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Tocharian Online

Tocharian B: Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Todd B. Krause

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Unicode 2 and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
aka:lk
noun; masculine nominative singular <aka:lk> wish -- 8.5
as'ra:mne
noun; masculine locative singular <as'ra:m> ashram, the abode of an ascetic -- 10.35
a:ktike
adjective; indeclinable <a:ketke, a:ktike> wonderful; (subst.) wonder, wonderful thing -- 7.25
a:jivike
noun; masculine nominative singular <a:jivi:ke> a Jainist religious mendicant -- 9.6
a:jivike
noun; masculine nominative singular <a:jivike> a Jainist religious mendicant -- 7.6
a:rttaln'e
abstract; masculine oblique singular <a:rttaln'e> pleasure, love -- 8.60
a:s'irva:t
noun; singular oblique <a:s'irva:t> benediction -- 8.25
ite
adjective; indeclinable <i:te> full -- 8.50
Indre
noun; masculine nominative singular <Indre> Indra (proper name of a god) -- 10.5
ipprer-ne
noun; masculine locative singular <iprer> sky, air -- 6.46
istak
adverb; <istak> suddenly -- 7.43
Upage
noun; masculine nominative singular <Upage> Upaga (proper name) -- 9.5
upage
noun; masculine nominative singular <upage> Upaga, a proper name -- 7.7
Upagentse
noun; masculine genitive singular <Upage> Upaga (proper name) -- 9.60
en`kuwa
preterite participle; feminine nominative plural <en`k-> take, grip, seize; conclude -- 10.100
enen`ka
adverb; <enen`ka> within, herein, among -- 6.36
epin`kte
noun; oblique singular <epin`kte> (adv.-postposition) within; between, among; (with nouns denoting periods of time) for; (noun) interval -- 10.30
epin`ktene
noun; neuter locative singular <epin`kte> (adv.-postposition) within; between, among; (with nouns denoting periods of time) for; meanwhile, in the meantime; (noun) interval -- 8.28
epe
conjunction; <epe> or; otherwise -- 10.49
erene
noun; masculine locative singular <ere> appearance, color (of complexion) -- 8.63
es.ern'a:na
adjective; feminine oblique plural <es.ern'e> related as sisters -- 9.7
etsuwai
adverb; <etsuwai> towards, near to -- 9.8
ais'amn'e
noun; neuter oblique singular <ais'amn'e> wisdom -- 7.58
ais'cer
verb present IX; 2 plural active <ai-> give -- 10.46, 10.55
aise
noun; masculine oblique singular <aise> power?; surplus, excess?; pot, bowl -- 8.43
aisemem.
noun; masculine ablative singular <aise> power?; surplus, excess?; pot, bowl -- 8.41
aiskem
verb present IX; 1 plural active <ai-> give -- 9.52, 10.71
on`karn'ai
noun; feminine oblique singular of <on`karn'o, on`korn'o> porridge, rice gruel -- 10.16, 10.98
on`ko
noun; feminine nominative singular <on`karn'o, on`korn'o> porridge, rice gruel -- 8.30
on`korn'(ai)
noun; feminine oblique singular of <on`karn'o, on`korn'o> porridge, rice gruel -- 6.6
on`korn'ai
noun; feminine oblique singular <on`karn'o, on`korn'o> porridge, rice gruel -- 7.22, 7.55, 8.11, 9.22, 9.50, 9.75
on`korn'o
noun; feminine nominative singular <on`karn'o, on`korn'o> porridge, rice gruel -- 9.35
olyapo
adverb; <olyapo> (adv.) more; (conj.) rather (than) -- 7.57
ostamem.
