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Tocharian Online

Tocharian A: Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Todd B. Krause

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to (Romanized) Tocharian. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 2) in the left margin.
akälyme
postposition with genitive; <akälyme> under the control of -- 2.309
akäṃtsune-pät-kälpāluneṣi
noun 3 2; alternating of <akäṃtsune> possession + adverb; <pät> over, beyond (?) + gerundive 2 abstract adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp> attain -- 2.100
amok
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <amok> art, skill -- 2.7, 2.48, 2.54, 2.117, 2.327
amok
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <amok> art, skill -- 2.132
amokäṣ
noun 3 2; alternating singular ablative of <amok> art, skill -- 2.88
amokäts
substantive adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <amokäts> artist, artisan -- 2.66
amokṣiṃ
adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <amokṣi> artistic -- 2.67
amoktsāp
substantive adjective 1; masculine singular genitive of <amokäts> artist, artisan -- 2.22
ats
particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed -- 2.257
ākläṣlyes
substantive adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <ākälṣäl> (one) to be taught, student -- 2.97
ārkiśoṣis
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <ārkiśoṣi> world -- 2.113
ārkiśoṣyaṃ
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <ārkiśoṣi> world -- 1.306
ārlā
noun; singular perlative of <āral> end (?) -- 2.286
ārwar
adverb; <ārwar> ready -- 1.253
ārṣlāsyo
noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <ārṣal> serpent -- 1.132, 1.161
ālak
adjective; masculine singular nominative of <ālak> other -- 1.232
ālāsāp
adjective; masculine singular genitive of <ālās> slothful -- 1.266
ālāsune
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <ālāsune> sloth -- 1.236
ālāsuneyis
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <ālāsune> sloth -- 1.298
āṣānik
adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <āṣānik> worthy (of praise) -- 3.22, 5.76
āṣāṃ
see mäṃtne āṣāṃ
āsuk
preverb; <āsuk> over -- 1.177
iṣanäs
noun 5; masculine plural oblique of <yṣaṃ> ditch, moat -- 1.163
ekrorñe
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ekrorñe> poverty -- 1.187
empeles
adjective 2 4; masculine plural oblique of <empele> awful -- 1.175, 2.243
el
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <el> gift -- 2.303
eṃtsu
verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ents-> seize -- 2.284
okät-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 3.5
okät-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 4.100
okät-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 5.24
oki
enclitic particle; <oki> like, as -- 2.292
oplā
noun 6 3; feminine singular perlative of <oppal> lotus -- 1.127
oplāsyo
noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <oppal> lotus -- 1.124
opläṣ
noun 6 3; feminine singular ablative of <oppal> lotus -- 1.126
omskeṃsac
adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <omäskeṃ> evil -- 2.244
ortāsā
noun 6 3; masculine plural perlative of <ort> friend (?) -- 2.283
ortune
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ortune> friendship -- 2.94
olyiyaṃ
noun; feminine singular locative of <olyi> ship -- 1.95
oṣeñi
adverb; <oṣeñi> by night -- 2.220
Kanakamuni
noun; masculine singular nominative <Kanakamuni> Kanakamuni, name of a Buddha -- 5.9
kappāñ
noun 6 3; plural oblique of <kappāñ> (pl.) cotton plant (?) -- 1.271
kayurṣṣ
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <kayurṣ> bull -- 2.291
kalkaṣ
verb suppletive subjunctive 5; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go -- 2.310
kalpavṛkṣäntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <kalpavṛkäṣ> "wish-tree" -- 1.269
kalpavṛkṣäntwaṃ
noun 3 2; alternating plural locative of <kalpavṛkäṣ> "wish-tree" -- 1.252
kākropuṃt
verb preterite participle; feminine plural oblique of <krop-> gather -- 2.138
kācke
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <kācke> joy -- 2.90
