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Tocharian Online

Tocharian B: Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Todd B. Krause

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the left margin.
akālk
noun; masculine nominative singular <akālk> wish -- 8.5
aśrāmne
noun; masculine locative singular <aśrām> ashram, the abode of an ascetic -- 10.35
āktike
adjective; indeclinable <āketke, āktike> wonderful; (subst.) wonder, wonderful thing -- 7.25
ājivike
noun; masculine nominative singular <ājivike> a Jainist religious mendicant -- 7.6
ājivike
noun; masculine nominative singular <ājivīke> a Jainist religious mendicant -- 9.6
ārttalñe
abstract; masculine oblique singular <ārttalñe> pleasure, love -- 8.60
āśirvāt
noun; singular oblique <āśirvāt> benediction -- 8.25
ite
adjective; indeclinable <īte> full -- 8.50
Indre
noun; masculine nominative singular <Indre> Indra (proper name of a god) -- 10.5
ipprer-ne
noun; masculine locative singular <iprer> sky, air -- 6.46
istak
adverb; <istak> suddenly -- 7.43
Upage
noun; masculine nominative singular <Upage> Upaga (proper name) -- 9.5
upage
noun; masculine nominative singular <upage> Upaga, a proper name -- 7.7
Upagentse
noun; masculine genitive singular <Upage> Upaga (proper name) -- 9.60
eṅkuwa
preterite participle; feminine nominative plural <eṅk-> take, grip, seize; conclude -- 10.100
eneṅka
adverb; <eneṅka> within, herein, among -- 6.36
epiṅkte
noun; oblique singular <epiṅkte> (adv.-postposition) within; between, among; (with nouns denoting periods of time) for; (noun) interval -- 10.30
epiṅktene
noun; neuter locative singular <epiṅkte> (adv.-postposition) within; between, among; (with nouns denoting periods of time) for; meanwhile, in the meantime; (noun) interval -- 8.28
epe
conjunction; <epe> or; otherwise -- 10.49
erene
noun; masculine locative singular <ere> appearance, color (of complexion) -- 8.63
eṣerñāna
adjective; feminine oblique plural <eṣerñe> related as sisters -- 9.7
etsuwai
adverb; <etsuwai> towards, near to -- 9.8
aiśamñe
noun; neuter oblique singular <aiśamñe> wisdom -- 7.58
aiścer
verb present IX; 2 plural active <ai-> give -- 10.46, 10.55
aise
noun; masculine oblique singular <aise> power?; surplus, excess?; pot, bowl -- 8.43
aisemeṃ
noun; masculine ablative singular <aise> power?; surplus, excess?; pot, bowl -- 8.41
aiskem
verb present IX; 1 plural active <ai-> give -- 9.52, 10.71
oṅkarñai
noun; feminine oblique singular of <oṅkarño, oṅkorño> porridge, rice gruel -- 10.16, 10.98
oṅko
noun; feminine nominative singular <oṅkarño, oṅkorño> porridge, rice gruel -- 8.30
oṅkorñ(ai)
noun; feminine oblique singular of <oṅkarño, oṅkorño> porridge, rice gruel -- 6.6
oṅkorñai
noun; feminine oblique singular <oṅkarño, oṅkorño> porridge, rice gruel -- 7.22, 7.55, 8.11, 9.22, 9.50, 9.75
oṅkorño
noun; feminine nominative singular <oṅkarño, oṅkorño> porridge, rice gruel -- 9.35
olyapo
adverb; <olyapo> (adv.) more; (conj.) rather (than) -- 7.57
ostameṃ
noun I 2; alternating ablative singular of <ost> house -- 9.13
ka
particle; <ka> (emphasizing particle) just; scarcely; already; only; (with adverbs of motion) very -- 9.19
kakkāccuwa
preterite participle; feminine nominative plural <kātk-> rejoice, be glad -- 10.94
kartstsa
adjective I; feminine nominative singular <kartse, krent> (adj.) good, beautiful; (noun) good, welfare -- 8.64, 8.66, 8.68
kalas
verb imperative I; 2 plural active <käl-> lead, bring -- 10.85
kallālle
verb gerundive II; masculine nominative singular <kälp-> find, get, obtain, achieve -- 8.14
kārpa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <kārp-> descend, come down, step down -- 10.6, 10.32
kärstātene
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <kärst-> cut off, cut down, terminate; tear; destroy utterly + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 9.62
kekenusa
