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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: sleub(h)-   'to slide, slip'

Semantic Field: to Slip, Slide

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English  
Old English: cuslyppe/cusloppe n.fem cowslip, lit. cow-dung W7/ASD
  oferslop n.neut slop, surplice W7/ASD
  oxanslyppe n.fem oxlip, lit. ox-dung W7/ASD
  slefan vb to slip (clothes) on W7
  sliepan vb to cause to slip in, make to enter GED
  slif/sli(e)fe/slef/slyf n.fem sleeve W7/ASD
  slopian vb to cause to slip in, make to enter GED
  slupan vb.str to slip (in) GED/ASD
  slypa/slyppe n.fem slime, paste W7
  slype n slip, garment W7
Middle English: cowslyppe n cowslip W7
  oxeslippe n oxlip W7
  sleve n sleeve W7
  sloppe n slop W7
  sloveyn n sloven, rascal W7
  slyp n slime, slip W7
English: cowslip n common British primrose AHD/W7
  lubricate vb to make smooth/slippery AHD/W7
  lubric(i)ous adj smooth, slippery; tricky, elusive W2I
  lubricity n having lubricious quality AHD
  oxlip n hybrid primrose AHD/W7
  sleeve n garment part covering arm AHD/W7
  slip n slurry: mixture of water/fine clay AHD/W7
  sloop n boat rigged fore-and-aft with single mast/headsail jib AHD/W7
  slop n slush, soft mud AHD/W7
  slop n loose smock/overall AHD/W7
  sloven n one habitually negligent re: neatness/cleanliness AHD/W7
  slovenly adj untidy, lazily slipshod, re: sloven W7
W-Germanic  
Old Frisian: slepa vb to cause to slip in, make to enter GED
Middle Dutch: slop n slop (smock) W7
Dutch: sloep n sloop W7
Flemish: sloovin n sloven, woman of low character W7
Middle Low German: slupen vb to slip in GED
Old High German: sliofan/sliufan vb.str to slip in GED
  sloufen vb.wk to cause to slip in, make to enter GED
  slupfen vb.wk to slip in GED
German: schlüpfen vb to slip into LRC
N-Germanic  
Icelandic: yfir-sloppr n surplice, over-garment ASD
E-Germanic  
Gothic: *sliupan vb.str.II to slip into GED
Italic  
Latin: lubricatus vb.ptc made slippery W7
  lubrico, lubricare vb to make slippery W7
  lubricus adj slippery GED
Medieval Latin: lubricus adj lubricious W7

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
II=class 2
adj=adjective
fem=feminine (gender)
n=noun
neut=neuter (gender)
ptc=participle
str=strong (inflection)
vb=verb
wk=weak (inflection)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
GED=Winfred P. Lehmann: A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W2I=Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd ed. (1959)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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