kāripac
noun 3; alternating singular allative of <kāryap> harm -- 1.230
kāruṇik
substantive adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <kāruṇik> compassionate, merciful -- 3.77
kārnmāṃ
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <kārp-> step down to, descend -- 1.128
kārp
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kārp-> step down to, descend -- 1.82
Kāśyap
noun; masculine singular nominative <Kāśyap> Kasyap, name of a Buddha -- 5.63
kāsu
adjective 3; masculine singular nominative of <kāsu> good -- 1.5, 1.59, 2.20
kāsu
adverb; masculine nominative singular <kāsu> good -- 4.76
kāsu
adverb; masculine singular nominative of <kāsu> good -- 2.162
kätkāläṃ
verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular oblique of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.200
kätkoräṣ
verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.178
kärṣneñc
verb present 6; 3 plural active of <kärṣt-> cut off -- 2.47
kälk
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go -- 1.104, 1.108, 1.112, 1.135
kälk
verb suppletive preterite I; 3 singular active <i-> go -- 3.52, 3.107, 4.51, 4.105, 5.51, 5.103
kälko
preterite participle; masculine singular nominative <i-> go -- 4.77
kälkoräṣ
verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kälk-> go -- 1.129
kälpāt
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 1.184
kälpāt
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <kälp-> acquire, attain -- 3.25, 3.80, 4.24, 4.80, 5.26, 5.79
kälpitär
verb base subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <kälp-> attain -- 2.134
kälpnāträ
verb base present 6; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 2.95
kälpnāntär
verb base present 6; 3 plural mediopassive of <kälp-> attain -- 1.209
kälpnāl
verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp-> attain -- 1.17, 1.21
kälyme kälyme
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg obl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 2.23
kälyme
see kälyme kälyme
kälymentwaṃ
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf pl loc of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 1.9
kälymeyā
noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg perl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven -- 2.208
käṣṣi
noun; masculine singular nominative <käṣṣi> teacher -- 3.21
käṣṣiśśi
noun 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <käṣṣi> teacher -- 2.121
kunseñc
verb present 10; 3 plural active of <käm-> come -- 1.41
kuprene
conjunction; <kuprene> when, if -- 2.312
Kuma
noun; singular locative of <kuma...>... (name of a type of metrical verse) -- 2.12
kuryar
noun; singular nominative of <kuryar> commerce -- 2.180
kursärwā
noun 1 2; alternating plural oblique of <kursär> mile, vehicle -- 1.131
kusne
relative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <kusne> which -- 2.200
kosne
conjunction; <kosne> as, as much (as), as often (as) -- 1.235
kospreṃ kospreṃ
interrogative adverb; <kospreṃ> how much?, how far? -- 2.63
kospreṃ
see kospreṃ kospreṃ
koṃsā
noun 5 3; masculine plural perlative of <koṃ> day, sun -- 1.101, 1.106, 1.110, 1.121
kcäk
verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.164
kñukac
noun; singular allative of <kñuk> neck -- 1.102
ktäṅkeñc
verb base present 6; 3 plural active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed -- 1.201, 1.207
knāṃnmāṃ
present participle; masculine nominative singular mediopassive <knā-> know -- 5.23
kyalte
conjunction; <kuyalte> because, for -- 1.244, 2.11
Krakasundi
noun; masculine singular nominative <Krakasundi> Krakasundi, name of a Buddha -- 4.63
kraṃś
adjective 3; masculine plural nominative of <kāsu> good -- 1.208
kropal
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <krop-> gather -- 2.29
kropitär
verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <krop-> gather -- 2.137
kroptär
verb present 2; 3 singular mediopassive of <krop-> gather -- 2.204
kropmāṃ
verb present 2 participle mediopassive; feminine plural nominative of <krop-> gather -- 2.217
kropluneyā
verb abstract; singular perlative of <krop-> gather -- 1.268
klu
