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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */e/

Laryngeal */H1e/, */eH1/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */e/ appears in initial (via laryngeal */H1e/) or final (via laryngeal */eH1/) position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *ed- 'to eat'   PIE *dhe-> 'to put, place'
    PIE *ekwo-s 'horse'   PIE *ghe- 'to lack; to go out'
    PIE *es- 'to be'   PIE *me- 'to mow, reap'