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Indo-European Lexicon

Latvian Reflex Index

Below we list 388 unique Latvian reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Latvian or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.
ReflexEtyma
abiambhi
abolsabel-
acsoku-
acupedius2. ped-
aizbegtbhegu-
aizbegubhegu-
aizbraucubhreu-k-
aizbrauktbhreu-k-
aizviengho
aknaieku-r(t-)
akrims2. ak-
allusalu-
apepi
apjoztio[u]s-
apjozuio[u]s-
apjozuio[u]s-
apkampjukap-
apkamptkap-
apkampukap-
apmierinaju7. mei-
apmierinat7. mei-
apmierinu7. mei-
apsaapsa
apsedzu2. seg-
apsegt2. seg-
apvardoju6. uer-
apvardot6. uer-
ar4. ar
arvien3. e-
asaradakru-
asinses-r(gu)
astôtaisokto(u)
astuôniokto(u)
atlokslenk-
atstajusta-
atstatsta-
atslucu(s)leug-
atslukt(s)leug-
àu1. au-
au1. au-
aúgstsaueg-
augstsaueg-
aûgtaueg-
àunsóui-s
austaues-
austrumsaues-
ba2. bhe
balinaju1. bhel-
balinat1. bhel-
balinu1. bhel-
balti1. bhel-
balts1. bhel-
bàrdabhardha
bauslisbheudh-
bebris5. bher-
berns1. bher-
bert1. bher-
bet1. b(h)e
biezabhengh-
bìezsbhengh-
bijubheu-
bitebhei-
blenstbhlendh-
bràlisbhrater-
brèktbhereg-
butbheu-
caur6. skeu(-t)-
celis1. kuel-
ceturtaiskuetuer-
cetrikuetuer-
dangadhem-
dãrvaderu-
debess2. enebh-
dêjudhe(i)-
deju2. dhe-
deledhe(i)-
delsdhe(i)-
desmitaisdekm
desmitsdekm
dêtdhe(i)-
dèt2. dhe-
devinie-neuen
devîtaise-neuen
degudheguh-
dìena1. dei-
dievins1. dei-
dievs1. dei-
diezêtdheigh-
diledhe(i)-
dilstu3. del-
dilt3. del-
dilu3. del-
dividuo(u)
dumals4. dheu-
dùre1. der-
dûris1. der-
durisdhuer-
durns4. der-
durt1. der-
duru1. der-
duru1. der-
dùrvisdhuer-
dulags4. dheu-
dums4. dheu-
dvìnisduo(u)
dzièstugueiu-
dzimstugua-
dzìmtgua-
dzimugua-
dzirdeju4. guer(u)-
dzirdet4. guer(u)-
dzirdu4. guer(u)-
dzirnavas2. guer-
dzît3. guei-
dzìt2. guhen(-u)-
ena4. ai-
ercisarqu-
eseg-
eskat1. ais-
esmubheu-
êsted-
gadsghedh-
gaîlêtghoilo-s
gailsghoilo-s
galotne1. guel-
gandriz1. guhen-
gards1. gher-
garsguher-
glaudâtghleu-
gotinaguou-
grâbt1. ghrebh-
graûds2. ghreu-
greblis2. ghrebh-
grebt2. ghrebh-
gremst2. ghrem-
gribejughreib-
gribetghreib-
gribughreib-
gùmstugem-
gùodâtghedh-
gùodsghedh-
gùovsguou-
gùrste1. ger-
gutgouu-
gunugouu-
ieks1. en
ilensela
ilgi5. del-
izklausiju1. kleu-
izklausit1. kleu-
izklausu1. kleu-
izmaucu2. meug-
izmaukt2. meug-
izsabijajosbhoi-
izsabijatiesbhoi-
ja3. e-
jàu3. e-
jaudaju4. ieu-
jaudat4. ieu-
jauna3. ieu-
jaûns3. ieu-
ka2. kai
ka2. kai
kadakuo-
kaîls1. kai-
kalteju3. (s)kel-
kaltet3. (s)kel-
kalĀ“uôt6. kel-
karts4. (s)ker-
kaskuo-
kasejukuas-
kãsêtkuas-
kãsuliskuas-
katrskuo-
kaulskau-l-
kavet1. keu-
klàusît1. kleu-
kodiju2. ken-
kodit2. ken-
kodu2. ken-
koklekan-
krantskert-
krastskert-
krekls1. krek-
