     24.1. The Perfect
     24.2. The Pluperfect
     24.3. The Future
     24.4. The Future Perfect
25. The Nominative & Vocative Cases
     25.1. The Nominative Case
     25.2. The Vocative Case
26. The Present Active Participle
     26.1. Present Participle Active: Classes I, II, V
     26.2. Present Participle Active: Class III
     26.3. Present Participle Active: Class IV
     26.4. Present Participle Active: Long Form
     26.5. Present Participle Active: 'be'
27. The Conditional Construction
28. First Conjugation
29. The Accusative Case
30. Participles
31. Past Participles
     31.1. Past Participle Active
     31.2. Past Participle Passive
32. Present Participle Passive
33. Second Conjugation
34. The Genitive Case
35. Passive, Middle & Reflexive
     35.1. The Passive Voice
     35.2. The Reflexive & Middle
36. The Verbal Noun
37. The Third Conjugation
38. The Locative Case
39. The Dative Case
     39.1. The Dative with Infinitive
     39.2. The Dative Absolute
40. Negation
41. The Fourth Conjugation
42. The Conjugation of xotje'ti
43. The Instrumental Case
44. Numerals
     44.1. Cardinal Numbers
     44.2. The Ordinals
45. Verb Use: Non-Past
     45.1. The Present Tense
     45.2. The Future Tense
46. Invariable Verbal Forms
     46.1. Infinitive & Supine
     46.2. The Gerund
47. The Fifth Conjugation
48. 'Have' & 'Take' Verbs
49. Verb Use: Past
     49.1. The Aorist Tense
     49.2. The Imperfect Tense
50. Verbal Aspect
     50.1. Aspect Morphology
     50.2. Further Refinements