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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */gh/

Glottalic */g(h)/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */gh/ (glottalic */g(h)/) appears in initial or final position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European (IE) reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *ghabh- 'to grab, seize'   PIE *leigh- 'to lick'
    PIE *ghedh- 'to join, unite'   PIE *dheigh- 'to build, knead'
    PIE *gher- 'to yearn, desire'   PIE *legh- 'to lie/set down'