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Indo-European Lexicon

Pokorny Master PIE Etyma

The table below lists Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etyma adapted from Julius Pokorny's book, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (Bern: Francke, 1959, 1989). Entry head-words are listed, with their page numbers and cross-references to other entries (following Pokorny) plus our own English glosses; for more information, the reader is referred to the book. Some misprints in Pokorny have been corrected, including repairs to diacritics and missing, incorrect, or extraneous homograph numbers.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

In our table, cross-references under "See also" may include IE links to our own lists of more modern Indo-European reflexes -- words derived from the ancient Proto-Indo-European etyma. IE reflex lists are under active construction (see our IE Lexicon home page): they are subject to change at any time, and might possibly exhibit errors not yet corrected. See our Language Index page for links from reflexes (listed by IE language) to their PIE etyma.

Page(s) Pokorny entry See also English gloss
1aIE   (an exclamation)
1ab-IE  2. ap-water, river
1-2abel-, abol-, abel-IE   apple
2abh-IE  abhro-swift, quick, abrupt
2abhro-IE  abh-strong, mighty
2-3abo(n)IE   ape, monkey
31. ad-IE  2. ad-at, by, to
32. ad-IE  1. ad-to fix, put in order
3ades-, ados-IE   spelt (type of grain)
4ad(u)-, ad-ro- current, water course
4-6ag-IE  agro-sto lead, drive, agitate
7agh- animal that may bear young
7agher-, aghen-, aghes-, or ogher etc.IE   day, dawn
7-8agh-IE  agh-(lo-)to ail, fear, be depressed
8agh-(lo-)agh-disgusting, unpleasant
8aghl(u)- dark cloud; rainy weather
8agos-IE   sin, guilt; fault, blemish
8-9agro-, egro-? first, highest; apex, beginning
9agro-sIE  ag-field, acre
9agu(e)si, aksiIE   axe
9aguh-no-sIE   lamb
101. aiaik-(an exclamation)
102. ai- to drive, close in; harm, overwhelm
103. ai-IE   to give
10-11ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to-IE   part, portion
114. ai-IE  ai-dh-to burn, shine
115. ai- : oi-IE   oath, significant speech
11aid-oid-to swell; strong
11-12ai-dh-, i-dh-, nasalized i-n-dh-IE  aier-to burn, shine
12aier-, aien-IE  aios-day(light), morning
13aig-IE  ag-goat
131. aig-, nasalized ing-IE   ill, sick; depressed, dispirited
132. aig-IE   oak
13-143. aig-IE   to swing, vibrate, move violently
14aiguh-IE   to be ashamed
14-15a(i)gh- : igh- to need, desire
15aik- : ik-IE   pike, spear, spit
15aik-IE  1. aito call to
15-16aios-IE  aisk-ore, metal (copper, bronze, iron)
16ai-ra (type of grass)
161. ais-IE   to wish, desire, ask/search for
162. ais-IE   to respect, worship, be in awe
16-17aisk-IE  ai-tro-clear, bright, shining
17ai-tro-4. ai-sharp, bitter
17-18aiu-, aiu-IE   vitality, life force
181. ak-, ako- to eat
18-222. ak-, ok-IE  okto(u)sharp, acute, angular; stone
23akka mama (nursery word)
23aku- to hurt, damage
23akua-, more accurately ukua, eku-IE   aqua, water, river
24-261. al-, ol-IE  ario-?beyond; other, alien
26-272. al-IE   to grow, nourish, enhance
27-283. al-IE   to roam, wander; be crazy/confused
284. al- to burn
28-295. al-IE   to mill, grind
296. al-, alou- : aluu- white, gleaming
29alaIE   hello! (greeting)
30-31albho-IE  1. el-white, albino
31-32aldh- trough
32aleq-IE  areg-to protect, ward off
32algh-IE   cold, frost, algidity
32-33alguh-IE   to gain, earn; price, value
33alp- small, weak
33alu-, alo- a bitter plant?
33-34alu-, alu-d-, alu-t-IE   bitter; ale, beer
34-35ambhi, mbhiIE  ebhi?around, at both sides
351. am-, me-IE  1. me-to grab, seize
352. am-, me-IE  2. me-to mow
35amer-, amor, amrIE   day
35-36ames-, or omes-IE   blackbird: merl, ousel
36amu-omu-to proceed energetically; firm up; suffer
36am(m)a, amiIE   mama, amah (nursery word)
36-371. an-IE   relative, ancestor
37-382. an-IE   there, other side
38-393. an(u)-IE  ansu-to breathe, respire, animate
39-404. an-, anu, ano, noIE   on, along, over there
40-41andh-, anedh-IE   to sprout, bloom, blossom; herb, anther
41andher-, ndher- stem, spike
41andho-IE   blind, dark, somber
41-42anut-IE  eti-duck, solan
42anuta, enutaIE   anta, doorpost
42-43angh-IE  augh-tight, narrow, anguished; to constrict
43anghen- scent, smell, odor; person
43-45angu(h)i-IE  eghi-eel, worm, snake, serpent
451. ank-IE  nek-force; need, necessity
45-472. ank-, ang-IE   to flex, bend, angle
47ano-IE   ring, annulus
47ans-IE   favorable, well inclined
48ansa, ansi-IE   noose, snare; ansa, handle
48ansu-, nsu-IE  antro-mghost, spirit, demon
48-50ant-sIE   brow, front, anterior
50antro-mIE  3. an(u)-cave, hollow
50-511. ap-, more accurately up- : ep-IE   to take, reach, grasp
51-522. ap-IE  1. *uep-water, river
523. ap-, ap- old, fragile; harm, damage
52appapap(p)apapa (nursery word)
52apelo-IE   strength
53apero-IE   shore, bank (of river)
53-55apo-, po, ap-u, puIE  posoff, out of, away from
55apsaIE   aspen (tree)
55-611. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base aru-, re-, and i-base (a)ri-, rei-IE   to fit, suit
612. ar-, or er-IE  1. re-to share, distribute
613. ar-2. rei-nut
624. ar, er, or?, rIE   now, therefore; (interrogative particle)
625. ar-or-to deny, refuse, renounce
62-63ar(u)-IE  arenko-to ear, plow
63ardh- pole, stake
63ardi-, rdi-5. er-tip, point, edge
64areg-areq-to lock, shut away
64-65ar(e)-g-, arg-?, rgi-IE  erku-white, argent, glittering
65-66areq-IE  aleq-to lock, guard, protect
66-67arenko-IE  ar(u)-(type of grain?)
67ario-?IE  1. al-host, lord, master
67-68arqu-IE   arc, arch, something bent
68arod-, arud- (type of waterbird)
68aro-m reed?
68arua intestines?
68-69as-, based on it azd-, azg(h)-IE   to burn, glow; ash
69at-IE   to go; year, annum
69at(e)r-IE  etro-fire
70*ati-, ateli- (type of fish)
70-71ati, ato-IE  2. to-over, beyond
71atos, attaIE   daddy, mommy (nursery word)
711. au-IE   ow! (exclamation of pain)
722. au-, au-es-, au-s-1. ues-to sleep, stay overnight
72-733. au-, aue, ue-IE  4. ue-down, away from
73-754. au-, u- : ue-, uo-IE  2. u-other; that (one)
75-765. au-, aue-IE  2. ue-to plait, weave
76-776. au-, aued-IE   to speak
77-787. au-, aue-, auei-IE   to like, help
788. au-, auei-IE   to perceive, understand, be aware of
78-819. au(e)-, aued-, auer-IE  10. uer-to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
81-8410. au(e)-, aue(i)-, ue-IE  3. ue-to vent, blow
8411. aue-, (ue-d(h)-?)IE   to strain, take pains
84-85aueg-, uog-, aug-, ug-IE  ueg-to augment, increase, magnify
86auei-, uuei-?IE  o(u)i-ombird, avifauna
86-87aues-IE  eus-to shine
87aug-IE   to shine, gleam, glitter
87augh-, ugh-uing-nape of the neck
88auig- oats; type of grass
88auqu(h)- : uqu(h)-, probably also uequ(h)-IE   cooking pot
88-89au-lo-s : eu-l-IE   tube, pipe, aulos
89auo-sIE   maternal grandfather
90aus-IE   to draw (water); scoop, ladle
91baxb-, bhaxbh-, paxp-IE  baxmb-to swell
91-92baba-IE  bal-bal-babble, babbling, unclear speech
92badiosIE   bay, brown; gold, yellow
92-93baita, or paita?IE   goatskin; cloak, mantle
93bak-IE   stick, staff; to hit, peg
93bal-, balbal- to dance, shake, whirl
93bal-bal-bar-bar-babbling, unclear speech
93-94baxmb- (type of noise)
94-95baxmb-, bhaxmbh-, paxmp-, phaxmph-pank-to swell
95band-IE   drop (of liquid)?
95bar-bar-blat-babbling, unclear speech
95bata- babble, murmur, meaningless stuttering
95bauIE   bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)
95bdel- to suck
96be, ba baa (onomatopoeic: sheep bleating)
96bed-IE   to swell
961. bel- to cut off, cut out
962. bel-IE   strong
96-97bend-, bnd-no-IE   spike, needle, tip jutting out
97-981. b(e)u-, bh(e)u-IE   (onomatopoeic: dull noise)
98-1022. b(e)u-, bh(e)u-IE  pauson-to boil, swell, puff up
102bis-(t)li- gall
102blat-ble-to chat, prattle
102ble-6. bhel-to bleat
102blou-, bhlou-?, plou-IE   flea
103bol-IE   bulb, tuber
103brangh-, brongh-? hoarse?
103breuq- to jump
103bronk-IE   to lock, shut in
103bu-IE   lip; kiss, buss
104-51. bha-, bho-, bhu-IE  2. bhau-to shine, glisten
105-62. bha-IE   to speak
106bhabhaIE   bean
106bhad-IE   good, better
1071. bhag-IE   to divide, apportion
1072. bhag-bhorguo-ssharp
107-8bhagó-sIE   beech (tree)
108bhagh-bhogh-bog, swamp, lowland
108bhaghú-sIE   elbow, forearm
108-9bhar- : bhor- : bhr-IE  bhares-burr, stubble; something jutting out
109bharu-IE   (fir) tree, forest
109-10bhares-, bhores-IE  bhardhapoint, bristle, stubble (with formants)
110bhardhaIE  bhares-beard
110-11bhareku-, or bhereku-IE   to farce, stuff full
111bhares-IE  bhar-barley
111bhasko-IE   heap, bundle, fascicle
111bhaso-, or bheso- (large bird of prey)
111-12bhat- : bhut-IE  1. bhau-to bat, hit
1121. bhau- : bhu-IE  bhat-to hit, beat
1122. bhau-1. bha-to shine, glisten
112-131. b(h)e, and b(h)eghIE   beside, outside, without
1132. bhe, bhoIE   (emphatic particle)
113bhe-, bho-IE   to warm, bake, roast, fry
113bhebhru-, bhebhro-5. bher-glittering; bright brown
113-141. bhedh-IE   to dig, stab, pierce, embed
1142. bhedh-IE   to flex, bend, crook
114-15bheg-, bheng-IE  bhog-to bang, break, smash
115bhegh- : bhogh- to resist, dispute
116bhegu-IE   to flee, run away
116bhei-IE   bee (insect)
116-17bheid-IE  bhei(u)-to bite, prick, pierce, split
1171. bheidh-IE   to force; advise, confide, encourage
1172. bheidh-bhidh-to bind, plait
117-18bhei(u)-, bhi-IE  bheid-to hit
118bheigu-IE   to shine, glitter?
118-201. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelu-IE  2. bhel-glittering white
1202. bhel-bheleg-henbane
120-223. bhel-, bhle-IE  2. bhlei-to grow, spread, swell, inflate
1224. bhel-, and bhle-, bhlo-, bhlu-IE   leaf, foil, blade; bloom
122-235. bhel-, chiefly with suffixes: bhelug-, bhelu-n-g-, bheleg-, bhlk-IE   balk, beam, rafter
123-246. bhel-IE  bhle-to speak, bell, bellow, resound
124bh(e)lag- weak, silly, ridiculous
124bheld-IE   to hit, poke
124-25bheleg-IE  bhlendh-to shine, glisten
125bheleu-IE  2. bhleu-to hit, weaken; ill, weak
125-26bhelgh-IE   to swell, bulge, billow
126bhen-IE   to hit, wound
126-27bhend- to sing, rejoice
127bhendh-IE   to tie, bind
127-28bhengh-, bhngh-, adj. bhnghú-sIE   fat, thick, dense
128-321. bher-IE  bhren-to bear, bring, carry
132-332. bher-IE  bh(e)reu-to boil, swell, well up
133-353. bher-IE  bhrei-to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
135-364. bher-IE  bhereg-to hum, buzz
136-375. bher-IE  bherug-shining; bright brown
1376. bher-IE   to cook, bake, fry, roast
137-387. bher- to plait, weave
138bheredh-, bhrdho-IE   to cut; board
138-39bhereg-IE  2. bherem-(onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
139-40bherug-, bhreg-IE  bheruk-to shine; bright, white
140-41bheregh-, bherghos-IE  bhergh-high, noble; barrow, mountain
141-42bheruk-, bhrek-IE  bhebhru-to shine, glitter
1421. bherem-IE   to stand out; brim, edge, hem
142-432. bherem-IE  bhlos-q-to hum, buzz, drone
143bheres-IE   quick, festinate
143-45bh(e)reu- : bh(e)ru-IE  bhrag-to brew, boil, surge, be wild
145bhergh-IE  bheregh-to keep, hide, bury
145bherug-, bhrug-, bhorg- throat
145-461. bhes-IE  bhoso-sto spread, smear, rub on
1462. bhes-IE  perd-to blow, breathe
146-50bheu-, bheuu-, bhua-, bhue- : bhou- : bhu-IE   to be, exist; grow, prosper
150-52bheudh-, nasalized bhu-n-dh-IE   to awaken, be aware
1521. bheug-IE   to flee, escape, seek refuge
1522. bheug-, bheugh- to free, put away
152-533. bheug-, bheugh-IE   to bow, flex, bend, crook
1534. bheug-IE   to enjoy
153bhidh-2. bheidh-pot, vat, cauldron
153-54bhili-, bhilo-IE   good, friendly, harmonious
154bhlag-IE   to hit, flog, flail
154bhlagh-men-IE   priest, flamen, wizard
154-55bhle-IE  bhled-to bleat, weep, howl
155bhled-, bhld-IE  baba-to boil, bubble up; boast, chatter
155bhlegu-IE   to swell, become bloated
155-561. bhlei- : bhlui- : bhli-IE  bhleig-to shine, glitter
1562. bhlei-IE  bhleu-to swell, burst, blow up
156-57bhleig-, bhlig-IE  bhleiq-to shine, glitter
157bhleiq-bhluido-sto shine, glitter
157-58bhlendh-IE  bhles-dim, pale, blond, reddish
158bhles-IE  1. bhleu-to shine, glitter
158-59bhleu-IE  3. bhel-to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
1591. bhleu- : bhluu- : bhlu-IE  bhleu-(k-)to shine, glitter
1592. bhleu- : bhluu- : bhlu-IE  bhleus-bad, weak, miserable
159-60bhleu-(k-)IE  bhle-uo-sto burn
160bhle-uo-sIE  1. bhel-a light color (blue, yellow)
160bhleus-bheleu-mild, weak
160bhluido-s1. bhlei-pale, light
160-61bhlig- : *bhleig-IE   to hit, strike, inflict
161bhlok-IE   flock, tow, wool; cloth?
