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Indo-European Lexicon

Old French Reflex Index

Below we list 1504 unique Old French reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old French or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | Y

ReflexEtyma
aageaiu-
ab-apo-
abandoner2. bha-
abanduner2. bha-
abestegues-
abjurerieuos-
abolir2. al-
abondant9. au(e)-
aboter1. bhau-
abraserbh(e)reu-
abridgiermreghu-
abrigiermreghu-
abstenir1. ten-
abuter1. bhau-
accentkan-
accessed-
accident1. kad-
accosterkost-
acertainer4. (s)ker-
acerteiner4. (s)ker-
acointier2. gen-
acolite2. sem-
acomplir1. pel-
acont2. peu-
aconter2. peu-
acorderkered-
acortkered-
acoustrersiu-
acrostiche2. ak-, steigh-
acteag-
actualag-
ad-1. ad-
adageeg-
adamantdemu-
adjectifie-
admettresmeit-
adolescent2. al-
adopter2. op-
adoureror-
adourner1. ar-
adultere1. al-
adventgua-
adverbe6. uer-
advers3h. uer-
advocatueku-
afaire2. dhe-
afermer2. dher-
affable2. bha-
affection2. dhe-
affiaunce1. bheidh-
affier1. bheidh-
affluentbhleu-
agonieag-
agreer4. guer(u)-
agrever2. guer-
agu2. ak-
agüeté2. ak-
aider2. ieu-
aigre2. ak-
aigremoinear(e)-g-
aileag-
air1. uer-
ajoindre2. ieu-
ajoster2. ieu-
ajourner1. dei-
alarme1. ar-
alas3. le(i)-
albadealbho-
albornealbho-
aleeambhi
alegierag-
alerambhi
alesneela
alien1. al-
alier4. leig-
alignerli-no-
alleguerag-
almarie1. ar-
alterer1. al-
altre2. an-
alumalu-
alunalu-
amaistriermeg(h)-
amatistemédhu
ambassadeurag-
ambesambhi
ambition1. ei-
amblerambhi
ambsaceambhi
amendermenda
amener1. men-
amettresmeit-
amirer1. (s)mei-
amisambhi, ie-
amitambhi, ie-
amiteam(m)a
amont1. men-
amonter1. men-
amortir4. mer-
amouram(m)a
ample1. am-
amplifier1. am-, 2. dhe-
ancestresed-
angle2. ank-
anguisseangh-
animosite3. an(u)-
annexe1. ned-
annexer1. ned-
annuelat-
annuller1. ne
anoi2. od-
anoncier1. neu-
anteam(m)a
anti-ant-s
antollieroku-
apaierpei(u)-
apaisierpak-
apalir6. pel-
apanagepa-
apanerpa-
aparail2d. per-
apareillier2d. per-
apeler2a. pel-
aperitif5. uer-
apert5. uer-
apetit2. pet-
aplierplek-
apoplexie2. plak-
aporter2b. per-
apostasiesta-
apostle3. stel-
apotecaire2. dhe-
apprehendreghend-
apprentisghend-
approuvir2a. per-
approver2a. per-
aprehendreghend-
aprendreghend-
aprentisghend-
après3. per-
apretier2c. per-
apriser2c. per-
aprisier2c. per-
aprochier2a. per-
aprover2a. per-
apte1. ap-
aquatiqueakua-
aqueductakua-, deuk-
aquiterkueiu-
arablear(u)-
araisner1. ar-
arangier3. (s)ker-
aranier1. ar-
arayerreidh-
arbaleste2. guel-
arbeleste2. guel-
arbelestre2. guel-
arbreer(u)d-
arcarqu-
archeareq-, arqu-
archerarqu-
archierarqu-
architravetreb-
-ard3. kar-
ardantas-
ardoras-
ardouras-
ardreas-
