The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: 4. ser-   'to insert, line up, put/bind together'

Semantic Fields: to Join, Unite; to Bind

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English  
Middle English: consort n consort W7
  sermon n sermon W7
  sort n sort W7
English: assert vb.trans to state/declare positively AHD/W7
  assort vb to classify, distribute into groups of like kind AHD/W7
  consort n associate AHD/W7
  consort n conjunction, association AHD/W7
  desert vb to leave, withdraw from AHD/W7
  dissertate vb.intrans to dissert, discourse AHD/W7
  ensorcel(l) vb to bewitch/enchant, wrap/bind with thrown rope AHD
  exert vb.trans to put forth (e.g. strength) AHD/W7
  exsert vb.trans to put/thrust out AHD/W7
  insert vb to put/thrust in AHD/W7
  sear n catch that holds weapon's hammer/release at cock AHD/W7
  series n number of things/events (of same class) one after another AHD/W7
  sermon n public religious discourse delivered in worship service AHD/W7
  serried adj pressed, crowded, compacted in regular lines AHD/CDC
  sertularian n delicate branching hydriods AHD/W7
  sorcerer n wizard, one who practices sorcery AHD/W7
  sorcery n necromancy, use of evil spirit's power W7
  sort n kind, class, group defined by characteristic(s) in common AHD/W7
Italic  
Latin: adsero, adserere vb to assert CDC
  assero, asserere, asserui, assertum vb to assert, affirm W7
  consors adj sharing a common lot W7
  desertus vb.ptc deserted W7
  dissertatus vb.ptc argued W7
  disserto, dissertare vb to argue, discuss W7
  dissertus vb.ptc examined W7
  exsero, exserere vb to thrust out W7
  exsertus vb.ptc thrust out W7
  insero, inserere vb to join in W7
  insertus vb.ptc joined, attached, inserted W7
  sera n.fem bar fastening door W7
  series n.fem chain, series W7
  sermo n.masc speech, conversation W7
  sero, serere vb to join together W7
  serta n.fem wreath, garland W7
  sertula n.fem small crown W7
  sertus vb.ptc joined W7
  sors, sortis n.fem lot, share, chance W7
  sortior, sortiri vb.dep to allot, select, distribute, cast lots CDC
Late Latin: deserto, desertare vb to desert, abandon W7
  sero, serare vb to bolt, latch W7
Middle Latin: *assortare vb to allot, select, distribute, cast lots CDC
Medieval Latin: sermo, sermonis n.masc speech in church W7
  sors, sortis n.fem chance, fortune W7
New Latin: Sertularia n.fem (genus name) W7
Spanish: asortir vb to assort CDC
Old French: assorter vb to assort CDC
  sermon n.masc speech in church W7
Middle French: assortir vb to assort W7
  consort adj re: associate, one who shares W7
  serre n.fem claws of eagles/falcons W7
  serrer vb to press, grasp W7
  sorte n.fem sort W7
French: assortier vb to assort CDC
  déserter vb to desert, abandon W7
Old Italian: assortare vb to assort CDC
Italian: assortire vb to assort CDC
Baltic  
Old Lithuanian: seris n (cobbler's) thread RPN
Hellenic  
Homeric Greek: eírô vb to string together in rows RPN
  érma n band, noose, earring; snake coils RPN
  órmos n.masc chain, necklace LRC
Indic  
Sanskrit: sará-h n cord, string RPN
  sarat n thread RPN
  sira n vein, nerve, tendon RPN
Prakrit: sara n string, garland, necklace RPN
  sira n vein, sinew RPN
Oriya: sara n string (of garlands, etc.) RPN
  sari n string (of garlands, etc.) RPN
  sira n vein, artery RPN
  sirala adj having conspicuous veins RPN
Tocharian  
Tocharian A: sar- n vein RPN

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
adj=adjective
dep=deponent
fem=feminine (gender)
intrans=intransitive
masc=masculine (gender)
n=noun
ptc=participle
trans=transitive
vb=verb

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
RPN=Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

Nearby etyma:    previous   |   next