161bhlos-q-4. bher-(onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
161bhog-IE  bheg-beck, flowing water
161bhogh-, or bhagh-IE  bhagh-bog, swamp, lowland
161-62bhoi- : bhui- : bhi-, bhiiu-IE   to fear, be afraid
162bhok-IE   to burn?
162bholo- mist, smoke, steam?
163bhorguo-s2. bhag-gruff, unfriendly
163bhoso-sIE  1. bhes-bare, naked
163bhoudhi- victory
163bhoukuos a buzzing insect
163bhrag-, better bhru-g-IE  2. bher-to scent, smell
163-64bhrater-IE   brother, family member
164bhred(h?)- to wade, wander
1651. bhreg-IE  bhre(n)k-to break
1662. bhreg-IE   to stick up
166-67bhrei-, bhri-IE  1. bhreu-to fray, pierce, cut with sharp tool
167bhren-IE  bhrendh-to bulge, stick out; edge, brink
167-68bhrendh-IE  bhrenk-to sprout, swell up
168bhrenk-, bhronk-IE  2. bhreu-to bring
168bhre(n)k-bhres-to err, be ensnared
168-69bhren-to-s deer, horned animal
169bhres-IE  1. bhreg-to burst, break
169bhreu-, bhreu-d-IE  1. bhreu-s-to swell, sprout
1691. bhreu-, bhru-IE  bhreu-k-to break, cut, pierce
1702. bhreu-, bhru-1. bher-edge
170bhreu-k-IE  2. bhreu-s-to strike, throw
170-711. bhreu-s-IE  bhrugh-no-to swell, sprout
1712. bhreu-s-IE  bhroisqo-to bruise, break to pieces
171-723. bhreus-, bhrus-IE   to boil, sound, etc.
172bhroisqo-, bhrisqo-3. bher-bitter
172-731. bhru-IE   brow, eyebrow
1732. bhru-, bhreu-IE   beam, bridge
173bhrug-IE   fruit; to brook, enjoy
174bhudh-m(e)nIE   base, ground, bottom, fundament
174bhugo-s, familiar form bhukko-sIE   buck, goat
175da-IE   fluid; river; to flow
175-79da : du-, and dai- : dui-, di-IE  3. del-to share, divide
179daiuer, genitive daiurésIE   brother-in-law
179dakru-IE  akrutear (from the eye)
179-81dau-, duu-, du-IE   to burn, injure, torment
181-83de-, do-IE   I-deictic; here
183de- : du-, and dei-, di-IE   to tie, bind
183deg-IE   to take, grab, pack?
183-871. dei-, deiu-, di-, dia-IE   to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
1872. deiu-, dia-, diu-, di-IE   to move, spin, swing
187-88deigh-IE   to itch, prick; tick
188-89deik-IE   to teach, show
189-911. dek-IE  des-to take
1912. dek- : dok-, dek-IE  denk-to tear, rip to pieces
191-92dekm, dekm-t, deku-IE  ui-kmt-iten, decade
1931. del-IE   to tell, count, calculate
193-942. del- to shake, totter
194-963. del-, dol-, delu-IE  1. dhabh-to split, divide
1964. del-IE   to rain, dribble
196-975. del-IE   long
198-99dem-, demu-IE   to build, timber; house, domicile
199-200demu-, domu-, domu-IE   to tame
201demel- worm?
201denk-IE  2. dek-to bite
201-21. dens-IE  2. dens-to learn; mental power
202-32. dens-IE  1. dens-dense
203deph-IE   to push, stamp, thrust
2031. der- : dor-, der-, or dor- : dur-IE  4. der-hand span
203-42. der-, reduplicated der-der-, drdor-, broken reduplication dor-d-, dr-d-IE  3. dher-(onomatopoeic: to mutter, grumble)
204-63. der-, dra-, dreb-, drem-, dreu-IE   to run, trip, tread, tramp
206-114. der-, heavy-base deru-, dre-IE  1. der-to cut, skin, split, tear
211-12derbh-IE   to wind, put together
212der(ep)-IE  derk-to see?
212deru-, dra-IE   to work
212-13dergh-IE   to grasp
213derk-IE  der(ep)-to look
214-17deru-, doru-, dr(e)u-, drou-, dreuu- : dru-IE   firm, solid; tree, wood
217des-, des-1. dek-to find
217-181. deu-IE   to sink in, plunge into
218-192. deu-, or dou- : du-IE   to worship, venerate; mighty
219-203. deu-, deuu-, dua-, du-IE   to pass, move forward
220-21deuk-IE   to tug, pull, drag, tow
221-22deup- : kteup-? (onomotopoeic: dull thud)
222digh-IE   goat
222dip-ro-, dip-era sacrificial animal
222dlkú-IE   sweet, dulcet
223dnghu, dnghuaIE   tongue
223-26do- : du-, also do-u- : duu- : du-IE   to give, donate
226dous- arm
226dre- : dru-, extended dr-em-IE   to sleep
226-27dregh- vexed, displeased, unwilling
227dumb-, dumbh-?IE   tail, penis
227dus-IE   bad, foul, evil
227-28duei-IE   to fear
228-32duo(u)IE  guis-ti-stwo, duo
2331. dhabh-, nasalized dhamb(h)-IE  dato be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
233-342. dhabh-IE   to fix, suit; proper
234dhal-IE  2. dhel-to bloom, be green
234dhanu-, or dhonu-IE   (type of tree)
235dhau-IE   to press, strangle
2351. dhe-, reduplicated dhe-dh(e)-IE  dhe(i)-older family member (nursery word)
235-392. dhe-IE  ueidh-to do, put, place, set
2393. dhe-, dhu-IE   to disappear, pass away
239dheb-IE   fat, thick, heavy
240dhebh-, dhebh-eu-IE  dhembh-to harm, injure
240-41dheguh-IE   to burn
241-42dhe(i)-, also dh-ei-?IE  1. dhe-to suck, suckle
243dheiu- : dhia- : dhi-IE   to look, see, show
243-44dheigu- : dhoigu- : dhigu-IE   to dig, plant, stab, stick
244-45dheigh-IE   to build, knead clay
245-461. dhel-, dholo-IE   curve; dell, hollow
2462. dhel-IE  dhal-to light; shining
2463. dhel-IE   to tremble
246dhelbh-IE   to dig, delve, bury
247dhelg-IE   to stab, stick; needle
247dhelgh-, dhelg-IE   to hit
247-48dhem-, dhemu-IE   to blow, fly about like dust
248-49dhembh-, dhmbh-IE  dheu-b-to dig
2491. dhen-IE   to flow, run
2492. dhen-IE   flat of hand, surface of land, etc.
249-503. dhen-IE   to hit, ding, push, thrust
2501. dhengh-IE   to press, cover
2502. dhengh-IE   to get, grip, reach
251-521. dher-, dheru-IE  4. dher-dirt, dreg, some type of deposit
252-552. dher-, dheru-IE   to hold, support
255-563. dher-, dhereu-, dhren-IE  2. der-(onomatopoeic: to drone, growl, purr, etc.)
2564. dher- : dhor- : dher-IE  5. dher-to jump (at)
2565. dher-, dhrei-d-IE  1. dher-to defecate; dirt
257dheragh-IE  dhreg-to drag, pull
257dherbh-, dherubh-?IE   to work
257-58dherebh-IE   to harden; coagulated
258dheregh- bushy plants
258dheregh-, dhrgh-na-IE   to turn, wind
259dhers-IE   to dare, be bold
259dhes-, dhus-IE   (used in religious terms)
259-601. dheu-IE   to flow, run
260-612. dheu-, dhu-ei-IE   to die, faint, vanish
2613. dheu- to shine brightly
261-674. dheu-, dheuu-, presumably dhue-, compare suffixes dhue-k-, dhue-s-IE  dheues-to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
267-68dheu-b-, dheu-p-IE  dhebh-deep, hollow
268dheubh-, dhubh-IE   peg, wedge
268-71dheues-, dhues-, dheus-, dhus-IE  4. dheu-to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
271dheugh-IE   to milk, press, touch
271dhlas-, or dhels- : dhls- to press, squeeze; squash?
271-72dhlgh-IE   debt, guilt, duty
272dho- to sharpen
272dho[u]- : dhu- rope?
272-73dhrebh-IE   to drub, crush, grind to pieces
273dhreg-IE  terk-to pull
2731. dhregh-IE   to run
273-742. dhregh-IE   to hurt, torment
274dhreibh-IE   to drive, push, thrust
274-75dhreu-IE   to grind, crumble
2751. dhreugh- to shake, tremble
2762. dhreugh-IE   to harm, deceive
276dhrigh-, or dhreikh- hair, bristle
276-77dhrono- multicolored?
277dhug(h)uter-IE   daughter
277dhuen-, dhun-IE   to hum, drone
277dhuer-, dhueru- to harm by trickery/deception
278-79dhuer-, dhuor-, dhur-, dhur-IE   door
279dhuergh- : drugh-IE   crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
280-811. e, oIE  1. o(particle: he, this, etc.)
2812. e, oIE  2. ooh (vocative interjection)
281-863. e-, ei-, i-, fem. i-IE  iai(demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
287ebhi? : obhi : bhiepifrom, around, (up) to, etc.
287-89ed-IE   to eat
289-901. edh- tip, point
2902. edh-IE   fence of stakes
290eg-IE   lack (of something)
290-91eg-, og-, ug-IE   to say, speak
291eg-, eg(h)om, egoIE  1. me-ego, I (pronoun)
291-92eghero-IE   (inland) lake
292-93eghs, eghzIE   from, out of, ex-
293egnis : ognisIE   fire
293ehem, eheu, ehoIE   aha! oho! (exclamation)
293-971. ei-IE  ia-to go, exit
2972. eioiuaO (vocative particle)
297-983. ei-IE   bright; reddish
2984. ei- : oi-IE   pole, stake
298eibh- : oibh-, iebh-IE  iebh-to copulate
298eig-, oig-IE   to lament, complain
298-99eik-IE   to own, possess, be capable
299-3011. eis-IE   to move rapidly/violently
3012. ei-s-, ei-n-IE   ice, frost
301-2ekuo-sIE   horse
302-41. el-, ol-, el-IE  4. el-red, brown
304-52. el-2. lei-to lie, recline
3053. el- : ol- to rot, be moldy
3064. el-, ol-IE  ul-(a noise)
3065. el-, ol-IE   to destroy
306-76. el-, elu- : la-, el-eu-(dh-)IE  2. leu-dh-to go, move, drive
3077. el-, elu-, with k-suffix elk-, eluk-IE  elk-hungry; bad?
307-98. el-, elei-, lei-, olinaIE  1. lei-to bend; elbow
309-10el-IE   line, strip
310elaIE   awl, bodkin
310elg- poor, needy
310elk-, eluk-7. el-hungry; bad?
310elkos-IE   boil, abscess
310-11em-IE   to take
311embhi-, empi- bee, gnat, mosquito
311-141. enIE  3. nei-in
3142. en-IE   year
314en behold! look here!
314-151. enebh-, embh-, ombh-, nobh-, nebh-?, mbh-IE   navel
315-162. enebh- : nebh-, embh-, mbh-IE  2. nebh-wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
316-18enek-, nek-, enk-, nk-IE   to reach, obtain
318eneu, enuIE   without
318-19e-neuen, neun, enunIE  neuosnine
319engu-, nguénIE   bump, swelling
319-21eno-, possibly e-no- : ono- : no- : -ne-IE  2. nethat
321en(o)mn-, (o)nomn, nomnIE  nomnname
321-22enos-, or onos-IE   onus, burden
322enq-, onq- to sigh, groan
322ent-, better ant-? to weave
323epero- wild boar
323-25epi, opi, piIE  obhi-at, near, epi-
325epi- comrade, companion
325epop, opop (onomatopoeic: call of hoopoe bird)
325eph- to cook
325-261. er-, or-IE   erne, eagle
3262. er-, eri- goat, sheep
326-323. er- : or- : r-IE  2. ereu-to move, set in motion
3324. er-, er-t-, er-u-IE   earth
332-335. er-, eru-, thematic (e)r-e-IE  2. re-loose, crumbly
333ereb-, orob-, rob- to drill, make holes, hollow out
334ereb(h)-, orob(h)-IE  reguos-(dark color, reddish brown)
334ered-red-to flow away; dampness
335eregu(h)o-, erogu(h)o-IE   pea, legume
3351. erek-, er[e]gh- tick, mite, louse
3352. er(e)k-, rek-, rok- to tear, cut, split
3351. eres- to stab, pierce
336-372. ere-s-, ers-, rs-, eres-, and res-, ros-IE  res-to flow
3371. ereu-IE  4. reu-to ask, seek
3382. ereu-ers-to tear, rip up
3381. eru-, re-, er(e)-IE  3. re-to row; oar
338-392. eru-, re-IE  4. re-to rest, be still
339er(u)d-, (er(u)d-), er(u)dh-IE   high; to grow
339ergh-IE   to shake, tremble
340erku-ar(e)-g-to beam, shine; to praise
340ers- : orsosIE  1. rebh-tail; arse, rump, backside
340-42es-IE   is, to be
342esu-s : su-IE   good, able
342-43es-IE  niz-do-to sit
343es-en-, os-en-IE   summer, harvest time
343es-r(gu), genitive es-n-ésIE   blood
343et(e)n- seed, grain
344eter-IE   intestines
344etiIE   out, beyond, etc.
345eti-IE  anut-eider (duck)
345et-mén-IE   breath
345etro-IE  at(e)r-quick, swift, hurried
345-461. eu-, euu- : ua-, uu-IE  uasto-sto lack, want; empty, vacant
3462. eu-IE   to dress, put on
3463. eu- to feel
3474. eu- (exclamation of joy)
347eudh-, oudh-, udh-IE   udder
347euk-IE   to accustom oneself, be used to
347-48eus-IE  9. ues-to burn
348eueguh-IE   to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
349gab- to show, watch out for
349gag-, gog-IE   something round/lumpy
349-501. gal-IE   bald, callow, naked
350-512. gal-IE  ghel-to call, cry
3513. gal-, or ghal-IE   to be able
351gan(dh)- vessel
352gang-IE   to mock, scorn
352gar-IE  2. ger-to call, cry
353garug- grim, grievous, dreadful
353gau-IE   to rejoice, be glad
353gebh-gegh-bough, branch, stick
354gegh-, gogh-gebh-branch, bush; picket
354-55gei-IE  *dugh-mó-to bend, turn
355ge(i)- : go(i)- : gi- to cry, sing
355-56gei-, gi-IE   to sprout
356geid-IE   to stab; kittle, tickle
356geid- to suck
356geig- to bite, prick, stab
356geis- gravel
357-641. gel-IE   to curl, form into ball; round
3652. gel-, and guel-IE   to glut, devour, envelop
365-663. gel(u)-IE   cool, cold; to keel, freeze
366-67gel-, gelu-, gle-, also *gelei- : g(e)lui-IE   bright; to shine, be joyful
367gelebh-IE  gleubh-to flay, scrape
367geli-, gli- mouse
367-68g(e)lou-IE   sister-in-law
368-69gem-IE   to grasp, grip; be full
369gembh-, gmbh-, gombhosIE  gep(h)-to bite; tooth
369-70gem(e)-IE   to marry
370-73gen-IE  1. ken-to pinch, press together, etc.
