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Tocharian Online

Tocharian A: Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Todd B. Krause

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Unicode 2 and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
akälyme
postposition with genitive; <akälyme> under the control of -- 2.309
akäm.tsune-pät-kälpa:lunes.i
noun 3 2; alternating of <akäm.tsune> possession + adverb; <pät> over, beyond (?) + gerundive 2 abstract adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp> attain -- 2.100
amok
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <amok> art, skill -- 2.7, 2.48, 2.54, 2.117, 2.327
amok
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <amok> art, skill -- 2.132
amokäs.
noun 3 2; alternating singular ablative of <amok> art, skill -- 2.88
amokäts
substantive adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <amokäts> artist, artisan -- 2.66
amoks.im.
adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <amoks.i> artistic -- 2.67
amoktsa:p
substantive adjective 1; masculine singular genitive of <amokäts> artist, artisan -- 2.22
ats
particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed -- 2.257
a:kläs.lyes
substantive adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <a:käls.äl> (one) to be taught, student -- 2.97
a:rkis'os.is
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <a:rkis'os.i> world -- 2.113
a:rkis'os.yam.
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <a:rkis'os.i> world -- 1.306
a:rla:
noun; singular perlative of <a:ral> end (?) -- 2.286
a:rwar
adverb; <a:rwar> ready -- 1.253
a:rs.la:syo
noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <a:rs.al> serpent -- 1.132, 1.161
a:lak
adjective; masculine singular nominative of <a:lak> other -- 1.232
a:la:sa:p
adjective; masculine singular genitive of <a:la:s> slothful -- 1.266
a:la:sune
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <a:la:sune> sloth -- 1.236
a:la:suneyis
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <a:la:sune> sloth -- 1.298
a:s.a:nik
adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <a:s.a:nik> worthy (of praise) -- 3.22, 5.76
a:s.a:m.
see mäm.tne a:s.a:m.
a:suk
preverb; <a:suk> over -- 1.177
is.anäs
noun 5; masculine plural oblique of <ys.am.> ditch, moat -- 1.163
ekrorn'e
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ekrorn'e> poverty -- 1.187
empeles
adjective 2 4; masculine plural oblique of <empele> awful -- 1.175, 2.243
el
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <el> gift -- 2.303
em.tsu
verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ents-> seize -- 2.284
okät-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 3.5
okät-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 4.100
okät-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 5.24
oki
enclitic particle; <oki> like, as -- 2.292
opla:
noun 6 3; feminine singular perlative of <oppal> lotus -- 1.127
opla:syo
noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <oppal> lotus -- 1.124
opläs.
noun 6 3; feminine singular ablative of <oppal> lotus -- 1.126
omskem.sac
adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <omäskem.> evil -- 2.244
orta:sa:
noun 6 3; masculine plural perlative of <ort> friend (?) -- 2.283
ortune
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ortune> friendship -- 2.94
olyiyam.
noun; feminine singular locative of <olyi> ship -- 1.95
os.en'i
adverb; <os.en'i> by night -- 2.220
Kanakamuni
noun; masculine singular nominative <Kanakamuni> Kanakamuni, name of a Buddha -- 5.9
kappa:n'
noun 6 3; plural oblique of <kappa:n'> (pl.) cotton plant (?) -- 1.271
kayurs.s.
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <kayurs.> bull -- 2.291
kalkas.
verb suppletive subjunctive 5; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go -- 2.310
kalpavr.ks.äntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <kalpavr.käs.> "wish-tree" -- 1.269
kalpavr.ks.äntwam.
noun 3 2; alternating plural locative of <kalpavr.käs.> "wish-tree" -- 1.252
ka:kropum.t
verb preterite participle; feminine plural oblique of <krop-> gather -- 2.138
ka:cke
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ka:cke> joy -- 2.90
ka:ripac
noun 3; alternating singular allative of <ka:ryap> harm -- 1.230
ka:run.ik
substantive adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <ka:run.ik> compassionate, merciful -- 3.77
ka:rnma:m.
