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Ancient Sanskrit Online

Master Glossary

Jonathan Slocum and Karen Thomson

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to Ancient Sanskrit and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.

Two points should be noted: (1) the usual practice of Sanskrit dictionaries is to arrange and according to the original sounds that they replace. In this glossary they consistently occupy their alphabetical position immediately preceding the consonants; (2) translations that are debated are in italics.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to (Romanized) Sanskrit. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 2) in the left margin.
áṃhasas
noun; ablative singular neuter of <áṃhas> trouble -- 2.143, 5.48, 5.128
aṃhós
noun; ablative singular of <aṃhú> narrowness, anxiety -- 5.28
ákr̥ṇot
verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 8.19
aktúbhis
noun; instrumental plural masculine of <aktú> twilight ray -- 2.23, 2.69, 7.112
agníbhis
noun; instrumental plural masculine of <agní> fire, Agni -- 5.100
agnís
noun; nominative singular masculine of <agní> fire, Agni -- 1.30, 1.37, 5.99
agháśaṃsas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise -- 9.68
ácha
preverb; <ácha> towards -- 3.37, 8.55
ájījanat
verb; 3rd person singular active reduplicating aorist of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear -- 2.43
ájmasya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <ájma> course, path -- 2.91
ájre
noun; locative singular masculine of <ájra> plain, flatland -- 10.177
áti riricé
verb; 3rd person singular middle perfect of <√ric, riṇákti> leave + preverb <áti> beyond -- 6.19
adarśi
see práti adarśi
ádābhyas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ádābhya> not to be deceived -- 2.78
áditis
noun; nominative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi -- 1.65, 5.39, 5.43, 5.46, 5.62
adite
noun; vocative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi -- 5.7
ádites
noun; genitive singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi -- 5.24
adyá
adverb; <adyá> on this day, today -- 7.15, 10.95, 10.203
adruhas
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <adrúh> not betraying -- 10.112
ádvayās
adjective; nominative singular feminine of <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy -- 5.45
ádhvan
noun; locative singular masculine of <ádhvan> way -- 7.137
ádhvanas
noun; accusative plural masculine of <ádhvan> way -- 10.162
anamīvā́s
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anamīvá> without sickness -- 7.63
anayat
verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√nī, náyati> lead, conduct -- 3.60
ánāgasas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ánāgas> without guilt -- 7.64
anāgāstvéna
adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <anāgastvá> guiltlessness, innocence -- 7.113
anibādhé
noun; locative singular masculine of <anibādhá> liberty -- 8.102
ánu cárantīs
participle; nominative plural feminine present active participle of <√car, cárati> move + preverb <ánu> after -- 3.11
ánu maṃsīrata
verb; 3rd person plural middle aorist optative of <√man, mányate> think + preverb <ánu> after -- 7.22
ánu yemur
verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb <ánu> after -- 6.115
ánu
preposition; <ánu> after -- 7.13, 9.43
anehásas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anehás> incomparable, peerless -- 5.31
antárikṣam
noun; accusative singular neuter of <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere -- 2.101, 8.78
ányām
adjective; accusative singular feminine of <ánya> inexhaustible -- 10.38
ápa ahan
verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb <ápa> away -- 3.55
ápa uchat
verb; 3rd person singular active injunctive of <√vas, ucháti> shine + preverb <ápa> away -- 4.127
ápa vyayati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√vyā, vyáyati> cover + preverb <ápa> away -- 4.12
ápa sedhata
verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√sidh, sédhati> drive away + preverb <ápa> away -- 5.123
ápa
preverb; <ápa> away -- 5.69, 5.89, 5.110, 5.119, 5.121
aparám
adverb; <aparám> in the future -- 10.97
apás
noun; accusative plural feminine of <áp> water -- 9.158
ápi mr̥ṣṭhās
verb; 2nd person singular middle simple aorist injunctive of <√mr̥ṣ, mŕ̥ṣyate> ignore, forget + preverb <ápi> on -- 3.102
aprās
see ā́ aprās
abdimā́n
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <abdimánt> consisting of storm-clouds -- 8.38
abhí rakṣati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb <abhí> towards -- 2.117
abhí rakṣate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb <abhí> towards -- 2.84
abhipitvé
noun; locative singular neuter of <abhipitvá> homecoming -- 10.226
abhibhā́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <abhibhā́> lit. shining-against -- 9.20
abhiśrī́s
noun; nominative singular masculine of <abhiśrī́> sustainer -- 1.12
abhíṣṭaye
noun; dative singular feminine of <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help -- 10.71
abhutsmahi
see práti abhutsmahi
ámatim
noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámati> lack of thought -- 5.142
ámīvām
noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámīvā> affliction -- 5.120
amŕ̥tam
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying -- 4.118
amŕ̥tasya
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying -- 6.39
amr̥tā
adjective; vocative dual masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying -- 8.123
áyanam
noun; accusative singular neuter of <áyana> going, course -- 3.89
ayān
see út ayān
ayā́sas
adjective; accusative plural masculine of <ayā́s> nimble -- 8.67
aradat
verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√rad, rádati> dig -- 3.53
arapā́s
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <arapás> without sickness, wholesome -- 5.109
aritā́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <aritŕ̥> oarsman -- 9.10
áriṣṭabharman
adjective; vocative singular feminine of <áriṣṭabharman> (lit.) of unbroken-support -- 5.8
áriṣṭas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <áriṣṭa> unharmed -- 10.146
arkás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <arká> song of praise, eulogy -- 6.71
árcāmasi
verb; 1st person plural active present of <√arc, árcati> praise -- 6.116
arcivát
adjective; nominative singular neuter of <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming -- 4.31
arṇavám
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <arṇavá> billowing, foaming -- 9.137
arthínas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <arthín> purposeful -- 10.57
aryamā́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <aryamán> Aryaman -- 10.163
áva kranda
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√krand, krándati> cry out + preverb <áva> down -- 9.57
avamásya
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <avamá> lowest, most recent -- 6.97
avayunám
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty -- 6.31
ávarāsas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ávara> lower, more recent -- 6.109
ávasā
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <ávas> help -- 8.112
ávase
noun; dative singular neuter of <ávas> help -- 10.69
avasyús
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <avasyú> desiring help -- 3.40
ávidhat
verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√vidh> pay homage to, honour -- 10.124
áviśran
see ní áviśran
aśánis
noun; nominative singular feminine of <aśáni> thunderbolt -- 10.189
aśīmahi
verb; 1st person plural middle optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach -- 7.50
aśyās
see prá aśyās, út aśyās
aśvínā
noun; nominative dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin -- 5.85
aśvínos
noun; genitive dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin -- 8.111