373-751. gen-, genu-, gne-, gno-IE   to bear, produce, generate
376-782. gen-, genu-, gne-, gno-IE   to ken, know, recognize
378-79genebh-, genobh-IE   pin, wooden plug
379-80geng-, gong- lump
380gengh- to turn, weave
380-811. genu-, gneu-IE   knee, joint
381-822. genu-, fem., genudh- : gonudh-IE   chin, jaw(bone)
382gep(h)-, gebh-IE  gembh-jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
382-831. ger-, gere-IE   to cram, collect, put together
383-852. ger-IE  4. guer(u)-(onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)
385-903. ger-IE   to turn, wind, curl
3904. ger-, grei- to grow, awaken
390-91ger-, geru-, gre-IE   to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
392gerebh-IE  greb(h)o-sto carve, scratch; write
392-93gers-IE   to bend, turn
393-98geu-, guu-, gu-IE  gouu-to bend, curl; cup, vessel
399geu-, geuu-, also geuu-IE   to hurry, promote
399g(e)u-lo-IE   glowing coal
399-400geus-IE   to taste, degust, enjoy
400g(i)eu-, g(i)eu-IE   to chew
400-1glag-, or glak-IE   milk
401gleg- soft, tender
401glei- to attack, run at
401-2gleubh-IE  gelebh-to cut, cleave, pare, slice
402glogh- : glugh-IE   barb, spike
4021. gol-, lengthened grade gol-, reduced grade gol- to camp, lie down; den (of animals)
4032. gol- bough, branch, twig
403gou-, gouu-, gu- to call, cry
403-4gouu-, or gauu-? : gu-IE  geu-hand; to grab
404gras- : gros-IE   to gnaw, eat, devour
404greb(h)o-s : grob(h)o-sgred-beech or hornbeam (tree)
405gred- : grod-IE  gerebh-to grate, scratch
405grem-IE   to be damp; to sink
405-61. greus- to crush, crumble, crackle
4062. greus- to burn, smolder
406greut-IE   to crush, press; curd
406grod-, grud-2. gher-hail?
406gru-IE   to grunt (of pigs)
407gha gha, ghe ghe, ghi ghiIE  ghan-to cackle, gaggle (of geese)
407-9ghabh-IE   to take, grab, seize
409ghabh(o)lo-, masc., ghabh(o)la fem.IE   branch, fork
409ghaguh- young bird/animal
409-10ghaido-, or ghaido-IE   goat, kid
410ghais-IE   to stick, be fixed to
410ghaiso-, or ghuiso- : gheiso-IE   dart; staff, stick
410ghait-a curly/wavy hair
411ghal-, ghal-ar- flaw, defect; harm
411ghalg(h)-IE   flexible twig
411ghan-ghan-s-to yawn
412ghan-s-IE  1. ghe-goose
412-131. ghasto-, ghazdho-IE   pole, rod, gad; twig
4132. ghasto- arm, hand
413-14ghau-, ghauu-IE   to call
414ghauo- false
414-16ghðem-, ghðom-, genitive-ablative gh(ð)m-ésIE   earth, ground, soil, humus
416ghðiés, zero-grade ghðis, simplified to ghðés, ghiés, ghésIE   yesterday
416-17ghðu-, or ghiu-?IE   fish, ichthyoid
417-18ghe-, gho-IE  gho(enclitic (emphatic?) particle)
418-191. ghe-, ghei-IE  2. ghe-to lack, be empty; leave, go out
419-222. ghe- : ghu-, and ghei- : ghi-IE  gha ghato gape, yawn
423ghebh-el-, ghebh-el-, ghebh-elo-IE   gable, head
423ghed-IE   to defecate; hole, opening
423-24ghedh-, ghodh-IE   to join, unite, gather, make a bond
424ghegh- to bend, curve
424g(h)egh- ferret (or similar carnivorous mammal)
424-251. ghei-, ghei-IE  gheu-to goad, drive; to throw, wound
425-262. ghei- : ghi-IE   snow; winter
426-27gheidh-IE  gheigh-to desire, yearn for
427gheigh-IE  gheidh-to desire, yearn for
427gheis-, and gheiz-d-IE   shocked, aghast, confused
428ghel-IE  6. kel-to yell, call, cry
429-341. ghel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; ghelu-, ghle-, ghlo-, ghlu-IE  ghladh-to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color
4342. ghel-IE   to cut?
434ghela wine?
434gheldh- to desire, wish for
435ghel(e)gh-IE   (type of metal)
435ghelud-IE   hail, ice
435ghelgh- gland
435ghel-ond-, ghol-nd- stomach, intestines
435ghel-ou-, ghelu-IE   turtle, tortoise
436ghel-to, Germanic and ghel-dho SlavicIE   to cost, pay, be worth
436ghelunaIE   jaw, gill
436-37ghen-IE   to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
437-38ghend-, and ghed-IE   to get, grasp, seize
438ghendh-, ghondh-IE   boil, abscess
438-39ghengh-IE   to step, stride, march
4391. gher-IE  ghlad-(onomatopoeic: to snarl, rattle, etc.)
439-402. gher-ghrei-to rub, stroke hard
4403. gher-, ghre- : ghro- : ghru-IE  7. gher-to come out, jut out
440-411. gher-IE   to desire, yearn for
4412. gher-IE  gherzd(h)to gash, slit, scrape, scratch
441-423. gher-, and gheru-, ghre-IE   to beam, shine, shimmer
442-434. gher-IE  gherdh-to grab, grip, seize
4435. gher-, ghor-naIE   bowels
4436. gher-, gheru- : ghre-?IE   short, small
4437. gher-ghers-to stiffen, stand out
444gherdh-, and gherdh-IE  ghesto-to gird, enclose, encompass
4451. ghers-, ghres- horror, disgust, revulsion
4452. ghers- (type of weed, e.g. goat's foot)
445-46ghers-IE  ghre-to stiffen, bristle, stand out
446gherto- milk, butter
446gherzd(h), genitive ghrzd(h)-es, gherzdaIE  2. gher-barley, prickly grain
446ghéslo-IE   thousand, chiliad
447ghesor-, ghesr-IE   hand
447ghesto-IE  4. gher-arm, hand
447-481. gheu-IE   to gush, pour, found
4482. gheu-, gheu-d-IE   to die, disappear, get away
449gheu- : gho(u)- : ghuu-IE  1. ghei-to gape, yawn
450gheub(h)- to bend, move
450gheugh-, ghugh- to conceal, do secretly
451gheueia, gheueia pit, hollow
451ghladh-1. ghel-bright, brilliant
451ghlad-1. gher-to call, sound
451ghleu-IE   to be happy, joyful, gleeful
451-52ghoIE  ud-behind; towards
452ghoilo-sIE   foaming, turbulent, frothing up
452ghom- stall
452ghos- to eat
453ghosti-sIE   guest, stranger
453ghou(e)-IE   to gawk, be aware of, pay attention to
453-54ghou-ro-sIE   frightened, frightening
454ghous- to sound, hear
454ghre- : ghro- : ghru-IE  3. gher-to grow, become green
4551. ghrebh-, gherbh-, root extension ghrebha-IE  2. ghrebh-to grab, grasp
455-562. ghrebh-IE  ghreib-to dig, grub, grave, scratch
456-57ghredh-IE   to stride, march
457ghrei- : ghrui- : ghri-, and lit. ghrei-IE  1. ghrem-to smear over
457-58ghreib-IE  1. ghrebh-to grip, grab
4581. ghrem-IE  ghren-to rub, scratch
458-592. ghrem-IE   to grumble; resound, thunder
459ghren-IE  2. ghreu-to grind, rub, stroke hard
459-60ghrendh- beam
4601. ghreu- : ghruu- : ghru-IE   to collapse, fall down
460-622. ghreu- : ghruu- : ghru-IE  grod-to crush, rub sharply
462ghroud- (round body part, e.g. cheek, bosom)
463-65gua-, guem-IE  guem-to come, go
465guadh-IE   to dive, sink, submerge
465-661. guebh-, or guabh-?, guubh-IE   to plunge, dive in
4662. gueb(h)-IE   slimy; frog
466-67guedh-IE   to hit, push; harm, injure
4671. guei-IE   to cry, weep, complain
4672. guei- to enclose, push together
467-693. guei-, and gueiu-IE   to live, survive
469guei-, or gueiu- : gui- hide, skin
469gueid(h)-IE   mud
469-70gueiu-IE   to prevail, overpower, be mighty
470-711. guel-IE   to stab; pain, death, quell
471-722. guel-, guelu-, gule-IE   to flow, drip down; throw
472-733. guel-, guel-, gula-IE   acorn, valonia; oak?
473guelbh-IE   womb, uterus; young animal
473guem-gua-to go, come
473-74guenaIE   wife, queen, woman
474-761. guer-, gueru-IE   to swallow; craw, gorge, throat
476-772. guer-, gueru-, gueruu-, gueri-IE   grave, heavy
477-783. guer-, guor-IE  guretso-mountain
4784. guer(u)-IE  gar-to praise, congratulate, raise one's voice
479guer-, gueru-IE   to burn, be hot
479gueru- pole, spit
479-80gues-, zgues-IE   to quench, extinguish
480gues-, guos-, gus-, extended guoz-do- leaves, branches
4801. guet-IE   resin
480-812. guet-IE   to speak, talk
481guet-IE   swelling
481guiia, guiiós sinew
482guiu- resin
482gultur(os) vulture
482guor-gu(or)o- dirt, dung
482-83guou-IE   cow, ox, gaur
483-85guou-, guu-IE   dirt, dung
485guozd(h)o-, guozd(h)i- nail, penis
485gurebh-IE   young, embryo
485gureig- to sleep, dream
485gurendh-IE   to swell; breast
485guretso-IE  3. guer-big, thick, gross
485-86gureugh-, gurugh- to bite, grind one's teeth
487guhðei(u)-IE  kuþei-to destroy, perish
487-88guhðer-IE   to flow, run
488guhedh-IE   to ask, beg, wish for
488-89*guhei- : guhui-, guhui-d- : guhid-IE   bright, shining
489guheiu- : guhi-IE   vein, sinew, tendon
489guhel-IE   to want, wish
489-90ghuel-IE   to bend, swerve
490ghuelg- to glance, look at
490guhemb- to hop, spring (happily)
490-91ghuen- to sound
4911. guhen-IE   to swell, abound
491-932. guhen(-u)-IE   to hit, strike, fend
493ghuer-IE   wild animal
493-95guher-IE   warm, hot
495ghuoigu-IE   to shine; star
495ghuoku-, ghuuku- to shine, shimmer
495guhre-IE   to scent, smell
496guhren-IE   diaphragm; mind, soul
497haIE   (surprise: ha! oh!)
497ha ha!IE   (laughter)
499il-, ilu- dirt, mud; black
499ili-IE   groin, intestines
501ia- : io-IE   to punish, be angry, excited
501ia-ie-ro-to go
501-2iag-IE   to worship, venerate
502iagh- to hunt, wish for
502iaiiam(demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
502iam-, or iem- : iem- : iom- to dig
502iamio-(demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
502ie- : iu-IE   to do, throw, project
503iebh-eibh-to copulate
503ieg-IE   ice, icicle
503ieguaIE   force, strength
503-4iek-IE  iek-to speak
504iek- : iuk-IE  iek-to heal
504ieku-r(t-), genitive ieku-n-ésIE   liver
504-5ielo- : iulo- raw, unripe
505iem-IE   to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin
505-6iénuter-, weak case ienutr-, intr- sister-in-law
506ie-ro-1. ei-year, summer
506ies-IE   to boil, foam up
506-7iet- to set out, strive for
5071. ieu-IE   to mix, mingle (of meal preparation)
508-102. ieu-, ieuu-, ieu-g-IE  4. ieu-to yoke, join, tie together
510-113. ieu-IE   young
5114. ieu-IE  ieuos-to separate, hold apart
511-12ieu-dh-IE   to fight, move swiftly
512ieug- to excite, arouse; unsteady
512ieu-ni-, or iou-ni- the right place/way
512ieuo-IE   grain, esp. barley
512ieuos-IE  2. ieu-rule, right, justice, statute
513io-iou(relative stem: one, this, etc.)
513ioi-ni- reed (bulrush)
513iork- (type of deer)
513iou, iuoi-(demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
513io[u]s- : ius-IE   belt; to gird
513-141. iu-IE  6. ues-you (plural)
5142. iuIE   yowl (exclamation of joy/wonder)
515ka-IE  kam-to like, wish, desire
515-16ka, ke, komIE   well! (particle)
516kad-kad-to rob, harm, damage; chase
516kadh-IE   to guard, cover, protect
5161. kad-IE   to fall
516-172. kad- to shine, sparkle
517kad- : kudes- : kud-s-IE  kad-hate, displeasure, uneasiness
517-18kago-, masc., kaga- fem.IE   goat
518kagh- : kogh-IE   to sew, plait, etc.
518kaghlo-IE   chalk, pebble
5191. kai-, kai-uo-, kai-uelo-IE  kai-ko-alone
5192. kaiIE   and
5193. kai-, ki-IE   heat
5194. kai-d-, kai-t-kai-t-bright, shining
519-20kai-ko-IE  kai-lo-one-eyed, cyclopean
520kaik-, or koik-kais-to itch, scratch
520kai-lo-, kai-lu-IE  1. kai-bright; hale, whole, healthy
521kai-t-(s)kai-bright, shining
521kaito-IE   chet, woods, forest
521kaiur-t, kaiun-tIE   cleft, hollow, ravine
521kakka-IE  keku-to cack, defecate (nursery word)
521kak- to croak; cracking sound
521-221. kak- to become thin
5222. kak-, kek-?IE   to help, enable
522-231. kak- : kuk-, probably ka[i]k- : kik-IE  kank-to jump, spring out
5232. kak-IE  keg-branch
523-241. kal-IE  2. kel-hard, callous; blister
5242. kal-, kali-, kalu-IE   handsome, beautiful; healthy
5243. kal-, kol-?IE   to be captured; prison
524kalni-IE   narrow path/passage
524-25kam-er-IE  kam-p-to bend, curve
525kam-ka-to like, wish, desire
525kamb-(s)kamb-to bend, curve
525kam-p-IE  kam-er-to bend
525-26kan-IE   to sing, chant, sound
526kand-, skand-, and Indo-Iranian (s)kend-IE  (s)kand-to glow, shine; bright, candent
526kank-1. kak-to jump, spring out
526-27kan-tho-IE   curve, angle, corner
527-28kap-IE   to cop, grab, grasp; have?
