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Indo-European Lexicon

Old Icelandic Reflex Index

Below we list 756 unique Old Icelandic reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Icelandic or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

N-Germanic: A | Á | B | D | Ð | E | F | G | H | I | Í | J | K | L | M | N | O | Ò | R | S | T | U | Ú | V | Þ | Æ | Ö=O | Ø | OE

ReflexEtyma
afapo-
afar-apo-
af-ated-
afrapo-
agiagh-
akaag-
akrsagro-s
ala2. al-
aldinn2. al-
aldr2. al-
ald-roeðr1. ar-
ambattag-
and-ant-s
anda3. an(u)-
andi3. an(u)-
angrangh-
aptrapo-
askaas-
at1. ad-
a-troð3. der-
auk4. au-
aukaaueg-
Aunmundr7. au-
aur-apo-
aur-falrapo-
avar-apo-
axagu(e)si, 2. ak-
a-4. an-
assansu-
ated-
atteik-
att-roeðr1. ar-
baðbhe-
baðmrbheu-
baldinn3. bhel-
Baldr3. bhel-
ballr3. bhel-
barðbhardha
barmr1. bher-
barrbhares-, bhares-
bauta1. bhau-
bal1. bhel-
beiða1. bheidh-
beiskrbheid-
belgjabhelgh-
belgrbhelgh-
bella3. bhel-
benbhen-
benda1. bha-, bhendh-
bendibhendh-
benibhen-
bera1. bher-
bergbheregh-
Beyla2. b(e)u-
beysta1. bhau-
biðja2. bhedh-
bindabhendh-
birtibherug-
bitrbheid-
biða1. bheidh-
bitabheid-
bjargbheregh-
bjargabhergh-
bjarkanbherug-
bjartrbherug-
bjoðabheudh-
bjórr5. bher-
bjorkbherug-
bjorn5. bher-
blandabhlendh-
blautr2. bhleu-
blauþr2. bhleu-
blar3. bhel-
blasa3. bhel-
blastr3. bhel-
blesi1. bhel-
blindabhlendh-
blindrbhlendh-
bliðr1. bhlei-
bloð4. bhel-
bloð-drefjardhrebh-
blot3. bhel-
blota3. bhel-
blot-goð3. bhel-
blundabhlendh-
blundrbhlendh-
blys1. bhleu-
blær3. bhel-
bokkrbhugo-s
bolginnbhelgh-
boli3. bhel-
bora3. bher-
borðbheredh-
borr3. bher-
bokbhagó-s
bok-stafrbhagó-s
bólbheu-
bolbheu-
bola2. b(e)u-
bragrbhlagh-men-
braigd1. bhreg-
brak1. bhreg-
brakan1. bhreg-
brandrbh(e)reu-
brasabh(e)reu-
brasaðbh(e)reu-
brattrbhren-
brauðbh(e)reu-
bradna2. bher-
brekkabhren-
brennabh(e)reu-
brinnabh(e)reu-
briota1. bhreu-
brjábheruk-
broðbh(e)reu-
broðirbhrater-
bruggabh(e)reu-
brundrbh(e)reu-
brunibh(e)reu-
brunnrbh(e)reu-
brúnn5. bher-
*bryggjabh(e)reu-
bræða2. bher-
bukkrbhugo-s
bunkibhengh-
burr1. bher-
burstbhares-
bubheu-
buabheu-
buðbheu-
burbheu-
byggbheu-
byggvabheu-
byrbheu-
bölbheleu-
bollr3. bhel-
borkr2. bhreg-
borrbheu-
bøkrbhagó-s
boerbheu-
dagragher-
dalkrdhelg-
dasaðr3. dhe-
dasast3. dhe-
dauði2. dheu-
dauðr2. dheu-
daufr4. dheu-
daunn4. dheu-
dað2. dhe-
darvi-deru-
dási3. dhe-
Dellingr2. dhel-
dengja3. dhen-
deyða2. dheu-
deyfa4. dheu-
deyfþ4. dheu-
deyja2. dheu-
digrdheigh-
digulldheigh-
dilkrdhe(i)-
dimmadhem-
dimmrdhem-
dikdheigu-