kruvesis1. kreu-
kurkuo-
labslabh-
laiduleid-
laiks2. leik-
laistleid-
laisanasleid-
laizuleid-
lasislak-
leni3. le(i)-
lidzigs2. leig-
lidzinaju2. leig-
lidzinat2. leig-
lidzinu2. leig-
liels2. lei-
liktleiku-
laudis1. leudh-
makonitis1. mak-
mani1. me-
mans1. me-
menesismenot
mesties3. me-
metos3. me-
miesamemso-
mileju7. mei-
milet7. mei-
milu7. mei-
muldeju2. mel-
muldet2. mel-
muldu2. mel-
naba1. enebh-
nacuenek-
naktenek-
naktsneku-(t-)
nakuenek-
nãsisnas-
ne1. ne
neviena1. ne
no4. an-
nogrimtgrem-
nogrimugrem-
nolaidosleid-
nolaistiesleid-
nolaizosleid-
nozudu2. gheu-
nozust2. gheu-
nozudu2. gheu-
nùo4. an-
nuôgsnogu-
núoma1. nem-
otrs2. an-
pa-bàlstsbhelgh-
padaritderu-
padaruderu-
padarijuderu-
padevosdo-
padodosdo-
padotiesdo-
pakula3. kel-
palaiduleid-
palaistleid-
palaizuleid-
paliekuleiku-, lenk-
paliktleiku-, lenk-
palikuleiku-, lenk-
pamazamapo-
pamirkskinaju2. mer-
pamirkskinat2. mer-
pamirkskinu2. mer-
patpoti-s
patikt2. tek-
patiku2. tek-
patiku2. tek-
patspoti-s
pelt(s)pel-
piedurkneepi
piedzimstugua-
piedzimtgua-
piedzimugua-
pìektaispenkue
pieludzu1. leugh-
pielugt1. leugh-
pils1. pel-
pirstperd-
priêksprai-
ratsret(h)-
redzeju2. reg-
redzet2. reg-
redzu2. reg-
rida1. ar-
ridams1. ar-
roka3f. uer-
ruôzîtiês1. reg-
rûsareudh-
saaicinajuaik-
saaicinataik-
saaicinuaik-
saime1. kei-
sakas2. kak-
sakne2. kak-
sakt(s)kek-
saku(s)kek-
sals1. sal-
sapnis1. suep-
saprastpret-
sapratupret-
saprotupret-
sarkanais3. ser-
saulesauel-
savase-
savsse-
sejaskai-
septîtaisseptm
serdekered-
sesisueks
sestaissueks
siksna1. kik-
sìmtsdekm
sirdskered-
sirnas1. ker-
sitskent-
skabît2. (s)kep-
skanigakan-
skatijossket-
skatitiessket-
skatossket-
skatssket-
smejos1. (s)mei-
smejos1. (s)mei-
smieties1. (s)mei-
snaujissneu-
snìegssneiguh-
spet3. sp(h)e(i)-
spietosana3. sp(h)e(i)-
spina1. (s)p(h)ei-
spraûst2. (s)p(h)er-
sprûst2. (s)p(h)er-
stabinssteb(h)-
stalista-
stallis3. stel-
stamensta-
starp3. ter-
stavejusta-
stavetsta-
stavista-
stâvssta-
stavssta-
stavusta-
stega2. (s)teg-
stega2. (s)teg-
stegs2. (s)teg-
stikls(s)teig-
striêgt1. streig-
strigt1. streig-
sudzêtuagh-
svadzêtuagh-
svars1. uer-
sautskeu-
skelt1. (s)kel-
ta1. to-
tas1. to-
tàutateu-
tinu1. ten-
tresaistrei-
trîstrei-
tumsatem(u)-
turetajs2. tuer-
tvaikonisteu-
uôdsed-
upe2. ap-
uzud-
uzacsoku-
uzlaiduleid-
uzlaistleid-
uzlaizuleid-
udens9. au(e)-
valdijuual-
valditual-
valdnieksual-
valduual-
vanskare1. eu-
vards6. uer-
vasksuokso-
vectevstata-
vejs10. au(e)-
vel7. uel-
verst3e. uer-
vienlidzigi3. e-
viênsoi-no-
vieta3. uei-
vìlksulkuos
vinsoi-no-
virtguher-
visi1. ui-
viss1. ui-
zemghðem-
zemeghðem-
zinât2. gen-
znuõts1. gen-
zùobsgembh-
zuôds2. genu-
zùossghan-s-
zuvsghðu-
zvaigzneghuoigu-