ásat
verb; 3rd person singular active subjunctive of <√as, ásti> be -- 7.138
ásurasya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord -- 2.11
asurās
noun; vocative plural masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord -- 10.227
ásr̥kṣi
see úpa ā́ ásr̥kṣi
ástā
noun; nominative singular masculine of <ástr̥> shooter, hunter -- 9.41
ásti
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√as, ásti> be -- 10.5, 10.11
astu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√as, ásti> be -- 1.55
ásthāt
see út ásthāt
asmát
personal pronoun; ablative of <vayám> we -- 5.138
asmábhyam
personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we -- 4.121
asmāt
demonstrative pronoun; ablative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this -- 10.188
asmā́n
personal pronoun; accusative of <vayám> we -- 1.56, 3.52
asmé
personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we -- 2.140
asmai
demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this -- 10.179
asrāk
see prá asrāk
ásredhantī
participle; nominative singular feminine active participle of <√sridh, srédhati> slip, fail + privative prefix <a-> (reverses meaning) -- 10.193
ahan
see ápa ahan
áhim
noun; accusative singular masculine of <áhi> snake, dragon -- 3.82
áheḷayan
participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√hīḍ> be hostile + privative prefix <a-> (reverses meaning) -- 7.10
áhnā
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <áhan> day, daylight -- 7.132
áhnāhnā
iterative compound; <áhnā-ahnā> with repeated daylight -- 7.116
ahve
verb; 1st person singular middle simple aorist of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- 3.41
ā́ aprās
verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√prā> fill + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 2.54
ā́
see úpa ā́ ásr̥kṣi
ā́ gamat
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 5.64
ā́ gahi
verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√gam, gáchati> go +preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 5.9
ā́ ghóṣān
verb; 3rd person plural active subjunctive of <√ghuṣ, ghóṣate> sound + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 3.105
ā́ carati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 6.61
ā́ bhara
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 4.97
ā́ vartayāmasi
verb; 1st person plural active causative of <√vr̥t, vártate> turn + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 9.89
ā́ vahatam
verb; 2nd person dual active imperative of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 8.119
ā́ viveśa
verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 1.34
ā́
preposition; <ā́> from, in -- 5.139, 10.184, 10.240
ā́dityās
noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi -- 5.159
ā́dityāsas
noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi -- 5.125, 5.140
ā́pas
noun; nominative plural feminine of <áp> water -- 3.88, 7.36
āpr̥ṇán
participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <pr̥̄, pr̥ṇā́ti> fill + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 2.41
ā́pyam
noun; nominative singular neuter of <ā́pya> alliance -- 10.12
āyatī́
participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 4.7
ā́yan
verb; 3rd person plural active imperfect of <√i, éti> go -- 3.87
āróhantam
participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ruh, róhati> rise up + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 7.88
āsúr
verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√as, ásti> be -- 6.89
āhanā́s
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <āhanás> abundantly productive -- 8.14
ichámānās
participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√iṣ, icháti> long for, desire -- 3.90
iḷás
noun; genitive singular feminine of <íḍ> refreshment -- 8.32
ít
emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just -- 4.33, 6.29
itás
adverb; <itás> from here -- 1.13, 5.87
idám
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <ayám, iyám, idám> this -- 1.16, 8.20, 9.194
idā́
adverb; <idā́> at this moment -- 6.83, 10.27, 10.31
indra
noun; vocative singular masculine of <índra> Indra -- 6.72, 6.113
índram
noun; accusative singular masculine of <índra> Indra -- 6.8
índras
noun; nominative singular masculine of <índra> Indra -- 3.51, 6.58, 7.37
índrasya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <índra> Indra -- 3.79
invati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√inv, ínvati> set in motion -- 2.113
íyakṣantas
participle; nominative plural masculine desiderative present active participle of <√yaj, yájati> worship -- 6.41
íyarti
verb; 3rd person singular active of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send -- 8.40
íyarti
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send -- 9.8
iva
particle; <iva> like -- 9.11, 10.39
íṣas
noun; accusative plural feminine of <íṣ> refreshment -- 10.137
íṣumān
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <íṣumant> bearing arrows -- 9.39
ihá
adverb; <ihá> here, here on earth -- 9.49, 9.90
ihi
see út ihi
īmahe
verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit -- 4.81
ī́rate
see prá ī́rate
īśata
verb; 3rd person singular middle aorist injunctive of <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over -- 9.66
u
particle; <u> and, now -- 4.5, 6.6, 10.47
ukthéṣu
noun; locative plural neuter of <ukthá> holy song -- 3.108
ukthyàm
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ukthyà> worthy of holy song -- 2.46
ukṣámāṇas
see prá ukṣámāṇas
uccárasi
verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + preverb <út> up -- 7.11
uchat
see ápa uchat
uchántī
participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√vas, ucháti> shine -- 4.8, 4.69
út ayān
verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb <út> up -- 2.21
út aśyās
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb <út> up -- 8.59
út ásthāt
verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb <út> up -- 10.52
út ihi
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√i, éti> go + preverb <út> up -- 7.119
út vadhīt
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vadh> slay + preverb <út> up -- 9.33
út sr̥jate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb <út> up -- 4.26
utá
conjunction; <utá> and -- 1.68, 5.57, 5.78, 5.141, 6.94, 6.96, 8.120
úttarā
adjective; nominative plural neuter of <úttara> higher, future -- 3.106
udanimā́n
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <udanimánt> rich in water -- 8.39
udyát
participle; nominative singular neuter present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb <út> up -- 4.29
udyatí
participle; locative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb <út> up -- 10.205
udyántam
participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb <út> up -- 7.65
úpa ā́ ásr̥kṣi
verb; 1st person singular middle sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb <úpa> up to + preverb <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- 10.37
úpa stuhi
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√stu, stuṣé> praise + preverb <úpa> up to -- 8.65
úpa stheyāma
verb; 1st person plural active simple aorist optative of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb <úpa> up to -- 10.238
úpa
preposition; <úpa> up to -- 3.32
upabrávāmahai
verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb <úpa> up to -- 7.18
úpastutim
noun; accusative singular feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise -- 10.30
úpastutīnām
noun; genitive plural feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise -- 10.114
ubháyasya
adjective; genitive singular neuter of <ubháya> both -- 2.131
urú
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <urú> broad, spacious -- 2.42
urucákrayas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <urucákri> (lit.) space-making -- 5.30
uraú