529kap-, kup- piece of land
529kapo- thing in the water
529kapro-IE   he-goat
529-30kap-utIE   head
530kapho-, or kopho-IE   hoof
5301. kar-koro-sto scold, punish, revile
530-312. kar-, karu-IE   to glorify, praise aloud
531-323. kar-, reduplicated karkar-IE   hard
532kar- wax
532-33kars-IE   to rub, scratch
533kas-, kas-no-IE   gray
533kas-, kus-IE   to teach, show the way
5341. kat-IE   to link, plait, weave; chain, net
5342. kat-IE   to bear young; young animal
534kat-IE   to fight, struggle; battle
535kau-IE   to humble, discourage
535kau-, kuu-IE   to hew, cut, hit
535-36kau-, keu-, ku-IE   to howl
536-37kau(u)la : kula boil, abscess, swelling
537kau-l-, ku-l-IE  2. keu-hole, hollow; bone
537kaus- to draw lots
537ked-IE   to smoke
537-38keg-, keng-, and kek-, kenk-IE  keng-peg, handle, (grappling) hook
538-39kei-IE   to move, set in motion
539-401. kei-IE   to lie, recline; camp, home
540-412. kei-IE  ke-ro-(dark color: brown, gray)
541-42ke(i)- : ko(i)- : ku(i)-IE   to hone, whet, sharpen
542kei-bh-IE  kei-gh-fast, hasty, violent
542keid-IE   to fall
542-43kei-gh-IE  kei-bh-fast, hasty, violent
543keip- to slant, slope; to wag, wave
543keipo-, koipo-IE   peg, stake, sharp wood/stone chip/piece
543keis- arm; thigh, shin
543kek- weasel
543keku- cudgel, hammer-shaped stick
544keko- green grass/fodder
544keku-kakka-to defecate; dung, excrement
5441. kel-, kelu-IE   to project, tower up; hill
5452. kel-IE  3. kel-to stab, stick, sting
545-473. kel-, kelu-, kla-, extended klad-IE  8. kel-to hit, hew, cut down
547-484. kel-, and kal-3. ker(u)-light and dark spots
5485. kel-IE  keleu-to drive, compel, accelerate, move quickly
548-506. kel-, k(e)le-, k(e)la-, or kl-?IE  koli-to call, cry
550-517. kel-, kol-, kol-IE   calix, chalice, goblet, beaker
5518. kel-2. sek-to cut
5519. kel-2. (s)kel-to owe, be guilty
55110. kel-3. (s)kel-to dry out
55111. kel-kolu-to bend; crooked
551kel-, kol-, kul-IE   to deceive, dumbfound, enthrall
551-521. kel-IE   cold; warm, caloric
5522. kel-IE  klei-to bow, lean, incline
552-533. kel-IE  kolumo-sthin shaft, stalk
553-544. kel-IE  klep-to hide, conceal
554kelb-, kelp-IE   to help
554keleu-IE  5. kel-to wander; way, path
554keluuo-, keleuo-IE   bald, bare
554kelg- to wind around; windings, intrigue
555kelp-, klp- jug, pot, cauldron
5551. kem-IE   to squeeze, hem in, press together
5562. kem-IE   to hum, buzz, croon
5561. kem-, or kam- horn, pole, stick
5562. kem-IE  (s)kem-hornless (normally horned) animal
556-573. kem-IE   to wrap, cover, conceal
5574. kem(u)-IE   to be/make tired
557-58kemu-, komu-, kma-IE   bite, piece
558kemero-, komero-, kemero- (plant name)
558kemer-IE   armored animal (crab, turtle, etc.)
558-591. ken-IE  gen-to pinch, press, etc.
559-632. ken-, kenu-, keni-, kenu-IE   to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes
563-643. ken-IE   to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent
5644. ken-IE   to strain, strive eagerly
564ken- void, empty
564-65kenukó-IE   golden, honey-colored
565keng-, kenk-kenk-peg, handle, (grappling) hook
5651. kenk-IE   to bind, gird
5652. kenk-IE   to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
5663. kenk-IE   heel, hock, back of knee
566kenk-, konk-IE  2. kak-to hang, sway, dangle
566kens-IE  senguh-to announce, proclaim, speak formally
567kenth(o)- rag, cloth
567kent-IE   to stab, stick
567-711. ker-, kor-, kr-IE  kre-(onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
5712. ker-kerup-to cut
571-723. ker(u)-IE  kers-to burn
572-734. ker-IE   cherry
5735. ker-?, kor- to hang
573-746. ker-, and ker-kerbero-dirty, dark-colored, etc.
5747. ker-2. (s)ker-to jump, turn
574-771. ker-, keru- : kra-, kerei-, kereu-IE   horn, head, upper part of body
5772. ker-, keru-, kre-IE   to grow, increase
577-783. ker- rope, string; to plait, weave
5784. ker-, and keru- : kre-IE  kre-to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
578kerbero-, and kerbero-kormen-checkered, variegated
5791. kerd- to gird
5792. kerd-IE   craft, talent; skilled
579kerdho-, kerdhaIE   line, row, herd
579-80kered- : kerd-, kerd-, krd-, kred-IE  kred-heart
580-81kerem-, krem- : krom-, and kerm-IE  krem-onion or garlic; ash (tree)
581kerup-, krep-2. krep-cloth, leather rag; shoe
581kerk- : kork- : krk- to wrinkle, shrivel up
582keru-, kra-IE  kra-to cook
582kerm- to rest, tire
582kerno- jaw, chin(bone)
582ke-ro-2. kei-colorful (or a color term)
583kers-IE  1. ker(s)-black, dirty; dark color
5831. ker(s)-IE  4. kel-bristle, stiff hair
583-842. kers-IE   to run, course
584-85kert-, kerut-, krat-IE  krat-to roll, turn, wind
585-86kes-IE  ks-en-to comb, itch, scratch
586kes-IE   to cut
586-87ket-, kot-IE   room, dwelling place
587-881. keu-, skeu-, lengthened grade keu-IE  4. (s)keu-to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
588-922. keu-, keuu-IE  kau-l-to bend
592-941. keu-, keuu- : ku-, kua-IE   to swell
594-952. keu-IE   to shine, be bright
5951. keu- : ku- to sway, totter
5952. keu- : kuu-, ku-IE   to burn, light (a fire)
595keub- thorn
595-96keuud-, kud-1. skeud-to cry, shout
596-97keuup- : kuep-, kuup-, kup-, and occasionally keu(e)p-, k(e)uep-IE   to boil, cook, smoke
597keuero-, kouero-, also skuro-?IE   north (wind)
597keuk-IE   to glow, shine, be bright white
597keuk-, kuk- to whirl, mix together
598kik- jay (bird)
5981. kik-IE   belt, strap, thong
5982. kik- to rain, drizzle
598kiker- pea
598kion-, kison-? pillar
598kiph- thin flexible twig/root
599kista basket, plaited container
599kla-IE   to lade, place, heap up, lay down
599kladhra alder (tree)
599klau- to weep
599-600kleg-, klog-, klug-, klang-, kleg-, klog-, kleig-, kleik-IE   to cry, shout, scream
600-2klei-IE  2. kel-to lean, incline, tip (over)
602kleik- to press/squeeze (painfully)
602-3klem-, klem-, klem- weak, slack, feeble, ailing
603kleng-, and klenk-IE   to bend, wind
603kleno- maple (tree)
603klep-2. kleu-wet, damp
604klep-, sklep-?IE  4. kel-to steal, cover, secrete
604klep- to hold in arms and/or lap
604-5kleu-, also kleu-?, and klau-IE   hook, crook
605-71. kleu-, kleuu- : klu-IE   to hear, listen
6072. kleu- : *klo[u]- : klu-IE  sklek-to clean, rinse, swill
607-8klou-ni- hip, buttock
608knei-guh-, knei-b-IE   to bow, kneel
608kneug- (onomatopoeic: to growl, whimper)
608knid-, knid-, sknid- nit, louse
609-10ko-, ke-, with the particle ke, k(e)i-, k(i)io-IE  ke-this; here
610kob-IE   to fit, fare well, be happy/successful
610koi-, kui- (creaking noise)
610koi-lo- naked; miserable
610koi-no- grass
611kois-IE   to cure, worry, care for
611ko ko, kak(k)-, ku(r)kur- (onomatopoeic: sound of cock/hen)
611koksaIE   body part: foot, coxa, etc.
611-12kolu- : klo-IE  4. (s)kel-to spin
612kolumo-s, kolumaIE  3. kel-reed, stalk, stem, culm
612kol(e)i-IE   glue
612koli-5. (s)kuel-young dog/animal
612-13komIE   at, by, cum, with, alongside
613-14konumo-, knamo-, or kenumo-IE   shinbone
614konk-IE   to doubt, vacillate
614konkho-IE   conch, clam(shell), mussel
614kop(h)elo-s, or kap(h)elo-s (type of carp)
614-15kopso- blackbird
615korka grit, gravel
615kormen-6. ker-weasel
615kormno-, krmno- corrosive liquid: lye, wine, urine, etc.
615kormo-IE   harm, pain, torment, suffering
615-16koro-s, korio-sIE  1. kar-war, army, warrior
616kos(e)lo-IE   hazel (tree)
616kost-IE   leg, bone, costa
616krapo-, kropo-?IE   roof
616kra-keru-to cook, mix
616krat-kert-to roll, turn, wind
616-17kra[u]- : kruu- : kru-IE   to heap up, pile together; heap; roof
617kre-, krei-, kr-kreb-(hoarse sound)
617kre-4. ker-to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
617kreb-2. kreg-(hoarse sound)
617krebh-, krobh-, krembh- to entrust
617-18kred-IE   beams
6181. kreg-, and kerg-? to torment
6182. kreg-2. krei-(hoarse sound)
6181. krei-IE   to brush, stroke, touch
6182. krei-, kreig-, kreik-3. krek-(hoarse sound)
618krei-IE   to appear, show forth
618-191. krek-IE   to hit
6192. krek-, krk-IE   roe, fish/frog spawn
6193. krek-2. krep-(hoarse sound)
6194. krek- : krok- to tower, jut out; beams
619krem-kerem-onion or garlic; ash (tree)
6201. krep-, krp-IE   form; corpse, body
6202. krep-4. kreu-(hoarse sound)
6201. krep- firm, strong
6202. krep-4. (s)ker-cloth, leather; shoe
6201. kret-IE   to shake
6212. kret-IE   to hit
621-221. kreu-, kreuu- : kru-, kreus-, krus-IE   raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust
6222. kreu- to crash, collapse, fall down
622-233. kreu-, krou-s-IE   to push, hit, break
6234. kreu-5. (s)ker-(hoarse sound)
623kreup- scab
623kreu-t-, kreu-dh-?IE   to shake, move visibly
623-24krom- lattice, framework, wooden fence, etc.
624kr(o)k-sko- arm
624krus- leg, shank, thigh
624krut-IE   breast, belly; vault, protuberance
624ksa-kse-ro-to burn
625kseip-, kseib- to toss, throw
625ks-en-, ks-es-, ks-eu-kes-to comb, itch, scratch
625kse-ro-IE  ksa-dry, xeric, bright (of weather)
625kseubh- to sway, swing, totter
625kseud- to grind, stamp to little pieces
626kþei-IE   to settle
626kþe(i)-, kþu(i)-IE   to gain, acquire, possess
626ku-, kus-IE   to kiss
626-27ku- sharp, pointed; pike, stake
627kudh- dirt, dung
627kukuIE   (onomatopoeic: to coo, cuckoo)
627kup- shoulder
627kuak-IE   (onomatopoeic: to quack, croak)
627-28kuat(h)-IE   to ferment, become sour
6281. kuei-, kuei-no- dirt, mud; to defile
6282. kuei-IE   to hiss, twitter, whistle, etc.
628-293. kuei-, extended kuei-d-, kuei-s-, kuei-t-IE   to shine; white
629kuek-, nasalized kuenk- : kuk- to gape
629kuel- muddy
630kueluk-, or keluk-, koluk-2. kuelp-bale, bundle
6301. kuelp-, kuelb- : kulp/b- : klup/b-IE   to stumble, buckle at the knees; to trot
6302. kuelp-IE  kueluk-to curve, vault
630kuen-IE   to celebrate; saint
631kuendh-ro-, -no- (type of plant)
631kuerp-, also kuerb-IE   to turn, wind
631-32kues-, kus-IE   to pant, puff, sigh, wheeze
632kuet-, kuut- : kut-IE  (s)kut-to shake, winnow
632kuoi-, kui- to want, wish for
632-33kuon-, kun-IE   hound, dog
633kures-, kuers-, kurs- small wood, trees
634kha kha (laughter)
635kualo-s(s)kualo-s(big fish)
635kuas-io-, -lo- basket, plaited work
635-361. kueIE  kuene(enclitic) and
6362. kue-kuo-(indefinite/interrogative pronoun)
636kued-, kuod-IE   to bore, drill, prick, stab
636-371. kuei(-t)-IE   to observe with respect, pay attention to
637-382. kuei-IE   to stow, gather, pile up
638kueiu-, kuiie-IE   to rest comfortably; quiet, peaceful, tranquil
638-39kuek-, kuok-, kuek-s-IE   to see, show, appear
639-401. kuel-, kuelu-IE   to turn; wheel; neck?
6402. kuel-IE   far away
6403. kuel-IE   crowd, herd, swarm
640-41kuem- to gulp, sip, swallow
641kuene1. kue(particle: uncertainty, generalization)
641kuenth-IE   to suffer, endure
641-421. kuer-IE  (s)kuer-to do, make, form
6422. kuer-IE   dish, pot
642kueru- to chew, grind
642-44kuetuer-, kuetuor-, kuetur- (masc.), kuetes(o)r- (fem.)IE   four, fourth
644-48kuo-, kue-, fem. kua, kuei-IE  2. kue-(indefinite/interrogative pronoun)
648kurei-IE   to buy
649kurmi- grub, worm, maggot
649kusep- dark
649kuþei-guhðei(u)-to destroy, perish
649kuas- : kuus-IE   to cough
650-511. la-, and le-IE  le-(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
6512. la-IE   to be hidden, covered, latent
651lab-, and labh-, lap(h)-IE  lak-to lap, lick, smack (the lips), etc.
652labh-IE  rabh-to grab, hold, seize
652lagh-laguh-to cut; cutting tool
652laguh-(s)lagu-to grab, seize
652lai- fat, lard
652laidh-, lidh-IE   to cut, hurt, injure
652laiuo-IE   (on the) left
652-53la[i]p-, luip-, lup-IE   to burn, shine
653lak-lab-to lap, lick
653lak-IE   to spot, sprinkle
653laku-IE   (water in) lake, pond, ditch, etc.