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <ka:rp-> step down to, descend -- 1.128
ka:rp
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <ka:rp-> step down to, descend -- 1.82
Ka:s'yap
noun; masculine singular nominative <Ka:s'yap> Kasyap, name of a Buddha -- 5.63
ka:su
adjective 3; masculine singular nominative of <ka:su> good -- 1.5, 1.59, 2.20
ka:su
adverb; masculine nominative singular <ka:su> good -- 4.76
ka:su
adverb; masculine singular nominative of <ka:su> good -- 2.162
kätka:läm.
verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular oblique of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.200
kätkoräs.
verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.178
kärs.nen'c
verb present 6; 3 plural active of <kärs.t-> cut off -- 2.47
kälk
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go -- 1.104, 1.108, 1.112, 1.135
kälk
verb suppletive preterite I; 3 singular active <i-> go -- 3.52, 3.107, 4.51, 4.105, 5.51, 5.103
kälko
preterite participle; masculine singular nominative <i-> go -- 4.77
kälkoräs.
verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kälk-> go -- 1.129
kälpa:t
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 1.184
kälpa:t
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <kälp-> acquire, attain -- 3.25, 3.80, 4.24, 4.80, 5.26, 5.79
kälpitär
verb base subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <kälp-> attain -- 2.134
kälpna:trä
verb base present 6; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 2.95
kälpna:ntär
verb base present 6; 3 plural mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 1.209
kälpna:l
verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp-> attain -- 1.17, 1.21
kälyme kälyme
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg obl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 2.23
kälyme
see kälyme kälyme
kälymentwam.
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf pl loc of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 1.9
kälymeya:
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg perl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 2.208
käs.s.i
noun; masculine singular nominative <käs.s.i> teacher -- 3.21
käs.s.is's'i
noun 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <käs.s.i> teacher -- 2.121
kunsen'c
verb present 10; 3 plural active of <käm-> come -- 1.41
kuprene
conjunction; <kuprene> when, if -- 2.312
Kuma
noun; singular locative of <kuma...>... (name of a type of metrical verse) -- 2.12
kuryar
noun; singular nominative of <kuryar> commerce -- 2.180
kursärwa:
noun 1 2; alternating plural oblique of <kursär> mile, vehicle -- 1.131
kusne
relative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <kusne> which -- 2.200
kosne
conjunction; <kosne> as, as much (as), as often (as) -- 1.235
kosprem. kosprem.
interrogative adverb; <kosprem.> how much?, how far? -- 2.63
kosprem.
see kosprem. kosprem.
kom.sa:
noun 5 3; masculine plural perlative of <kom.> day, sun -- 1.101, 1.106, 1.110, 1.121
kcäk
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.164
kn'ukac
noun; singular allative of <kn'uk> neck -- 1.102
ktän`ken'c
verb base present 6; 3 plural active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.201, 1.207
kna:m.nma:m.
present participle; masculine nominative singular mediopassive <kna:-> know -- 5.23
kyalte
conjunction; <k(u)yalte> because, for -- 1.244, 2.11
Krakasundi
noun; masculine singular nominative <Krakasundi> Krakasundi, name of a Buddha -- 4.63
kram.s'
adjective 3; masculine plural nominative of <ka:su> good -- 1.208
kropal
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <krop-> gather -- 2.29
kropitär
verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <krop-> gather -- 2.137
kroptär
verb present 2; 3 singular mediopassive of <krop-> gather -- 2.204
kropma:m.
verb present 2 participle mediopassive; feminine plural nominative of <krop-> gather -- 2.217
kropluneya:
verb abstract; singular perlative of <krop-> gather -- 1.268
klu
noun; singular nominative of <klu> rice -- 1.249, 1.283
klu
noun; singular oblique of <klu> rice -- 1.267
klum.tsäsyo
noun; plural instrumental of <klum.ts> thread -- 1.167
ksaluneyam.
