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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: de- : du-, and dei-, di-   'to tie, bind'

Semantic Field: to Bind


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: diademe n diadem W7
English: anadem n chaplet, garland AHD/W7
  asyndeton n omission of coordinate conjunctions AHD/W7
  desmid n colonial green alga(e) AHD/W7
  diadem n crown AHD/W7
  syndesmosis n articulation where contiguous bones are rough, bound via ligament AHD/W7
  syndetic adj connective, connecting AHD/W7
German: Diadem n.neut diadem LRC
Latin: anadema n.neut anadem, head fillet/ornament AHD/CLD
  asyndeton n asyndeton CDC
  diadema n.neut diadem, royal headband W7/CLD
Late Latin: asyndeton adj.neut asyndeton, unconnected W7
New Latin: syndesmosis n.fem articulation where contiguous bones are rough, bound via ligament W7
Old French: diadème n.masc diadem, headband W7
Greek: anadein vb to wreath W7
  anadema n.neut wreath W7
  asyndetos, asyndeth, asyndeton adj unconnected W7
  dein vb to bind W7
  desmos n.masc binding W7
  diadein vb to bind around W7
  diadema n.neut diadem, headband W7
  syndein vb to bind together W7
  syndesmos n.masc fastening, ligament W7
  syndetikos adj binding W7
  syndetos adj bound together W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
CLD=Cassell's Latin Dictionary (1959, rev. 1968)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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