adjective; locative singular masculine of <urú> broad, spacious -- 8.100
urvī́s
adjective; nominative plural feminine of <urú> broad, spacious -- 3.67
uṣas
noun; vocative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn -- 4.34, 4.50, 4.98
uṣásam
noun; accusative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn -- 9.172
uṣā́s
noun; nominative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn -- 4.126
usríyās
noun; accusative plural feminine of <usríyā> beam -- 4.25
ūtyā́
noun; instrumental singular feminine of <ūtí> help -- 5.63
ūrdhvás
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ūrdhvá> upright, straight -- 10.53
r̥tám
noun; accusative singular neuter of <r̥tá> Truth -- 10.207, 10.228
ŕ̥tāvarīs
adjective; vocative plural feminine of <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy -- 3.31
r̥té
preposition; <r̥té> without -- 10.156
ŕ̥dhak
adverb; <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side -- 5.143
etát
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this -- 3.98
edhate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√edh, édhate> thrive -- 10.148
énasas
noun; ablative singular neuter of <énas> sin -- 5.164
énasvantam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <énasvant> possessing sin -- 5.162
enā́
adverb; <enā́> in this way -- 3.5
evá
adverb; <evá> so, just -- 6.120
évais
noun; instrumental plural masculine of <éva> going, course -- 3.34
eṣás
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this -- 8.51, 8.75
eṣā́
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this -- 10.186
óṣadhīs
noun; accusative plural feminine of <óṣadhi> plant -- 1.33, 8.80, 9.160
katamás
interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) -- 6.73
kadā́
interrogative adverb; <kadā́> when? -- 6.36
kánikradat
participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√krand, krándati> cry out -- 9.5, 9.45
kám
interrogative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- 6.59
kam
particle; <kam> indeed -- 1.10
kar
see ní kar
karat
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 5.68, 5.101
karatas
verb; 3rd person dual active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 5.84
kárma
noun; accusative singular neuter of <kárman> act, deed -- 3.80
kavís
noun; nominative singular masculine of <kaví> sage -- 2.38
kás
interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- 6.64, 6.70
́ cit
interrogative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? + particle <cit> even, all -- 9.19
́mas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <́ma> longing -- 8.60
kāro
noun; vocative singular masculine of <kārú> bard -- 3.109
́su
interrogative pronoun; locative plural feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- 6.62
kiṃyús
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <kiṃyú> what-desiring? -- 3.16
kuśikásya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <kuśiká> Kushika -- 3.42
kúha
interrogative adverb; <kúha> where? -- 6.56
kr̥ṇuta
verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 5.145
kr̥ṇute
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 2.60
kr̥ṇutha
verb; 2nd person plural active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 10.180
kr̥ṇoti
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 4.16
kr̥ṇóṣi
verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 4.71
ketúnā
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray -- 7.107
krátum
noun; accusative singular masculine of <krátu> power, intellectual ability -- 7.23
kranda
see áva kranda
kṣáyam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home -- 10.133
kṣáyāya
noun; dative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home -- 2.141, 9.91
gamat
see ā́ gamat
gamema
see sám gamema
gamemahi
see sám gamemahi
gahi
see ā́ gahi
gíram
noun; accusative singular feminine of <gír> song -- 8.9
gírvāhasam
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <gírvāhas> brought by song -- 6.11
gīrbhís
noun; instrumental plural feminine of <gír> song -- 6.12
gr̥ṇántas
participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√gr̥, gr̥ṇā́ti> sing -- 10.75
gr̥hā́ṇām
noun; genitive plural masculine of <gr̥há> house -- 9.59
gómatas
adjective; accusative plural masculine of <gómant> consisting of cattle -- 4.122
ghr̥ṇéna
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ghr̥ṇá> warmth -- 7.135
ghóṣān
see ā́ ghóṣān
ca
conjunction; <ca> and -- 4.37, 7.108, 7.110, 9.14, 9.217, 9.219
cakāra
verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- 6.35, 6.54
cákṣasā
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight -- 7.130
cákṣase
noun; dative singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight -- 4.13
cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe
iterative compound; <cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe> to every eye -- 7.86
cátasras
numeral; accusative plural feminine of <catúr> four -- 9.125
cáturbhr̥ṣṭim
adjective; accusative singular feminine of <cáturbhr̥ṣṭi> four-cornered -- 9.115
cátuṣpādas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <cátuṣpad> four-footed -- 10.56
carati
see ā́ carati
cárantīs
see ánu cárantīs
caṣṭe
see ví caṣṭe
cit
see ́ cit
cit
particle; <cit> even, all -- 5.29, 5.163, 10.178, 10.183, 10.187
citrám
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <citrá> bright, radiant -- 4.95, 7.144
codayitrī́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <codayitrī́> rouser -- 4.123
chardís
noun; accusative singular neuter of <chardís> protection, shield -- 2.13, 10.230
jágat
noun; accusative singular neuter of <jágat> moving world -- 2.70, 9.195
jágatas
noun; genitive singular neuter of <jágat> moving world -- 2.129
jagā́ma
verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√gam, gáchati> go -- 9.85
jaghāna
see ví jaghāna
jánam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <jána> person, people -- 6.60
janúṣam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <janús> descent, kind -- 9.6
jaraṇā́m
noun; accusative singular feminine of <jaraṇā́> old age -- 7.49
jaritar
noun; vocative singular masculine of <jaritŕ̥> singer -- 3.100, 8.34
jātás
verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear -- 1.14
jāyate
see prá jāyate
́yamānām
adjective; accusative singular feminine of present middle participle of <√jā, jā́yate> be born -- 8.12
jīrā́s
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīrá> eager -- 4.51
́vantas
participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive -- 7.48
jīváse
infinitive; dative infinitive from <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive -- 9.92
jīvā́s
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīvá> alive, living -- 7.70, 7.93
juṣasva
see práti juṣasva
johavīti
verb; 3rd person singular active present intensive of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- 3.19
jyók
adverb; <jyók> for a long time -- 7.69
jyótis
noun; accusative singular neuter of <jyótis> light -- 4.15, 7.81
tát
adverb; <tát> then -- 9.87, 10.234
tát
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 1.60, 2.5, 2.18, 3.78, 4.94, 4.106, 5.154, 7.34, 7.140
tát
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 1.53
tatanvát
participle; accusative singular neuter perfect active participle of <√tan, tanute> stretch, stretch out -- 6.32
tapatu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√tap, tápati> heat, warm -- 5.104
tám
demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 6.5, 6.107, 7.19, 7.31, 10.116
támas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <támas> darkness -- 4.14, 6.30
táva
personal pronoun; genitive singular of <tvám> you -- 1.52, 4.32
tásya
demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 3.63
tásyās
demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 4.78
́
demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 6.53
́t
adverb; <́t> so -- 6.122
tirate
see prá tirate
tisrás