arduras-
areerreidh-
areireidh-
areierreidh-
arengier3. (s)ker-
areststa-
arestersta-
areyerreidh-
argentar(e)-g-
argentinar(e)-g-
arguerar(e)-g-
ariere-ban2. bha-, koro-s
arismetique1. ar-
aristocracie1. ar-
ariver1. rei-
armaire1. ar-
armarie1. ar-
armature1. ar-
armee1. ar-
armer1. ar-
armes1. ar-
armeure1. ar-
armure1. ar-
arpent2a. per-
arriver1. rei-
arsas-
arsenik1. ghel-
arsonas-
arsounas-
arsunas-
art1. ar-
arteillerie1. ap-
artere1. uer-
article1. ar-
artifice2. dhe-
artillerie1. ap-
artillier1. ap-
artiquerkþo-s
artiste1. ar-
asaillir4. sel-
asalir4. sel-
asalt4. sel-
ascrire4. (s)ker-
asembler2. sem-
asentersent-
asetsa-
asezsa-
asigner1. seku-
asisesed-
asneers-
asoagersuad-
asoldre2. leu-
asouagersuad-
assaiag-
assaisoner2. se(i)-
assalt4. sel-
assambler2. sem-
assaut4. sel-
assemblee2. sem-
assembler2. sem-
assentersent-
asseoirsed-
assessersed-
assetsa-
assezsa-
assigner1. seku-
assisesed-
assistersta-
assoiler2. leu-
assoillier2. leu-
assoldre2. leu-
assorter4. ser-
assouagiersuad-
astrelabe(s)lagu-
astronomie1. nem-, 2. ster-
asuagersuad-
atacher2. (s)teg-
atachier2. (s)teg-
ataindretag-
ataquer2. (s)teg-
atendre1. ten-
atestertrei-
atorne3. ter-
atorner3. ter-
atourner3. ter-
attaquer2. (s)teg-
atteindretag-
attorne3. ter-
attorner3. ter-
attrition3. ter-
aturner3. ter-
Auberonalbho-
aubornealbho-
aubreer(u)d-
auctoritéaueg-
audience8. au-
augmenteraueg-
aumail1. mel-
auncestresed-
auncienant-s
aunteam(m)a
auricle2. ous-
austeresaus-
autentiquesen-
auteuraueg-
autoraueg-
autoriseraueg-
autoritéaueg-
autre1. al-, 2. an-
autrui1. al-
aval7. uel-
avaler7. uel-
avancierant-s
avantant-s
avant-gardeant-s
avantpié2. ped-
avauntageant-s
avengierdeik-
avenirgua-
aventuregua-
averer11. uer-
averrer11. uer-
avertir3h. uer-
avis2. u(e)id-
aviser2. u(e)id-
avoereueguh-
avoesonueku-
avogleoku-
avogleroku-
avoirdupois1. (s)pen(-d)-
avouereueguh-
axiomeag-
azimut2. mei-
azoc3. guei-
baibadios
baiardbadios
bailbak-
baillebak-
baillifbak-
bal2. guel-
balade2. guel-
balanceduo(u)
bald3. bhel-
bale3. bhel-
balene3. bhel-
baliebak-
balle3. bhel-
baller2. guel-
ban2. bha-
banal2. bha-
bancbheg-
bandebhendh-
banere1. bha-
baneret1. bha-
banerolle1. bha-
banir2. bha-
bannir2. bha-
banquetbheg-
baptiser1. guebh-
barbacane5. uer-
barbebhardha
barbelbhardha
barbeorbhardha
barbierbhardha
bargaignebhergh-
bargaignierbhergh-
bargainebhergh-
barre3. bher-
basegua-
batbheid-
bataillebhat-
batauntbhat-
batelbheid-
batrebhat-
battebhat-
baud3. bhel-
beatitude2. deu-
beauté2. deu-
bedelbheudh-
bel2. deu-
belefroibheregh-, prai-
bendebhendh-
benderbhendh-
benediciondeik-, 2. deu-
benefice2. deu-, 2. dhe-
benevolent2. deu-, 2. uel-
