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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Linguistics

Proto-Indo-European Roots

PIE */y/, */i/

Entries in the table below show Proto-Indo-European (PIE) roots, rendered as Pokorny etyma where the reconstructed phoneme */y/, */i/ appears in initial or final position. Each root is linked to a page showing the PIE etymon and Indo-European (IE) reflexes thereof.

Note: Pokorny's etyma as spelled on this page have been rendered in ISO-8859-1, but links lead to pages rendered in Unicode 3 -- with other renderings available via links there. [Unicode pages generally render Pokorny's etyma and non-English text more faithfully than is possible in ISO-8859-1, so they are much preferred.]
    Initial Position   Final Position
    PIE *yek- 'to speak'   PIE *bhei- 'bee (insect)'
    PIE *yeu- 'to mix, mingle'   PIE *ei- 'to go'
    PIE *yo[u]s- 'belt; to gird'   PIE *dei- 'to shine; sun; God'