numeral; accusative plural feminine of <tisŕ̥> three -- 2.109, 2.112
particle; <> then, but -- 10.99
tucé
noun; dative singular feminine of <túc> offspring -- 10.98
demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 5.21, 10.93, 10.96
te
personal pronoun; dative/genitive singular enclitic form of <tvám> you -- 3.104, 3.117, 4.79, 4.102, 6.37, 6.65, 6.85, 6.112, 7.104, 9.81, 9.88, 9.101, 9.113, 9.124, 9.135, 9.146, 9.157, 9.169, 9.181, 9.192, 9.204, 9.215
tmánā
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <tmán> nature, self -- 2.17, 2.118
tyā́
demonstrative pronoun; nominative dual masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that -- 5.79
trā́yante
verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√trā> rescue, protect -- 10.168
tribhís
numeral; instrumental plural neuter of <trí> three -- 2.114
trivárūtham
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <trivárūtha> with threefold protection -- 2.142
trís
adverb; <trís> thrice -- 2.100
trī́
numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three -- 2.104
trī́ṇi
numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three -- 2.107
tvā
personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <tvám> you -- 4.47, 6.123, 7.16, 7.59, 7.66, 7.83, 9.18, 9.31, 9.37
dakṣiṇatás
adverb; <dakṣiṇatás> from the right side -- 9.58
dadhá
verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant -- 10.208
́śati
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√dāś, dā́śati> worship -- 10.141
dāśúṣe
noun; dative singular masculine of <dāśvā́ṃs> the one worshipping -- 2.15, 4.60, 10.232
dívam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- 6.15, 9.102
dívas
noun; accusative plural feminine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- 2.110
divás
noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- 2.31, 4.10, 4.49, 4.103, 10.216
dívā
adverb; <dívā> by day -- 1.40, 5.41, 5.60
diví
noun; locative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- 1.29
divé-dive
iterative compound; <divé-dive> day after day -- 7.68
divyā́ni
adjective; accusative plural neuter of <divyá> heavenly -- 2.56
dīrghaśrúttamam
adjective; nominative singular neuter of <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed -- 4.100
duroṇé
noun; locative singular neuter of <duroṇá> home -- 7.139
durgé
noun; locative singular neuter of <durgá> hard way -- 10.182
durmatím
noun; accusative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy -- 5.124
durmataú
noun; locative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy -- 8.91
duhitar
noun; vocative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter -- 4.48, 4.104
duhitā́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter -- 4.9
duhitúr
noun; genitive singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter -- 8.15
dūrakám
adverb; <dūrakám> far away -- 9.86
dr̥śé
infinitive; dative infinitive of <√dr̥ś> see, appear -- 4.77
deváṃ-devam
iterative compound; <deváṃ-devam> god after god -- 10.67, 10.70, 10.72
devákr̥tam
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <devákr̥ta> god-made -- 3.10
devás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 2.22, 2.59, 2.82, 2.136, 3.59
devásya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 2.6
devā́s
noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 7.21
devās
noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 8.101
devā́sas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 10.85
dévāsas
noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 10.10
devi
noun; vocative singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess -- 4.75, 5.6
devébhis
noun; instrumental plural masculine of <devá> divine, god -- 5.5
devó-devas
iterative compound; <devó-devas> god after god -- 8.83
devyā́
adjective; instrumental singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess -- 10.76
daívyā
adjective; nominative dual masculine of <daívya> divine -- 5.80
dyā́vāpr̥thivī́
noun; nominative dual feminine of <dyā́vāpr̥thivī́> Heaven and Earth -- 7.33
dyaús
noun; nominative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- 1.69
dráviṇam
noun; accusative singular neuter of <dráviṇa> provision -- 7.142
drāpím
noun; accusative singular masculine of <drāpí> mantle -- 2.36
dvipā́das
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <dvipád> two-footed -- 10.55
dvéṣas
noun; accusative neuter singular of <dvéṣas> hatred -- 5.144
dvéṣāṃsi
noun; accusative plural neuter of <dvéṣas> hatred -- 5.26
dhartā́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <dhartŕ̥> supporter, upholder -- 2.32
dhármaṇas
noun; ablative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order -- 10.144
dhármaṇe
noun; dative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order -- 2.62
dhāt
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant -- 8.92
dhā́ma
noun; accusative singular neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- 6.40
dhā́mabhyas
noun; dative plural neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- 10.123
dhiyā́
noun; instrumental singular feminine of <dhī́> thought -- 10.77
dhūrtís
noun; nominative singular feminine of <dhūrtí> injury -- 10.117
dhr̥távratas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm -- 2.89
dhehi
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant -- 7.143
particle; <> like -- 4.59, 4.85
particle; <> not -- 3.12, 6.42, 10.115
náktam
adverb; <náktam> by night -- 1.43, 5.44
nákṣatram
noun; nominative singular neuter of <nákṣatra> star -- 4.30
nadī́nām
noun; genitive plural feminine of <nadī́> stream -- 3.58
nadyàs
noun; accusative plural feminine of <nadī́> stream -- 3.18
námas
noun; nominative singular neuter of <námas> honour -- 3.116
namasyús
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <namasyú> honouring -- 10.36
návyasīm
adjective; accusative singular feminine of <návyāṃs> newer -- 8.11
návyase
comparative adjective; dative singular neuter of <návyāṃs> newer -- 10.19
naśyatu
see ví naśyatu
nas
personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we -- 1.39, 1.61, 2.19, 2.116, 2.135, 3.110, 3.113, 5.40, 5.59, 5.83, 5.103, 5.127, 5.156, 7.20, 7.32, 7.35, 7.117, 7.128, 7.131, 8.21, 8.88, 8.117, 9.64, 10.13, 10.94, 10.100
́vam
noun; accusative singular feminine of <naú> boat -- 9.12
ní áviśran
verb; 3rd person plural middle simple aorist of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb <> down -- 10.58
ní kar
verb; 2nd person singular active simple aorist injunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make + preverb <> down -- 3.114
ní viśánte
verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb <> down -- 7.111
nimrúci
noun; locative singular feminine of <nimrúc> setting, sunset -- 10.210
nivéśanas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <nivéśana> the source of rest -- 2.128
niveśáyan
participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb <> down -- 2.67
adverb; <> now -- 10.191
́tanāsas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <́tana> now existing -- 6.95
́tanena
adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <́tana> now existing -- 8.113
nūnám
adverb; <nūnám> now -- 8.35
nyáñcanam
noun; accusative singular of <nyáñcana> downward slope -- 10.181
patayiṣṇávas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <patayiṣṇú> flying -- 10.59
pátim
noun; accusative singular masculine of <páti> lord -- 8.33
páyasā
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <páyas> fruitfulness, plenty -- 3.7
parás
adverb; <parás> in the distance -- 10.190
párāṇi
adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pára> former, farther -- 6.110
parāvátas
noun; accusative plural feminine of <parāvát> distance -- 9.206
párās
adjective; accusative plural feminine of <pára> former, farther -- 9.205
pári
preposition; <pári> around, out of -- 7.91, 10.145
paridhím
noun; accusative singular masculine of <paridhí> surrounder, imprisoner -- 3.57