benigne1. gen-
berefreitbheregh-, prai-
berfraibheregh-, prai-
berfraybheregh-, prai-
berfroibheregh-, prai-
*beselduo(u)
bezaharpa-
biau2. deu-
biauté2. deu-
bienfait2. deu-, 2. dhe-
biere1. bher-
billette2. b(e)u-
biscuitpeku-
biselduo(u)
blamer2. mel-
blancbheleg-
blanchebheleg-
blanchirbheleg-
blanketbheleg-
blanketebheleg-
blefbhle-uo-s
blestre2. bhlei-
blondbhlendh-
blondebhlendh-
blostre2. bhlei-
bluebhle-uo-s
bodnebh(e)reu-
boelguet-
boelinebhaghú-s
boillir2. b(e)u-
boillon2. b(e)u-
bolinebhaghú-s
bon2. deu-
bonnebh(e)reu-
bonté2. deu-
borcbheregh-
bordebheredh-
bordelbheredh-
borderbheredh-
bordeurebheredh-
bordurebheredh-
borgbheregh-
borjoisbheregh-
boter1. bhau-
boterez1. bhau-
botique2. dhe-
boton1. bhau-
bouchierbhugo-s
boud3. bhel-
boule2. b(e)u-
bouter1. bhau-
bracemreghu-
brachetbhrag-
bracieremreghu-
braire1. bhreg-
branbh(e)reu-
brandbh(e)reu-
brandirbh(e)reu-
brantbh(e)reu-
braonbh(e)reu-
brasmreghu-
braser2. bher-
brasier2. bher-
brefmreghu-
brese2. bher-
bresmebheruk-
brisierbhrei-
broetbh(e)reu-
broezbh(e)reu-
brun5. bher-
brunette5. bher-
buefguou-
bugleguou-
bulle2. b(e)u-
burcbheregh-
burgeisbheregh-
burnete5. bher-
but1. bhau-
caroleau-lo-s
cærsegras-
cas1. kad-
cave1. keu-
celerer4. kel-
celle4. kel-
cenith2. mei-
ceptre2. (s)kep-
cercle3. (s)ker-
certain4. (s)ker-
cessersed-
chacier2a. per-
chaieresed-
chalengierkel-
chaloir1. kel-
chambrekam-er-
chance1. kad-
changier(s)kamb-
Chanteclerkan-
chapitlekap-ut
chapitrekap-ut
char2. kers-
chargier2. kers-
chariot2. kers-
charitéka-
charmekan-
chastekes-
chemise3. kem-
cheoir1. kad-
cherirka-
chiefkap-ut
chierka-
chimbegembh-
choisgeus-
cholleg(e)u-lo-
chute1. kad-
ciment(s)k(h)ai-
ciongei-
circum-3. (s)ker-
cirurgieghesor-, 2. uerg-
cirurgienghesor-
cité1. kei-
clamer6. kel-
clausekleu-
clavierkleu-
cler6. kel-
clerc3. kel-
cloistrekleu-
clorekleu-
closkleu-
cocatris4. (s)kel-
cointe2. gen-
col1. kuel-
coler1. kuel-
colet1. kuel-
colour4. kel-
coltre1. (s)kel-
com-kom
comandermu-r
combe2. keu-
commun2. mei-
compagniepa-
compagnonpa-
compainpa-
compasser1. pet-
composteapo-
conceivrekap-
concile6. kel-
concordekered-
condemnerda
conduitdeuk-
conestablesta-
confire2. dhe-
confirmer2. dher-
confondre1. gheu-
conforterbheregh-
conjurerieuos-
connoisseor2. gen-
connoistre2. gen-
conoissance2. gen-
conoistre2. gen-
conscienceskei-
conté1. ei-
contenir1. ten-
contréekom
conveieruegh-
convertir3h. uer-
cople1. ap-
coquillekonkho-
coragekered-
corde5. gher-
cormarengmori
corne1. ker-
cornere1. ker-
corone3. (s)ker-
coroner3. (s)ker-
correerreidh-
cors1. krep-
corsage1. krep-
corset1. krep-
cort4. gher-
corteis4. gher-
corteisie4. gher-
cortil4. gher-