verb abstract; masculine singular locative <käs-> expire, die -- 3.51, 3.106, 4.50, 4.104, 5.50, 5.102
cami
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <säm, sa:m, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 1.297, 2.205
cinda:man.i
noun; alternating singular oblique of <cinta:man.i> 'wish-jewel' (a type of precious stone) -- 1.181
cwal
noun; singular oblique of <cwal> beginning (?) -- 2.285
Jambudvipac
noun; masculine singular allative of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa -- 1.97
Jambudvipis
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa -- 1.186
n'a:tse
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <n'a:tse> hardship, danger -- 2.159
n'äkcy
adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <n'äkci> godly, heavenly -- 2.112
n'äktas's'i
noun 5 1; masculine/feminine plural genitive of <n'kät> god -- 2.315
n'i
pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <näs., n'uk> I -- 1.63, 1.305, 2.328
n'emintuyo
noun 3 2; alternating plural instrumental of <n'emi> jewel -- 1.93
n'emis.im.
adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <n'emis.i> related to jewels, of jewels -- 1.83
n'oma:
noun III 2; alternating singular perlative <n'om> name -- 3.10, 3.65, 4.10, 4.64, 5.10, 5.64
n'om-klyu
noun 3 2; <n'om> name + noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <klyu> fame -- 1.6, 2.21
tatmu
verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <täm-> beget, produce -- 2.89
tampewa:tsesac
adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <tampewa:ts> powerful -- 2.247
tam.ne
adverb; <tam.ne> so -- 2.122, 2.216
ta:kam
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <ta:k-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.289
ta:karäm
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 plural active of <ta:k-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.273
ta:l(u)ne
verb abstract; alternating singular nominative of <ta:-> set, lay -- 2.187
ta:s.äl
verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <ta:-> set, lay -- 2.237
ta:s.iträ
verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <ta:-> set, lay -- 2.163
täprenäk täprenäk
adverb; <täprem.> so (much) + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even -- 2.70
täprenäk
see täprenäk täprenäk
täprem.
adverb; <täprem.> so (much) -- 1.226
täm
demonstrative adverb; neuter singular oblique of <säm, sa:m, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 2.119
tämne
adverb; <tämne> so, thus -- 1.73
tämyo
adverb; <tämyo> by this, from this, therefore -- 1.58, 1.303, 2.118, 2.326
torim.
adverb; <torim.> finally -- 1.183, 1.210
tosäs
demonstrative pronoun; feminine plural oblique of <säs, sa:s, täs.> this, this here -- 2.197
tkanac
noun 5 3; feminine singular allative of <tkam.> earth -- 2.173
tkana:
noun 5 3; feminine singular perlative of <tkam.> earth -- 1.134
tma:m.
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 3.46, 3.100, 4.45, 5.34, 5.87
tma:m.-n'u-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <n'u> nine + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 3.23
tma:m.-tri-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 4.22
tma:m.-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 4.78
tma:m.-s.äk-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <s.äk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 3.78
tmäs.
adverb; <tmäs.> thereupon, then -- 1.143, 1.147, 1.149, 1.159, 2.135
trän`käs.
verb suppletive base present 1; 3 singular active of <trän`k-> say -- 2.6
tri-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 4.32, 5.5
trit
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <trit> third -- 2.92, 2.179
traidha:tuk
noun; masculine singular oblique of <traidha:tuk> the world composed of three spheres (desire, beauty, non-beauty) -- 1.204
dvipam.
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <dvip> island -- 1.145
nakäntäm
verb preterite 3; 3 plural active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.270
naktäm
verb preterite 3; 3 singular active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.284
nam
noun; masculine singular oblique of <nam> bow, obeisance -- 1.13
nas.
verb suppletive base present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be -- 1.50, 1.234
na:ka:s
noun 6 3; masculine plural oblique of <na:k> serpent -- 1.176
na:käm
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <na:käm> blame -- 2.318
na:m.tsu
verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <nas-> be -- 1.302, 2.116
näknäs.trä
verb present 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <näk-> perish, destroy -- 2.51
näks.äl
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <näk-> perish, destroy -- 2.41
nämsen'c
verb present 8; 3 plural active of <näm-> bow, bend -- 1.38
näm.