paribhū́s
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <paribhū́> encompassing -- 2.106
pariṣádas
noun; accusative plural masculine of <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil -- 3.85
párvatān
noun; accusative plural masculine of <párvata> mountain -- 9.182
paśúm
noun; accusative singular masculine of <paśú> cattle -- 5.42
paśyema
see práti paśyema
́jasas
noun; ablative singular neuter of <́jas> radiance, lustre -- 7.90
pātu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√pā, pā́ti> protect -- 1.42, 5.47
́rthivā
adjective; accusative plural neuter of <́rthiva> earthly -- 2.57
pítryām
adjective; accusative singular feminine of <pítrya> of the fathers -- 9.42
pínvamānās
participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly -- 3.8
piśáṅgam
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <piśáṅga> variegated -- 2.35
putrā́sas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <putrá> son -- 5.23
purājā́s
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <purājā́> born aforetime -- 6.87
purú
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <purú> much, many -- 4.55
purukr̥t
adjective; vocative singular masculine of <purukŕ̥t> doing much -- 6.90
purupriye
adjective; vocative singular feminine of <purupriyá> much loved -- 5.12
purumāyásya
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <purumāyá> wonderful -- 6.18
puruṣatrā́
adverb; <puruṣatrā́> as a man -- 3.115
puruhūta
adjective; vocative singular nominative of <puruhūtá> much invoked -- 6.98
́rvasmai
adjective; dative singular neuter of <́rva> former, previous -- 10.14
pr̥chántas
participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for -- 6.108
pr̥thivī́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth -- 1.67, 8.90
pr̥thivī́m
noun; accusative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth -- 8.77, 9.104
pr̥thivī́s
noun; accusative plural feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth -- 2.111
pr̥thivyā́m
noun; locative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth -- 1.31
pr̥thivyā́s
noun; ablative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth -- 6.17
pŕ̥ṣadaśvān
adjective; accusative plural masculine of <pŕ̥ṣadaśva> with white-flecked horses -- 8.66
pr̥ṣṭás
verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for -- 1.28
prá aśyās
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb <prá> forth -- 8.36, 8.82
prá asrāk
verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb <prá> forth -- 2.64, 2.85
prá ī́rate
verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send + preverb <prá> forth -- 7.109
prá ukṣámāṇas
participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√ukṣ, ukṣáte> sprinkle + preverb <prá> forth -- 8.43
prá jāyate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√jā, jā́yate> be born + preverb <prá> forth -- 10.143
prá tirate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√tr̥̄, tiráti> cross + preverb <prá> forth -- 10.134
prá bhare
verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb <prá> forth -- 8.10
prá vocata
verb; 2nd person plural active simple aorist imperative of <√vac> speak + preverb <prá> forth -- 10.16
prá śaṃsāmi
verb; 1st person singular present active of <√śaṃs, śáṃsati> praise + preverb <prá> forth -- 10.111
prá
preverb; <prá> forth -- 3.35
prakhyaí
infinitive; dative infinitive of <√khyā> look upon + preverb <prá> forth -- 4.74
pracā́kaśat
participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to + preverb <prá> forth -- 2.80
prácetasas
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <prácetas> mindful -- 2.12
prajā́patis
noun; nominative singular masculine of <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures -- 2.34
prajā́bhis
noun; instrumental plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny -- 10.142
prajā́bhyas
noun; dative plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny -- 2.88
prajā́vantas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <prajā́vant> having progeny -- 7.62
práti adarśi
verb; 3rd person singular passive aorist of <√dr̥ś> see, appear + preverb <práti> against -- 4.6
práti abhutsmahi
verb; 1st person plural middle sigmatic aorist of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe + preverb <práti> against -- 4.52
práti juṣasva
verb; 2nd person singular middle imperative of <√juṣ, juṣáte> enjoy + preverb <práti> against -- 3.111
práti paśyema
verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√paś, páśyati> see + preverb <práti> against -- 7.71, 7.94
práti muñcate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√muc, muñcáte> make free + preverb <práti> against -- 2.37
pratnā́
adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pratná> ancient -- 6.111
pratnā́sas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <pratná> ancient -- 6.88
pratháyan
participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√prath, práthate> spread -- 2.40
pradíśam
noun; accusative singular feminine of <pradíś> direction, region -- 9.44
pradíśas
noun; accusative plural feminine of <pradíś> direction, region -- 9.126
prabúdhi
noun; locative singular feminine of <prabúdh> wakening -- 10.211
prabruvāṇás
participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb <prá> forth -- 9.7
pravátas
noun; genitive singular feminine of <pravát> mountain slope, height -- 9.148
pravā́cyam
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <pravā́cya> to be celebrated -- 3.75
prasavás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling -- 3.14
prasavītā́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavītŕ̥> enlivener -- 2.127
prasavé
noun; locative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling -- 3.65
prasuván
participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <sū, suváti> generate, impel + preverb <prá> forth -- 2.68
príyakṣatrās
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <priyákṣatra> ruling benevolently -- 10.206
préṣitas
participle; nominative singular masculine past participle of <√iṣ, íṣyati> send + preverb <prá> forth -- 7.7
bāhū́
noun; accusative dual masculine of <bāhú> arm -- 2.63, 2.86
bíbhratam
participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear -- 7.82
br̥hát
adverb; <br̥hát> on high -- 9.69
br̥hatás
adjective; ablative singular neuter of <br̥hánt> high, lofty -- 7.89
br̥hatás
adjective; accusative plural masculine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty -- 9.183
br̥hatī́
adjective; nominative singular feminine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty -- 3.38
br̥hátsumnas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <br̥hátsumna> lofty-favoured -- 2.126
bodhi
verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe -- 6.99
brahmavāhas
adjective; vocative singular masculine of <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer -- 6.118
bhaktáye
noun; dative singular feminine of <bhaktí> distribution -- 10.33
bhakténa
noun; instrumental singular of <bhaktá> what is apportioned -- 4.38
bhadrám
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <bhadrá> fortunate, happy -- 7.47
bhadravādī́
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <bhadravādín> of fortunate pronouncement -- 9.47, 9.61
bhara
see ā́ bhara
bhare
see prá bhare
bhava
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 7.129
bhávantu
verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 10.101
bhávāsi
verb; 2nd person singular active subjunctive of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 9.16
bhávyam
verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of future passive participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 9.218
bhānúnā
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <bhānú> brightness, shining -- 7.133
bhā́svantam
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness -- 7.85
bhiṣájā