dikidheigu-
dofinn4. dheu-
dolgdhelgh-
dottirdhug(h)uter-
drafdhrebh-
drafnadhrebh-
draugr2. dhreugh-
draumr2. dhreugh-
driftdhreibh-
drit5. dher-
drifdhreibh-
drifadhreibh-
drottning2. dher-
drott2. dher-
drottinn2. dher-, teu-
dryn-hraun3. dher-
drynja3. dher-
drygja2. dhreugh-
dvala4. dheu-
dvalað4. dheu-
dvina2. dheu-
dyrrdhuer-
dyja4. dheu-
dogg1. dheu-
døgnagher-
døgragher-
døkkvadhem-
ðar1. to-
ðat1. to-
ef3. e-
efa3. e-
egg2. ak-
eiaiu-
ein-dagiagher-
eiraios-, 2. ais-
eirð2. ais-
eiskraaisk-
ekeg-
eld-stosta-
ella1. al-
ellar1. al-
elli2. al-
elligar1. al-
ellor1. al-
ellri2. al-
embættaag-
embættiag-
enda-laussant-s
endiant-s
endirant-s
endrant-s
ennant-s
enniant-s
ern3. er-
etaed-
etjaed-
eygjaoku-
faðmr1. pet-
fallphol-
farmr2b. per-
farri2d. per-
fellpeli-s-
fellaphol-
felms-fullr1. pel-
felmtr1. pel-
ferja2b. per-
fimrpei-m(i)-
fifrildi1. pel-
fjall3b. pel-
fjorir-tigerkuetuer-
fjorirtigerdekm
fjortandekm, kuetuer-
flaknaplek-
flaskaple-
flatrplat-
fláplek-
flóa7. pel-
flóipleu-
flóna7. pel-
fóðrpa-
fot-borðbheredh-
frakkrpreg-
frétt4. perk-
friðaprai-
friðillprai-
fríðaprai-
frjáprai-
frjálsprai-
frjó2d. per-
frjóa2d. per-
frjó-ligr2d. per-
frjór2d. per-
frjó-samr2d. per-
fræ2d. per-
frændiprai-
fúrrpeuor
fylgsni3b. pel-
fæla1. pel-
fæling1. pel-
gaflghebh-el-
gangaghengh-
gangrghengh-
garn5. gher-
gaurrghou-ro-s
ghou(e)-
ga1. ghe-, ghengh-
gásghan-s-
gataghend-
gattghengh-
geiga2. ghe-
geigr2. ghe-
geil-igrghoilo-s
geiska-fullrgheis-
gelda2. ghel-
geldr2. ghel-
geraguher-
getaghend-
geymaghou(e)-
geymdirghou(e)-
geysa1. gheu-
gil-kerghoilo-s
gina2. ghe-
gislgheidh-
gja2. ghe-
gjofghabh-
gjorðgherdh-
glaðr1. ghel-
glamghleu-
glaumrghleu-
glámr1. ghel-
gleymaghleu-
glit1. ghel-
glikr2. leig-
gljá1. ghel-
glóa1. ghel-
glóð1. ghel-
glymjaghleu-
glymrghleu-
glæa1. ghel-
gnagaghen-
gnastanghen-
gniðaghen-
gnístghen-
gnístaghen-
gnístanghen-
gnogrenek-
gnúaghen-
gnoegjaenek-
gramir2. ghrem-
gramr2. ghrem-
grandighren-
granna2. eru-
granni2. eru-
grautr2. ghreu-
graðr1. gher-
graðugr1. gher-
gremja2. ghrem-
grimmr2. ghrem-
grjot2. ghreu-
gróðighre-
gróðrghre-
grónaghre-
grufla1. ghrebh-, 2. ghrebh-
grunnghren-
grunnrghren-
græfr2. ghrebh-
grof2. ghrebh-
gron3. gher-
gulr1. ghel-
gumaghou(e)-
gunnr2. guhen(-u)-
Gymirghðem-
gyrðagherdh-
gyrðillgherdh-
gæfaghabh-
gæfrghabh-
görn5. gher-
goel-igrghoilo-s
hafrkapro-
haftkap-
hag-stoeðr3. stel-
hald5. kel-
halfa1. (s)kel-
halfr1. (s)kel-
hamast3. kem-
hams3. kem-
hangakenk-
harpa(s)kerb(h)-
hastarligakei-bh-
hastarligrkei-bh-
