Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */e/ appears in initial (via laryngeal */H1e/) or final (via laryngeal */eH1/) position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European reflexes thereof.
Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
|Initial Position||Final Position|
|PIE *ed- 'to eat'||PIE *dhe-> 'to put, place'|
|PIE *ekwo-s 'horse'||PIE *ghe- 'to lack; to go out'|
|PIE *es- 'to be'||PIE *me- 'to mow, reap'|