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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: 3. mei-   'to go, wander'

Semantic Field: to Go


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle Welsh: mynet vb to go W7
English: conge n formal permission to depart AHD/W7
  irremeable adj offering no possible return AHD/W7
  meatus n natural body passage AHD/W7
  permeate vb to leak/diffuse/penetrate through AHD/W7
Latin: commeatus, commeatus n.masc leave, going back and forth W7
  commeo, commeare, commeavi, commeatus vb to go back and forth W7
  demigro, demigrare, demigravi, demigratum vb to withdraw LRC
  irremeabilis adj irremeable W7
  meatus, meatus n.masc going, passage, meatus W7
  meo, meare, meavi, meatus vb to go, pass W7
  permeo, permeare, permeavi, permeatus vb to traverse, permeate W7
  remeo, remeare vb to go back W7
French: congé n.masc leave, holiday, conge W7
Old Slavic: minoti vb to pass W7
Old Church Slavonic: mimo adv by, past LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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