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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */s/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */s/ appears in initial or final position. Each PIE root is linked to a page showing the etymon and some Indo-European reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *sal- 'salt; brackish water'   PIE *nas- 'nose'
    PIE *sed- 'to sit'   PIE *wes- 'to dress, clothe'
    PIE *su-s 'sow, pig, swine'   PIE *dus- 'bad, foul, evil'