noun; singular nominative of <klu> rice -- 1.249, 1.283
klu
noun; singular oblique of <klu> rice -- 1.267
kluṃtsäsyo
noun; plural instrumental of <kluṃts> thread -- 1.167
ksaluneyaṃ
verb abstract; masculine singular locative <käs-> expire, die -- 3.51, 3.106, 4.50, 4.104, 5.50, 5.102
cami
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 1.297, 2.205
cindāmaṇi
noun; alternating singular oblique of <cintāmaṇi> 'wish-jewel' (a type of precious stone) -- 1.181
cwal
noun; singular oblique of <cwal> beginning (?) -- 2.285
Jambudvipac
noun; masculine singular allative of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa -- 1.97
Jambudvipis
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa -- 1.186
ñātse
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ñātse> hardship, danger -- 2.159
ñäkcy
adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <ñäkci> godly, heavenly -- 2.112
ñäktaśśi
noun 5 1; masculine/feminine plural genitive of <ñkät> god -- 2.315
ñi
pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <näṣ, ñuk> I -- 1.63, 1.305, 2.328
ñemintuyo
noun 3 2; alternating plural instrumental of <ñemi> jewel -- 1.93
ñemiṣiṃ
adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <ñemiṣi> related to jewels, of jewels -- 1.83
ñomā
noun III 2; alternating singular perlative <ñom> name -- 3.10, 3.65, 4.10, 4.64, 5.10, 5.64
ñom-klyu
noun 3 2; <ñom> name + noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <klyu> fame -- 1.6, 2.21
tatmu
verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <täm-> beget, produce -- 2.89
tampewātsesac
adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <tampewāts> powerful -- 2.247
taṃne
adverb; <taṃne> so -- 2.122, 2.216
tākam
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <tāk-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.289
tākaräm
verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 plural active of <tāk-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.273
tālune
verb abstract; alternating singular nominative of <tā-> set, lay -- 2.187
tāṣäl
verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <tā-> set, lay -- 2.237
tāṣiträ
verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <tā-> set, lay -- 2.163
täprenäk täprenäk
adverb; <täpreṃ> so (much) + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even -- 2.70
täprenäk
see täprenäk täprenäk
täpreṃ
adverb; <täpreṃ> so (much) -- 1.226
täm
demonstrative adverb; neuter singular oblique of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 2.119
tämne
adverb; <tämne> so, thus -- 1.73
tämyo
adverb; <tämyo> by this, from this, therefore -- 1.58, 1.303, 2.118, 2.326
toriṃ
adverb; <toriṃ> finally -- 1.183, 1.210
tosäs
demonstrative pronoun; feminine plural oblique of <säs, sās, täṣ> this, this here -- 2.197
tkanac
noun 5 3; feminine singular allative of <tkaṃ> earth -- 2.173
tkanā
noun 5 3; feminine singular perlative of <tkaṃ> earth -- 1.134
tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 3.46, 3.100, 4.45, 5.34, 5.87
tmāṃ-ñu-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ñu> nine + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 3.23
tmāṃ-tri-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 4.22
tmāṃ-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 4.78
tmāṃ-ṣäk-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 3.78
tmäṣ
adverb; <tmäṣ> thereupon, then -- 1.143, 1.147, 1.149, 1.159, 2.135
träṅkäṣ
verb suppletive base present 1; 3 singular active of <träṅk-> say -- 2.6
tri-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 4.32, 5.5
trit
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <trit> third -- 2.92, 2.179
traidʰātuk
noun; masculine singular oblique of <traidʰātuk> the world composed of three spheres (desire, beauty, non-beauty) -- 1.204
dvipaṃ
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <dvip> island -- 1.145
nakäntäm
verb preterite 3; 3 plural active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.270
naktäm
verb preterite 3; 3 singular active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.284
nam
noun; masculine singular oblique of <nam> bow, obeisance -- 1.13
naṣ
