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Tocharian Online

Table of Contents

Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
Lessons

0. Introduction to Tocharian
1. Exerpt from the Buddhist Puṇyavanta-Jātaka
2. Buddhist Puṇyavanta-Jātaka (cont'd)
3. Exerpt from the Maitreyasamiti-nāṭaka (A255/THT888)
4. Maitreyasamiti-nāṭaka (cont'd)
5. Maitreyasamiti-nāṭaka (cont'd)
6. Exerpt from The "Last Supper" of the Buddha (B107/THT107)
7. The "Last Supper" of the Buddha (cont'd)
8. The "Last Supper" of the Buddha (cont'd)
9. The "Last Supper" of the Buddha (cont'd)
10. The "Last Supper" of the Buddha (cont'd)
11. Appendix 1: A Clinic on Looking Up Tocharian Words

Grammar Points

1. Sounds and Writing
     1.1. Writing System
     1.2. Phonological System
     1.3. Rough Guide to Pronunciation
     1.4. Accent
     1.5. Palatalization
2. Gender, Number, and Human/Non-Human
     2.1. Gender
     2.2. Number
     2.3. Human versus Non-Human
3. Adjective Overview
4. Overview of the Verbal System
     4.1. Person & Number
     4.2. Voice
     4.3. Mood
     4.4. Tense
     4.5. Base & Causative
5. Basic Word Order
6. Sandhi
7. Case
     7.1. Primary Cases
8. Adjective Structure
     8.1. Adjective Endings
     8.2. Adjective Classes
9. Present System
     9.1. Present Classes
     9.2. Present Endings
     9.3. Non-Past Reference Paradigms
10. Agglutination
11. Historical Phonology: Vowels
     11.1. From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharian
     11.2. Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian: General Rules
     11.3. Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian: Accent and the a-Series
     11.4. PIE to PToch: Non-Palatal Vowels
     11.5. PIE to PToch: Palatal Vowels
     11.6. PIE to PToch: Diphthongs
     11.7. Further Considerations: Umlaut
12. Secondary Cases
     12.1. Secondary Case Structure
     12.2. Full Nominal Reference Paradigm
     12.3. Group Inflection
13. Adjective Class I: Thematic Adjectives
     13.1. Primary Adjectives
     13.2. Derived Adjectives
14. Past System
     14.1. Preterite Classes
     14.2. Past Endings
     14.3. Past Reference Paradigms
15. Coordination
16. Historical Phonology: Consonants
     16.1. From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharian
     16.2. The Dental Series
     16.3. The Labiovelars
     16.4. Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian
17. Primary Case Endings: Singular
     17.1. Nominative
     17.2. Vocative
     17.3. Oblique
     17.4. Genitive
18. Adjective Class II: Athematic *n-Stems
19. Present Thematic Classes
     19.1. Present Class II
     19.2. Present Classes III & IV
     19.3. Present Class VIII
     19.4. Present Class IX
     19.5. Present Class X
     19.6. Present Class XI
     19.7. Present Class XII
20. Nominative & Oblique
     20.1. The Nominative Case
     20.2. The Oblique Case
21. Historical Phonology: Resonants & Laryngeals
     21.1. Resonants
     21.2. Laryngeals
22. Primary Case Endings: Dual
     22.1. Dual Suffix
     22.2. Nominative and Oblique
     22.3. Genitive
23. Adjective Class III: Athematic *nt-Stems
24. Present
     24.1. Present Class I
     24.2. Present Class V
     24.3. Present Class VI
     24.4. Present Class VII
25. Genitive
     25.1. Basic Uses
     25.2. Peculiar Uses
     25.3. The Genitive as Dative
     25.4. Genitive Absolute
26. Personal Pronouns
     26.1. Independent Forms
     26.2. Suffixed Forms
27. Primary Case Endings: Plural
     27.1. Type (b): Nominative Same as Oblique
     27.2. Type (a): Nominative Different from Oblique
     27.3. Genitive Plural
28. Adjective Class IV: Athematic *s-Stems, Preterite Participle
29. Subjunctive
     29.1. Special Subjunctive Classes: iv, vii
     29.2. Varying Subjunctive Classes: i, v
     29.3. Identical Subjunctive Classes: ii, iii, vi, ix-xii
30. Instrumental & Causal
     30.1. Instrumental
     30.2. Causal
31. Demonstrative Pronouns & Adjectives
32. Noun Classes I, II, and III
33. Gerundive
34. Preterite
     34.1. Preterite Class I
     34.2. Preterite Class II
     34.3. Preterite Class III
     34.4. Preterite Class IV
     34.5. Preterite Class V
     34.6. Preterite Class VI
35. Perlative & Locative
     35.1. Perlative
     35.2. Locative
36. The Pronominal Adjective 'Other'
37. Noun Class IV: r-Stems
38. Present Participles & Agent Nouns
     38.1. Present Participle Active
     38.2. Present Participle Mediopassive
     38.3. Agent Nouns
39. Optative & Imperfect
     39.1. i-Optative
     39.2. oy-Optative
     39.3. Imperfect
40. Comitative, Allative & Ablative
     40.1. Comitative
     40.2. Allative
     40.3. Ablative
41. Interrogative & Relative Pronouns
42. Noun Classes V and VI
43. Privative
44. Imperative
     44.1. Classes i-v
     44.2. Class vi: Irregular Imperatives
45. Tense and Aspect
46. Indefinite Pronoun
47. Noun Class VII: the Noun A wäl B walo
48. Infinitive
49. Anomalous Verbs
     49.1. Suppletive Verbs
     49.2. AB yām- 'make, do'
     49.3. AB i- 'go'
     49.4. A nas- B nes- 'be'
     49.5. The Copula
50. Uses of Basic Tenses and Moods
     50.1. Tenses
     50.2. Moods