Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */s/ appears in initial or final position. Each PIE root is linked to a page showing the etymon and some Indo-European reflexes thereof.
Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
|Initial Position||Final Position|
|PIE *sal- 'salt; brackish water'||PIE *nas- 'nose'|
|PIE *sed- 'to sit'||PIE *wes- 'to dress, clothe'|
|PIE *su-s 'sow, pig, swine'||PIE *dus- 'bad, foul, evil'|