verb suppletive present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.83
nis.pal
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <nis.pal> domain, holdings -- 2.39, 2.235
nis.pal
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <nis.pal> domain, holdings -- 2.202
nis.palis
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <nis.pal> domain, holdings -- 2.52
nis.palntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <nis.pal> domain, holdings -- 1.33, 2.218
nis.palntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural oblique of <nis.pal> domain, holdings -- 2.136, 2.140
nu
conjunction; <nu> now, even, anyway -- 1.299, 2.49, 2.139, 2.176, 2.182, 2.226, 2.269
nus.
verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <nu-> roar -- 2.293
ne
enclitic particle; <-ne> (indefinite marker), (relative marker) -- 2.65, 2.223
nes.
adjective indeclinable; <nes.> earlier, prior -- 1.74
nes.
adverb; <nes.> earlier, prior -- 1.245
nes.a:
adverb; perlative of <nes.> earlier, prior -- 2.133
pat
postposed conjunction; <pat> or -- 2.225
papyätkunt
verb causative preterite participle; feminine plural nominative of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce -- 1.254
pa:k
noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pa:k> part -- 2.152
pa:kasyo
noun 3 2, 5 1; masculine plural instrumental of <pa:k> part -- 2.201
pa:kär
adverb; <pa:kär> overtly, manifestly, visibly -- 1.272, 1.288
pa:s.änta:s
verb present participle active; masculine plural oblique of <pa:s-> guard -- 1.173
pa:s.äl
verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <pa:s-> guard -- 2.178
pa:sma:m.
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <pa:s-> guard -- 2.38
pän'
numeral indeclinable; <pän'> five -- 2.71
pän'
numeral; <pän'> five -- 1.130
pän'-wäkna:
numeral indeclinable; <pän'> five + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäm.> manner, type -- 2.203
pän'-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <pän'> five + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.34, 4.33
pänt
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <pänt> fifth -- 2.98, 2.185
pärko
noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise -- 2.82, 2.101
pärkowäntu
noun 3 2; masculine plural nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise -- 2.72
pälkäs.
verb base present 1; 3 singular active of <pälk-> shine -- 2.270
pälkoräs.
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular ablative of <pälk-> see -- 2.160
pältwa:yo
noun 1 2; alternating plural instrumental of <pält> blade, leaf -- 1.123
pälskam.
noun; alternating singular locative of <pältsäk> thought, opinion -- 1.64, 1.309, 2.329
puk
indeclinable adjective; <puk> all, every, whole -- 2.287
puk
substantive adjective; masculine oblique singular <puk, pont-> all, every, whole -- 5.22
p(u)kam.
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular locative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.61, 1.307, 2.9, 2.330
p(u)käs.
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular ablative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.16
pukla:
noun I 1; feminine plural oblique <p(u)käl> year -- 3.6, 3.35, 3.48, 3.61, 3.89, 3.102, 4.6, 4.34, 4.47, 4.60, 4.90, 4.101, 5.6, 5.36, 5.47, 5.60, 5.88, 5.99
puttis'paräm.
noun; singular oblique <puttis'paräm.> Buddha-lordship, -majesty, -dignity -- 3.24, 3.79, 4.23, 4.79, 4.91, 5.25, 5.37, 5.78, 5.89
puttis'paräm.
noun; singular oblique of <puttis'paräm.> Buddha-dignity -- 1.211
puttis'pars.ina:s
adjective I 1; feminine plural oblique <puttis'pars.i> relating to Buddha-lordship -- 3.36
puttis'pars.ina:m.
adjective I 1; feminine singular oblique <puttis'pars.i> relating to Buddha-lordship -- 3.90, 4.35
pe
conjunction; <pe> also -- 1.98, 2.246
penu
postposition conjunction; indeclinable <penu> also; even, in fact -- 3.76, 4.21, 4.75, 5.21, 5.75
pokena:
noun 6 2; feminine paral perlative of <poke> arm -- 1.107
pon'cäm.