cortillage4. gher-
cortoier4. gher-
cosinsuesor-
costekost-
costellettekost-
couper3. kel-
courre2. kers-
course2. kers-
coursier2. kers-
court4. gher-
cousturesiu-
coveitiékeuup-
covenantgua-
covenirgua-
coventgua-
covrirkap-ut
crape3. ger-
creanterkered-
cressagras-
crevace1. ker-
crever1. ker-
cristal1. kreu-
croc3. ger-
croche3. ger-
croupe3. ger-
crucifierdheigu-
crue3. ger-
cruel1. kreu-
crupiere3. ger-
cuer4. gher-, kered-
cuevrechiefkap-ut
cul2. (s)keu-
curant2. kers-
curekois-
custumese-
dalfinguelbh-
damda
damageda
damedem-
damiseledem-
dampnerda
dangierdem-
danterdemu-
dauberalbho-
de-de-
debilite2. bel-
debonaire2. deu-
debrisierbhrei-
deceivrekap-
Decembredekm
defendre2. guhen(-u)-
defense2. guhen(-u)-
deffaire2. dhe-
deffesant2. dhe-
defier1. bheidh-
deforcierbheregh-
defouler2. pu-
deignier1. dek-
deintié1. dek-
delaier1. leip-
delitable1. lek-
delivrer1. leudh-
demener1. men-
demorer(s)mer-
denier1. ne
denoncier1. neu-
dented-
des-de-
desarmer1. ar-
desbauchier5. bhel-
desciple1. dek-
desconfire2. dhe-
desconfit2. dhe-
desdeign1. dek-
desdeignier1. dek-
desfacier2. dhe-
desgagieruadh-
desirer1. sueid-
desmaiiermagh-
desnoer1. ned-
despirespek-
despitspek-
despoillier1. (s)p(h)el-
desputer2. peu-
desrengier3. (s)ker-
destendre1. ten-
destinersta-
destor3. ter-
destorner3. ter-
destourber1. tuer-
destre1. dek-
destreindre2. streig-
destresse2. streig-
destrier1. dek-
destruire5. ster-
desvuidier1. eu-
detteghabh-
deveirghabh-
devoirghabh-
devoteueguh-
diadèmede-
dialogueleg-
diete3. ai-
digneté1. dek-
discorderkered-
ditiédeik-
ditierdeik-
diviserueidh-
dol3. del-
dongierdem-
donterdemu-
doubleduo(u)
douterduo(u)
dozainedekm
dozedekm
dragonderk-
draonclederk-
draonclerderk-
ducdeuk-
dum4. dheu-
durer3. deu-
écuskei-
effreiprai-
eir1. ghe-
eleag-
embraciermreghu-
empereor2d. per-
emprendreghend-
empriseghend-
en-1. en
enamoureram(m)a
enceindre1. kenk-
enceinte1. kenk-
encenskand-
encontrerkom
encrochier3. ger-
endentered-
enditerdeik-
enemiam(m)a
enfilerguheiu-
enforcierbheregh-
engagieruadh-
engin1. gen-
enhaucier2. al-
enjoindre2. ieu-
enjoirgau-
enke2. keu-
enoindreongu-
enointongu-
ensuivre1. seku-
enterrerters-
entrechangier(s)kamb-
entreditdeik-
entreprendreghend-
entrepreneurghend-
entrer1. en
enui2. od-
enuier2. od-
enveiuegh-
envie2. u(e)id-
envoieruegh-
epistle3. stel-
erbeghre-
erbierghre-
eremite5. er-
erre1. ei-
errer1. ei-, 2. ere-s-
errour2. ere-s-
es-eghs
esbraserbh(e)reu-
Escalibor1. kal-
escarlate1. seku-
escheckþe(i)-
eschekkþe(i)-
escheoir1. kad-
escheqkþe(i)-
eschequierkþe(i)-
escheskþe(i)-
eschete1. kad-
esclave1. kleu-
escolersegh-
escondre2. dhe-
escons2. dhe-
esconse2. dhe-
escorce4. (s)ker-
