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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */d/

Glottalic */t'/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */d/ (glottalic */t'/) appears in initial or final position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European (IE) reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *derk- 'to look'   PIE *ed- 'to eat'
    PIE *dei- 'to shine; sun, God'   PIE *w(e)id- 'to wit, know'
    PIE *do- 'to give, donate'   PIE *bhad- 'good'