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Indo-European Lexicon

Middle High German Reflex Index

Below we list 837 unique Middle High German reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Middle High German or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

W-Germanic: A | B | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z

ReflexEtyma
abentepi
ackeragro-s
ackeranog-
ackesagu(e)si
ádereter-
agene2. ak-
agne2. ak-
aheakua-
ahseag-
ahselag-
ahtokto(u)
al1. al-
albalbho-
aleela
alfalbho-
alles1. al-
alpalbho-
alse1. al-
also1. al-
alt2. al-
alter2. al-
althorn1. ker-
alunalu-
an4. an-
ander2. an-
ane2. ak-, 4. an-
angel2. ank-
angestangh-
ankeangh-
anlagelegh-
apfelabel-
arbeitorbho-
archeareq-
arebeitorbho-
arm1. ar-, orbho-
arn1. er-
arnenes-en-
arsers-
art4. er-
ased-
asch*os
ascheas-
aspeapsa
atemet-mén-
axtagu(e)si
bachbhog-
bachenbhe-
badbhe-
badenbhe-
balcbhelgh-
bald3. bhel-
balke5. bhel-
balle3. bhel-
ban2. bha-, bhen-
bancbheg-
banebhen-
bankbheg-
bann2. bha-
bannen2. bha-
bantbhendh-
bar1. bher-, 3. bher-, bhoso-s
bare1. bher-
barre3. bher-
bartbhardha
batbhe-
be-huofkap-
beideambhi
beizbheid-
beizebheid-
belche1. bhel-
beliben1. leip-
bendenbhendh-
bengelbheg-
ber1. bha-, 5. bher-
bercbheregh-
bercfritbheregh-, prai-
berchfritbheregh-, prai-
bercvritbheregh-, prai-
bere1. bha-, 1. bher-
bergenbheregh-, bhergh-
berhfridebheregh-, prai-
berhtbherug-
bestbhad-
bet1. bhedh-
bete2. bhedh-
bette1. bhedh-
bezzerbhad-
bezzistbhad-
biambhi
bibenbhei-
biber5. bher-
biebhei-
biegen3. bheug-
bieten2. bhedh-
bilbhei(u)-
bilebhei(u)-
binbhei-
binbhei-, bheu-
bindebhendh-
bindenbhendh-
binebhei-
binnen1. en
birchebherug-
birkebherug-
bischofspek-
bistbheu-
biten1. bheidh-
bitten2. bhedh-
bitterbheid-
biule2. b(e)u-
biutenbheudh-
biuwenbheu-
bizbheid-
bizenbheid-
bizzebheid-
blabhle-uo-s
blackbheleg-
blæjen3. bhel-
blæwen3. bhel-
blancbheleg-
blandenbhlendh-
blasbhles-
blasen3. bhel-
blast3. bhel-
blat4. bhel-
blater3. bhel-
blatere3. bhel-
blatter3. bhel-
blazenbhle-
bleichbheleg-
bleichenbheleg-
blendenbhlendh-
blerenbhle-
blerrenbhle-
blicanbheleg-
blichen1. bhlei-
blide1. bhlei-
blintbhlendh-
bloede2. bhleu-
blodern3. bhel-
bloust4. bhel-
bloz2. bhleu-
blüejen4. bhel-
blüen4. bhel-
bluntbhlendh-
bluome4. bhel-
bluon4. bhel-
bluot4. bhel-
bluoten3. bhel-
bocbhugo-s
bodembhudh-m(e)n
bodenbhudh-m(e)n
boge3. bheug-
bole3. bhel-
bolle3. bhel-
bolsterbhelgh-
bolwerc2. uerg-
bolzbheld-
bonebhabha
borgenbhergh-
born3. bher-
bortbheredh-
boubheu-
bouc3. bheug-
bouchen1. bha-
*böugel3. bheug-
boumbheu-
bouwenbheu-
bozel1. bhau-
bozen1. bhau-
brach1. bhreg-
bradem2. bher-
bræhenbhrag-