verb suppletive base present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be -- 1.50, 1.234
nākās
noun 6 3; masculine plural oblique of <nāk> serpent -- 1.176
nākäm
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <nākäm> blame -- 2.318
nāṃtsu
verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <nas-> be -- 1.302, 2.116
näknäṣträ
verb present 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <näk-> perish, destroy -- 2.51
näkṣäl
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <näk-> perish, destroy -- 2.41
nämseñc
verb present 8; 3 plural active of <näm-> bow, bend -- 1.38
näṃ
verb suppletive present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.83
niṣpal
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <niṣpal> domain, holdings -- 2.39, 2.235
niṣpal
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <niṣpal> domain, holdings -- 2.202
niṣpalis
noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <niṣpal> domain, holdings -- 2.52
niṣpalntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <niṣpal> domain, holdings -- 1.33, 2.218
niṣpalntu
noun 3 2; alternating plural oblique of <niṣpal> domain, holdings -- 2.136, 2.140
nu
conjunction; <nu> now, even, anyway -- 1.299, 2.49, 2.139, 2.176, 2.182, 2.226, 2.269
nuṣ
verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <nu-> roar -- 2.293
ne
enclitic particle; <-ne> (indefinite marker), (relative marker) -- 2.65, 2.223
neṣ
adjective indeclinable; <neṣ> earlier, prior -- 1.74
neṣ
adverb; <neṣ> earlier, prior -- 1.245
neṣā
adverb; perlative of <neṣ> earlier, prior -- 2.133
pat
postposed conjunction; <pat> or -- 2.225
papyätkunt
verb causative preterite participle; feminine plural nominative of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce -- 1.254
pāk
noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pāk> part -- 2.152
pākasyo
noun 3 2, 5 1; masculine plural instrumental of <pāk> part -- 2.201
pākär
adverb; <pākär> overtly, manifestly, visibly -- 1.272, 1.288
pāṣäntās
verb present participle active; masculine plural oblique of <pās-> guard -- 1.173
pāṣäl
verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <pās-> guard -- 2.178
pāsmāṃ
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <pās-> guard -- 2.38
päñ
numeral indeclinable; <päñ> five -- 2.71
päñ
numeral; <päñ> five -- 1.130
päñ-wäknā
numeral indeclinable; <päñ> five + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäṃ> manner, type -- 2.203
päñ-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <päñ> five + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.34, 4.33
pänt
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <pänt> fifth -- 2.98, 2.185
pärko
noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise -- 2.82, 2.101
pärkowäntu
noun 3 2; masculine plural nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise -- 2.72
pälkäṣ
verb base present 1; 3 singular active of <pälk-> shine -- 2.270
pälkoräṣ
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular ablative of <pälk-> see -- 2.160
pältwāyo
noun 1 2; alternating plural instrumental of <pält> blade, leaf -- 1.123
pälskaṃ
noun; alternating singular locative of <pältsäk> thought, opinion -- 1.64, 1.309, 2.329
puk
indeclinable adjective; <puk> all, every, whole -- 2.287
puk
substantive adjective; masculine oblique singular <puk, pont-> all, every, whole -- 5.22
pukaṃ
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular locative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.61, 1.307, 2.9, 2.330
pukäṣ
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular ablative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.16
puklā
noun I 1; feminine plural oblique <pukäl> year -- 3.6, 3.35, 3.48, 3.61, 3.89, 3.102, 4.6, 4.34, 4.47, 4.60, 4.90, 4.101, 5.6, 5.36, 5.47, 5.60, 5.88, 5.99
puttiśparäṃ
noun; singular oblique <puttiśparäṃ> Buddha-lordship, -majesty, -dignity -- 3.24, 3.79, 4.23, 4.79, 4.91, 5.25, 5.37, 5.78, 5.89
puttiśparäṃ
noun; singular oblique of <puttiśparäṃ> Buddha-dignity -- 1.211
puttiśparṣinās
adjective I 1; feminine plural oblique <puttiśparṣi> relating to Buddha-lordship -- 3.36
puttiśparṣināṃ
