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A. Richard Diebold Center for Indo-European Language and Culture

Indo-European Documentation Center

Indo-European Texts

Indo-European texts have been attested for four millennia, written in scripts ranging from a cuneiform script borrowed from a second millennium B.C. north Syrian scribal school, and a local Anatolian kind of hieroglyphic, to the Latin letters that have become our alphabet.

As early as in the second millennium B.C. there were Indo-European text genres as diverse as religious and legal texts, historical texts, letters, literature, and texts intended to preserve knowledge of the current level of technology such as bilingual glossaries and manuals detailing how horses should be trained.

Sample Texts

We provide sample texts, all of them with English translations and almost all of them with glosses, for several Indo-European families of languages; listed from west to east:

Family   Language   Text(s)
Celtic   Old Irish   Summer Has Gone
Germanic   Old English   Bee Charm and Charm against Theft of Cattle
    Old High German   Hildebrandslied 11: 1-26
    Old Norse   Edda (excerpt)
    Gothic   Luke II: 1-20
Italic   Old Latin   Cato the Elder's De Agri Cultura and Mars Prayer
Slavic   Old Russian   The Lay of the Campaigns of Igor 11: 1-19
    Russian   Volkh Vseslav'evich Bylina 11: 69-76
Hellenic   Homeric Greek   Chryses' Prayer (from the Iliad)
    Koine Greek   The Lord's Prayer (from the New Testament)
Anatolian   Hittite   Hymn to Istanu and Great Sun Hymn
Indic   Rigvedic Sanskrit   Hymn to Agni

For additional Indo-European texts with translations, see the IE Texts page.