653-54lama swamp, puddle
654lap- cow
654las-IE   greedy, covetous
654-55lat-IE   wet, damp; swamp
655lau-IE   to acquire (as booty), enjoy something
655lauk(o)-, luuk-(s)leug-jaw; throat
655le-3. leu-(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
655-57leb-, lob-, lab-, leb-IE  (s)leb-lip; to slump, hang down slackly
6571. leg-IE   to leak, drip, dribble, ooze out
6582. leg- to worry
658leg-IE   to gather, collect
658-59legh-IE  2. legh-to lie, recline, set down
6601. leg(h)- : lug(h)- branch, twig
6602. legh- : lugh-IE  legh-to crawl; low
660-61leguh-IE   to move easily
6611. lei-, lek-2. leik-to flex, bend
661-622. lei-IE  1. leig-to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak
662-643. lei-IE  4. lei-slimy; to slip, glide
664-654. lei-IE  1. lendh-to pour
6651. le[i]- : lui-IE   to want, wish
6652. le(i)-IE  3. le(i)-to grant/acquire possession
6663. le(i)-IE  lesto weaken, leave behind; feeble
666leibh-1. leip-to smear, stick
666leid-IE   to play, joke
6671. leig-, and leik-, better oleig-, oleik-IE  1. leik-needy, miserable
6672. leig-, lig-IE   form, appearance; like, similar
667-683. leig-, loig-IE   to hop, jump, tremble
6684. leig-, leig-IE   to tie, bind, ligate
668leigh-, sleigh-IE   to lick
6691. leik-2. leit(h)-to offer for sale
6692. leik-IE  8. el-to bend
669-70leiku-IE   to leave, relinquish
670-711. leip-IE  leibh-to smear (with fat), stick
6712. leip- to desire, request, wish for
671leis-IE   to furrow; learn
6721. leit-IE   to loathe, detest, abhor; violate
6722. leit(h)-IE  2. el-to die, go away
672-73leizd-, loizd-IE   edge, fringe, hem
6731. lek-? : lok- to blame, scold, reprove
6732. lek- : lek-, and lek- : luk-IE  rksajoint, leg, body member; to bend, wind
673-741. lek- : luk-IE   tendril; trap
6742. lek- : luk-IE   to lacerate, tear to pieces
6741. lem-IE   to break, crush to pieces; lame, fragile
6752. lem- astonishment (with the notion of wide open jaws)
6751. lendh-(s)leidh-spring (of water), wetness
6752. lendh-IE   hip, loins; kidney
6753. lendh-IE   heath, steppe, open land
676leng-lenk-to sway, bend oneself
676lengh- to scold, scorn
676-77lenk-IE  leng-to bend
677lento-IE   lithe, flexible, pliable
677-781. lep- (onomatopoeic root)
6782. lep-IE   to flay, peel, skin
6783. lep- rock, stone
679lep-, lop-, lup-IE   flat
679lerd- to twist, shrivel up
679lerg-lorga-even, smooth, slippery
680les-IE   to lease, collect, pick up
680les : lus-2. le(i)-weak, slack, feeble
680leto-, leti-, leto-, loto- heat, burning, anger
680leto-, luto-IE   daytime; summer, warm season
681letro-IE  3b. pel-leather
6811. leu-, *leuu- : lu-IE  2. leu-g-dirt
681-822. leu-IE  leup-to free, cut off, separate
682-831. leu- to leave behind
6832. leu- : luu-IE   stone
6833. leu-, or lau-IE  1. la-(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
683-84leubh-IE   to love, like, care for
684leud-IE   to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.
684-851. leudh-IE   to grow up; free; people
6852. leu-dh-6. el-to go, move, drive
685-861. leug-IE   to bend
6862. leu-g- : lu-g- : lu-g-1. leu-blackish; swamp
686leug-IE   to break
686-871. leugh-IE   to lie, belie, prevaricate
6872. leugh-, lugh- oath
687-90leuk-IE   to light, shine; see
690-91leup-, and leub-, leubh-IE  2. leu-to lift, peel, cut/break off, etc.
691leut- : lut- angry, raging, wrathful
691li-no-IE   flax, linen
691log- rod, twig
691-92lorga-, lorgi-lerg-stick, club
692lou-, louu-IE   to lave, wash
692lus, genitive luu-ósIE   louse
6931. ma- to beckon, wave (hand); deceive
6932. ma-IE   timely, opportune
6943. maIE  matér-ma, mama (nursery words)
694-95mad-IE   to drip; wet; fat, glossy, well-fed
695magh- : magh-IE   to help, be able; might, power
696maghosIE   maiden, young person
696-97mag-IE  2. mak-to knead, press, stroke
697magh-IE   to fight, struggle
6971. mai-IE   to maim, hew, cut with sharp instrument
6972. mai-, moi-?IE   to smudge, stain
698mak-IE   skin, leather bag
6981. mak-IE   wet, damp; to soak
6982. mak-IE  men(u)k-to knead, press
698mak(en)- poppy
699mako-, or mok-o- fly, gnat
699mak- : muk-IE   long and slender
699makh-o-s bold, wild, frisky, unbridled
699mand-mend-pen/hurdle of plaited rods/twigs
699-700ma-no-, ma-ni-IE   wet, damp
700manu-s, or monu-sIE   man, human being
700marko-IE   mare, horse
7001. math-, or moth-IE   moth, harmful insect
7002. mat-IE   club, hoe, mattock
700-1matér-IE  3. mamother
701mau-ro- tired, weak; dark
701-2mazdo-sIE   mast, pole
7021. me-IE  eg-me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)
702-32. me-IE  medhi-by, with, amidst, around
7031. me-IE  1. am-(prohibitive particle: lest, that not)
7032. me-, m-e-t-IE  met-to mow, reap
703-43. me-, m-e-t-IE  1. med-to measure
7044. me-, mo-IE   big, important
704-55. me-, mo-, mu-IE   to be intent; of strong will
705-61. med-IE  menotto mete, allot; medicate, give advice
7062. med-IE   to swell
706-7medhi-, medhio-IE  2. me-middle
707médhuIE   mead, honey
707megh-IE   friendly, well-disposed
708-9meg(h)- : meg(h)-IE   big, much, great, major, mega-
7091. mei-IE  4. mei-to mure, repair, strengthen; pole
7102. mei-IE  mei-gu-to change, mutate, exchange
7103. mei-IE   to go, wander
7104. mei-IE  1. mei-to tie, bind
7115. mei-, mi-neu-IE   to lessen, diminish; small, minor
7116. mei-, meiu-, min(u)-, mim(ei)-mek-(onomatopoeic: high thin sound)
711-127. mei- : moi- : mi-IE   mild, soft
712-13meigh-, also meik-meis-to flicker, twinkle; mist
713meigh-IE   to micturate, urinate
713mei-gu-IE  mei-k-to (ex)change
714mei-k-, and mei-g-?IE  2. mei-t(h)-to mix, mash, stir
714mei-no-IE   view, opinion, intention
714meis-meigh-to flicker, twinkle; mist
7151. meit(h)- place to stay
7152. mei-t(h)-IE  2. mei-to commute, (ex)change
715-16mek-1. mu-(onomatopoeic: to bleat)
716-191. mel-, also smel-, melu- : mle-, mel-d- : ml-ed-, mel-dh-, ml-ei- : mli-, melu-k- : mla-k-, mleu- : mlu-IE   to mill, grind; fine, ground
719-202. mel-IE   to deceive
7203. mel-IE   to hesitate
7204. mel-IE  melgh-big, strong
7205. mel-IE   limb; to join
720-216. mel-, melu-IE  2. smel-dark color (black, dirty, etc.)
7217. mel- wool, woolen garment
721-228. mel-, melu- : mlo- to appear, come forth
7221. meldh-IE   to utter ritual words (to deity)
7222. meldh-IE   lightning
722-23melg-, or melug-?IE  1. melk-to milk, pluck, wipe off
723melgh-4. mel-to swell
723-24meli-t, genitive mel-nésIE   honey
7241. melk-melg-to rub, stroke
7242. melk-, melg-IE   wet
724melo-, smelo-IE   small animal
725melodh-, moludh-, moludh- head; elevation
725mels- to taste
725membh- to reproach
725memso-, me(m)s-ro-IE   meat, flesh
7261. men-IE  2. menth-to rise, mount, tower
7262. men- to press, step on, tread down
726-283. men-IE  5. men-to think; mind, spiritual activity
728-294. men-IE  meni-to diminish; small
7295. men-IE  3. men-to stay, remain, stand still
729mend-, mond-, mnd-?mand-to feed, suck(le); breast
729-30mendaIE   flaw, defect, mistake
730mendh-IE   to direct attention to; vivacious
730men(e)gh-, mon(e)gh-, mngh-IE   many, copious, abundant, excessive
730-31men(u)k-IE  mag-to knead
731meng- to make pretty, beautiful
731meni-IE  4. men-minnow (or other type of fish)
731-32menot, genitive meneses, from which menes-, mens-, mes-, men-IE  3. me-month; moon
7321. menth-, meth-IE   to stir, swirl, mix up
732-332. menth-IE  mono-to chew, eat
7331. mer- to plait, weave; rope
733-342. mer-IE   to flicker, shimmer
7343. mer-, mor-(u-) to blacken; dark color, dirt spot
7354. mer-, meru-IE  5. mer-to die
735-375. mer-, meru-IE  1. merg-to rub, wipe; pack, rob
737-386. mer-, mer-s-IE   to anger, bother, disturb, etc.
738merudh-, mradh- to boil, bubble up
738mereg-IE   march, edge, border, frontier
738meregh-IE   to soak, moisten, drizzle
7381. merg-1. merk-to wipe off
7382. merg-merk-to grab, seize
738-39merio-IE   young man/woman
739merk-IE  2. merg-to grab, seize
739-401. merk-, merg-, meruk-, merug-2. merk-to rot
7402. merk-, mork-smerd-vexed, sullen
740-41mu-r, genitive mu-n-és, mntósIE   hand
741met-2. am-to reap, measure
741-431. meu-, meuu- : mu-IE   wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire
7432. meu-, meuu-IE  meu-s-to move, push away
743meudh-, muudh-, mudh-IE   to complain, care about, be intent
743-441. meug- to lie in wait, take by surprise; wily
744-452. meug-, meuk-IE   to slip, slide; meek
745meuk- to tear, slit, scratch
745meu-s-musto steal
745-461. mezg-IE   to dive, plunge, immerse
7462. mezg-IE   to bind, knit, knot, attach
746mizdhó-IE   fee, pay, meed, reward
746mo-, mo-lo-IE   to strain, trouble oneself
746-47mod- : mud-, or mad- : mud-IE   to meet, approach
747modhro-, or madhro-IE   blue; madder
747moiso-s, or maiso-s sheep; hide, pelt, leatherwork
747moks, Indo-Iranian *moksuIE   soon
747molko-IE   pouch, leather bag
747-48mono-IE  1. men-neck; mane
748mori, moriIE   mere, sea
748-49mormor-, murmur-IE   to murmur (dully)
749mormo(ro)- fear, dread, horror
749moro-IE   murrey, mulberry, blackberry
749morui-IE   maur, mire, ant
750mo[u]-lo- : mu-lo- root, plant
750mo[u]-ro- : mu-ro- crazy, stupid
750moz-g-o-, moz-g-en-, mos-k-o-IE   brain
750mozgho-s young cattle
750mrk-IE   more, carrot, edible root
750mregh-m(n)o-IE   brain, skull
750-51mreghu-, mrghu-IE   brief, short
751-521. mu-IE  6. mei-(onomatopoeic: to moo, hum, etc.)
7522. mu-, mus-IE   fly, gnat, midge, muscid, mosquito
752muk- heap, etc.
752-53musIE  2. meu-mouse; muscle
753mut-o-sIE   trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
7541. na-IE   to help, be useful
7542. na- to be afraid, ashamed
754naguh- sober?
754nak- fur, pelt
754nana, nenaIE   nana (nursery word: (grand)mother, etc.)
755nant-IE   to dare, risk
755nas-IE   nose
755-561. naus-IE   boat, ship
7562. nau- : nuu- : nu-IE   death; corpse
756-581. ne, ne, neiIE   (negative particle: no, etc.)
7582. ne, neno-that (enclitic particle)
7583. ne-, no-, plural nes-, nos-IE  1. ue-we
7581. nebh- to burst
7582. nebh-IE  sna-wet, damp; clouds; water
758-591. ned- : ned-IE  2. ner-to net, bind, connect, roll up, twist together
7592. ned- to roar, sound, bellow
759nedo- reed
760negh- to bore, pierce, stab, stick
7601. nei-, neiu- : ni- to lead
7602. nei-, neiu-, ni-IE   to be moved, excited; to shine
7603. nei-, ni-IE  ni-in
7601. neid- to scold, shame, abuse
7612. neid- : nid- to flow; stream
761neigu-IE   to wash
761neik- to winnow (grain)
761neik- : nik- : nik-IE   to rail, fight, assault
762nek-IE  1. ank-death, dying, necrosis; corpse
762-63neku-(t-), noku-t-sIE  noku-(t-)night
763-641. nem-IE   to nim, take, give, count, apportion
7642. nem-IE   to bend
764nepot-IE   nephew; grandchild
7651. ner(-t)-, aner-, uner-?IE   vital force; man
765-662. ner-IE  3. ner-below, under
7663. ner-ne-tr-to penetrate; hiding place, hollow
766-67nes-IE   to unite; be concealed
767ni-, nei-1. enin
767ne-tr-, nu-tr-IE  (s)ne-snake, adder
7671. neu-IE   to call, praise
7672. neu-IE   to push (someone); to nod
768neu-d-IE   to grasp, make use of
768neu-dh- to lust, desire, yearn for
768neuk- dark, unclear, indistinct
768-69neu-ks-, neu-s-IE   to scent, smell, sniff
769neuos, neuiosIE  nu-new
769nogu-, noguod(h)o-, nogu-no-IE   nude, naked
770noguo-, or naguo-IE   tree
770not-, nut-IE   rump, nates, backside
770nu-IE  e-neuennow
771ndhos, ndheriIE   under
771nsi- black, dirty
771nsi-sIE   sword
7721. o1. eto, with
7722. oIE  2. eO (vocative particle)
772obhel-IE   to sweep; multiply
772obhi-opito, from, around, etc.