adjective I 1; feminine singular oblique <puttiśparṣi> relating to Buddha-lordship -- 3.90, 4.35
pe
conjunction; <pe> also -- 1.98, 2.246
penu
postposition conjunction; indeclinable <penu> also; even, in fact -- 3.76, 4.21, 4.75, 5.21, 5.75
pokenā
noun 6 2; feminine paral perlative of <poke> arm -- 1.107
poñcäṃ
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular oblique of <puk> all, every, whole -- 1.185, 1.228
potal
verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <pot-> flatter -- 2.28
poto
noun; masculine singular oblique of <poto> flattery, obeisance -- 1.14
por
noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <por> fire -- 2.43, 2.273
pkaśśäl
substantive adjective 3; masculine singular commitative of <puk> all, every, whole -- 2.307
ptāñkät
noun V 1; masculine singular nominative <ptāñkät (pättāñkät)> Buddha(lord) -- 3.11, 3.66, 4.11, 4.65, 5.11, 5.65
pyutkāṣtär
verb causative subjunctive 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce -- 2.69
pyutkäṣṣ-äṃ
verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.86
praṅkā
noun 5 1; masculine singular perlative of <praṅk> island -- 1.84
pratipakṣ
noun; singular nominative of <pratipakäṣ (pratipakṣ)> barrier, opposing part; the opposite -- 1.301
praṣtaṃ
noun; feminine singular locative of <praṣt> time -- 1.75
praski
noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <praski> anxiety, dread -- 1.49
pruccamo
adjective 4; masculine singular nominative of <pruccamo> excellent, superior -- 1.62, 1.308, 2.10, 2.331
psälaśśäl
noun; singular commitative of <psäl> chaff -- 1.287
Baladvipaṃ
noun; alternating singular locative of <Baladvip> Baladvipa (name of an island) -- 1.150
bodʰisattu
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <bodʰisattu> bodhisattva, a saint who foregoes Nirvana to help others -- 1.80
mar
prohibitory particle; <mar> no, not -- 2.263
adverb; <> no, not -- 1.48, 1.225, 2.50, 2.236, 2.238, 2.242, 2.245, 2.260
mā=pärmāt
adverb; <> no, not + substantive adjective; singular oblique of <appärmāt> despicable -- 1.213
māk
adjective indeclinable; <māk> much -- 1.32, 1.35
māski
adverb; <māski> hard -- 1.199
mäskatär
verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be -- 2.27
mäskatr-äṃ
verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.91, 2.102
mäskaṃtr-äṃ
verb present 3; 3 plural mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 2.73
mäṃtne āṣāṃ
conjunction; <mäṃtne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to + indeclinable adjective; <āṣāṃ> worthy -- 2.305
mäṃtne
conjunction; <mäṃtne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to -- 2.222, 2.271
moknac
adjective; masculine singular allative of <mok> old -- 2.234
mñe
noun; oblique of <mñe> certitude, assurance (?) -- 2.46
mskantāsac
verb present 3 participle active; masculine plural allative of <mäsk-> be located, be -- 2.241
yakṣāśśi
noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <yakäṣ> (type of) demon -- 1.148
yaläṃ
verb suppletive base gerundive 1; masculine singular oblique of <yām-> make -- 2.255, 2.261, 2.265
yatsi
verb suppletive base infinitive; <yām-> make -- 1.216
yātal
verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <yāt-> be able, be capable -- 1.215
yātlune
verb base abstract; singular oblique of <yāt-> be able, be capable -- 1.23
yātluneyo
verb base abstract; singular instrumental of <yāt-> be able, be capable -- 2.316
yāmäl
verb suppletive base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <yām-> make -- 2.26
yāmiträ
verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <yām-> make -- 2.143
yāmiṣ
verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular active optative of <yām-> make -- 2.259, 2.264
yāmuräṣ
suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <yām> make -- 1.99
yärk
noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <yärk> reverence -- 1.11
yärkant
noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <yärk> reverence -- 1.42
yärkā
noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <yärk> reverence -- 2.25
yäṣ
verb present 1; 3 singular active of <i-> go -- 2.207
yäsluñcäs