preterite participle; feminine nominative singular <kän-> come to pass (of a wish); be realized; (caus.) fulfill (a wish) -- 8.71
kentsa
noun; feminine perlative singular <keṃ> earth, ground -- 6.45
kauś
adverb; <kauc> high, up, above -- 6.16
kca
pronoun adjective; oblique <ksa> some, any -- 8.9
krenta
adjective I; feminine oblique plural <kartse, krent> (adj.) good, beautiful; (noun) good, welfare -- 8.69
cākkär
noun; nominative singular <cākkär> wheel; cakra, wheel as mystical symbol -- 6.32
cāla
verb causal preterite II; 3 singular active <täl-> uphold, keep raised; (caus.) raise, lift; acquire -- 9.74
cisa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular <tuwe, yes> thou; you -- 10.67
ce
demonstrative pronoun; masculine oblique singular <se, sā, te> this -- 10.47
celeñiyentär
verb imperfect; 3 plural mediopassive of <celeññ-> appear -- 6.37
cau
demonstrative pronoun; masculine oblique singular of <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it -- 10.12
cau-k
demonstrative adjective; masculine oblique singular <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it + particle; <k(ä)> (emphasizing particle) -- 7.12
cwi
demonstrative pronoun; masculine genitive singular <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it -- 9.47, 10.54, 10.70
cwim
demonstrative pronoun; masculine genitive singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 10.83
ñi
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular of <ñaś, wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.45
ñi
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular of <ñäś (ñiś)> I -- 9.18
ñiś
pronoun; masculine/feminine nominative singular of <ñäś (ñiś)> I -- 9.12
ñiś
pronoun; masculine/feminine singular nominative of <ñäś (ñiś)> I -- 8.12
ñissa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular of <ñaś, wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.80
ñor
adverb; <ñor> below, beneath, under; down -- 10.11
ññissa
pronoun; masculine/feminine perlative singular of <ñaś, wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 10.51
tañ
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive singular <tuwe, yes> thou; you -- 9.36
tane
adverb; <tane, tne> here, there -- 7.8
tappre
adverb; <tapre> high; fat -- 6.15
tam-meṃ
demonstrative pronoun; neuter ablative singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 7.9
taläṣṣeñca
verb present participle causal; feminine nominative singular <täl-> uphold, keep raised; (caus.) raise, lift; acquire -- 8.61
demonstrative pronoun; feminine oblique singular <se, sā, te> this -- 7.53, 8.10, 9.49
u
demonstrative pronoun; feminine oblique singular of <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it -- 6.5
tāka
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 7.24, 8.62
tākaṃ
verb subjunctive V; 3 plural active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 10.53, 10.69
tākaṃ
verb subjunctive V; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.44
tāy
demonstrative pronoun; feminine genitive singular <se, sā, te> this -- 9.77
tāṃ
demonstrative adjective; feminine oblique singular <seṃ, sāṃ, teṃ> this (one) -- 9.21
teṃ
demonstrative adjective; neuter oblique singular <seṃ, sāṃ, teṃ> this (one) -- 8.27
totka
adjective; indeclinable <totka> few, little, short, small -- 6.21
totka
adverb; indeclinable <totka> few, little, short, small -- 10.33
toy
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative plural <se, sā, te> this -- 9.32, 10.93
toyna
demonstrative adjective; feminine oblique plural <seṃ, sāṃ, teṃ> this (one) -- 7.38
dakṣiṇāke
adjective I 1; masculine nominative singular <dakṣiṇāke> worthy of sacrifice -- 9.17
dakṣiṇākeṃ
adjective I 1; masculine oblique singular <dakṣiṇāke> worthy of sacrifice -- 9.84
Nandābala
noun; feminine nominative singular <Nandābala> Nandabala (proper name) -- 9.76, 10.64
nandikāwart
noun; nominative singular <nandikāwart> nandikavarta (designation of a mystic diagram) -- 6.34
Nānda