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular oblique of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.185, 1.228
potal
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <pot-> flatter -- 2.28
poto
noun; masculine singular oblique of <poto> flattery, obeisance -- 1.14
por
noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <por> fire -- 2.43, 2.273
pkas's'äl
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular commitative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 2.307
pta:n'kät
noun V 1; masculine singular nominative <pta:n'kät (pätta:n'kät)> Buddha(lord) -- 3.11, 3.66, 4.11, 4.65, 5.11, 5.65
pyutka:s.tär
verb causative subjunctive 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce -- 2.69
pyutkäs.s.-äm.
verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.86
pran`ka:
noun 5 1; masculine singular perlative of <pran`k> island -- 1.84
pratipaks.
noun; singular nominative of <pratipakäs. (pratipaks.)> barrier, opposing part; the opposite -- 1.301
pras.tam.
noun; feminine singular locative of <pras.t> time -- 1.75
praski
noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <praski> anxiety, dread -- 1.49
pruccamo
adjective 4; masculine singular nominative of <pruccamo> excellent, superior -- 1.62, 1.308, 2.10, 2.331
psälas's'äl
noun; singular commitative of <psäl> chaff -- 1.287
Baladvipam.
noun; alternating singular locative of <Baladvip> Baladvipa (name of an island) -- 1.150
bodhisattu
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <bodhisattu> bodhisattva, a saint who foregoes Nirvana to help others -- 1.80
mar
prohibitory particle; <mar> no, not -- 2.263
ma:
adverb; <ma:> no, not -- 1.48, 1.225, 2.50, 2.236, 2.238, 2.242, 2.245, 2.260
ma:=pärma:t
adverb; <ma:> no, not + substantive adjective; singular oblique of <appärma:t> despicable -- 1.213
ma:k
adjective indeclinable; <ma:k> much -- 1.32, 1.35
ma:ski
adverb; <ma:ski> hard -- 1.199
mäskatär
verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be -- 2.27
mäskatr-äm.
verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.91, 2.102
mäskam.tr-äm.
verb present 3; 3 plural mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.73
mäm.tne a:s.a:m.
conjunction; <mäm.tne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to + indeclinable adjective; <a:s.a:m.> worthy -- 2.305
mäm.tne
conjunction; <mäm.tne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to -- 2.222, 2.271
moknac
adjective; masculine singular allative of <mok> old -- 2.234
mn'e
noun; oblique of <mn'e> certitude, assurance (?) -- 2.46
mskanta:sac
verb present 3 participle active; masculine plural allative of <mäsk-> be located, be -- 2.241
yaks.a:s's'i
noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <yakäs.> (type of) demon -- 1.148
yaläm.
verb suppletive base gerundive 1; masculine singular oblique of <ya:m-> make -- 2.255, 2.261, 2.265
yatsi
verb suppletive base infinitive; <ya:m-> make -- 1.216
ya:tal
verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <ya:t-> be able, be capable -- 1.215
ya:tlune
verb base abstract; singular oblique of <ya:t-> be able, be capable -- 1.23
ya:tluneyo
verb base abstract; singular instrumental of <ya:t-> be able, be capable -- 2.316
ya:mäl
verb suppletive base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <ya:m-> make -- 2.26
ya:miträ
verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <ya:m-> make -- 2.143
ya:mis.
verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular active optative of <ya:m-> make -- 2.259, 2.264
ya:muräs.
suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <ya:m> make -- 1.99
yärk
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <yärk> reverence -- 1.11
yärkant
noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <yärk> reverence -- 1.42
yärka:
noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <yärk> reverence -- 2.25
yäs.
verb present 1; 3 singular active of <i-> go -- 2.207
yäslun'cäs
substantive adjective 4; masculine plural oblique of <yäslu> enemy -- 1.20
yäslus.
substantive adjective 4; masculine plural nominative of <yäslu> enemy -- 1.39
yukna:l
verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <yuk-> conquer, overcome -- 1.18
yetweyntu
noun 3 2; feminine plural nominative of <yetwe> jewelry, decoration -- 1.256
yes.
verb imperfect; 3 singular active of <i-> go -- 1.85, 1.146, 1.151
yomna:s.
verb subjunctive 6; 3 singular active of <yom-> attain -- 2.313
ykom.