noun I 2; alternating ablative singular of <ost> house -- 9.13
ka
particle; <ka> (emphasizing particle) just; scarcely; already; only; (with adverbs of motion) very -- 9.19
kakka:ccuwa
preterite participle; feminine nominative plural <ka:tk-> rejoice, be glad -- 10.94
kartstsa
adjective I; feminine nominative singular <kartse, krent> (adj.) good, beautiful; (noun) good, welfare -- 8.64, 8.66, 8.68
kalas
verb imperative I; 2 plural active <käl-> lead, bring -- 10.85
kalla:lle
verb gerundive II; masculine nominative singular <kälp-> find, get, obtain, achieve -- 8.14
ka:rpa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <ka:rp-> descend, come down, step down -- 10.6, 10.32
kärsta:tene
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <kärst-> cut off, cut down, terminate; tear; destroy utterly + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 9.62
kekenusa
preterite participle; feminine nominative singular <kän-> come to pass (of a wish); be realized; (caus.) fulfill (a wish) -- 8.71
kentsa
noun; feminine perlative singular <kem.> earth, ground -- 6.45
kaus'
adverb; <kauc> high, up, above -- 6.16
kca
pronoun adjective; oblique <ksa> some, any -- 8.9
krenta
adjective I; feminine oblique plural <kartse, krent> (adj.) good, beautiful; (noun) good, welfare -- 8.69
ca:kkär
noun; nominative singular <ca:kkär> wheel; cakra, wheel as mystical symbol -- 6.32
ca:la
verb causal preterite II; 3 singular active <täl-> uphold, keep raised; (caus.) raise, lift; acquire -- 9.74
cisa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular <tuwe, yes> thou; you -- 10.67
ce
demonstrative pronoun; masculine oblique singular <se, sa:, te> this -- 10.47
celen'iyentär
verb imperfect; 3 plural mediopassive of <celen'n'-> appear -- 6.37
cau
demonstrative pronoun; masculine oblique singular of <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it -- 10.12
cau-k
demonstrative adjective; masculine oblique singular <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it + particle; <k(ä)> (emphasizing particle) -- 7.12
cwi
demonstrative pronoun; masculine genitive singular <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it -- 9.47, 10.54, 10.70
cwim
demonstrative pronoun; masculine genitive singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 10.83
n'i
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular of <n'as', wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.45
n'i
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular of <n'äs' (n'is')> I -- 9.18
n'is'
pronoun; masculine/feminine nominative singular of <n'äs' (n'is')> I -- 9.12
n'is'
pronoun; masculine/feminine singular nominative of <n'äs' (n'is')> I -- 8.12
n'issa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular of <n'as', wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.80
n'or
adverb; <n'or> below, beneath, under; down -- 10.11
n'n'issa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular of <n'as', wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.51
tan'
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular <tuwe, yes> thou; you -- 9.36
tane
adverb; <tane, tne> here, there -- 7.8
tappre
adverb; <tapre> high; fat -- 6.15
tam-mem.
demonstrative pronoun; neuter ablative singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 7.9
taläs.s.en'ca
verb present participle causal; feminine nominative singular <täl-> uphold, keep raised; (caus.) raise, lift; acquire -- 8.61
ta:
demonstrative pronoun; feminine oblique singular <se, sa:, te> this -- 7.53, 8.10, 9.49
ta:(u)
demonstrative pronoun; feminine oblique singular of <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it -- 6.5
ta:ka
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 7.24, 8.62
ta:kam.
verb subjunctive V; 3 plural active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 10.53, 10.69
ta:kam.
verb subjunctive V; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.44
ta:y
demonstrative pronoun; feminine genitive singular <se, sa:, te> this -- 9.77
ta:m.
demonstrative adjective; feminine oblique singular <sem., sa:m., tem.> this (one) -- 9.21
tem.
demonstrative adjective; neuter oblique singular <sem., sa:m., tem.> this (one) -- 8.27
totka
adjective; indeclinable <totka> few, little, short, small -- 6.21
totka
adverb; indeclinable <totka> few, little, short, small -- 10.33
toy
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative plural <se, sa:, te> this -- 9.32, 10.93
toyna
demonstrative adjective; feminine oblique plural <sem., sa:m., tem.> this (one) -- 7.38
daks.in.a:ke
adjective I 1; masculine nominative singular <daks.in.a:ke> worthy of sacrifice -- 9.17
daks.in.a:kem.
