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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */gwh/

Glottalic */gw(h)/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */gwh/ (glottalic */gw(h)/) appears in initial or final position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European (IE) reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *gwhedh- 'to ask, wish for'   PIE *dhegwh- 'to burn'
    PIE *gwher- 'hot, warm'   PIE *legwh- 'to move easily'
    PIE *gwhen- 'to hit, strike'   PIE *sengwh- 'to sing'