adverb; <ykom.> by day -- 2.219
yna:n'mune
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <yna:n'mune> esteem -- 1.12
ypant
verb suppletive base present 3 participle active; masculine singular nominative of <ya:m-> make -- 2.267
ypic
adjective indeclinable; <ypic> full, complete -- 1.94
ypeya:
noun; alternating singular perlative of <ype> land -- 2.240
yma:räk
adverb; <yma:r> quickly -- 1.19, 1.22
ywa:rcka:
postposition with locative; <ywa:rcka: (ywa:rs'ka:)> between, among, in the middle of -- 2.289
rarkun'cäs
verb causative preterite participle; masculine plural oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered -- 1.162
rarkusa:m.
verb causative preterite participle; feminine singular oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered -- 1.133
ra:ks.tsa:s's'i
noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <ra:ks.ats> (type of) monster -- 1.144
ritwo
verb base preterite 1 preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ritw-> coalesce -- 2.199
lame
noun; singular oblique of <lame> place, location -- 2.314
la:n'ci
adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <la:n'ci> kingly, of a king -- 1.171
la:nt
noun 7; masculine singular oblique of <wäl> king -- 1.77, 1.170
la:ntäs.
noun 7; masculine singular ablative of <wäl> king -- 1.180
la:s'
noun 7; masculine singular nominative of <wäl> king -- 2.44
lo
adverb; <lo> away -- 2.40
lma:luneyis
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular genitive of <läm-> sit -- 2.111
lma:lunyam.
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular locative of <läm-> sit -- 2.196
lyalyipuräs.
absolutive; masculine singular ablative <lip-> remain, be left over; (caus.) leave (over), give up/over, spare -- 3.50, 3.105, 4.49, 4.103, 5.49, 5.101
lya:lyoryos.os.
verb preterite participle; <lya:-> wipe away -- 2.224
lyomam.
noun; singular locative of <lyom> mud -- 1.111
lys'i
noun 5 3; masculine plural nominative of <lyäk> thief -- 2.45
wawik
verb causative preterite 2; 3 singular active of <wik-> decrease -- 1.188
wawuräs.
verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wäs-> give -- 2.302
was.t
noun 1 2; alternating singular oblique of <was.t> house -- 1.172, 2.110, 2.195
was.tam.
noun 1 2; alternating singular locative of <was.t> house -- 2.153
was.lam.
verb subjunctive 2 gerundive 2; feminine plural nominative of <wäs-> clothe -- 1.257
waste
noun; masculine singular nominative of <waste> protection -- 1.45
wa:wles.u
verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles-> perform -- 2.84
wät
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <wät> second -- 2.87, 2.175
wär
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <wär> water -- 2.42, 2.172
wärpitär
verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wärp-> enjoy -- 2.154
wärporäs.
verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wärp-> enjoy -- 2.304
wärs.s.ältse
adjective 1; masculine plural nominative of <wärs.s.älts> strong, energetic -- 1.212
wälts
numeral 3 2; singular oblique of <wälts> thousand -- 1.122
Vipas'yi
noun; masculine singular nominative <Vipas'yi> Vipasyin, name of a Buddha -- 3.9
Vis'vabhu:
noun; masculine singular nominative <Vis'vabhu:> Visvabhu, name of a Buddha -- 4.9
wunyo
numeral; masculine paral instrumental of <wu, we> two -- 2.155
we-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 4.88, 5.59
we-wälts
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 4.46, 4.89
wewn'u
verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wen'-> say -- 2.123
wma:r
noun 5 3; feminine singular oblique of <wma:r> jewel, pearl -- 1.182
wram
noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <wram> thing, matter -- 1.233
wram
noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter -- 2.68, 2.85, 2.262, 2.266
wramm
noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter -- 2.256
wrasas's'i
noun; masculine plural genitive <wrasom> living being, human, man -- 3.7, 3.62, 4.7, 4.61, 5.7, 5.61
wrasas's'i
noun; masculine plural genitive of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 1.46, 1.246, 2.8, 2.30, 2.332
wrasom
noun; masculine singular nominative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 2.268, 2.311
wrassäs.
noun; masculine plural ablative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 2.93
wram.