bræjen2. bher-
brahsenbheruk-
brame1. bherem-
brantbh(e)reu-
brantweinbh(e)reu-
brasembheruk-
bratebh(e)reu-
bratenbh(e)reu-
brawe1. bhru-
brëchen1. bhreg-
brehenbheruk-
brem1. bherem-
brennenbh(e)reu-
brestenbhres-
brëtbheredh-
brimmen2. bherem-
bringenbhrenk-
briuwenbh(e)reu-
brodbh(e)reu-
brosem2. bhreu-s-
broseme2. bhreu-s-
brosme2. bhreu-s-
brotbh(e)reu-
bruchenbhrug-
brücke2. bhru-
brucke2. bhru-
brüejebh(e)reu-
brüejenbh(e)reu-
brüenbh(e)reu-
brügge2. bhru-
brun5. bher-
brunnebh(e)reu-
bruoderbhrater-
bruotbh(e)reu-
brust1. bhreu-s-
bubheu-
budebheu-
büenen1. bha-
bulgebhelgh-
bulzenbheld-
buntbhendh-
buobebaba-
buocbhaghú-s
buochbhagó-s
buochebhagó-s
buoch-stabebhagó-s
buodebheu-
Buohhunnabhagó-s
buozbhad-
buozebhad-
burcbheregh-
bürde1. bher-
burnebh(e)reu-
burren1. bher-
bürstebhares-
bütelbheudh-
buterguou-
buwenbheu-
dictegu-
dicketegu-
dihte2. tenk-
dol4. dheu-
dranc1. trenk-
drëcsker-(d-)
drec8. (s)ter-
driestrei-
dringen1. trenk-
drosteltrozdos-
droztr-eu-d-
dunken1. teng-
dunstertem(u)-
eaiu-
ebbeapo-
eck2. ak-
ecke2. ak-
edeleatos
egeagh-
egeseagh-
ehtokto(u)
eio(u)i-om
eich2. aig-
eiche2. aig-
eigeneik-
einlef1. leip-, oi-no-
einlif1. leip-, oi-no-
eischen1. ais-
eiseagh-
eit5. ai-
eitenoid-
eiteroid-
ekelnaiguh-
elbealbho-
elch1. el-
elenboge8. el-
ellen8. el-
ellenboge8. el-
elline8. el-
eln8. el-
elne8. el-
endeant-s
ende-losant-s
engeangh-
enkel2. ank-
ent-raton1. ar-
ere2. ais-
erenar(u)-
erknellengen-
ernar(u)-
ernest3. er-
erwachenueg-
escheas-
eselers-
eweaiu-
ewecaiu-
ewicaiu-
ëzzened-
fager1. pek-
fingerpenkue
frideprai-
gæbeghabh-
galle1. gel-, 1. ghel-
gan1. ghe-
gancghengh-
gangenghengh-
ganzeghan-s-
ganzerghan-s-
garn5. gher-
gartegherdh-
gastghosti-s
gatghed-
gateghedh-
gaterghedh-
gaternghedh-
gazze1. ghe-
geburbheu-
geburebheu-
geburt1. bher-
ge-gateghedh-
geilghoilo-s
geilenghoilo-s
geinireno-
geistgheis-
geizghaido-
geleich4. leig-
gen1. ghe-
gengenghengh-
gerghaiso-
getelingghedh-
ge-telle2. dhel-
geternghedh-
gevech2. peig-
gewar8. uer-
ge-ziucdeuk-
gihtghengh-
gi-hurten2. (s)keu-
glimsen1. ghel-
gliten1. ghel-
glitschen1. ghel-
glitzen1. ghel-
gomeghðem-
gram2. ghrem-
grane3. gher-
grans3. gher-
grapen1. ghrebh-
grat3. gher-
grogezengru-
gurtgherdh-
habenekap-
hackenkeg-
haderkat-
hæli4. kel-
halten5. kel-
-hart3. kar-
hechelkeg-
heie(s)k(h)ai-
hëllen6. kel-
hemmen1. kem-
hestkei-bh-
hetzenkad-
heystkei-bh-
hirn-bolle3. bhel-
hiulenul-
hose2. (s)keu-
houbetmankap-ut
hulfter4. kel-
hulst4. kel-
hummen2. kem-
hundertdekm
ieaiu-
irre2. ere-s-
ite-eti
iutereudh-
ja3. e-
jar1. ei-
jarzitda, 1. ei-
jeaiu-
jesties-
jodeln2. iu
jolen2. iu
junc3. ieu-
kachenha ha!
kachezenha ha!
