Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */a/ appears in initial (via laryngeal */H2e/) or final (via laryngeal */eH2/) position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European reflexes thereof.
Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
|Initial Position||Final Position|
|PIE *ayos- 'metal'||PIE *akwa- 'river, water'|
|PIE *awes- 'to shine'||PIE *bha- 'to speak'|
|PIE *anut- 'duck'||PIE *da 'to share, divide'|