hatrkad-
hauk-staldr3. stel-
hár2. kak-, 2. keu-
hass3. kai-
heið(s)kai-
heiðr(s)kai-
heita3. kai-
heitr3. kai-
hengjakenk-
her-baldr3. bhel-
herða3. kar-
himinn3. kem-
hirðirkerdho-
hiti3. kai-
hjala6. kel-
hjalmr4. kel-
hjarni1. ker-
hjarsi1. ker-
hjartakered-
hjól1. kuel-
hjörtr1. ker-
hler1. kleu-
Hlið-skjálf1. (s)kel-
hlust1. kleu-
hlyða1. kleu-
hodd2. (s)keu-
horn1. ker-
hostikuas-
hofkap-
hófrkapho-
hrár1. kreu-
hreðr4. (s)ker-
hrein-hjartaðrkered-, 4. (s)ker-
hreinn4. (s)ker-
hrjósa1. kreu-
hrúðr1. kreu-
hug-stoeðr3. stel-
hulda4. kel-
hunangkenukó-
hund-rað1. ar-
huð2. (s)keu-
hvalr(s)kualo-s
hvatkuo-
hverr2. kuer-
hvetjakued-
hvékuo-
hvél1. kuel-
hylja4. kel-
hylrkau-l-
hæli4. kel-
hæll2. kak-
hættakenk-
höð-kat-
hörund4. (s)ker-
hoefakap-
ið-eti
if3. e-
inni1. en
inri1. en
i1. en
jarkna-steinnar(e)-g-
jar-tegnar(e)-g-
jorekuo-s
kalda3. gel(u)-
kaldr3. gel(u)-
kalfi1. gel-
kalfr1. gel-
kambrgembh-
karlger-
karnagar-
kelda3. gel(u)-
kinn2. genu-
kjaptrgep(h)-
kjosageus-
kjöptrgep(h)-
klaki3. gel(u)-
klapr1. gel-
kleif1. gel-
klettr1. gel-
klé1. gel-
klif1. gel-
klopp1. gel-
kneikjagen-
kne1. genu-
kne-beðr2. bhedh-
knytjagen-
knýtagen-
koddi3. guei-
kofigeu-
konungr1. gen-
korgeus-
kostageus-
kostrgeus-
kólna3. gel(u)-
krá3. ger-
kremja1. ger-
kring3. ger-
kringja3. ger-
kringr3. ger-
krotagerebh-
kryppil3. ger-
kroekja3. ger-
kuikr3. guei-
kul3. gel(u)-
kuldi3. gel(u)-
kunna2. gen-
kunnr2. gen-
kurfrgerebh-
kúfóttrgeu-
kuþr2. gen-
kvanguena
kveðja2. guet-
kveisagueid(h)-
kveld1. guel-
kvern2. guer-
kviðr3. guei-, 2. guet-
kviðugr3. guei-
kvænguena
kvænaguena
kvol1. guel-
kylr3. gel(u)-
kyn1. gen-
korgar-
lang-æraiu-
laxlak-
leika3. leig-
ljomileuk-
ljúfrleubh-
lok1. leug-
malmr1. mel-
malrmolko-
mann-kyn1. gen-, manu-s
marrmarko-
mal-dagiagher-
mek1. me-
mer1. me-
mik1. me-
Mimir(s)mer-
mjaltirmelg-
mjaltrmelg-
mjolkmelg-
Mjollnir2. meldh-
molkamelg-
myrkvi2. mer-
Myrk-viðr2. mer-, uidhu-
mækirmedhi-
naðrne-tr-
naðrane-tr-
nafli1. enebh-
nal(s)ne-
niðra1. en
niðrað1. en
nogrenek-
noegjaenek-
ofupo
of-ated-
ok4. au-
onð3. an(u)-
oastagh-
okraueg-
rann2. eru-
rinna3. er-
rista1. rei-
rim1. ar-
runi3. er-
rok2. rek-
røkja2. rek-
røkkrreguos-
sam-kvæðr2. guet-
2. se(i)-
sáð2. se(i)-
segl2. sek-
selja3. sel-
sigrsegh-
skafa2. (s)kep-
skal2. (s)kel-
skel1. (s)kel-
skera4. (s)ker-
skjota2. (s)keud-
skjoldr1. (s)kel-
skof2. (s)kep-
skofir2. (s)kep-
skor2. (s)keu-
skugg-sja2. (s)keu-
skuld2. (s)kel-
skuldr2. (s)kel-
skulu2. (s)kel-
skulum2. (s)kel-
skurkeuero-
skygn1. keu-
skyld2. (s)kel-