noun; nominative dual masculine of <bhiṣáj> healer -- 5.81
bhunájāmahai
verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√bhuj, bhuñjáte> turn to account -- 4.108
bhúvanasya
noun; genitive singular neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence -- 2.33, 2.87
bhúvanānām
noun; genitive plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence -- 1.11
bhúvanāni
noun; accusative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence -- 2.79
bhúvanāni
noun; nominative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence -- 7.106
bhūtám
verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of past participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 9.216
bhūtu
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 8.85
bhūma
verb; 1st person plural active aorist injunctive of of <√bhū, bhávati> be -- 7.44
bhū́mim
noun; accusative singular feminine of <bhū́mi> earth, land -- 9.114
maṃsīrata
see ánu maṃsīrata
maṃhánā
adverb; <maṃhánā> assuredly -- 4.72
makṣū́
adverb; <makṣū́> swiftly, soon -- 10.17
maghávānas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <maghávan> gracious -- 1.58
maghónas
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <maghávan> gracious -- 4.124
matís
noun; nominative singular feminine of <matí> thought -- 5.61
madhyáṃdine
noun; locative singular masculine of <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time -- 10.215
madhyamā́sas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <madhyamá> middle, middle one -- 6.93
mádhye
noun; locative singular neuter of <mádhya> middle -- 10.239
mánave
noun; dative singular masculine of <mánu> man, mankind -- 10.88
mánas
noun; nominative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit -- 9.84
mánase
noun; dative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit -- 6.67
manīṣā́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <manīṣā́> thought, expression of thought -- 3.39
máyas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <máyas> happiness -- 4.61, 5.67, 7.87
mayobhúvā
adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <mayobhū́> bringing happiness -- 8.114
márīcīs
noun; accusative plural feminine of <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light -- 9.147
marútas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <marút> Marut, storm god -- 7.39
martabhójanam
noun; nominative singular neuter of <martabhójana> mortal sustenance -- 4.105
mártās
noun; nominative plural masculine of <márta> mortal -- 6.38
mártyam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <mártya> mortal man -- 10.120
mahát
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <mahánt> great, mighty -- 2.9
mahás
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <máh> great -- 2.90
mahā́n
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty -- 2.20
mahā́ntam
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty -- 6.124
máhi
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <máh> great -- 4.11, 7.80
mahi
adjective; vocative singular feminine of <máh> great -- 4.73
mahitvanā́
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahitvaná> majesty -- 2.103
mahitvám
noun; nominative singular neuter of <mahitvá> greatness, majesty -- 6.20
mahī́s
adjective; accusative plural feminine of <máh> great -- 10.136
mahé
adjective; dative singular masculine of <máh> great -- 8.6
mahnā́
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahán> greatness -- 6.16
máhyam
personal pronoun; dative singular of <ahám> I -- 8.86
́
particle; <́> not, that not -- 3.101, 3.112, 7.42, 8.87, 9.17, 9.30, 9.34, 9.36, 9.63, 9.67
personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <ahám> I -- 8.63
mātā́
noun; nominative singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother -- 8.89
mātúr
noun; genitive singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother -- 4.84
māmahantām
verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about -- 1.64
́rutam
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' -- 8.53
mitra
noun; vocative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra -- 10.119
mitramahas
adjective; vocative singular masculine of <mitrámahas> friend-great, many-friended -- 7.67
mitrás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra -- 1.62, 10.164
minanti
verb; 3rd person plural active present of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress -- 6.43
minānás
participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress -- 8.18
muñcate
see práti muñcate
múmocati
verb; 3rd person singular active perfect subjunctive of <√muc, muñcáte> make free -- 5.161
muhūrtám
noun; accusative singular masculine/neuter of <muhūrtá> moment -- 3.33
mr̥ṣṭhās
see ápi mr̥ṣṭhās
me
personal pronoun; dative/genitive enclitic form of <ahám> I -- 3.28
medhā́m
noun; accusative singular feminine of <medhā́> wise thought -- 8.8
yachata
verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out -- 5.158
yáchati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out -- 2.16
yachatu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out -- 2.139
yajñávr̥ddham
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship -- 6.13
yajñás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <yajñá> worship -- 6.66
yát
conjunction; <yát> that, when -- 3.81, 7.14, 9.80, 9.100, 9.103, 9.112, 9.123, 9.134, 9.145, 9.156, 9.159, 9.168, 9.171, 9.180, 9.191, 9.203, 9.214, 10.202, 10.209, 10.213, 10.224
yát
relative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 3.103
yát
relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 4.99, 4.101, 5.160
yatate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√yat, yátate> take one's place -- 1.19
yaté
participle; dative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go -- 10.229
yáthā
conjunction; <yáthā> as, so that -- 7.136
yám
relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 10.167
yamám
noun; accusative singular masculine of <yamá> twin, Yama -- 9.82
yás
relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 2.132, 6.9, 6.52, 8.13, 8.37, 10.121, 10.138
yásya
relative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 6.14, 7.103
́
relative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 4.53, 4.70
́t
adverb; <́t> so far as, in as much as -- 6.119
yāti
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel -- 10.161
yāmas
verb; 1st person plural active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel -- 3.66
yugā́ni
noun; nominative plural neuter of <yugá> generation -- 3.107
yudhás
noun; ablative singular feminine of <yúdh> fighting -- 10.159
yuyuyā́tām
verb; 3rd person dual active optative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- 5.86
yuyóta
verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- 5.136
yuyótana
verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- 5.126
yuvanyū́n
adjective; accusative plural masculine of <yuvanyú> ever young -- 8.58
relative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 6.92
yéna
relative pronoun; instrumental singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- 2.14
yemá
see ví yemá
yemur
see ánu yemur
yótave
infinitive; dative infinitive from <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- 5.27
yónim
noun; accusative singular masculine of <yóni> home -- 3.9
rakṣati
see abhí rakṣati
rakṣate
see abhí rakṣate
rákṣasi
verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect -- 7.8
rájāṃsi
noun; accusative plural neuter of <rájas> airy space, dark region -- 2.55, 2.105
ratnabhā́jas
adjective; genitive singular feminine of <ratnabhā́j> dispensing treasure -- 4.80
rátnam
noun; accusative singular neuter of <rátna> treasure -- 4.58
rápas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <rápas> sickness -- 5.88
rámadhvam
verb; 2nd person plural middle imperative of <√ram, rámate> rest, stay -- 3.27
rayím
noun; accusative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure -- 8.118