adjective I 1; masculine oblique singular <daks.in.a:ke> worthy of sacrifice -- 9.84
Nanda:bala
noun; feminine nominative singular <Nanda:bala> Nandabala (proper name) -- 9.76, 10.64
nandika:wart
noun; nominative singular <nandika:wart> nandikavarta (designation of a mystic diagram) -- 6.34
Na:nda
noun; feminine nominative singular <Na:nda> Nanda (proper name) -- 9.73, 10.63
nesau
verb present I; 1 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.15
nai
particle; <nai> (intensifying particle) indeed, then, surely -- 10.84
no
enclitic conjunction; <no> (adversative) however, but; (al)though; (connective, in if-clauses) then -- 6.19
naumyes.s.e
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <naumiyes.s.e> pertaining to jewels, bejeweled -- 8.48
nta
particle; <nta> (intensifying particle, usu. in negative clauses) -- 6.20
parna
adverb; <parna> (adv., postposition) outside; (w. abl.) beyond, out from; (w. perl.) aside from; (prepos., postpos.) except, absent -- 6.23
palska
preterite I; 3 singular active <pälsk-> think about, consider -- 7.37
päksemane
present participle mediopassive; masculine nominative singular <päk-> (medp.) become ready for eating, cook, boil, ripen (intrans.); (act.) make ready for eating, cook, boil, ripen (trans.) -- 7.21
päs
particle; <päst> away, back; (also used with verbs with a perfectivizing force) -- 8.31
pi
particle; <pi> really, indeed (used to emphasize questions and commands) -- 8.8
pintwa:t
noun; masculine oblique singular <pintwa:t> alms -- 9.23, 9.51, 10.48
pinwa:t
noun; masculine oblique singular <pintwa:t> alms -- 10.20
pilycaln'ene
abstract; masculine locative singular <pilycaln'e> burning, inflammation; pain, torture, mortification; penance -- 9.40
purwar
verb imperative; 2 singular mediopassive <wärp-> partake; undergo, suffer, enjoy -- 10.18
pen'iyacce
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <pen'iyatstse> splendid -- 10.36
petes
verb imperative VI; 2 plural active <ai-> give -- 9.24
po
adverb; masculine singular nominative of <po> (indeclinable/declinable adj.) all, every, each, complete; (noun) everything, all -- 8.45
postäm.
adverb; <postäm.> (adv.) finally, afterwards; (indecl. adj.) latter -- 9.79
pyautka
verb preterite II; 3 singular active <pyutk-> establish, bring into being, create; (intrans.) become ready -- 8.32
präntsitär
verb imperfect; 3 singular mediopassive of <pränts-> spatter -- 6.24
bramn'ikte
noun; masculine nominative singular <Bra(h)m-näkte> (the god) Brahma -- 10.31
bramn'iktes'
noun; masculine allative singular <Bra(h)m-näkte> (the god) Brahma -- 10.73, 10.95
bha:jam.ne
noun; alternating locative singular <bha:jam.> vessel, pot -- 8.49
man`ka:läs.s.ana
adjective 1; feminine nominative plural <man`ka:läs.s.e> pertaining to good luck, bliss, health -- 6.47
man'u
noun; nominative singular <man'u> desire -- 9.61
mant
conjunction; <mant> so; thus -- 10.74
masa
preterite I /III; 3 sg act <i-> go, travel -- 7.29, 9.9, 9.65
mam.tstsas'
adverb; <mam.tstsas'> (with loc.) under(neath) -- 10.34
ma:
particle; <ma:> (simple negation and prohibition) not, no; (quasi-prefix) un- -- 6.18, 7.27, 8.46, 9.38
mäkte
conjunction; <mäkte> (comparative) as; (final) so, in order that; (causal) because; (temporal) as, while; (manner) how; (interrogative) how? -- 8.7
mutka:ntses'
noun; allative <mutka:ntse> (unit of liquid measure) -- 8.44
mutka:rene
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mutk-> strengthen?; pour, spill + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 8.42
memisku
preterite participle; masculine nominative singular <mäsk-> exchange -- 10.42
maitar
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mit-> go; set out (as 'go' it provides preterite plural to i-) -- 9.81
maitare
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mit-> go; set out (as 'go' it provides preterite plural to i-) -- 10.96
mya:skate
verb preterite II; 3 singular mediopassive <mäsk-> exchange -- 10.9
msa:ne
preterite I /III; 3 sg act <i-> go, travel + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 9.80
yaknesa
noun; masculine perlative singular <yakne> way, manner, custom, habit; (as second member of a compound with a number) -fold -- 10.37
yinma:s.s.äm.