noun; feminine nominative singular <Nānda> Nanda (proper name) -- 9.73, 10.63
nesau
verb present I; 1 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.15
nai
particle; <nai> (intensifying particle) indeed, then, surely -- 10.84
no
enclitic conjunction; <no> (adversative) however, but; (al)though; (connective, in if-clauses) then -- 6.19
naumyeṣṣe
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <naumiyeṣṣe> pertaining to jewels, bejeweled -- 8.48
nta
particle; <nta> (intensifying particle, usu. in negative clauses) -- 6.20
parna
adverb; <parna> (adv., postposition) outside; (w. abl.) beyond, out from; (w. perl.) aside from; (prepos., postpos.) except, absent -- 6.23
palska
preterite I; 3 singular active <pälsk-> think about, consider -- 7.37
päksemane
present participle mediopassive; masculine nominative singular <päk-> (medp.) become ready for eating, cook, boil, ripen (intrans.); (act.) make ready for eating, cook, boil, ripen (trans.) -- 7.21
päs
particle; <päst> away, back; (also used with verbs with a perfectivizing force) -- 8.31
pi
particle; <pi> really, indeed (used to emphasize questions and commands) -- 8.8
pintwāt
noun; masculine oblique singular <pintwāt> alms -- 9.23, 9.51, 10.48
pinwāt
noun; masculine oblique singular <pintwāt> alms -- 10.20
pilycalñene
abstract; masculine locative singular <pilycalñe> burning, inflammation; pain, torture, mortification; penance -- 9.40
purwar
verb imperative; 2 singular mediopassive <wärp-> partake; undergo, suffer, enjoy -- 10.18
peñiyacce
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <peñiyatstse> splendid -- 10.36
petes
verb imperative VI; 2 plural active <ai-> give -- 9.24
po
adverb; masculine singular nominative of <po> (indeclinable/declinable adj.) all, every, each, complete; (noun) everything, all -- 8.45
postäṃ
adverb; <postäṃ> (adv.) finally, afterwards; (indecl. adj.) latter -- 9.79
pyautka
verb preterite II; 3 singular active <pyutk-> establish, bring into being, create; (intrans.) become ready -- 8.32
präntsitär
verb imperfect; 3 singular mediopassive of <pränts-> spatter -- 6.24
bramñikte
noun; masculine nominative singular <Bra(h)m-näkte> (the god) Brahma -- 10.31
bramñikteś
noun; masculine allative singular <Bra(h)m-näkte> (the god) Brahma -- 10.73, 10.95
bʰājaṃne
noun; alternating locative singular <bʰājaṃ> vessel, pot -- 8.49
maṅkāläṣṣana
adjective 1; feminine nominative plural <maṅkāläṣṣe> pertaining to good luck, bliss, health -- 6.47
mañu
noun; nominative singular <mañu> desire -- 9.61
mant
conjunction; <mant> so; thus -- 10.74
masa
preterite I /III; 3 sg act <i-> go, travel -- 7.29, 9.9, 9.65
maṃtstsaś
adverb; <maṃtstsaś> (with loc.) under(neath) -- 10.34
particle; <> (simple negation and prohibition) not, no; (quasi-prefix) un- -- 6.18, 7.27, 8.46, 9.38
mäkte
conjunction; <mäkte> (comparative) as; (final) so, in order that; (causal) because; (temporal) as, while; (manner) how; (interrogative) how? -- 8.7
mutkāntseś
noun; allative <mutkāntse> (unit of liquid measure) -- 8.44
mutkārene
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mutk-> strengthen?; pour, spill + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 8.42
memisku
preterite participle; masculine nominative singular <mäsk-> exchange -- 10.42
maitar
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mit-> go; set out (as 'go' it provides preterite plural to i-) -- 9.81
maitare
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <mit-> go; set out (as 'go' it provides preterite plural to i-) -- 10.96
myāskate
verb preterite II; 3 singular mediopassive <mäsk-> exchange -- 10.9
msāne
preterite I /III; 3 sg act <i-> go, travel + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 9.80
yaknesa
noun; masculine perlative singular <yakne> way, manner, custom, habit; (as second member of a compound with a number) -fold -- 10.37
yinmāṣṣäṃ
verb present X; 3 singular active <yäm-> achieve, obtain; reach -- 7.60
