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Indo-European Lexicon

Old Irish Reflex Index

Below we list 372 unique Old Irish reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

Celtic: A | Á | B | C | D | E | É | F | G | H | I | Í | L | M | N | O | Ò | R | S | T | U

ReflexEtyma
abab-, akua-
ad-1. ad-
ad2. ad-
adas2. ad-
ad-agor1. ad-, agh-
ad-cin1. ad-
ad-gninim2. gen-
ad-slig3. lei-
ag-ag-
ailpeli-s-
aile1. al-
ailither1. al-
airgetar(e)-g-
airimar(u)-
al2. al-
alim2. al-
alt2. al-
altae2. al-
altram2. al-
altru2. al-
ames-
anal3. an(u)-
anim3. an(u)-
argatar(e)-g-
asagussigeus-
asaners-
as-boindbheudh-
ates-
atbaill1. guel-
athirputé(r)
aueauo-s
aesai-ti-
aigthiuagh-
ainneano-
alagh-
arag-
bair2. guer-
bairgenbhar-
ball3. bhel-
bannbhendh-
bannaeband-
barrbhares-
bábbaba-
bábánbaba-
ban1. bha-
bárd4. guer(u)-
bechbhei-
benguena
berbaidbh(e)reu-
bergannbherug-
berid1. bher-
beo3. guei-
beu3. guei-
bibdu1. bheidh-
biru1. bher-
bith3. guei-
bláth4. bhel-
bocc3. bheug-, bhugo-s
bolach2. b(e)u-
bolgbhelgh-
bolgaimbhelgh-
bongidbheg-
borgbheregh-
bothbheu-
guou-
boibheu-
bo-milgemelg-
brathirbhrater-
bráu2. guer-
brigbheregh-
brighbheregh-
brissimbhrei-
bribheregh-
brogbheregh-
brothbhreu-
bró2. guer-
brughbheregh-
bruinnidbhrendh-
bruthbh(e)reu-
brú1. bhreu-s-
bruu2. bhreu-s-
buidebadios, bheudh-
cacckakka-
cachtaimkap-
camm(s)kamb-
canimkan-
carn3. kar-
carr2. kers-
carrac3. kar-
cathkad-, kat-
celim4. kel-
cethairkuetuer-
ko-
cecht2. kak-
céle1. kei-
célide1. kei-
cetdekm
-ch1. kue
ciakuo-
cinteirkent-
cíakuo-
clandplat-
cloth1. kleu-
cluainklep-
clú1. kleu-
clúas1. kleu-
coire2. kuer-
coirt4. (s)ker-
con-oi7. au-
core2. kuer-
coicpenkue
coicedpenkue
crenaidkurei-
cretimkered-
cridekered-
crí1. krep-
criathar4. (s)ker-
crú1. kreu-
cuile4. kel-
cul4. kel-, 1. kuel-
cum-ungangh-
kuon-
daduo(u)
daigdheguh-
dairderu-
damnaindemu-
daurderu-
dech1. dek-
dechmaddekm
ded-3. dhe-
deg1. dek-
degadheguh-
deichdekm
delgdhelg-
demdhem-
denaiddhe(i)-
dercderk-
deruccderu-
dess1. dek-
4. dheu-
derdakru-
de-riadduo(u)
deted-
dide-, duo(u)
dïa1. dei-
diabulduo(u)
dïe1. dei-
digendheigh-
dia1. dei-
díthdhe(i)-, 2. dheu-
do-dus-
Domnalldheu-b-
domoiniur3. men-
dordhuer-
Dorchudhuer-
dordaid2. der-
dorn1. der-
dorusdhuer-
do-tuit1. (s)teu-
dreasdheregh-
drechderk-
drenn4. der-
droch-2. dhreugh-
droch1. dhregh-
drog-2. dhreugh-
drong2. dher-