substantive adjective 4; masculine plural oblique of <yäslu> enemy -- 1.20
yäsluṣ
substantive adjective 4; masculine plural nominative of <yäslu> enemy -- 1.39
yuknāl
verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <yuk-> conquer, overcome -- 1.18
yetweyntu
noun 3 2; feminine plural nominative of <yetwe> jewelry, decoration -- 1.256
yeṣ
verb imperfect; 3 singular active of <i-> go -- 1.85, 1.146, 1.151
yomnāṣ
verb subjunctive 6; 3 singular active of <yom-> attain -- 2.313
ykoṃ
adverb; <ykoṃ> by day -- 2.219
ynāñmune
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ynāñmune> esteem -- 1.12
ypant
verb suppletive base present 3 participle active; masculine singular nominative of <yām-> make -- 2.267
ypic
adjective indeclinable; <ypic> full, complete -- 1.94
ypeyā
noun; alternating singular perlative of <ype> land -- 2.240
ymāräk
adverb; <ymār> quickly -- 1.19, 1.22
ywārckā
postposition with locative; <ywārckā (ywārśkā)> between, among, in the middle of -- 2.289
rarkuñcäs
verb causative preterite participle; masculine plural oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered -- 1.162
rarkusāṃ
verb causative preterite participle; feminine singular oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered -- 1.133
rākṣtsāśśi
noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <rākṣats> (type of) monster -- 1.144
ritwo
verb base preterite 1 preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ritw-> coalesce -- 2.199
lame
noun; singular oblique of <lame> place, location -- 2.314
lāñci
adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <lāñci> kingly, of a king -- 1.171
lānt
noun 7; masculine singular oblique of <wäl> king -- 1.77, 1.170
lāntäṣ
noun 7; masculine singular ablative of <wäl> king -- 1.180
lāś
noun 7; masculine singular nominative of <wäl> king -- 2.44
lo
adverb; <lo> away -- 2.40
lmāluneyis
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular genitive of <läm-> sit -- 2.111
lmālunyaṃ
verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular locative of <läm-> sit -- 2.196
lyalyipuräṣ
absolutive; masculine singular ablative <lip-> remain, be left over; (caus.) leave (over), give up/over, spare -- 3.50, 3.105, 4.49, 4.103, 5.49, 5.101
lyālyoryoṣoṣ
verb preterite participle; <lyā-> wipe away -- 2.224
lyomaṃ
noun; singular locative of <lyom> mud -- 1.111
lyśi
noun 5 3; masculine plural nominative of <lyäk> thief -- 2.45
wawik
verb causative preterite 2; 3 singular active of <wik-> decrease -- 1.188
wawuräṣ
verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wäs-> give -- 2.302
waṣt
noun 1 2; alternating singular oblique of <waṣt> house -- 1.172, 2.110, 2.195
waṣtaṃ
noun 1 2; alternating singular locative of <waṣt> house -- 2.153
waṣlaṃ
verb subjunctive 2 gerundive 2; feminine plural nominative of <wäs-> clothe -- 1.257
waste
noun; masculine singular nominative of <waste> protection -- 1.45
wāwleṣu
verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles-> perform -- 2.84
wät
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <wät> second -- 2.87, 2.175
wär
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <wär> water -- 2.42, 2.172
wärpitär
verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wärp-> enjoy -- 2.154
wärporäṣ
verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wärp-> enjoy -- 2.304
wärṣṣältse
adjective 1; masculine plural nominative of <wärṣṣälts> strong, energetic -- 1.212
wälts
numeral 3 2; singular oblique of <wälts> thousand -- 1.122
Vipaśyi
noun; masculine singular nominative <Vipaśyi> Vipasyin, name of a Buddha -- 3.9
Viśvabʰū
noun; masculine singular nominative <Viśvabʰū> Visvabhu, name of a Buddha -- 4.9
wunyo
numeral; masculine paral instrumental of <wu, we> two -- 2.155
we-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 4.88, 5.59
we-wälts
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 4.46, 4.89
wewñu
verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <weñ-> say -- 2.123
wmār
noun 5 3; feminine singular oblique of <wmār> jewel, pearl -- 1.182
wram
noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <wram> thing, matter -- 1.233
wram
noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter -- 2.68, 2.85, 2.262, 2.266