escorgierreig-
escourrekuet-
escru1. kreu-
esfaierprai-
esforcierbheregh-
esfortbheregh-
esfreerprai-
esfreiprai-
eslegierag-
esloigner5. del-
espace3. sp(h)e(i)-
espandre1. pet-
espeesp(h)e-
espeersp(h)e-
espeller(s)pel-
espicespek-
espierspek-
espousspend-
espousespend-
esquierskei-
essaiag-
essil3. al-
estaues-
establesta-
estache2. (s)teg-
estachier2. (s)teg-
estagesta-
estal3. stel-
estaler3. stel-
estancesta-
estanchonsta-
estatsta-
estivalai-dh-
estoner1. (s)ten-
estonier1. (s)ten-
estorersta-
estorie2. u(e)id-
estourdirtrozdos-
estoveir1. op-
estraié5. ster-
estraier5. ster-
estrangeeghs
estreit2. streig-
estriquier4. ster-
estublesteib(h)-
estudie1. (s)teu-
esveudier1. eu-
esvuidier1. eu-
eswardeir8. uer-
eswarder8. uer-
evierakua-
ex-eghs
exil3. al-
exploitplek-
expres3. per-
expresser3. per-
fable2. bha-
fabliau2. bha-
face2. dhe-
façon2. dhe-
fae2. bha-
faerie2. bha-
faie2. bha-
faindredheigh-
faire2. dhe-
fame2. bha-
fantasme1. bha-
fealte1. bheidh-
feblebhle-
feelte1. bheidh-
feign-dheigh-
feindredheigh-
feintdheigh-
feintedheigh-
feiredhes-
fel1. ghel-, 1. pel-
felon1. ghel-
ferme2. dher-
fermer2. dher-
festedhes-
feurrepa-
fiance1. bheidh-
fiancier1. bheidh-
fief2. pek-
-fier2. dhe-
fier1. bheidh-
fiersghuer-
figuredheigh-
filguheiu-
fisiquebheu-
flairbhrag-
flairierbhrag-
flajol3. bhel-
flajolet3. bhel-
flambebheleg-
flamberbheleg-
flamblebheleg-
flamboyerbheleg-
flaonplat-
flechepleuk-
flechierpleuk-
flor4. bhel-
flotepleu-
flour4. bhel-
foi1. bheidh-
foil4. bhel-
foillet4. bhel-
foisilbhok-
fol3. bhel-
folie3. bhel-
fondementbhudh-m(e)n
fonderbhudh-m(e)n
foragepa-
forcebheregh-
forcierbheregh-
forcloredhuer-
forclos-dhuer-
foreindhuer-
forge2. dhabh-
forme2. mer-
fornaiseguher-
forrerpa-
forsbheregh-, dhuer-
forsborcbheregh-
fosse1. bhedh-
fouler2. pu-
frai1. bhreg-
frayer1. bhreg-
frerebhrater-
frire6. bher-
fruitbhrug-
futurbheu-
gaaignier3. uei-
gageuadh-
galle1. gel-
galler1. gel-
garantir5. uer-
garde8. uer-
garder8. uer-
garison5. uer-
garnement5. uer-
garnesture5. uer-
garnir5. uer-
gastel2. ues-
gaudirgau-
gent1. gen-
gentil1. gen-
gesirie-
getaisonie-
gisteie-
glande3. guel-
glicier1. ghel-
gloseglogh-
gloton2. gel-
gorge1. guer-
gorgete1. guer-
grace4. guer(u)-
granterkered-
gravele2. ghreu-
gré4. guer(u)-
gref2. guer-
grenierger-
grenon3. gher-
greve2. ghreu-
grever2. guer-
gris3. gher-
grosele3. ger-
guier2. u(e)id-
guimpleueip-
guiperueip-
guise2. u(e)id-
habitghabh-
hachekapho-
hachierkapho-
hanter1. kei-
hardi3. kar-
harper5. ser-
harpon5. ser-
hastekei-bh-
hastelet1. ghasto-
hautbois2. al-
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See also: Old North French, Anglo-French