verb present X; 3 singular active <yäm-> achieve, obtain; reach -- 7.60
yey
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <i-> go, travel -- 8.24
yey
verb imperfect; 3 singular active of <i-> go, travel -- 6.17
yopar
verb preterite III; 3 plural active <yäp-> enter; set (of the sun); (caus.) cause to enter -- 9.82
yke-ne
noun; alternating locative singular <i:ke> place, location; position -- 7.13
yta:ri
noun; feminine oblique singular <yta:rye> road; way -- 9.64
ynemane
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine nominative singular <i-> go, travel -- 7.10
ylain'ikte
noun; masculine nominative singular <Ylain'äkte> Indra -- 10.39, 10.72
ysaparsa
adverb; <ysapar(sa)> near by -- 8.23
rano
conjunction; <rano> (joins clauses and independent sentences, usu. in second position) also, in addition; even though; (neither...) nor; however -- 6.22
ra:mate
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <ra:m-> compare -- 7.42
ritasi
verb; infinitive <rit-> direct (someone, with obl.); demand (something of someone, with obl. of thing and abl.); (medp.) seek, long for something/someone (with obl.); seek/long (to do something, with infin.) -- 9.85
rs.a:ka
noun; masculine vocative singular <rs.a:ke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 10.21
rs.a:kän'n'e
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <rs.a:kän'n'e> pertaining to a rshi -- 10.7, 10.40
rs.a:ke
noun; masculine nominative singular <rs.a:ke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.43, 10.79
rs.a:kem.
noun; masculine oblique singular <rs.a:ke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.87
rs.a:kem.ne
noun; masculine locative plural <rs.a:ke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.45
lala:lu
verb preterite participle; masculine nominative singular <la:l-> exert oneself, strive for; (caus.) tire (trans.), subjugate -- 9.41
lau
adverb; <lau> (with verbs of rest) afar; (with verbs of motion) far; very -- 7.26
laukito
noun; masculine nominative singular <laukito> stranger -- 9.42
lka:ln'esa
abstract; masculine perlative singular <lka:llän'n'e> sight, insight -- 8.59
lkoyentär
verb optative; 3 plural mediopassive <läk-> see; look at; catch sight of; visit -- 6.49
ltu
verb preterite participle; masculine nominative singular of <lä-n-t-> go out -- 9.14
lmos.
preterite participle; masculine nominative plural <s.äm-, läm-> sit; remain, be present; subside -- 10.13
lyaka:re
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <läk-> see; look at; catch sight of; visit -- 10.14
lyama
preterite I; 3 singular active <s.äm-, läm-> sit; remain, be present; subside -- 10.38
lya:ka
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <läk-> see, look at, catch sight of; visit -- 7.23
warttone
noun; masculine locative singular <wartto> forest -- 9.83
wärpauca
agent noun II 3; masculine nominative singular <wärpauca> partaker, one who partakes -- 9.16
wina:s.s.ar-ne
verb preterite IV; 3 plural active <wina:-sk-> honor, worship + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.97
wen'a:-me-s'
verb preterite V; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-me> (enclitic pronoun referring to first, second, or thir persons plural) + particle; <-s'(c)> (allative case ending) -- 10.43, 10.76
wen'a:mes'
verb preterite V; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-me> (enclitic pronoun referring to first, second, or thir persons plural) + particle; <-s'(c)> (allative case ending) -- 9.10
wen'a:re
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called -- 10.65
wen'a:renes'
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) + particle; <-s'(c)> (allative case ending) -- 9.33
werene
noun; masculine locative singular <were> smell -- 8.65
wes.
noun; masculine oblique singular <wes.> guise, appearance -- 10.8, 10.41
wes.s.i
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called -- 8.26
wes
pronoun; masculine/feminine nominative plural of <n'as', wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 9.48
wesanmem.
