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Indo-European Lexicon

Avestan Reflex Index

Below we list 301 unique Avestan reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Avestan or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.
ReflexEtyma
adada2. dhe-
adaitied-
aeiti1. ei-
aesa-3. e-
aeva-oi-no-
aexa2. ei-s-
afs2. ap-
ahura-ansu-
ahuro3. an(u)-
aipiepi
Airyaario-?
aitieti
aiwi-gnixta-ghen-
ana4. an-, eno-
åntyå3. an(u)-
anyada1. al-
anghu-ansu-
aojoaueg-
apaapo-
aparamapo-
aparoapo-
ar-3. er-
arusorkþo-s
arusyant-2. ere-s-
aruzahar(e)-g-
asnaoitienek-
asno2. ak-
aspa-ekuo-s
aspoekuo-s
asruazan-dakru-
astaokto(u)
astuma-okto(u)
ava-4. au-
avaiti7. au-
ayah-aios-
a-zaintis2. gen-
azaitiag-
azan-agher-
azanheangh-
azemeg-
azoangh-
*azraagro-s
azro-daiðimagro-s
ba2. bhe
bakhsh-1. bhag-
bandayaitibhendh-
bantabhen-
baodaitibheudh-
baoðayeitibheudh-
baraiti1. bher-
baruzah-bheregh-
baruzisbhelgh-
bavaitibheu-
berezanhbheregh-
buruz-bheregh-
buruzant-bheregh-
bhratar-bhrater-
bisduo(u)
bratabhrater-
braza-bherug-
brazaitibherug-
buza-bhugo-s
-ca1. kue
caitikuo-
caraiti1. kuel-
caruman-4. (s)ker-
cathru-kuetuer-
cathwarokuetuer-
caxra-1. kuel-
cuvisi1. keu-
cikayat1. kuei(-t)-
citkuo-
ciþro(s)kai-
da-dheiu-
dab-dhebh-
dadarusaderk-
daðaiti2. dhe-
daeman-dheiu-
-daenusdhe(i)-
daeva-1. dei-
daeza-dheigh-
daezayeitidheigh-
dah-1. dens-
dahah-1. dens-
dahista-1. dens-
daibityaduo(u)
dam-dem-
dantan-ed-
dar-2. dher-
darugo5. del-
darsti-derk-
darz-2. dher-
dasumodekm
dasino1. dek-
data-2. dhe-
dataed-
dauru-deru-
day-dheiu-
dazaitidheguh-
dumana-dem-
duruto4. der-
duruzra-2. dher-
drajo5. del-
drva-2. dher-
drvaena-deru-
dugðardhug(h)uter-
dunman-4. dheu-
durat3. deu-
dus-dus-
duz-dus-
dvaduo(u)
dvaididhau-
dvarumdhuer-
dvarmdhuer-
uruzatamar(e)-g-
frasna-4. perk-
fra-snus1. genu-
fravayoitpleu-
frinaitiprai-
fryoprai-
fsu-2. pek-
garumoguher-
gausguou-
gavagouu-
gunaguena
guruða-gherdh-
guruwnaiti1. ghrebh-
gouru-2. guer-
granta-2. ghrem-
ha-so(s)
hama-2. sem-
hama3. sem-
haptaseptm
haptatha-septm
haurva-solo-
haurvaiti2. ser-
hazah-segh-
histaitista-
irinahtileiku-
iseeik-
isti-eik-
isu-2. ei-s-
jaidyemiguhedh-
jaini-guena
jainti2. guhen(-u)-
jamaitigua-
jani-guena
jasaitigua-
jvaiti3. guei-
jya-tu3. guei-
ka-kuo-
kaena1. kuei(-t)-
kara-(s)kualo-s
karana-kert-
karsu1. kuel-
kuhrp-1. krep-
kurunaoiti1. kuer-
kuruntaiti4. (s)ker-
ma1. me-
mad-1. med-
madu-médhu
magnanogu-
maibya1. me-
mairya-2. mel-
manyeite3. men-
mar-(s)mer-
matar-matér-
mi-mara-(s)mer-
miryeite4. mer-
naf1. enebh-
nah-nas-
naoma-e-neuen
napta-2. enebh-
nasaitienek-
navae-neuen
nemah1. nem-
nmana-dem-
pad-2. ped-
pairi2a. per-
pairi-daeza-dheigh-
pancapenkue
par-åntyå3. an(u)-
-parayeite2b. per-
pataiti2. pet-
pathana-1. pet-
pa-zdayeitiapo-
purusaiti4. perk-
pitar-puté(r)
puxda-penkue
raez-leigh-
raocah-leuk-
raognareugh-m(e)n-
raoidita-reudh-
ratharet(h)-
raz-1. reg-
saete1. kei-
safakapho-
sarah-1. ker-
saruða-kerdho-
satumdekm
skaruna-3. (s)ker-
-smar-(s)mer-
snaezaitisneiguh-
snavarusneu-
span-kuon-
spuruzan-sp(h)elgh(en)
sru-1. ker-
srva1. ker-
staitissta-
staman-stomen-
starum2. ster-
staro2. ster-
sturunati5. ster-
stunasta-
surunaoiti1. kleu-
tafnustep-
tanava1. ten-
tapaititep-
tarsu-ters-
tasa-tekþ-
tasaititekþ-
tav-teu-
tumah-tem(u)-
turus-tres-
thwartuerk-
thwazjaitituengh-
tighra-(s)teig-
tigra-(s)teig-
tutu
tuiri-teu-
tumtu
thraxta-1. trenk-
thrayotrei-
thristrei-
thritya-trei-
ubdaena-1. uebh-
ugra-aueg-
una-1. eu-
ushaaues-
uta4. au-
uchsyeitiaueg-
vacah-ueku-
vadu2. uedh-
vað5. au-
vaeðe2. u(e)id-
vaesoueik-
vahusuesu-
vaidi9. au(e)-
vaiti10. au(e)-
vana1. uen-
vanghaiti1. ues-
varut-3h. uer-
varuta-8. uel-
varuz-1. uerg-
varna4. uel-
vaste5. ues-
vato10. au(e)-
vachsaitiaueg-
vayus10. au(e)-
vazaitiuegh-
vazyamuegh-
vuhrkoulkuos
vis-ueik-
visaitiueik-
xrura-1. kreu-
xstva-sueks
xsvassueks
xvafna-1. suep-
xvap-1. suep-
xvar-1. suel(-k)-
xvara4. suer-
yakaruieku-r(t-)
yasta-io[u]s-
yavan3. ieu-
zaghðem-
zaesa-gheis-
zafan-gep(h)-
zafarugep(h)-
zairina-1. ghel-
zairis1. ghel-
zan-1. gen-, 2. gen-
zana-1. gen-
zanaiti2. gen-
zanu-2. genu-
zanva1. genu-
zanggumghengh-
zaos-geus-
zaotor1. gheu-
zar-ger-
zaranya-1. ghel-
zasta-ghesto-
zata1. gen-
zayeite1. gen-
zazaitighengh-
za-zami1. ghe-
zurud-kered-
zizunti1. gen-
zoisnu-gheis-
zraz-da-kered-