772-731. od-IE  2. od-to smell
7732. od-IE  1. od-hatred, disgust, odium, aversion
773od(e)go-, or od(e)guo- stem, stalk
773og-, ug-IE   to grow; fruit, berry
773oi-oi-no-(pronoun stem)
774oid-IE  aid-to swell; strong
774oi-no-, oi-uo-IE  3. e-(demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
774oiua2. ei(vocative particle)
774ok-IE  oku-to consider
775okto(u)IE  okú-seight, octad
775okú-sIE  2. ak-quick(ly)
775-77oku-IE  ok-to see, ogle; eye
777ol-(e-)IE   to destroy
777-78om-IE   raw, coarse, bitter
778om(e)so-sIE   shoulder
778omu-amu-to suffer; firm up, proceed energetically
778ond-, nd- rock, stone
779oner-IE   dream
779ong-, better ang- coal
779ongu-IE   to anoint
779ono-, and onu-, also (o)no-d- to scold, abuse, revile
780onogh- : ongh-, nogh-, Celtic ngh-, ongh-li-IE   claw, (finger/toe) nail
7801. op-IE   to work, perform, operate, bring about
7812. op-IE   to opt, choose, opine, suggest
781opiambhiat, by
781or-, ur-IE  5. ar-to call, speak, talk, orate
781-82orbho-IE   weak, abandoned; slave, orphan
782oreu-, ereu- entrails
782orghi-, rghi-IE   testicle
782org-3. per-to hit, kill
782ort- vine
782*os, os-i-s, os-en-, os-k-IE   ash (tree)
783ost(h)-, ost(h)i, ost(h)r(g), oblique ost(h)-(e)n-IE  ast(h)-os, bone
783oug-, ou-? cold
783-84o(u)i-omIE  auei-egg, ovum
784óui-sIE   ewe, sheep
784-851. ous- : uus-IE   os, mouth
7852. ous- : uus- : us-IE   ear
785-86ozdo-sIE   branch
786ozgho- bud, sprout, twig
787pa- : pu-, and pa-t- : pu-t-IE  1. pen-to feed, graze, pasture
787-88pak-, and pag-IE  pnksti-to repair, strengthen
788pan-IE  sp(h)e-pane, panel, woven fabric
788pando-s1. pet-crooked
789pank-, pang-baxb-to swell
789pap(p)aIE  puté(r)papa (nursery word); food, meal
789par-IE   to show, be visible
789parika concubine
789pasó-sIE   a relative
789pasto-IE   firm, fast, solid
790paus-IE   to free, let loose
790pauson-, puson-3. peu-(name of a deity)
7901. ped-, pod-IE   to hold; vat, vessel, container
790-922. ped-, pod-IE   foot
792peg- : pog- : pog-, pok-s-IE   hip, side, shoulder
792-93pe(i)-, pi-IE   to hurt, scold, shame
793-94pei(u)-, pi-IE  peisk-fat; milk
794-951. peig-, and peik-IE   colored, speckled
7952. peig-, and peik-IE   to be hostile
795pei-m(i)-IE   swift, quick, rapid, nimble
7961. peis-? : pis-IE   to grind, trample
7962. peis-, speis-IE   to blow, fizz
796peisk-, pisk-IE  pei(u)-fish
796-971. pek-, pek-, pok-IE   to be joyful, make pretty
7972. pek-IE  plek-to fleece; fee, cattle
798peku-IE   to cook
798-8011. pel-, pelu-, ple-IE  pleu-to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?
801-22a. pel-, pelu- : pla-IE  3a. pel-to drive, propel, set in motion
8022b. pel-, pel-en-, pel-t-, pel-u-IE   dust, powder; meal, flour
802-33a. pel-IE  4. pel-to fold
803-43b. pel-, pelu-, ple-IE  letro-to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
8044. pel-2a. pel-dish, vessel
8045. pel-IE   to earn, sell
804-56. pel-IE   gray, dull color; pallor
8057. pel-, pol-, ple-, plo-IE   to burn, be warm
805-7pelu-, pla-IE  1. pla-k-plane, flat, wide, broad
807peli-s-, pel-s-IE   fell, rock
807pelk- : polk-IE   to turn, bend
807pelpo-, or polpo- woodwork
8071. pen-IE  pa-to feed
807-82. pen-, pen-ko-IE   mud, fen, swamp, water; wet
808penkueIE   five, fifth
808-9pent-IE   to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path
809-101. per-, peru- : pre-, preu-IE  2. perk-to spray, sprinkle, drizzle
810-162a. per-IE  pro-to pass over/beyond
816-172b. per-, peru-IE   to fare, ferry, transport, go/carry over
8172c. per-, peru-IE   to sell, impart
8182d. per-IE   to bear (a child)
8182e. per-IE   to dare, risk, try; peril, danger
818-193. per-, per-g-IE  org-to hit, kill
819perd-IE  pezd-to fart, break wind (loudly)
819-201. perg- pole, stem, trunk
8202. perg-IE   fear; to frighten
8201. perk-, prek- to fill up
8202. perk- : prk- coals, glowing ash
8201. perk- breast, rib cage
820-212. perk-, prek-IE  2. (s)p(h)er-spotted, speckled
8213. perk-, prk-IE  porko-sto open, dig out, rip up; furrow
821-224. perk-, prek-, prk-IE   to request, ask/pray for
822-23perkuu-sIE   oak
823pers- to spray, sprinkle, drizzle; dust, ashes
823persna, persni-, persno-IE   heel
823perth- pole, stick
823-241. pes-IE  2. pes-to blow
8242. pes-, nasalized pens-1. pes-dust, sand
8243. pes-, pesosIE   penis
824-251. pet-, pet-, petu-IE  pando-sto stretch out (esp. arms)
825-262. pet-, petu- : pte-, pto-, Hellenic pta-IE   to fall, tumble down
8271. peu-, peuu- : pu-IE   to sift, clean, purge, purify
8272. peu-IE   to repute, explore, understand
8273. peu-1. pu-foam, froth
827peu- : puu- : pu-IE  3. pu-to hit; sharp
828peuk-, and peug-IE   to pink, stab, stick
828peuu-2. pu-to rot, stink
828peuor, pur, genitive pu-n-és, locative puuéniIE   fire
829pezd-IE  pizda-to break wind (softly)
829puté(r), genitive putr-ésIE  appafather
830pid-IE   to bear, give birth?
830pik(h)o- knot, lump
830pi-lo-IE   hair, pile, pilus
830pi-n-1. (s)p(h)ei-piece of wood
830pip(p)-IE   to peep, squeak
831pizda-IE  2. bhes-vulva
831plab-IE   to babble, prattle, etc.
831-321. pla-k- : plu-k-, ple-k- : plo-k-, plei-k-, and pelu-g- : pla-g- : plu-g-IE  2. plak-flat, wide, broad; spread out
832-332. plak-, plag-, also plek-, pleg-IE  plat-to hit, beat, fling
833-34plat-, plad-, plet-, plot-, plut-IE  plui-flat, wide, broad; spread out
834ple-, plu-IE  plek-to cut, split off
834plei-, plui-, pli- bald, bare, naked
834-35plek-IE  2. pek-to ply, pleach, plait, weave
835plek-, pluk-, and pleik-, plik-IE  phel-to flay, peel, rip, tear off
835-37pleu-IE  pl(e)u-mon-to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
837pleuk-IE   floc, hair, feather
837-38pl(e)u-mon-, pleu-tio-IE  1. pel-lung
838pleus-IE   to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers
838plui-, pluu-pelu-to broaden, show off
838plouto-, pluto- (wooden object)
838-39pneu-IE   to pant, breathe
839pnksti-IE  pak-fist
8391. po(i)- : pui-? : pi-IE   to graze, pasture
839-402. po(i)- : pi-, and (from po-), po-IE   to bib, drink
840-41polo- : polo-IE   big, fat, thick, swollen
841porko-sIE  3. perk-porker, pig(let)
841-42posIE  apo-about, around; by, beside; in front of
842po-ti against, opposite, toward
842poti-sIE   host, husband, lord, master, owner
842-43pou- : puu- : pu-IE   few, small, little; young (of animals)
843pougo-, or pougho- pure, clear
843-44pra-IE   to bend
844prai-, prui-, pri-, pri-IE   to like, feel friendly/well-disposed
845preg-IE   greedy, covetous; willful, violent
845prep-IE   to catch sight of
845pret-, prot-IE   to understand
845-46preu-IE   to hop, jump
846preus-IE   to burn, freeze
846pris- to granulate, reduce to small pieces
846pro-2a. per-to pass over/beyond
846prokto- : prukto-IE   rump, backside
846prso- leek, onion, garlic
846-47pster-, pstereu-IE   to sneeze
847ptel(e)iaIE   (type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)
847-481. pu-, peu-, pou-, also phu-IE  phu-to blow (up)
848-492. pu- : peuu-IE  peuu-to rot, stink
8493. pu-peu-to hit; sharp
8491. puk-, peuk-IE   thick-haired
8492. puk- to enclose, press together
850pu-lo-IE   (stiff) hair
850pu-ro-IE   grain, kernel
851phel-1. (s)p(h)el-to cut, split, tear off; board
851pher-1. sp(h)er-to rush, act rashly, push away, etc.
851phol-IE   to fall
851phu-2. b(e)u-to blow (up)
852rabh-, or rebh- : rebh-IE  labh-to rage, be furious
852rap-, rep-IE   rape (plant), turnip
852ras-IE   to cry, (re)sound
8531. re-, ru-, extended re-dh-1. rei-to count, compute
8532. re-, extended re-dh-ardi-separate
8533. re-1. eru-to row; oar
8534. re-2. eru-to rest, be still
8535. re- dark
8536. re-3. rei-to cry
8531. rebh-reiu-to move, hurry about
8532. rebh-IE   to roof, thatch
853red-, rod-ered-to flow
8531. red-IE   to excite, cheer up, be joyful
8542. red- : rod- : rud-IE   to gnaw, scrape, scratch
8541. reg-, and sreg-?IE   to dye
8542. reg-IE   to see
854-571. reg-IE  reig-to regulate, make just/right; king, reign
8572. reg-, rek-, rek-?IE   damp; rain
857reguos-IE  ereb(h)-darkness
857-591. rei-IE  reig-to cut, reap, rive, tear, scratch
8592. rei-, roi-IE   spotted, speckled, brightly variegated
859-603. rei-, re(i)-IE  reibh-to cry, scream, bellow, etc.
8604. rei- : rei-IE   thing, possession
8605. rei-reid-to support
8601. rei- : ri-2. ar-to count, arrange
8602. rei-, roi-3. ar-nut
860reibh-1. reu-(onomatopoeic: to resound?)
860reid-reik-to support, lean against
861reidh-IE   to ride, go (in vehicle)
861-62reig-, or reig-IE  roi-no-to rig, tie, bind
862reig-, reig-IE  1. reg-to reach, stretch out
862reiu-, ri-2. reu-to flow, move
862reik-1. rek-to stretch oneself; pole
862rei-r(ei)-IE   (onomatopoeic: to quake, tremble)
863reito-, reiti- joint, shoulder (of animals)
8631. rek-IE  rem-to project, tower up; pole
8632. rek-IE   to reck, reckon, arrange, prepare
863rek-, reg- to bind
864rekþh-rkþo-sto harm, injure
864rem-, remu-IE  5. rei-to rest; to support
864-65remb-, romb-, romb- to hack, hoe
865rendh-IE   to rend, rip, tear to pieces
865rent- thing?
865rep-IE   to grab, rip out, ravish
8651. rep-, rep-?IE   to creep, crawl
8662. rep-, rup-IE   pole, stake, beam, rafter
866res-, ros-2. ere-s-to flow
866ret(h)-IE   to run, roll, rotate
866ret-, rot-, rut-IE   pole, rood; stem, stick, trunk
867-681. reu-, reu-, ru-IE  6. re-(onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)
868-712. reu-, reuu- : ru-IE  3. reu-to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.
8713. reu-, reu-s-3. er-to hasten
8714. reu-1. ereu-to search
871-72reu-b-, and reu-g-IE   to belch, eruct, retch, vomit
872-73reudh-IE   red
873reugh-m(e)n-IE   ream, cream?
873reus- elm (tree)
873reu-smen-IE   to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen
873-74reuto-, routo-, rut- stomach, intestines (of an animal)
874reuu- : ru-IE   to ream, open; wide, roomy
874rezg-IE   to plait, weave, wind
874roi-no-1. rei-hill, road
874ruk(k)-, rouk(k)-IE   yarn; fabric
875rksa2. lek-fetlock; tether
875rkþo-sIE  rekþh-bear (animal)
876sa-, su-IE  sano-senough, satiate, sufficient
876-77sag-IE   to seek, track, trail
877sai-IE   pain, illness; sore
878saip-IE   fence, stall, enclosure
878sak-IE   to sacrifice, sanctify, make a treaty
878-791. sal-IE  2. sal-sal, salt; brackish water
8792. sal-IE  1. sal-gray, dirty, sallow
879-80salo- wavy
880sano-sIE  sa-ti-sane, healthy?
880sap-, sab-IE   to taste, savvy, perceive
880sasio- (type of grain)
880-81saus-, sus-IE   sere, dry
881-82sauel-, sauol-, suuél-, suel-, sul-IE  2. suel-Sol, sun
882-84se-IE  seni-self, one's own
884-87sed-IE  es-to sit, set, settle
8871. seg-1. se(i)-to sow (seed)
887-882. seg-, nasalized seng-IE   to attach, tack on
888-89segh-, seghi-, seghu-IE   to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory
889sei-, soi-IE  seiku-to drip, be damp
8891. se(i)-IE  2. se(i)-to sift
889-912. se(i)- : sui- : si-, se- : su-, and sei- : si-IE  3. sek-to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall
891-923. se(i)-, sui- : si-, and sei- : si-IE  sie[u]-ro-to bind, strap, tie
892se[i]dh- : sidh-, and sudh- to aim at, strive for
893seik-, sik-IE   to grip, reach for
893-94seiku-IE  seip-to spill, pour out
894seip-, seib-IE  sei-to sift, pour out
894-951. sek- to run off, dry out (re: water)
895-962. sek-IE  (s)k(h)ed-to cut, section, dissect
8963. sek-IE  1. seg-to abate; lazy, quiet
896-971. seku-IE  2. seku-to segue, follow
897-982. seku-IE  1. seku-to see, notice; show, say, speak
8981. sel-IE   salon, dwelling place
898-992. sel-, suel-IE  4. suel-sill, beam, board
8993. sel-IE   to grab, seize, take
8994. sel-IE   to jump, leap, spring, exult
9005. sel- to creep, crawl
9006. sel-, selu- : sla-IE  solo-lucky, favorable; luck
900-1selg-IE   to pour out, set free, send/throw away
901selk-IE  8. uel-to pull, drag; sulcus, furrow
901selos-IE   sea, lake, swamp
901selp-IE   salve, fat, butter
901-21. sem- to draw, pour, scoop
902-52. sem-IE   one, some, together
9053. sem-IE   summer
905-6semi-IE   half, semi-
906sen-, sene-, sen(e)u-, senu-IE  sneubh-to prepare, work on
906sendhro-IE   clotted, coagulated; fluid, melted, etc.
906sengu-IE   to sink, sag, fall
906-7senguh-IE  kens-to sing
907seni-, senu-, seni-, sn-ter-IE  su-for oneself; sundry, separate
907senk-IE   to singe, burn, dry
907-8sen(o)-IE   old, senile, senior
908sent-IE   to send, go, choose direction; to sense
909sep-IE   to honor, care for, concern oneself with
909septmIE   seven
909-101. ser-IE  sr-edh-to flow, stream
9102. ser-IE   to serve, guard, protect, shelter
910-113. ser-, sor-IE   red
9114. ser-IE   to insert, line up, put/bind together
911-125. ser-, extended serp-IE   sickle
912serk-IE   to fence; hedge, plaited work
912serp-IE   to creep, crawl
912-131. seu-, seuu- : su-IE  su-ro-sop, soup, juice, liquid
913-142. seu-, seuu-, su-IE  su-sto bear (a child); son
9143. seu- : su-, seuu- : su-seuio-to bend, turn
914-154. seu-, seu-t-IE   to seethe, boil
915seug-IE   sad, sick, grievous, afflicted
915seuu-, su- to leave behind?