kæsekuat(h)-
kafgep(h)-
kalt3. gel(u)-
kambegembh-
kampgembh-
kapun2. (s)kep-
kargar-
këc3. guei-
kël2. gel-
kellen1. guel-
kennen2. gen-
kergers-
kerbangerebh-
kerbengerebh-
keregers-
kerlger-
kërnger-
kërneger-
kërren2. ger-
kërvele4. bhel-
këveregep(h)-
kiden2. guet-
kiel2. gel-
kiesengeus-
kinn2. genu-
kint1. gen-
kirren2. ger-
kitel4. (s)ker-
kittel4. (s)ker-
kiusengeus-
kiuweng(i)eu-
kivelgep(h)-
kleit1. gel-
kliebengleubh-
kliubengleubh-
kliuwel1. gel-
kloz1. gel-
knëtengen-
knie1. genu-
knillengen-
knochegen-
knochengen-
knöckelgen-
knodegen-
knollegen-
knopfgen-
knotegen-
knüllengen-
knüsengen-
knüssengen-
kobegeu-
kochpeku-
kolg(e)u-lo-
komengua-
konguena
koneguena
kornger-
kra2. ger-
krachen2. ger-
kræjen2. ger-
kraft3. ger-
kranech2. ger-
krebezgerebh-
kretze3. ger-
kriuchen3. ger-
kropf3. ger-
krotengreut-
kruche3. ger-
krume3. ger-
krump3. ger-
kruoc3. ger-
küchepeku-
kuchepeku-
kuchenpeku-
küele3. gel(u)-
küene2. gen-
kumpf2. keu-
künc1. gen-
künden2. gen-
künec1. gen-
künic1. gen-
kunnen2. gen-
kunt2. gen-
kuoguou-
kuofegeu-
kuolen3. gel(u)-
kuon2. gen-
kurgeus-
kuregeus-
küssenku-
læge2. legh-
lagelegh-
lanchekleng-
lankekleng-
lant3. lendh-
lederhose2. (s)keu-
leichen3. leig-
lerche3. leig-
liederlich(s)leu-
loubeleubh-, leup-
mægen2. am-
mæjen2. am-
magetmaghos
magetinmaghos
mahtmagh-
mal3. me-
mandemenot
manemenot
mantmenot
markemereg-
mat2. me-
meischmei-k-
meistersingermeg(h)-, senguh-
mengenmen(u)k-
menschmanu-s
messesmeit-
mewen2. am-
milkhmelg-
minnesinger3. men-, senguh-
misse-2. mei-t(h)-
motte1. math-
mügenmagh-
mugenmagh-
mulbermoro-
muorma-no-
nabeger1. enebh-
negber1. enebh-
negeber1. enebh-
obeseupo
oeheimauo-s
oesenaus-
oheimauo-s
ore2. ous-
ostenaues-
osteneaues-
ou1. au-
ouch4. au-
ougeoku-
ovenauqu(h)-
oweóui-s
pflückenpi-lo-
pfnusenpneu-
pfriemeongu-
quëc3. guei-
quellen1. guel-
queln1. guel-
querchdhuergh-
quetschenguedh-
quetsenguedh-
quiden2. guet-
raben1. ker-
rade-ber1. bher-, ret(h)-
ram1. ker-
ramm1. ker-
rappe1. ker-
retichu(e)rad-
rigel3. uer-
roumreugh-m(e)n-
rube1. ker-
rüejen1. eru-
ruoch1. ker-
ruowe2. eru-
ruschrezg-
safsap-
saftsap-
saftecsap-
salbeselp-
schachkþe(i)-
scharte4. (s)ker-
schnitzelsneit-
schoz2. (s)keud-
schuoch2. (s)keu-
schurz4. (s)ker-
sesai-
segge2. sek-
sengensenk-
singersenguh-
sinkensengu-
slepfer3. lei-
slim3. lei-
sliten(s)leidh-
slitzen1. (s)kel-
sloten(s)leu-
slotern(s)leu-
slouche(s)leug-
sluder(s)leu-
sluder-affe(s)leu-
sludern(s)leu-
smalz1. mel-
smiegen2. meug-
smouch(s)meukh-
snappensna-
snerrenpneu-
snizsneit-
soln2. (s)kel-
spec3. sp(h)e(i)-
spelte1. (s)p(h)el-
spreckel*(s)p(h)ereg-
sprenkel*(s)p(h)ereg-
sprenzensp(h)erd(h)-
spriezen2. (s)p(h)er-
stal3. stel-
stall3. stel-
stecken(s)teig-
sterkesta-
sterzen1. (s)ter-
stief1. (s)teu-
stifsteib(h)-
stigestai-
stijestai-
stirkesta-
strant5. ster-
strousel5. ster-
stürn1. tuer-
stutz1. (s)teu-
stutzen1. (s)teu-
sumer3. sem-
