The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: laidh-, lidh-   'to cut, hurt, injure'

Semantic Fields: to Cut; to Harm, Injure, Damage

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English  
English: collide vb to meet/strike forcefully CDC
  elide vb to omit, remove, eliminate CDC
  lesion n cut, wound, injury CDC
W-Germanic  
Dutch: collideren vb to collide CDC
German: collidiren vb to collide CDC
N-Germanic  
Danish: kollidere vb to collide CDC
Italic  
Latin: conlido, conlidere vb to collide, clash together CDC
  elido, elidere vb to elide, strike out CDC
  laedo, laedere, laesi, laesum vb to hurt, strike, offend LRC
  laesio, laesionis n.fem injury, personal attack CDC
Portuguese: collidir vb to collide CDC
  elidir vb to elide CDC
  lesão n lesion CDC
Spanish: elidir vb to elide CDC
  lesion n lesion CDC
French: lésion n lesion CDC
Italian: collidere vb to collide CDC
  elidere vb to elide CDC
  lesione n lesion CDC

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
n=noun
vb=verb

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin

Nearby etyma:    previous   |   next