915seuio-sue(i)-(to the) left
915sie[u]-ro- : siu-ur(io)-siu-brother-in-law
915-16siu-, siu-IE  soi-to-to sew
916skabh-, skambh-IE   to support
916-17(s)kai-IE  skai-bright, shining
917(s)k(h)ai-, (s)k(h)ai-d-, (s)k(h)ai-t-IE   to cuff, kick
917-18skai-, skui- : ski-IE  4. kai-d-to shine/shimmer dully; shadow
918(s)kamb-, and (s)kemb-IE  kamb-to bend, curve, hump
918(s)kand-, (s)kend-kand-to glow; bright
918-19(s)k(h)ed-, (s)k(h)e-n-d-IE  skei-to crush, shatter, split to pieces
919sked- to cover
919-22skei-IE  1. (s)kel-to cut, skive, exscind, separate
922skei-bh-, nasalized ski-m-bh- to limp; slanting
922-23(s)kek-, skeg-IE   to jump, spring, move quickly; shake
923-271. (s)kel-IE  (s)ken-(d-)to cut, halve
9272. (s)kel-IE  9. kel-to owe, be guilty
9273. (s)kel-IE  10. kel-to parch, dessicate, dry out
9284. (s)kel-, extended kla-, klo-IE  11. kel-to bend; crooked
9285. (s)kuel-, (s)kel-2. gal-to call, resound
929(s)kel- to jump, spring
929skhel- to stumble
929(s)kem-IE  2. kem-deformed, disabled, mutilated; hornless
929-30(s)ken-(d-)IE  6. skeu(-t)-to skin, flay, split off
930skendh-IE   to dive, plunge
930(s)keng-IE   to hobble; lame, slanted
9301. (s)kep- to hide, cover
930-332. (s)kep-, (s)kop-, and (s)kap-, (s)keb(h)-, skob(h)-, and skab(h)-IE   to cut, shave, split with sharp tool
9331. (s)ker- to shrink, dry out, wrinkle up; dry, thin
933-352. (s)ker-, skeru- : skre-IE  7. ker-to jump
935-383. (s)ker-IE   to bend, curve, turn
938-474. (s)ker-, (s)keru-, (s)kre-IE  (s)ker-dh-to cut, shear, score, scribe
9475. (s)ker-1. ker-(onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
947(s)kuer-1. kuer-to do, make
947-48sker-(d-)IE   to defecate; dung, excrement
948-49(s)kerb(h)-, (s)kreb(h)-, nasalized (s)kremb-IE   to curve, turn
949(s)ker-dh-, (s)kor-dh-(s)kert-s-small, pitiful, miserable
949-50(s)kert-s-2. ker-across, straight along
950sket- : skut-IE   to jump, spring
950sketh-, skuth-IE   to scold, scathe, injure, damage
950-511. (s)keu- to perform, carry out
951-532. (s)keu-, (s)keuu : (s)ku-IE   to hide, wrap, cover
9533. skeu-, kseu- to sneeze
9544. (s)keu-1. keu-to notice, observe, pay attention to
9545. skeu-skeu-to push, shoot, throw
9546. skeu(-t)-IE  1. kal-to cut, scratch, separate
954-55skeu-IE  skeub-to push, shoot, throw
955skeub-, skeubh-, skeug-IE  2. (s)keud-to shove, move, shoot, throw
9551. skeud-keuud-to grumble, protest; unwilling
955-562. (s)keud-IE  5. skeu-to shoot, throw
956(s)keup-, skeub(h)-IE   sheaf, bunch, flock, etc.
956-57(s)keut-, (s)keudh- to shrink, shrivel up
957sklek-, skluk-sresk-to spray, sprinkle; wet
957skordho- pan, vessel; potsherd
957skot-IE   shade, shadow, darkness
957-58(s)kut-IE  kuet-to shake, shudder
958(s)kualo-sIE  kualo-s(type of large fish, e.g. whale)
958skuerb(h)- to pierce, stick (of thorns)
958sk(h)uoi-, sk(h)ui(i)- thorn, needle
958(s)lagu-IE  lagh-to grab, latch, seize
959slak-IE   to hit, hammer
959(s)leb-, (s)lob-, (s)lep-, (s)lop-leb-lip; to hang down slackly
959-60(s)leg- : (s)lug-, and (s)leg-IE   weak, feeble, languid
960slegu- to oppress, maltreat, mishandle
960(s)leib-sleub(h)-to slip; slimy
960-61(s)leidh-IE  3. lei-to slide; slippery
961(s)leig- to hack, hit
961-62slenk-, sleng-IE   to turn, wind; creep, slink
962-63(s)leu-IE   slack, feeble, loosely hanging
963-64sleub(h)-IE  (s)leug-to slide, slip
964(s)leug-, (s)leuk-IE  lauk(o)-to swallow
964(s)leug-, (s)leuk-IE  (s)leib-to slide, slip
964-65(s)leup-, (s)leub(h)-IE   to hang slackly
965(s)li- : slui-, or sloi-, sli-uo-IE   livid, bluish
965slougo-, slouga- (fem.)IE   help, service
965-66(s)lrg-, and sler-sler-(onomatopoeic: to swallow)
966sme, smaIE   really, truly (emphatic particle)
966-67sme-, smei-, sm-ei-IE  3. smei-to rub, smear
967smeg(h)-IE   to smack, taste
967-681. (s)mei-, smeu-IE  smeu-to smile
9682. smei- : smui- : smi-IE   to carve, work with sharp tool
9683. smei-, smeid-, smeig-, smeik-sme-to rub, smear
968smeit-, smit-IE   to throw
968smek- beard, chin
9691. smel-IE   to smolder, burn slowly
9692. smel-IE  6. mel-gray
969-70(s)mer-IE   to mourn, remember, think of, care for
970smerd-, smord-IE  4. mer-to stink
970-71smeru-IE   fat, grease, smear
971smeu-1. (s)mei-to laugh, smile
971(s)meukh-, (s)meug-, (s)meugh-IE   to smoke; smoke
971smog- heavy, burdensome
971-72sna-, snu-(t-), snau-, sn-eu-, sn-et-IE  sneu-to flow, swim; damp
972-73(s)nadh- to cut, slice
973(s)ne-, and (s)nei-IE  snep-to spin, twist threads together
973-74(s)nebh-ri-, (s)nobh-ri- thin, narrow
974sneig-IE   to crawl, snake
974sneiguh-IE   to snow; snow
974sneit-IE   to cut
974-75snep-, snop-, snup-2. (s)ner-to gather in sheaves/bundles; twist into rope
9751. (s)ner-, (s)nur-IE   to snarl, growl
975-772. (s)ner-IE  sneu-to turn, wind, etc.
977(s)nerb-IE   to cut?
977sneu-2. enebh-to flow, swim; damp
977sneu- : snu-, and sneu-IE  1. ned-to turn, bind, attach; band, sinew
977-78sneubh-IE  snusósto woo, marry
9781. sneud(h)-IE  2. sneudh-to drowse, slumber; drowsy, sleepy
9782. sneudh-IE  1. sneud(h)-fog, mist
978snusósIE  sen-daughter-in-law
978-79so(s), saIE  1. to-(nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)
979soi-to-3. se(i)-magic
979-80solo-, sol(e)uo-IE  6. sel-whole, well-kept, salubrious
980so[u]ra : sora calf (of leg)
980spako- point; small drop
980sp(h)e-, sp(h)u-(dh-)IE  2. sp(h)eilong flat piece of wood
981speg-, or spog-IE  spek-to watch sharply, be attentive
981-821. (s)p(h)ei- : (s)p(h)i-IE  pi-n-sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.
9822. sp(h)ei : sp(h)i, and sp(h)e : sp(h)u-IE  3. sp(h)e(i)-to pull, drag
983-843. sp(h)e(i)-, spi-, and sphe- : sphu-IE  1. (s)pen(-d)-to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.
984spek-IE  speg-to watch, inspect, spy on
985(s)pel-IE   to speak aloud, tell with emphasis
985-871. (s)p(h)el-IE  (s)p(h)elg-to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
9872. (s)p(h)el-IE   to shine, glitter
987(s)p(h)elg-(s)plei-to split, splinter
987sp(h)elgh(en), splengh-, splegh-IE   milt; spleen
9881. (s)pen(-d)-IE  (s)p(h)eu-d-to pull, spin
9892. *(s)pen-, (s)pon-, (s)pondho- wooden pail
989spend-IE   to offer a libation
989sp(h)e(n)d- to shake, quiver
989-90sp(h)eng-IE   to shine, glitter
990speno-, steno-, p(u)steno- teat, breast, nipple
990-911. (s)per-IE   pole, spar, rafter
9912. sper(-g)-IE   (type of bird, esp. sparrow)
991-923. sper-IE   to turn, wind
9924. (s)p(h)er-, (s)p(h)erug- to rip, tear; rag, snippet
992-931. sp(h)er-, sp(h)eru-IE  sp(h)erd(h)-to rush, push away, act rashly, etc.
993-952. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu-IE  sprei-to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle
9953. sp(h)er- balls of goat/sheep excrement
995-96sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)-IE  *(s)p(h)ereg-to rush, sprint, spring; running
996-98*(s)p(h)ereg-, (s)p(h)erug-, (s)p(h)reg-, nasalized spreng-IE  spergh-to rush, hurry; strew, sprinkle, disperse
998spergh-, spregh-, nasalized sprengh-IE  pher-to rush, hurry, spring, jump
998-99(s)p(h)eu-d-pan-to press, hurry
999(s)piko-IE   woodpecker (or other large bird)
999(s)pingo-IE   finch, sparrow
999-1000(s)p(h)ieu- : (s)piu-, (s)piu-IE   to spit, spew, sputter
1000(s)plei-IE  ple-to cut, split
1000(s)pleigh- to splay (legs)
1001(s)poimno-IE   foam, spume, spray
1001sprei-, spreu-sp(h)reig-to sow, strew, scatter
1001sp(h)reig-1. per-to teem, abound, overflow
1001sraku-to- sharp-edged
1001srebh-, srbh-, and serbh-IE  suerbh-to sip, slurp, swallow
1001-2sr-edh-, sr-et-IE  sreu-to boil, spout, whirl
1002(s)reigh- to creep, climb, clamber
1002srenk-IE   to snore
1002sreno- body part (e.g. hip, loins)
1002sresk-klep-to drip, drizzle
1003sreu-IE  1. ser-to stream, flow
1004sreup- dirty, scabby
1004srig-, srigos-IE   cold, frost
1004sromo- lame
1004-10sta- : stu-IE  stak-to stand
1010stag-IE   to drip, drizzle, trickle
1010(s)tai-IE  stai-to steal, do secretly
1010-11stai-, sti-, sti-a-IE  steib(h)-to condense, press together; stiff; stone
1011stak-, stek-IE  steb(h)-to place, stand
1011-13steb(h)-, and steb(h)- : stubh-, nasalized stemb(h)-, step-, also step-?, nasalized stemp-, nominal stubho-s, stemb(h)ro-s, stomb(h)o-sIE  sta-stump, post, pillar; to support, etc.
1013-141. (s)teg-IE  tag-to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof
10142. (s)teg-IE  stegh-stake, pole, beam
1014-15stegh-, nasalized stengh-IE  2. (s)teg-stick, stalk, stang, etc.
1015(s)tei-IE  tei-sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus
1015-16steib(h)-, stib(h)-, steip-, stip-IE  steuu-stick, pole, stake; stiff
1016-17(s)teig-IE  teig-to stick, prick; sharp
1017-18steigh-IE   to climb, ascend; stride, march
1018(s)teigu-IE  teigu-arm, shoulder; thigh, hip
1018(s)teiguh- to endure, wait patiently
10181. (s)tel-4. tel-to urinate, let flow
1018-192. stel-, stelu-IE  3. stel-to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad
1019-203. stel-IE  2. stel-to put, place
1021stem- to push, thrust; stumble, stutter
10211. (s)ten-IE  2. ten-to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
1021-222. sten-IE   to narrow, hem in
1022-271. (s)ter-, (s)teru- : (s)tre-IE  6. ster-stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.
1027-282. ster-IE   star
10283. ster-IE   to rob, steal
1028-294. ster-, also steru- : stre-, strei-, streu-IE   line, streak, strip, stripe
1029-315. ster-, steru- : stre-, steru- : streu-IE   to strew, scatter, spread out
10316. ster-IE  7. (s)ter-n-barren, sterile, unfruitful
10317. (s)ter-n-IE  2. streig-thorn, prickly stalk
1031-328. (s)ter-IE   dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul
1032sterg-, sterk-IE   to care for, pay careful attention to
1032-341. (s)teu-IE  1. teu-to hit, push, thrust
10352. steu-IE   to praise (aloud)
1035steuu-(s)tai-to coagulate, become dense/thick
1035stilp-, stilb-IE   to shine; to look, show
1035stomen-IE   mouth, stoma
1036storos, stornos, strnos?IE   starling, songbird
10361. streig-IE   to halt, pause, falter, be(come) stuck
10362. streig-IE  strenk-taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope
10363. (s)treig-, streid(h)-IE  treig-to hiss
1036-37strenk-, streng-IE  7. ter-tight, cramped; cord, string
1037(s)trep-, (s)treb-IE  3. trep-to cry, make wild noises
1037stru- gray-haired, old (man)
1037-38su-, su-sue-lo-good, well
1038-39su-s, suu-ósIE  2. sus-pig, sow, swine
1039su-ro-, sou-ro-IE  1. seu-sour, bitter, salty; cheese
10391. sus- to whistle (of wind)
10392. sus-2. seu-parent, creator, producer
1039-40suad-IE   sweet; to enjoy something
1040suard- to laugh
1040-41suei-, sui-IE   to pipe, whistle, sibilate
1041-42sue(i)-IE  sueng-to bend, turn, swing, swivel
10421. sueid-IE  sueid-to shine, glisten
10432. sueid-IE   to sweat, perspire; sweat
1043sueid-1. sueid-milk
1043suek- to smell (good)
1043-44suekru- husband's mother
1044sueks, seks, kseks, ksueks, ueks : uksIE   six
1044s(u)ekuo-sIE   sap, pitch, resin
10451. suel(-k)-IE   to eat, drink, swill, swallow
10452. suel-IE  suelplo-sto burn, smolder, swelter
10463. suel-, suol-, sul-IE   sole of foot; ground
10464. suel-2. sel-beam, board
1046sue-lo-, sueliio(n)-se-brother-in-law
1046suelplo-sIE  sauel-sulphur
1046suem-IE   to swim, move
1046-47suen-IE   to sound, resound
1047(s)uendh-sui-to dwindle, disappear
1047-48sueng-, suenk- : sueg-, suek-IE  ueib-to bend, swing, swag
1048suenk-, sunk-IE   heavy; pregnant
1048suento-, sunto-IE   sound, active, healthy, vigorous
1048-491. suep-, sup-IE   to sleep
10492. suep-, sup-, sueb-IE   to throw
10491. suer-, also ser-?IE  2. suer-to speak, swear, answer
1049-502. suer-IE  1. suer-to buzz, hiss
10503. suer- stake
10504. suer-IE   to cut, prick, pierce
10505. suer-1. uer-heavy
1050-51suerbh-, also suer-?IE  srebh-to turn, sweep, swerve
1051suergh-IE   to be ill; to sorrow, care for
1051suesor-IE   sister
1052sui-IE  2. uendh-to fade, dwindle, become silent
1052suomb(h)o-sIE   porous, spongy, swampy
1052suordo-sIE   black, swarthy; dark/dirty color
1053-54ta-, tu-, tai-, tui-, ti-; [tau-], tuu-, tu-IE   to thaw, melt, decay, dissipate
1054tad- to act purposefully
1054-55tag-, or teg- : tog- : teg-IE  2. tong-to grip, seize, touch
1055tag-IE  teg-to tidy up
1055tak-, take(i)-IE   to be tacit, silent
1055tal-IE   to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout
10561. tap- to dip
10562. tap-IE   to press down/together
1056tata-, and similarly teta-IE   daddy (nursery word)
1056-57taus- calm, still, silent, peaceful
1057teg-1. (s)teg-to cover
1057teg-, tug- to burn
1057tegu-IE   thick, fat
1057tei-(s)tei-sharp, pointed; spike
1057teig-(s)teig-to prick, stick; sharp
1057teigu-(s)teigu-arm, shoulder; thigh, hip
10571. tek-IE   to bear, produce
1057-582. tek-IE   to reach, stretch out (hand) for
10583. tek-IE   to plait, weave
1058-59tekþ-IE   to plait
1059-60teku-IE   to flow, run
1060-611. tel-, telu-, tle(i)-, tla-IE   to bear, carry; weigh, lift up
10612. tel-, telu-, telu-IE   flat (board, ground)
1061-623. tel- to be calm/still
10624. tel-1. (s)tel-to urinate, let flow
1062telegh-telek-to hit
1062telek-IE  telegh-to hit, push
1062telp- to have room; spacious
1062-631. tem-, tend-IE  tend-to cut
10632. tem- stunned, confused
1063-64tem(u)-IE   dark
1064-65temp-IE  1. ten-to span, stretch, extend
1065-661. ten-, tend-IE  tengh-to span, stretch, extend
10672. ten-1. (s)ten-to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
1067tend-1. tem-to cut
1067tenugos, tenugos ground (under water)
10671. teng-IE   to dunk, soak, wet
10672. teng-1. tong-to feel, think
1067tengh-1. tenk-to span, extend; pull, stretch
10671. tenk-IE  2. tenk-to span, extend; pull, stretch
10682. tenk-IE  tens-to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid
1068-69tens-IE  temp-to span, stretch, extend
1069tenu-s, tenu-sIE   thin
1069-70tep-IE   to be warm, tepid
10701. ter-trem-to quiver, tremble
1070-712. ter-, teru-IE   weak, feeble, tender, fragile
1071-743. ter-, teru-, and teri-, trei-, tri-, also teru- : treu-IE  6. ter-to bore, drill, rub, thresh
1074-754. ter-, teru- : tr-, tra-, teru-IE  5. ter-to cross, get over, etc.