druidderu-, 2. u(e)id-
druideru-
du-dus-
duine2. dheu-, ghðem-
dumacha4. dheu-
-durni1. der-
ghðem-
dual2. dek-
dun4. dheu-
echekuo-s
en1. en
erc2. perk-
errers-
essured-
eigemeig-
eigideig-
eimpei-m(i)-
eo3. ei-
er2. ak-
Ériupei(u)-
étach1. (s)teg-
etanant-s
faith1. uat-
fedid2. uedh-
feiss1. ues-
Fergusgeus-
fess1. ues-
fenuegh-
fiar1. uei-
fiduidhu-
find2. u(e)id-
fliuchleiku-
fogeirguher-
fo-gurgar-
forupér
for-con-gurgar-
fraig1. uerg-
frith-3. uer-
fuil4. kel-
fuar4. uer-
gabidghabh-
gaborkapro-
gabulghabh(o)lo-
gaibidghabh-
gainethar1. gen-
gairmgar-
gairgar-
gein1. gen-
gel1. ghel-
géissghan-s-
gin2. genu-
giun2. genu-
glan1. ghel-
glass1. ghel-
glé1. ghel-
gnath2. gen-
gonim2. guhen(-u)-
gopgep(h)-
gortgherdh-
grinne3. ger-
guidiuguhedh-
guin2. guhen(-u)-
gussgeus-
hil1. pel-
hicciek-
ibid2. po(i)-
*idanpid-
il1. pel-
imb-ambhi
imbliu1. enebh-
imm-agimag-
in-1. en
indoll1. al-
ini-1. en
ises-
iachtaideig-
land3. lendh-
lámpelu-
lán1. pel-
legaim1. leg-
leicidleiku-
ligimleigh-
liuss1. leit-
línaid1. pel-
línid1. pel-
lochlaku-
lochetleuk-
luchairleuk-
luid6. el-
maccmaghos
marb4. mer-
marbaid4. mer-
máthirmatér-
meithleorai2. am-
melim1. mel-
me-sse1. me-
me1. me-
midmédhu
milmeli-t
milismeli-t
milmelo-
mlichtmelg-
mligimmelg-
moith7. mei-
mor4. me-
mugmaghos
muntarmu-r
mutmut-o-s
nem2. enebh-, 1. nem-
nochtnogu-
noie-neuen
nomade-neuen
ochair2. ak-
ochtokto(u)
ochtmadokto(u)
oenoi-no-
Oengusgeus-
ogo(u)i-om
Ogmaag-
oióui-s
oinoi-no-
orcporko-s
os-nad3. an(u)-
oac3. ieu-
rann2c. per-
reg-1. reg-
renn3. er-
rethimret(h)-
ri1. reg-
riabach2. rei-
riadaimreidh-
rian3. er-
rim1. ar-
rimid1. ar-
ro-budbheudh-
ro-iccenek-
ruadreudh-
saigidsag-
salann1. sal-
sam3. sem-
samrad3. sem-
samradh3. sem-
scaraim4. (s)ker-
sechtseptm
sechtmadseptm
seissedsueks
selgsp(h)elgh(en)
sellaim3. sel-
sensen(o)-
sueks
setsent-
siss-sta-
sídesed-
snath(s)ne-
snechtisneiguh-
snigesneiguh-
snigidsneiguh-
sni(s)ne-
-som2. sem-
srennimsrenk-
súan1. suep-
súgid1. seu-
suidesed-
tair-issimsta-
tair-sissimsta-
taítu
tamansta-
tan1. ten-
táltekþ-
tánaisesed-
-tausta-
tech1. (s)teg-
temeltem(u)-
tenetep-
tengaednghu
terc2. ter-
tesstep-
tetep-
tiprabh(e)reu-
tiugtegu-
togugeus-
tolctelek-
to-ucc-euk-
-tosta-
traigtragh-
tre-denus1. dei-
tritrei-
triutrei-
tugatóir1. (s)teg-
tugid1. (s)teg-
tulctelek-
turters-
tu
tuathteu-
uilenn8. el-
uisce9. au(e)-
usce9. au(e)-