wramm
noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter -- 2.256
wrasaśśi
noun; masculine plural genitive <wrasom> living being, human, man -- 3.7, 3.62, 4.7, 4.61, 5.7, 5.61
wrasaśśi
noun; masculine plural genitive of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 1.46, 1.246, 2.8, 2.30, 2.332
wrasom
noun; masculine singular nominative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 2.268, 2.311
wrassäṣ
noun; masculine plural ablative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man -- 2.93
wraṃ
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <wär> water -- 1.103, 1.125
wlaluneyis
verb abstract; masculine singular genitive of <wäl-> die -- 2.308
wleṣāt
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <wles-> accomplish, perform -- 3.38, 3.92, 4.37, 4.92, 5.38, 5.90
wleṣitär
verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wles-> perform -- 2.157
wles
noun 3 1; alternating singular nominative of <wles> service, work, action -- 2.174, 2.206
wles
noun III 1; feminine singular oblique <wles> service, work, activity -- 3.91, 4.36
wlesant
noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <wles> service, work, action -- 2.156
wlesant
noun III 1; feminine plural oblique <wles> service, work, activity -- 3.37
wlesaṃtyo
noun 3 1; alternating plural instrumental of <wles> service, work, action -- 1.286
wsālu
noun 1 2; alternating plural nominative of <wsāl> garment -- 1.255
śamaṃtär
verb base present 4; 3 plural mediopassive of <tsäm-> grow -- 2.221
śāwaṃ
suppletive adjective 1; feminine plural oblique of <śāwe> (pl. forms only) big -- 1.285
śāwes
adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <śāwe> (only plural) big -- 1.174, 2.120
śäk
numeral indeclinable; <śäk> ten -- 1.8
Śikʰi
noun; masculine singular nominative <Śikʰi> Shikhin, name of a Buddha -- 3.64
Śilpavāṃ
noun; masculine singular nominative of <Śilpavāṃ> Shilpavant (name of a prince) -- 2.5
śu
preverb; <śu> over -- 2.239
Śuriṣinaṃ
noun; singular locative of <Śuriṣin> (name of a type of metrical verse) -- 2.124
śemäl
noun; masculine singular nominative of <śemäl> cattle, livestock -- 2.177
śemäl
noun; masculine singular oblique of <śemäl> cattle, livestock -- 2.183
śol
noun III 2; alternating singular oblique <śol> life -- 3.49, 3.103, 4.48, 4.102, 5.48, 5.100
śolaṃ
noun III 2; alternating singular locative <śol> life -- 3.8, 3.63, 4.8, 4.62, 5.8, 5.62
śkaṃ
enclitic particle; <śkaṃ> and, also -- 1.36
śkaṃ
enclitic particle; <śkaṃ> and, also, and also -- 1.197, 2.53, 2.64, 2.99, 2.114
śkā
adverb; indeclinable <śkā> still, yet, moreover -- 3.104
śtärcäṃ
numeral; masculine singular oblique of <śtärt> fourth -- 2.161
śtärt
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <śtärt> fourth -- 2.96, 2.181
śtwar-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <śtwar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 3.33, 3.88, 4.59
śtwar-pāk
numeral; masculine/feminine of <śtwar> four + noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pāk> part -- 2.142
śtwar-wäknā
numeral; masculine/feminine of <śtwar> four + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäṃ> manner, type -- 1.160, 1.165
śtwar-wälts
cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <śtwar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.101, 5.98
ślak
preposition; <śla> (together) with + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even -- 1.196
śwātsi
verb infinitive; <śu-, śwā-> eat -- 1.250
ṣakkats
adverb; <ṣakk> certainly + particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed -- 2.141
Ṣāmnernaṃ
noun; singular locative of <ṣāmner> novice -- 1.198
ṣäk
numeral indeclinable; <ṣäk> six -- 2.198
ṣäk-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 4.5
ṣäk-wälts
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand -- 3.47, 5.35, 5.46
ṣäk-wälts-puklyi
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year -- 5.77
ṣeñc-äṃ
verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <ṣ-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them -- 1.258
ṣeṣ