1075-765. ter-IE  tet(e)r-through, over, etc.
10766. ter-3. ter-(boring/gnawing insect)
10767. ter-, teru-, terbh-, terd-, terg-, terp-treg-stiff, rigid, solid, etc.
1076terd-, tred- to bore, drill through
1076-77tergu- to warn, threaten; fright, horror
1077terk-, trek-, tork-, trok-IE  tragh-to torque, turn
1077-78terp-, trep-IE   to enjoy, satisfy oneself
1078-79ters-IE   to toast, dry; thirst
1079tet(e)r-tor-(onomatopoeic: to quack)
10791. teu-, teud-, teug-, teuk-, teup-tuen-to hit, push, thrust
1079-802. teu-IE   to notice, observe, listen to
1080-85teu-, tuu-, teuu-, tuo-, tu-IE  teuk-to swell, intumesce
1085teuk-teu-germ, seed, sprout, offspring
1085teup-IE   to crouch down, conceal oneself
1085teus- to empty
1085teuu-, tua- to sift
1086ti-ti-, (ti)til- (onomatopoeic: chirping of small bird)
1086tiegu- to retreat, step back in fear; shy
1086-871. to-, ta-, tio-IE  so(s)that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)
10882. to-ati(prefix)
1088tolku-IE   to speak
10881. tong-, *teng-IE  2. teng-to think, feel
10882. tong-tag-to touch, grip, seize
1088top-IE   to reach, stay; place
1088-89tor-, toro-sIE  trozdos-loud, distinct, audible
1089tragh-, trogh-, and tregh-IE  trek-to drag, train, pull, move
1090treb-, trob-, treb-, or trub-, trb-IE   building, dwelling
1090treg-1. (s)ter-to make an effort, use all one's strength; battle, force; solid
1090-92trei-IE   three, trio
1092treig-3. (s)treig-to hiss
1092treisti-, or tristi- sulky, moody, stubborn
1092trek-IE  dheragh-to pull, run
1092-93trem-, trems-IE  1. trep-to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample
10931. trenk-IE  2. trenk-to throng, push, press together
10942. trenk-1. trenk-to wash, bathe, cleanse
10941. trep-IE  tres-to trip, tread, trample
10942. trep-IE   to bow the head, turn away in shame
10953. trep-, treb-(s)trep-to cry, make wild noises
1095tres-, ters-, *teres-IE  1. ter-to quiver, tremble
1095treu- to prosper
1095-96tr-eu-d-IE  trudes-to thrust, push, press, squash
1096triiuto-, trito- sea; wet, watery
1096tris- vine; stem, stalk
1096trozdos- : trzdos-IE  4. ter-thrush, blackbird
1096-97trudes-tr-eu-d-scratchy; leprosy?
1097truk-tuerk-to cut
1097trus- reed
1097tu, tutuIE   (onomatopoeic: chirping of bird)
1097-98tuIE   thou, you
1098tu-lo- slow, lazy, sluggish; boring
10981. tuak-, tuk- to bind, close up, pull together
10982. tuak-IE   to bathe
1099tuakos skin
10991. tuei- to hack, hew, cut down, hit sharply
10992. tuei-, extended tuei-s-IE   to shake, excite, move back and forth, shimmer
1099tuen-1. (s)teu-to hit, push, thrust
1099-1100tuengh-IE   to twinge, oppress, constrain, close in
1100-11. tuer- : tur-, and tur-IE   to twirl, turn
11012. tuer- : tur-, tueru-IE   to grab, hold
1102tuerk-IE  truk-to cut
1102tuibh- hollow
1102tuo[u]- : tuuu- : tu-l- pipe, tube
11031. u- (onomatopoeic: owl's hoot, etc.)
11032. u-5. ue-ooh! (interjection of pain)
1103ub- to drag, press down
1103-4ud-IE  ghe-out, away, up(wards)
1104-5udero-, uedero-IE   belly, uterus
1105ul-IE  albhi-(onomatopoeic: to howl, ululate)
1105-6upér, upériIE  upoover, above
1106-7upo, up, eup, (e)up-s-IE  upérunder, (from) below, etc.
11081. ua-, uo-, uu-2. uen-to hit, wound
1108uen-IE   to hit, wound
1108-92. ua-IE   (to pull) apart
1109uab-IE  1. uap-to call, cry, weep, lament
1109uadh-IE   pledge
1109uadh-, uudh-IE   to go, wade, stride, march
11101. uag-IE   sheath, cover, hollow lid
11102. uag-uagh-to cry, shriek
1110uagh-, suagh-IE  2. uag-to cry, shriek, sough
1110-11uaiIE   woe; wolf
1111uai-, ui-IE   weak, miserable
1111uakaIE   cow
1111-12ual-, ual-d(h)-IE   to prevail, be strong
1112uank- beam
11121. uap-2. uap-to chatter
1112-132. uap-, up-IE  uab-to call, cry
1113uasto-s1. eu-to lack; empty
11131. uat-, better uot-IE   wood, vatic, mentally animated
11132. uat-IE  uug-to bend, curve
1113-14uazdh-, better uozdh- long, wide
11141. ue-, uei-IE  3. ne-we two (dual), we (plural)
11142. ue-, uedh-1. uebh-to weave
11143. ue-, uu-IE  uep-to blow
11144. ue-, uo-, ues-3. au-from, away, downward
11145. ue-, uo-4. au-other; that (one)
11141. uebh-IE  5. au-to plait, weave, waver, move back and forth
1114-152. uebh-uobhsato roam, swarm, wander
1115ued-2. uedh-to lead
11151. uedh-IE   to hit, push
1115-162. uedh-, before nasals ued-IE  ued-to lead
1116-173. uedh-1. uendh-to tie, bind, attach
1117ueg-IE  uokso-to bind, weave
1117-18ueg-IE  aueg-fresh, strong
1118uegu- : ugu-, ukus-IE   damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox
1118-20uegh-IE   to move, drive, carry, convey
1120uug- : uag-1. uei-bent, curved
1120-221. uei-, ueiu- : ui-IE  1. ueid-to bend, turn, wind
11232. uei-, ueiu- : ui-IE  3. ueis-to wizen, wither
1123-243. uei-, ueiu- : ui-IE  uiro-sto wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent
1124ueib-ueip-to sway, turn
11241. ueid-4. ueik-to bend, turn
1125-272. u(e)id-IE   to vide, see, wit, know
1127-28ueidh-, uidh-IE  1. ui-to divide, separate; widow
11281. ueik-IE   to choose, filter, sort out
1128-292. ueik-IE   force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)
11293. ueik-IE   to happen, become equal, come together
1130-314. ueik-, ueig-, extended form of uei-IE  2. ueis-to bend, curve; exchange, pass around
1131ueik-, uik-, uoiko-IE   house, village, settlement
1131-32ueip-, ueib-IE  3. seu-to turn, whip, sway, vibrate
11331. ueis-IE   to grow, sprout
1133-342. ueis-uek-to bend, turn
11343. ueis-IE  2. uei-to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison
1134-35uek-, ue-n-k-uuk-to bend
1135uuk- : *uak-IE  ue-n-g-bent
1135uek-IE   to want, wish
1135-36ueku-IE   to voice, speak, evoke
1136uek-ti-IE   whit, thing
1136-371. uel-IE   to see
1137-382. uel-, ulei-, ule(i)-IE  5. uel-to will, want, wish, choose
11383. uel-IE  7. uel-to crowd, press, push
1139-404. uel-, uelu-IE   wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
11405. uel-, uelu-2. uel-to deceive
11406. uel- warm
1140-447. uel-, uelu-, ule-IE  3. uel-to turn, wind; round, voluble
1144-458. uel-IE  1. uelk-to steal; to wound, tear, avulse
11451. uelk-selk-to pull, drag
1145-462. uelk-, uelg-IE   wet, damp
1146uem-, uemu-IE   to spit, spew, wamble, vomit
1146-471. uen-, uenu-IE   to love, venerate, strive/wish for
11472. uen-1. ua-to hit, wound
11481. uendh-IE  3. uedh-to turn, wind, wend
11482. uendh-(s)uendh-to wane, disappear
11483. uendh- hair, beard
1148-49ue-n-g-IE  ue-n-gh-bent
1149ue-n-gh-IE  ue-n-k-bent
1149ue-n-k-2. uat-bent
11491. *uep- : uop- : up-ab-water
11492. uep- to strew, throw out
1149-50uep- : uup-10. au(e)-to blow; to soar
1150-511. uer-, also suer-IE  3. uer-to bind, attach; strive
1151-522. uer-IE   highland, raised place; high, top
11523. uer-IE  5. uer-to bend, turn, wrap
11523a. uer-, urmi-s, urmo-sIE   worm
11533b. uer-, uer-b-, and uer-bh-IE   to bend, turn, warp
1153-543c. uer-, u(e)r-ed-IE   to sway, bend down
11543d. uer-, uer-g-IE  3e. uer-to turn, wrench
1154-553e. uer-, uer-gh-IE  3f. uer-to turn, press, wring, strangle
11553f. uer-, uer-k-IE  uer-g-to bend, turn, wind
11563g. uer-, uer-p-, ur-ep-IE   to turn, wind
1156-583h. uer-, uer-t-IE   to turn, wind, invert
1158-603i. uer-, ur-ei-IE   to clench the teeth; wroth, confused
11604. uer-IE   to find, take
1160-625. uer-IE  1. uerg-to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save
1162-636. uer-IE  urek-to speak, talk formally
1163-647. uer-IE   to root, open, tear up
11648. uer-IE   to notice, observe, attend, be aware
11659. uer- : ueru-sIE   wide, broad
116510. uer-9. au(e)-to flow; wet; water, river, etc.
1165-6611. uer-, ueru-IE   to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy
116612. uer-IE   to burn
116613. uer-IE   squirrel, weasel, etc.
1167u(e)rad-, uerud-, urud-IE   root, branch, twig
1167uerdh-, uredh-IE   to grow; high
11681. uerg-, ureg-IE  uoro-to (en)close, shut off; pen
1168-692. uerg-, ureg-IE   to do, work, be effective
11693. uerg-, uorg-IE   to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
1169uer-g-, uer-gh-, uer-k-3d. uer-to bend, turn
1169uer-(e)naIE   alder, poplar
1169-70uers-IE   to drag along the ground
1170ueren-IE   lamb, ram, sheep
1170-711. ues-IE  2. au-to live, stay overnight
11712. ues-IE  uesu-to feast
1171-723. ues-IE   to ooze, dampen; wet
11724. ues- to stick, stab, pierce
1172-735. ues-IE   to dress, clothe, wear
11736. ues-1. iu-you (plural)
11737. ues- to turn, wind, wrap
11738. ues-IE   to buy, sell, exchange
1173ues-no- price
11739. ues-ues-rto shine
1173-74uesperos, uekerosIE   vesper, evening
1174ues-rIE  aues-spring
1174-75uesu-IE  2. ues-good
1175uet-IE   year
1175-761. ui-IE  2. dhe-apart, separate from, in two; both
11762. ui-, uoi- (onomatopoeic root)
1177uidhu-IE   tree, wood
1177ui-kmt-iIE  dekmtwenty
1177uiks- mistletoe, tree with sticky(?) sap
1177uing-, and ueig-, uig-?angh-elm (tree)
1177-78uiro-sIE  3. uei-man, warrior
1178uieth-, uith- to shake
1178ulek-, ulk- to light, shine; fiery
1178-79ulkuosIE   wolf, lobo
1179ulp-, lup-IE   (carnivorous animal, esp. fox, wolf, etc.)
1179uobhsaIE  2. uebh-wasp
1179-80uoguhni-s, uoguhnes-IE   plowshare
1180uokso-IE  ueg-wax
1180uoro-IE  5. suer-madness; dizziness, weariness
1180uortoko-IE   quail
11801. uragh- : urugh- spike, thorn
11812. uragh- : urugh- to hit, push
1181ureg-, and uerg-?IE   to drag, push, drive, thrust
1181-82ureg-, urog-, urug-IE   to break
1182urek-6. uer-to speak, talk formally
1182ureik-, uereik- heather
1182uren- to splash, sprinkle
1183ureth- : uroth-, or urath- to support
1183urughio-IE  rughio-rye