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive plural <n'as', wes> I, me; (plural) we + enclitic; <-mem.> (ending of the ablative) -- 10.19
weskem.-ne-s'
verb present IX; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) + particle; <-s'(c)> (allative case ending) -- 10.101
wn'a:r-ne
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.17
wrocce
adjective; masculine oblique singular <orotstse, wrotstse> great, big, large -- 9.86
s'ama
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <käly-, stäm-> (intr.) stand, stay, stand still; last; (caus.) establish, fix (in place) -- 8.51
s'arsa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <kärs-> know, understand, recognize -- 7.44
s'a:stär-mpa
noun; neuter commitative singular <s'a:stär> (sacred) book, shastra -- 7.40
s'ila:re-ne
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <käl-> lead, bring + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.15
s'ukene
noun; alternating locative singular <s'u:ke> taste; sap; liquid, juice -- 8.67
s'uwam.
verb present V; 3 singular active <s'u-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 7.54
s'em
verb preterite VI; 3 singular active <käm-> come -- 7.11
s'pa:lmem.
adjective; indeclinable <s'pa:lmem.> superior, excellent -- 9.46, 10.52, 10.68, 10.81
s'wa:lya
verb gerundive I; feminine nominative singular <s'u-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 9.37
s'wa:tsi
verb; infinitive <s'u-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 8.13
s.
enclitic conjunction; <s.pä> and (conjoins both clauses and words) -- 7.28, 9.20
s.an'
adjective; indeclinable <s.an'> own (reflexive on the topic of the phrase or sentence); (n.) nature, characteristic -- 9.63
s.ad.ap-s.alywe-malkwerne
noun; locative singular <s.ad.ap-s.alywe-malkwer> (name of a meter of 4 by 18 syllables) -- 7.5
s.arnene
noun; masculine locative dual <s.ar> hand -- 10.99
s.e
adverb; <s.e, sana> (numeral adj.) one; same; some; (preposition/adverb) together -- 7.41
s.eym
verb imperfect; 1 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 8.15
s.erpsa-me
verb preterite III; 3 singular active <s.ärp-> explain to, inform; teach; indicate, guide -- 10.75
s.ers'ka
noun; feminine nominative singular <s.ers'ka> (little) sister -- 9.78
s.ers'kana
noun; feminine vocative plural <s.ers'ka> (little) sister -- 9.11, 10.44, 10.77
s.otr-una
noun; neuter nominative plural of <s.otri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 6.35, 6.48
s.otruna
noun; neuter oblique plural of <s.otri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 7.39
s.otrunasa
noun; neuter perlative plural of <s.otri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 8.70
sam
demonstrative adjective; masculine nominative singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 10.78
sa:
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative singular <se, sa:, te> this -- 9.34
sa:(u)
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative singular <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it -- 8.29
su
demonstrative pronoun; masculine nominative singular <su, sa:(u), tu> the; he, she, it -- 7.59
se
demonstrative pronoun; masculine nominative singular <se, sa:, te> this -- 7.52, 10.50, 10.66
sta:m
noun; alternating oblique singular <sta:m> tree -- 10.10
ste
verb copula present; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.39, 10.82
snai
preposition; <snai> without -- 7.56, 10.29
sphari:räs.s.e
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <spharir> crystal -- 8.40
sran'ciyem.
verb imperfect; 3 plural active of <sränk-> boil -- 6.7
svastik
noun; nominative singular <svastik> swastika (a symbol denoting good luck) -- 6.33
tsän`ka:-ne
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <tsän`k-> rise, raise oneself up; stand up, arise + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 8.6
tsuwa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <tsu-> (act.) cohere, adhere; (medp.) adhere, stick, cling, attach oneself; (caus.) make cohere, add to -- 8.47