yey
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <i-> go, travel -- 8.24
yey
verb imperfect; 3 singular active of <i-> go, travel -- 6.17
yopar
verb preterite III; 3 plural active <yäp-> enter; set (of the sun); (caus.) cause to enter -- 9.82
yke-ne
noun; alternating locative singular <īke> place, location; position -- 7.13
ytāri
noun; feminine oblique singular <ytārye> road; way -- 9.64
ynemane
verb present participle mediopassive; masculine nominative singular <i-> go, travel -- 7.10
ylaiñikte
noun; masculine nominative singular <Ylaiñäkte> Indra -- 10.39, 10.72
ysaparsa
adverb; <ysapar(sa)> near by -- 8.23
rano
conjunction; <rano> (joins clauses and independent sentences, usu. in second position) also, in addition; even though; (neither...) nor; however -- 6.22
rāmate
verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <rām-> compare -- 7.42
ritasi
verb; infinitive <rit-> direct (someone, with obl.); demand (something of someone, with obl. of thing and abl.); (medp.) seek, long for something/someone (with obl.); seek/long (to do something, with infin.) -- 9.85
rṣāka
noun; masculine vocative singular <rṣāke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 10.21
rṣākäññe
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <rṣākäññe> pertaining to a rshi -- 10.7, 10.40
rṣāke
noun; masculine nominative singular <rṣāke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.43, 10.79
rṣākeṃ
noun; masculine oblique singular <rṣāke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.87
rṣākeṃne
noun; masculine locative plural <rṣāke> sage, (inspired) seer -- 9.45
lalālu
verb preterite participle; masculine nominative singular <lāl-> exert oneself, strive for; (caus.) tire (trans.), subjugate -- 9.41
lau
adverb; <lau> (with verbs of rest) afar; (with verbs of motion) far; very -- 7.26
laukito
noun; masculine nominative singular <laukito> stranger -- 9.42
lkālñesa
abstract; masculine perlative singular <lkālläññe> sight, insight -- 8.59
lkoyentär
verb optative; 3 plural mediopassive <läk-> see; look at; catch sight of; visit -- 6.49
ltu
verb preterite participle; masculine nominative singular of <lä-n-t-> go out -- 9.14
lmoṣ
preterite participle; masculine nominative plural <ṣäm-, läm-> sit; remain, be present; subside -- 10.13
lyakāre
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <läk-> see; look at; catch sight of; visit -- 10.14
lyama
preterite I; 3 singular active <ṣäm-, läm-> sit; remain, be present; subside -- 10.38
lyāka
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <läk-> see, look at, catch sight of; visit -- 7.23
warttone
noun; masculine locative singular <wartto> forest -- 9.83
wärpauca
agent noun II 3; masculine nominative singular <wärpauca> partaker, one who partakes -- 9.16
wināṣṣar-ne
verb preterite IV; 3 plural active <winā-sk-> honor, worship + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.97
weñā-me-ś
verb preterite V; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-me> (enclitic pronoun referring to first, second, or thir persons plural) + particle; <-ś(c)> (allative case ending) -- 10.43, 10.76
weñāmeś
verb preterite V; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-me> (enclitic pronoun referring to first, second, or thir persons plural) + particle; <-ś(c)> (allative case ending) -- 9.10
weñāre
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called -- 10.65
weñāreneś
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) + particle; <-ś(c)> (allative case ending) -- 9.33
werene
noun; masculine locative singular <were> smell -- 8.65
weṣ
noun; masculine oblique singular <weṣ> guise, appearance -- 10.8, 10.41
weṣṣi
verb imperfect; 3 singular active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called -- 8.26
wes
pronoun; masculine/feminine nominative plural of <ñaś, wes> I, me; (plural) we -- 9.48
wesanmeṃ