skyldi2. (s)kel-
skor4. (s)ker-
sláttrslak-
sleikjaleigh-
slettr3. lei-
sliur3. lei-
sloðra(s)leu-
smalimelo-
snara2. (s)ner-
snarpr(s)nerb-
snerasneu-
snerpa(s)nerb-
snorkinn2. (s)ner-
snuggasneu-
snuasneu-
snuðigrsneu-
snuðrsneu-
snuinnsneu-
snyðjasneu-
sofna1. suep-
sollr1. suel(-k)-
speld1. (s)p(h)el-
spík1. (s)p(h)ei-
spjald1. (s)p(h)el-
spjall(s)pel-
spjalla(s)pel-
spolr1. (s)p(h)el-
staðrsta-
staka1. (s)teg-, 2. (s)teg-
staki2. (s)teg-
stallr3. stel-
standasta-
staup(s)teig-
stauta1. (s)teu-
stal3. stel-
steytr1. (s)teu-
stikill(s)teig-
stirðr7. (s)ter-n-
stiflasteib(h)-
stjaki2. (s)teg-
stjarna2. ster-
storð7. (s)ter-n-
stoðsta-
stollsta-
strá5. ster-
stutr1. (s)teu-
stoðsta-
stoðullsta-
stoeðasta-
stoeðrsta-, 3. stel-
sumar3. sem-
so(s)
súga1. seu-
súpa1. seu-
súrrsu-ro-
svaglauagh-
svarr1. uer-
svefja1. suep-
svefna1. suep-
svelga1. suel(-k)-
sylgr1. suel(-k)-
sæði2. se(i)-
soegruagh-
taðda
tamrdemu-
taugdeuk-
taumrdeuk-
tagdenk-
tardakru-
teðjada
teinnduo(u)
teitr1. dei-
temjademu-
teygjadeuk-
tilr2. ad-
timbrdem-
timbradem-
tindred-
titra3. der-
tiudekm
tiunddekm
tjald3. del-
tjalda3. del-
tjaraderu-
-tjandekm
tjoadeuk-
tjón1. der-
tjornderk-
togdeuk-
togadeuk-
tolfduo(u)
toptdem-
trað3. der-
traustderu-
treðja3. der-
trefill4. der-
trefr4. der-
trederu-
troð3. der-
troða3. der-
trosderu-
truderu-
truaderu-
troð3. der-
tröf4. der-
tungadnghu
tuttuguduo(u)
tvaduo(u)
tveirduo(u)
tvennrduo(u)
tvinnrduo(u)
tvis-traduo(u)
tvis-varduo(u)
tvi-faldrduo(u)
tværduo(u)
tygilldeuk-
tyrvideru-
tys-varduo(u)
týna1. der-
týnast1. der-
týning1. der-
tyr1. dei-
tongdenk-
ulfrulkuos
unzant-s
u-borinn1. bher-
uhreinn4. (s)ker-
u-kuðr2. gen-
u-kvæði2. guet-
u-kvæntrguena
vana1. eu-
vangrue-n-gh-
vanr1. eu-
varp3b. uer-
vaxuokso-
vaxaaueg-
veðruet-
vefa1. uebh-
ver-old2. al-
vetr9. au(e)-
vettr9. au(e)-
vexaaueg-
vindr10. au(e)-
vist2. ues-
vittr9. au(e)-
víking4. ueik-
vikva4. ueik-
víl-stigruai-
voxtraueg-
þáta-
þánata-
þefja2. tap-, tep-
þefjaðtep-
þefrtep-
þekja1. (s)teg-
þengill2. tenk-
þenja1. ten-
þexlatekþ-
þeyjata-
þeyrta-
þiðnata-
þiþinnta-
þíðata-
þíðrta-
þjóðteu-
þjoðannteu-
þola1. tel-
þorn7. (s)ter-n-
þóf2. tap-
þrár3. ter-
þryngva1. trenk-
þrælltragh-
þröng1. trenk-
þrøngva1. trenk-
þvál2. tuak-
þváttr2. tuak-
þykkrtegu-
þyrnir7. (s)ter-n-
æaiu-
æfiaiu-
ældri2. al-
ællri2. al-
ætred-
ætred-
æviaiu-
ogn2. ak-
old2. al-
ondanut-
ongrangh-
onnes-en-
orarqu-
orvararqu-
ossansu-
øngdangh-
øngjaangh-
øngrangh-
øngvaangh-
øxagu(e)si
oegishjalmragh-
oegjaagh-

See also: Old Norse