Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */kw/ (glottalic */kw(h)/) appears in initial or final position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European (IE) reflexes thereof.
Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
|Initial Position||Final Position|
|PIE *kwel- 'to turn; wheel'||PIE *leikw- 'to leave'|
|PIE *kwat- 'to sour, ferment'||PIE *sekw- 'to follow'|
|PIE *kwed- 'to bore, stab'||PIE *pekw- 'to cook'|