pronoun; masculine/feminine genitive plural <ñaś, wes> I, me; (plural) we + enclitic; <-meṃ> (ending of the ablative) -- 10.19
weskeṃ-ne-ś
verb present IX; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) + particle; <-ś(c)> (allative case ending) -- 10.101
wñār-ne
verb preterite V; 3 plural active <we-> speak, say, tell; (medp.) be called + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.17
wrocce
adjective; masculine oblique singular <orotstse, wrotstse> great, big, large -- 9.86
śama
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <käly-, stäm-> (intr.) stand, stay, stand still; last; (caus.) establish, fix (in place) -- 8.51
śarsa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <kärs-> know, understand, recognize -- 7.44
śāstär-mpa
noun; neuter commitative singular <śāstär> (sacred) book, shastra -- 7.40
śilāre-ne
verb preterite I; 3 plural active <käl-> lead, bring + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 10.15
śukene
noun; alternating locative singular <śūke> taste; sap; liquid, juice -- 8.67
śuwaṃ
verb present V; 3 singular active <śu-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 7.54
śem
verb preterite VI; 3 singular active <käm-> come -- 7.11
śpālmeṃ
adjective; indeclinable <śpālmeṃ> superior, excellent -- 9.46, 10.52, 10.68, 10.81
śwālya
verb gerundive I; feminine nominative singular <śu-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 9.37
śwātsi
verb; infinitive <śu-> eat (at); consume, devour -- 8.13
enclitic conjunction; <ṣpä> and (conjoins both clauses and words) -- 7.28, 9.20
ṣañ
adjective; indeclinable <ṣañ> own (reflexive on the topic of the phrase or sentence); (n.) nature, characteristic -- 9.63
ṣaḍap-ṣalywe-malkwerne
noun; locative singular <ṣaḍap-ṣalywe-malkwer> (name of a meter of 4 by 18 syllables) -- 7.5
ṣarnene
noun; masculine locative dual <ṣar> hand -- 10.99
ṣe
adverb; <ṣe, sana> (numeral adj.) one; same; some; (preposition/adverb) together -- 7.41
ṣeym
verb imperfect; 1 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 8.15
ṣerpsa-me
verb preterite III; 3 singular active <ṣärp-> explain to, inform; teach; indicate, guide -- 10.75
ṣerśka
noun; feminine nominative singular <ṣerśka> (little) sister -- 9.78
ṣerśkana
noun; feminine vocative plural <ṣerśka> (little) sister -- 9.11, 10.44, 10.77
ṣotr-una
noun; neuter nominative plural of <ṣotri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 6.35, 6.48
ṣotruna
noun; neuter oblique plural of <ṣotri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 7.39
ṣotrunasa
noun; neuter perlative plural of <ṣotri> sign, mark, (manifestation of) action -- 8.70
sam
demonstrative adjective; masculine nominative singular <sam(p), som(p), tam(p)> that (one) -- 10.78
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative singular <se, sā, te> this -- 9.34
u
demonstrative pronoun; feminine nominative singular <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it -- 8.29
su
demonstrative pronoun; masculine nominative singular <su, sāu, tu> the; he, she, it -- 7.59
se
demonstrative pronoun; masculine nominative singular <se, sā, te> this -- 7.52, 10.50, 10.66
stām
noun; alternating oblique singular <stām> tree -- 10.10
ste
verb copula present; 3 singular active <nes-> be, exist; (as auxiliary with past ptcple) have -- 9.39, 10.82
snai
preposition; <snai> without -- 7.56, 10.29
spʰarīräṣṣe
adjective I; masculine oblique singular <spʰarir> crystal -- 8.40
srañciyeṃ
verb imperfect; 3 plural active of <sränk-> boil -- 6.7
svastik
noun; nominative singular <svastik> swastika (a symbol denoting good luck) -- 6.33
tsäṅkā-ne
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <tsäṅk-> rise, raise oneself up; stand up, arise + enclitic pronoun; indeclinable <-ne> (enclitic oblique third person singular pronoun) -- 8.6
tsuwa
verb preterite I; 3 singular active <tsu-> (act.) cohere, adhere; (medp.) adhere, stick, cling, attach oneself; (caus.) make cohere, add to -- 8.47