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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: andh-, anedh-   'to sprout, bloom, blossom; herb, anther'

Semantic Field: to Grow


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English: acidanthera n (type of) flower AHD/W7
  agapanthus n (type of) flower AHD/W7
  anthemion n architectural floral motif AHD/W7
  anther n pollen-bearing part of flower AHD/W7
  anthesis n a flower's open period AHD/W7
  chrysanthemum n chrysanthemum (flower) AHD/W7
  dianthus n (type of) flower AHD/W7
  hydranth n feeding individual of a hydroid colony AHD/W7
  monanthous adj bearing a single flower AHD
  strophanthin n toxic serum made from Strophanthus plant AHD/W7
Latin: anthera n medicine made from flowers AHD
  chrysanthemum n.neut chrysanthemum W7
Medieval Latin: anthera n pollen AHD
New Latin: acidanthera n.fem acidanthera W7
  agapanthus n.masc agapanthus W7
  anthera n.fem anther, medicine made from flowers W7
  anthesis n.fem blooming W7
  dianthus n.masc dianthus W7
  Strophanthus n.masc genus of tropical trees/vines W7
Homeric Greek: anthemóeis adj flowery LRC
  anthéô vb to bloom, blossom LRC
  ánthos n.neut flower, blossom LRC
Greek: ánthemon n.neut flower LS
  anthéô vb to bloom, blossom LS
  anthera n.fem anther, medicine made from flowers W7
  anthêrós adj blooming, flowery LS
  anthesis n.fem bloom W7
  anthologein vb to gather flowers AHD
  chrysanthemon n.neut chrysanthemum W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
LS=Liddell and Scott: Greek-English Lexicon, 7th-9th ed's (1882-1940), rev.
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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