sumpfsuomb(h)o-s
swansuen-
swankensueng-
sweiz2. sueid-
tacagher-
tagagher-
tagenagher-
tal1. dhel-
tapeda
tardhers-
tat2. dhe-
techerdekm
teicdheigh-
tëlbendhelbh-
telbendhelbh-
telle1. dhel-
tenne2. dhen-
tichdheigu-
tiefdheu-b-
tier4. dheu-
tievel2. guel-
tigerdheigh-
tigeredheigh-
timberdhem-
timmerdhem-
tiuvel2. guel-
tob4. dheu-
tohterdhug(h)uter-
tol4. dheu-
top4. dheu-
torstedhers-
tot2. dheu-
tou1. dheu-
touben4. dheu-
toufendheu-b-
toup4. dheu-
trachederk-
trackederk-
tragendheragh-
traz4. der-
tren3. dher-
trene3. dher-
trenkendhreg-
treten3. der-
tribendhreibh-
triffendhrebh-
triftdhreibh-
trinkendhreg-
trol3. der-
trolle3. der-
tropfedhreu-
trordhreu-
trote3. der-
trotte3. der-
truht2. dher-
truosen1. dher-
tücmen2. dhe-
tuom2. dhe-
tuon2. dhe-
turendhers-
turrendhers-
twercdhuergh-
unruowe2. eru-
uoverapero-
ürochseuegu-
utereudh-
uzud-
vadem1. pet-
vaden1. pet-
vahenpak-
vahs2. pek-
valant1. pel-
valden3a. pel-
vallenphol-
-valt3a. pel-
valten3a. pel-
vanpan-
vanepan-
var2e. per-
var2b. per-, 2d. per-
vare2e. per-
varm2b. per-
varn2b. per-
varre2d. per-
varzenperd-
vasel3. pes-
vastpasto-
vastenpasto-
vaterputé(r)
vay1. ped-
vech1. peig-, 2. peig-
vëder2. pet-
vëdere2. pet-
vehten2. pek-
veige2. peig-
veim(s)poimno-
veiypei(u)-
veiyetpei(u)-
veiytpei(u)-
vël3b. pel-
veltpelu-
vencheldhe(i)-
vërre2a. per-
verterken1. dher-
vertirken1. dher-
verwepfenkeuup-
verzenperd-
verzern4. der-
vestepasto-
vestenpasto-
viantpe(i)-
vientpe(i)-
vierkuetuer-
vierdunckuetuer-
vihe2. pek-
vil1. pel-
vile1. peig-
vilz2a. pel-
vindenpent-
vinke(s)pingo-
vintpe(i)-
virne2a. per-
vischpeisk-
visen2. peis-
vist2. peis-
visten2. peis-
viurpeuor
viuwerpeuor
viwerpeuor
vlæenpleu-
vlæjenpleu-
vlahsplek-
vlëcplek-
vleischplek-
vletzeplat-
vliegepleu-
vliegenpleu-
vliehenpleu-
vliezpleu-
vlins(s)plei-
vliuspleus-
vliuzenpleu-
vlochblou-
vluhtpleu-
vluorpelu-
vluotpleu-
vogelpleu-
vohe1. puk-
vol1. pel-, pou-
volc1. pel-
volepou-
vorhen2. perk-
vorht2. perg-
vorhte2. perg-
vort2a. per-
vragen4. perk-
vrëchpreg-
vrëzzened-
vrîprai-
vrienprai-
vrigenprai-
vriuntprai-
vriusenpreus-
vroschpreu-
vrostpreus-
vruotpret-
vüelen3a. pel-
vüeren2b. per-
vüerer2b. per-
vüetenpa-
vuhs1. puk-
vul2. pu-
vülipou-
vüllen1. pel-
vulnpou-
vünfpenkue
vunfpenkue
vuotenpa-
vuoterpa-
vuoz2. ped-
vürder2a. per-
vür-hanckenk-
vurt2b. per-
vurzenperd-
vustpnksti-
wackenuegh-
wahsenaueg-
wall7. uel-
wandern1. uendh-
wanne1. uat-
warc3e. uer-
ware8. uer-
wat5. au-
wazzer9. au(e)-
wellen7. uel-
wer5. uer-
we-tat2. dhe-
wettenuadh-
wickenueg-
wilge7. uel-
winter9. au(e)-
wise3. kuei-
wune1. eu-
würzeu(e)rad-
zachdenk-
zahedenk-
zangerdenk-
zechedeigh-
zeinduo(u)
zeineduo(u)
ziehendeuk-
ziestagagher-
zinted-
zipfdumb-
zipfeldumb-
zitda
zitungeda
ziucdeuk-
ziugendeuk-
zornig4. der-
z-öugenoku-
z-ounenoku-
zouwen3. deu-
zweneduo(u)
zwerchdhuergh-
zwi-duo(u)
zwiden2. deu-
zwirduo(u)
zwirnduo(u)
zwisduo(u)
zwistduo(u)