rājati
verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rāj, rā́jati> rule, shine -- 2.92
́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <́jan> king, ruler -- 1.8
́dhas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <́dhas> favour, gift -- 4.96
́yas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure -- 1.57
rāyé
noun; dative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure -- 8.61, 8.81
rāsva
verb; 2nd person singular middle aorist imperative of <√rā> grant -- 4.107
riricé
see áti riricé
riśādasas
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <riśā́das> benign -- 10.9
riṣás
noun; ablative singular feminine of <ríṣ> harm -- 1.41
rudrásya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <rudrá> Rudra -- 8.56
ruvántam
participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ru, ruváti> roar -- 8.31
rūpā́
noun; accusative plural neuter of <rūpá> form -- 8.17
rocanā́
noun; accusative plural neuter of <rocaná> sphere of light -- 2.108
ródasī
noun; accusative dual feminine of <ródas> world -- 8.42
vakṣáṇāsu
noun; locative plural feminine of <vakṣáṇā> fertile place -- 8.16
vácas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech -- 3.99, 7.41
vácase
noun; dative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech -- 3.29
vájrabāhus
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vájrabāhu> weapon-armed -- 3.54
vájreṇa
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <vájra> weapon -- 3.84
vada
verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√vad, vádati> speak -- 9.48
vadema
verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√vad, vádati> speak -- 9.70
vadhīt
see út vadhīt
vananvati
noun; vocative singular feminine of <vánanvant> lovely -- 4.57
vánaspátīn
noun; accusative plural masculine of <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree -- 8.79
vayám
personal pronoun; nominative of <vayám> we -- 3.6, 3.64, 4.82, 7.92, 10.233
vayúnavat
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty -- 6.34
várāya
noun; dative singular masculine of <vára> wish -- 6.69, 10.140
varivovídas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <varivovíd> providers of space -- 10.102
varuṇa
noun; vocative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna -- 10.118
váruṇas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna -- 1.63, 10.165
váreṇyas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <váreṇya> beloved -- 10.54
vartayāmasi
see ā́ vartayāmasi
vártave
infinitive; dative infinitive from <√vr̥, vr̥ṇóti> contain, hinder -- 3.13
vaśī́
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vaśín> having sway -- 2.133
vas
personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <yūyám> you (pl.) -- 10.7, 10.29, 10.34, 10.49, 10.68, 10.110, 10.122, 10.139, 10.235
vasavas
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <vásu> good, beneficent -- 10.236
vasutvanám
noun; accusative singular neuter of <vasutvaná> prosperity -- 4.119
vásyasā-vasyasā
iterative compound; <vásyasā-vasyasā> with better and better -- 7.118
vahatam
see ā́ vahatam
váhasi
verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring -- 4.54
conjunction; <> or -- 10.214, 10.225
́cam
noun; accusative singular feminine of <́c> voice, speech -- 9.9
́jasātaye
noun; dative singular feminine of <́jasāti> lit. strength-winning -- 10.74
́jān
noun; accusative plural masculine of <́ja> power, strength -- 4.120
́tas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <́ta> wind -- 5.107
vātu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√vā, vā́ti> blow -- 5.108
vāmásya
noun; genitive singular neuter of <vāmá> dear, beloved thing -- 10.32
́ryam
noun; accusative singular neuter of <́rya> choice (thing), precious gift -- 2.8
ví caṣṭe
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√cakṣ, cáṣṭe> see + preverb <> apart -- 1.17
ví jaghāna
verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb <> apart -- 3.86
ví naśyatu
verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√naś, náśyati> be lost + preverb <> apart -- 10.194
ví yemá
verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb <> apart -- 10.231
preverb; <> apart -- 10.135
vikṣú
noun; locative plural feminine of <víś> settlement, folk -- 6.63
vicakṣaṇa
adjective; vocative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning -- 7.84
vicakṣaṇás
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning -- 2.39
vidat
verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vid, vindáti> find -- 9.22, 9.38
vidáthe
noun; locative singular neuter of <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement -- 9.71
vídānas
participle; nominative singular masculine perfect middle participle of <√vid, véda> know -- 6.10
vidúr
verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know -- 5.25
vidmá
verb; 1st person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know -- 6.121
vidyútā
noun; instrumental singular feminine of <vidyút> lightning flash -- 8.41
vindate
verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√vid, vindáti> find -- 10.158
vípras
noun; nominative singular masculine of <vípra> poet -- 3.17
vivr̥ścát
verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√vraśc, vr̥ścáti> cut up + preverb <> apart -- 3.83
viveśa
see ā́ viveśa
viśánte
see ní viśánte
víśvam
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <víśva> all -- 1.15, 9.193
viśvavedasas
noun; vocative plural masculine of <viśvávedas> all-knowing one -- 5.146, 10.35, 10.212, 10.237
víśvasya
adjective; genitive singular masculine of <víśva> all -- 7.5
víśvā
adjective; nominative plural neuter of <víśva> all -- 7.105
víśvāni
adjective; accusative plural neuter of <víśva> all -- 8.122
víśvās
adjective; accusative plural feminine of <víśva> all -- 1.32
viśvā́
adverb; <viśvā́> always -- 7.58
víśve
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <víśva> all -- 10.90
víśvyā
indeclinable; <víśvyā> anywhere -- 9.21
vīra
noun; vocative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- 6.117
vīrás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- 9.40
vīrā́n
noun; accusative plural nominative of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- 8.121
vīryàm
noun; accusative singular neuter of <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength -- 3.77
vr̥ṇīmáhe
verb; 1st person plural middle present of <√vr̥, vr̥ṇīté> choose, accept -- 2.10
vr̥trám
noun; accusative singular masculine of <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra -- 3.56
véviṣatas
participle; genitive singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√viṣ, viveṣṭi> be active -- 6.86
vaivasvatám
adjective; accusative singular masculine of <vaivasvatá> son of Vivasvat -- 9.83
vaíśvānara
noun; vocative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- 1.51
vaiśvānarás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- 1.18, 1.35
vaiśvānarásya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- 1.5
vocata
see prá vocata
vyayati
see ápa vyayati
vyúṣi
noun; locative singular feminine of <vyúṣ> brightening -- 4.35
vratám
noun; accusative singular neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- 7.9
vratā́ni
noun; accusative plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- 2.81
vrataís
noun; instrumental plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- 2.115
śáṃtāti
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <śáṃtāti> blessed -- 5.66
śaṃsāmi
see prá śaṃsāmi
śakune
noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúni> (a kind of bird) -- 9.15
śakunte
noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúnti> (a kind of bird) -- 9.62
śám
indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed -- 5.82, 5.98, 5.102, 5.106, 6.68, 7.127
śárum
noun; accusative singular feminine of <śáru> arrow -- 5.137
śárdhas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárdhas> troop -- 8.54
śárma
noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárman> refuge, shelter -- 2.138, 5.157
śaśvadhā́
adverb; <śaśvadhā́> evermore -- 3.76
śū́ne
noun; locative singular neuter of <śū́na> lack, want -- 7.43
śr̥ṇvantu
verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√śru, śr̥ṇóti> hear -- 7.38
śyenás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <śyená> eagle -- 9.32
śrávas
noun; accusative singular neuter of <śrávas> fame -- 4.116
śrútyā
noun; accusative plural neuter of <śrútya> deed worthy of fame -- 6.114
ślókam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <ślóka> song of praise -- 2.58
saṃdŕ̥śi
noun; locative singular feminine of <saṃdŕ̥ś> sight -- 7.46
saṃsthé
preposition; <saṃsthé> in amongst -- 10.113
sákhāyas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <sákhi> friend -- 6.91
sacantām
verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√sac, sácate> accompany -- 1.59
sácā
adverb; <sácā> at the same time -- 4.28
sajātyàm
noun; nominative singular neuter of <sajātyà> kinship -- 10.8
sajóṣasas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sajóṣas> accordant -- 10.169
satyám
adjective; nominative singular neuter of <satyá> true -- 1.54
sadā́vr̥dhā
adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sadā́vr̥dha> ever-beneficent -- 5.49
sám gamema
noun; 1st person plural active aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb <sám> together -- 8.116
sám gamemahi
verb; 1st person plural middle aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb <sám> together -- 4.39
sámanyavas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sámanyu> of the same mind -- 10.89
samudrám
noun; accusative singular masculine of <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea -- 9.136
sárātayas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sárāti> giving together -- 10.92, 10.166
sárgataktas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárgatakta> (lit.) outpouring-rushed -- 3.15
sárvas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárva> whole, all -- 10.147
savitā́
noun; nominative singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar -- 2.44, 2.65, 2.83, 2.102, 2.137, 3.61, 10.50
savitúr
noun; genitive singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar -- 2.7
sávīmani
noun; locative singular neuter of <sávīman> bringing to life -- 2.66
sás
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 1.38, 2.134, 6.28, 6.55, 6.74, 10.132, 10.157
sáhasā
noun; instrumental singular neuter of <sáhas> might -- 1.36
́
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- 5.65, 10.192
sākám
preposition; <sākám> together -- 10.91
síndhum
noun; accusative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river -- 3.36
síndhus
noun; nominative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river -- 1.66
particle; <> well, surely -- 5.155, 8.5
sugébhis
adjective; instrumental plural neuter of <sugá> good passage -- 10.160
sucákṣasas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sucákṣas> well-sighted -- 7.61
sudānavas
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <sudā́nu> generous, liberal -- 5.165
suparṇás
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suparṇá> finely-plumed -- 9.35
supāṇís
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <supāṇí> lovely-handed -- 3.62
supraṇītayas
adjective; vocative plural masculine of <supráṇīti> guiding safely -- 10.51
supráṇītī
noun; instrumental singular feminine of <supráṇīti> safe guidance -- 8.115
sumaṅgálas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck -- 9.13, 9.46, 9.60
sumataú
noun; locative singular feminine of <sumatí> good thought, favour -- 1.6
sumánasas
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sumánas> good-minded, well-disposed -- 7.60
sumnám
noun; accusative singular neuter <sumná> favour, boon -- 2.45
sumnā́ya
noun; dative singular neuter of <sumná> favour, boon -- 10.18
suvitā́ya
noun; dative singular neuter of <suvitá> well-being -- 10.15
suvī́rās
adjective; nominative plural masculine of <suvī́ra> of good manhood -- 9.72
suśaraṇā́ya
noun; dative singular masculine of <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector -- 8.7
suśármabhis
adjective; instrumental plural masculine of <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary -- 5.13
suṣṭutís
noun; nominative singular feminine of <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise -- 8.29
susaraṇám
noun; accusative singular neuter of <susaraṇá> good passage -- 10.185
suhávas
adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suháva> easily invoked -- 8.84
sūnárī
noun; nominative singular feminine of <sūnárī> fair lady -- 4.17
sūnávas
noun; nominative plural masculine of <sūnú> son -- 4.86
sūnús
noun; nominative singular masculine of <sūnú> son -- 3.43
sūnū́n
noun; accusative plural masculine of <sūnú> son -- 8.57
sūnŕ̥tāvatī
adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous -- 4.125
sūríbhis
noun; instrumental plural masculine of <sūrí> prince -- 5.11
sūríbhyas
noun; dative plural masculine of <sūrí> prince -- 4.117
sūrya
noun; vocative singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 7.17, 7.72, 7.95, 7.115, 7.141
́ryam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 9.170
́ryas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 4.27, 5.105
́ryasya
noun; genitive singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 4.36, 7.45
́rye
noun; locative singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 10.204
́ryeṇa
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <́rya> sun -- 1.20, 6.33
sr̥jate
see út sr̥jate
sedhata
see ápa sedhata
somyā́ya
adjective; dative singular neuter of <somyá> inspired -- 3.30
saúbhagāni
noun; accusative plural neuter of <saúbhaga> gift of fortune -- 8.124
stanáyantam
participle; accusative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√stan> thunder -- 8.30
stuṣe
verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√stu, stuṣé> praise -- 6.7
stuhi
see úpa stuhi
stenás
noun; nominative singular masculine of <stená> thief -- 9.65
stómas
noun; nominative singular masculine of <stóma> eulogy -- 8.52, 8.76
sthātúr
noun; genitive singular neuter of <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world -- 2.130
stheyāma
see úpa stheyāma
spārhám
adjective; accusative singular neuter of <spārhá> desirable -- 4.56
smát
preposition; <smát> together with -- 5.10
smā
particle; <sma, smā> indeed -- 10.87
syás
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that -- 10.48
syā́
demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that -- 5.58
syāma
verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√as, ásti> be -- 1.7, 4.83, 8.103
srídham
noun; accusative singular feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune -- 5.122
srídhas
noun; accusative plural feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune -- 4.128, 5.70, 5.90, 5.111
svadhāvas
noun; vocative singular masculine of <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful -- 6.44
svadhā́s
noun; accusative plural feminine of <svadhā́> inherent power -- 7.12
svàr
noun; accusative singular neuter of <svàr> sunlight, heaven -- 4.76
svastí
noun; instrumental singular feminine of <svastí> wellbeing -- 8.64
svā́ya
possessive pronoun; dative singular neuter of <svá> own -- 2.61
svit
enclitic particle; <svit> pray? -- 6.57
harikeśa
adjective; vocative singular masculine of <hárikeśa> gold-tressed -- 7.114
havate
verb; 3rd person singular middle of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- 8.62
hávam
noun; accusative singular masculine of <háva> call -- 7.40
particle; <> for, because -- 1.9, 5.22, 6.84, 7.6, 10.6, 10.28, 10.86
himā́
noun; instrumental singular masculine of <himá> cold, frost -- 7.134
huvema
verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- 10.73
hótā
noun; nominative singular masculine of <hótr̥> celebrant -- 6.75