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <wär> water -- 1.103, 1.125
wlaluneyis
verb abstract; masculine singular genitive of <wäl-> die -- 2.308
wles.a:t
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <wles-> accomplish, perform -- 3.38, 3.92, 4.37, 4.92, 5.38, 5.90
wles.itär
verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wles-> perform -- 2.157
wles
noun 3 1; alternating singular nominative of <wles> service, work, action -- 2.174, 2.206
wles
noun III 1; feminine singular oblique <wles> service, work, activity -- 3.91, 4.36
wlesant
noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <wles> service, work, action -- 2.156
wlesant
noun III 1; feminine plural oblique <wles> service, work, activity -- 3.37
wlesam.tyo
noun 3 1; alternating plural instrumental of <wles> service, work, action -- 1.286
wsa:lu
noun 1 2; alternating plural nominative of <wsa:l> garment -- 1.255
s'amam.tär
verb base present 4; 3 plural mediopassive of <tsäm-> grow -- 2.221
s'a:wam.
suppletive adjective 1; feminine plural oblique of <s'a:we> (pl. forms only) big -- 1.285
s'a:wes
adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <s'a:we> (only plural) big -- 1.174, 2.120
s'äk
numeral indeclinable; <s'äk> ten -- 1.8
S'ikhi
noun; masculine singular nominative <S'ikhi> Shikhin, name of a Buddha -- 3.64
S'ilpava:m.
noun; masculine singular nominative of <S'ilpava:m.> Shilpavant (name of a prince) -- 2.5
s'u
preverb; <s'u> over -- 2.239
S'uris.inam.
noun; singular locative of <S'uris.in> (name of a type of metrical verse) -- 2.124
s'emäl
noun; masculine singular nominative of <s'emäl> cattle, livestock -- 2.177
s'emäl
noun; masculine singular oblique of <s'emäl> cattle, livestock -- 2.183
s'ol
noun III 2; alternating singular oblique <s'ol> life -- 3.49, 3.103, 4.48, 4.102, 5.48, 5.100
s'olam.
noun III 2; alternating singular locative <s'ol> life -- 3.8, 3.63, 4.8, 4.62, 5.8, 5.62
s'kam.
enclitic particle; <s'kam.> and, also -- 1.36
s'kam.
enclitic particle; <s'kam.> and, also, and also -- 1.197, 2.53, 2.64, 2.99, 2.114
s'ka:
adverb; indeclinable <s'ka:> still, yet, moreover -- 3.104
s'tärcäm.
numeral; masculine singular oblique of <s'tärt> fourth -- 2.161
s'tärt
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <s'tärt> fourth -- 2.96, 2.181
s'twar-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <s'twar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 3.33, 3.88, 4.59
s'twar-pa:k
numeral; masculine/feminine of <s'twar> four + noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pa:k> part -- 2.142
s'twar-wäkna:
numeral; masculine/feminine of <s'twar> four + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäm.> manner, type -- 1.160, 1.165
s'twar-wälts
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <s'twar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.101, 5.98
s'lak
preposition; <s'la> (together) with + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even -- 1.196
s'wa:tsi
verb infinitive; <s'u-, s'wa:-> eat -- 1.250
s.akkats
adverb; <s.akk> certainly + particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed -- 2.141
S.a:mnernam.
noun; singular locative of <s.a:mner> novice -- 1.198
s.äk
numeral indeclinable; <s.äk> six -- 2.198
s.äk-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <s.äk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 4.5
s.äk-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <s.äk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.47, 5.35, 5.46
s.äk-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <s.äk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 5.77
s.en'c-äm.
verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <s.-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.258
s.es.