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <nas-> be -- 3.12, 3.67, 4.12, 4.66, 5.12, 5.66
ṣeṣ
verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <ṣ-> be -- 1.251
ṣom
numeral; masculine singular oblique of <sas, säṃ> one -- 2.151
ṣkäṣt
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <ṣkäṣt> sixth -- 2.186
ṣñaṣṣeñ
noun 6 4; masculine plural nominative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative -- 1.37
ṣñaṣṣesaṃ
noun 6 4; masculine plural locative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative -- 2.288
ṣñaṣṣesā
noun 6 4; masculine plural perlative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative -- 2.282
ṣñi
reflexive pronoun; singular genitive of <ṣñi> (genitive only, reflexive for all numbers and persons) my, your, their, his (own), her (own), its (own) -- 2.281
ṣpät
numeral indeclinable; <ṣpät> seven -- 1.100, 1.105, 1.109, 1.120
ṣpät-tmāṃ
cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣpät> seven + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand -- 3.60
sam
adjective with commitative; masculine singular nominative of <sam> same (as) -- 2.306
Sarvārtʰasiddʰe
noun; masculine singular nominative of <Sarvārtʰasiddʰe> Sarvathasiddhe, name of a Bodhisattva -- 1.79
sas
numeral; masculine singular nominative of <sas, säṃ> one -- 2.81, 2.171
saṃ
indefinite pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <saṃ> some, any -- 1.227
saṃsār
noun; masculine singular oblique of <saṃsār> cycle of birth -- 1.205
saṃsāris
noun; masculine singular genitive of <saṃsār> cycle of birth -- 1.229
Sāgares
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Sāgare> Sagara (name of a king) -- 1.169
Sāgareṃ
noun; masculine singular oblique of <Sāgare> Sagara (name of a king) -- 1.179
sāmuddrä
noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <sāmudtär> ocean -- 1.203
sāmudraṃ
noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <sāmudtär> ocean -- 1.81
sārtʰ
noun; masculine singular oblique of <sārtʰ> caravan, campaign, troop -- 1.96
sāspärtwu
verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <spārtw-> turn (intrans.), be located -- 1.231
sätkatär
verb base present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <sätk-> spread -- 1.10, 2.24
säm
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it -- 3.20, 3.75, 4.20, 4.74, 5.20, 5.74
säm
demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they -- 2.290
särki
adverb; <särki> thereupon, later -- 2.158
sälpmāṃ
verb base present 1 participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <sälp-> glow -- 2.272
Siddʰārtʰes
noun; masculine singular genitive of <Siddʰārtʰe> Siddhartha, name of the father of the Bodhisattva Sarvarthasiddha -- 1.76
se
noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <se> son -- 1.78
sopis
noun 6 1; plural oblique of <sopi> net -- 1.168
skam
adverb; <skam> always -- 2.258
sne
preposition; <sne> without -- 2.317
sne-psäl
preposition; <sne> without + noun; singular oblique of <psäl> chaff -- 1.248, 1.282
sne-wāwleṣu
preposition; <sne> without + preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles> perform -- 1.247, 1.281
spānte
adverb; <spānte> confidently -- 2.294
speṣinäs
adjective 1 1; masculine plural oblique of <speṣi> rock-crystalline, of rock crystal -- 1.166
tsmār
noun 1 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsmār> root -- 2.55, 2.115
tsmāṣlune
verb causative subjunctive 10 abstract; alternating singular nominative of <tsäm-> grow -- 2.184
tsraṣiñ
substantive 6 1; masculine plural nominative of <tsraṣi> energetic -- 1.44, 1.202
tsraṣiśśi
substantive 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <tsraṣi> energetic -- 1.7, 1.31, 1.34, 1.47
tsraṣisac
substantive 6 1; masculine plural allative of <tsraṣi> energetic -- 1.40, 1.43
tsraṣṣune
noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsraṣṣune> energy -- 1.60, 1.217, 1.300, 1.304
tsraṣṣuneyā
noun 3 2; alternating singular perlative of <tsraṣṣune> energy -- 1.15
tsraṣṣuneyo
noun 3 2; alternating singular instrumental of <tsraṣṣune> energy -- 1.72, 1.206
tsru-yärm
adjective indeclinable; <tsru> few, small + noun; singular oblique of <yärm> measure -- 1.214