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <nas-> be -- 3.12, 3.67, 4.12, 4.66, 5.12, 5.66
s.es.
verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <s.-> be -- 1.251
s.om
numeral; masculine singular oblique of <sas, säm.> one -- 2.151
s.käs.t
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <s.käs.t> sixth -- 2.186
s.n'as.s.en'
noun 6 4; masculine plural nominative of <s.n'as.s.e> relation, relative -- 1.37
s.n'as.s.esam.
noun 6 4; masculine plural locative of <s.n'as.s.e> relation, relative -- 2.288
s.n'as.s.esa:
noun 6 4; masculine plural perlative of <s.n'as.s.e> relation, relative -- 2.282
s.n'i
reflexive pronoun; singular genitive of <s.n'i> (genitive only, reflexive for all numbers and persons) my, your, their, his (own), her (own), its (own) -- 2.281
s.pät
numeral indeclinable; <s.pät> seven -- 1.100, 1.105, 1.109, 1.120
s.pät-tma:m.
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <s.pät> seven + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tma:m.> ten thousand -- 3.60
sam
adjective with commitative; masculine singular nominative of <sam> same (as) -- 2.306
Sarva:rthasiddhe
noun; masculine singular nominative of <Sarva:rthasiddhe> Sarvathasiddhe, name of a Bodhisattva -- 1.79
sas
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <sas, säm.> one -- 2.81, 2.171
sam.
indefinite pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <sam.> some, any -- 1.227
sam.sa:r
noun; masculine singular oblique of <sam.sa:r> cycle of birth -- 1.205
sam.sa:ris
noun; masculine singular genitive of <sam.sa:r> cycle of birth -- 1.229
Sa:gares
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Sa:gare> Sagara (name of a king) -- 1.169
Sa:garem.
noun; masculine singular oblique of <Sa:gare> Sagara (name of a king) -- 1.179
sa:muddrä
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <sa:mudtär> ocean -- 1.203
sa:mudram.
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <sa:mudtär> ocean -- 1.81
sa:rth
noun; masculine singular oblique of <sa:rth> caravan, campaign, troop -- 1.96
sa:spärtwu
verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <spa:rtw-> turn (intrans.), be located -- 1.231
sätkatär
verb base present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <sätk-> spread -- 1.10, 2.24
säm
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative <säm, sa:m, täm> the; he, she, it -- 3.20, 3.75, 4.20, 4.74, 5.20, 5.74
säm
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <säm, sa:m, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 2.290
särki
adverb; <särki> thereupon, later -- 2.158
sälpma:m.
verb base present 1 participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <sälp-> glow -- 2.272
Siddha:rthes
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Siddha:rthe> Siddhartha, name of the father of the Bodhisattva Sarvarthasiddha -- 1.76
se
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <se> son -- 1.78
sopis
noun 6 1; plural oblique of <sopi> net -- 1.168
skam
adverb; <skam> always -- 2.258
sne
preposition; <sne> without -- 2.317
sne-psäl
preposition; <sne> without + noun; singular oblique of <psäl> chaff -- 1.248, 1.282
sne-wa:wles.u
preposition; <sne> without + preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles> perform -- 1.247, 1.281
spa:nte
adverb; <spa:nte> confidently -- 2.294
spes.inäs
adjective 1 1; masculine plural oblique of <spes.i> rock-crystalline, of rock crystal -- 1.166
tsma:r
noun 1 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsma:r> root -- 2.55, 2.115
tsma:s.lune
verb causative subjunctive 10 abstract; alternating singular nominative of <tsäm-> grow -- 2.184
tsras.in'
substantive 6 1; masculine plural nominative of <tsras.i> energetic -- 1.44, 1.202
tsras.is's'i
substantive 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <tsras.i> energetic -- 1.7, 1.31, 1.34, 1.47
tsras.isac
substantive 6 1; masculine plural allative of <tsras.i> energetic -- 1.40, 1.43
tsras.s.une
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsras.s.une> energy -- 1.60, 1.217, 1.300, 1.304
tsras.s.uneya:
noun 3 2; alternating singular perlative of <tsras.s.une> energy -- 1.15
tsras.s.uneyo
noun 3 2; alternating singular instrumental of <tsras.s.une> energy -- 1.72, 1.206
tsru-yärm
adjective indeclinable; <tsru> few, small + noun; singular oblique of <yärm> measure -- 1.214