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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers lacking Unicode® support, or having less than full Unicode 2.0 font support. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and Unicode 2) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: 4. ster-, also steru- : stre-, strei-, streu-   'line, streak, strip, stripe'

Semantic Field: Line


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: *strac n stroke AHD
  stracian vb.wk to stroke W7
  strica n.masc streak, mark, (pen) stroke W7
  strican, strac, stricon, stricen vb.str to strike; stroke, smooth, rub, wipe ASD
  stricel n.masc strickle AHD
Middle English: streke n streak W7
  strikell n strickle W7
  striken vb to strike W7
  stroke n stroke AHD
  stroken vb to stroke W7
English: streak n stripe, mark of different color/texture AHD/W7
  stria n minute groove/channel AHD/W7
  strickle n tool to level off measure of grain AHD/W7
  strigil n skin scraper used after bath AHD/W7
  strigose adj having appressed scales/bristles AHD/W7
  strike, struck vb.str to go, take course; hit AHD/W7
  stripe n line/strip of different color/texture W7
  stroke n act/instance of hitting/striking AHD/W7
  stroke vb.trans to caress, rub gently AHD/W7
  tricot n plain warp-knitted fabric AHD/W7
Middle Dutch: stripe n stripe W7
Dutch: strijken vb to stroke; iron clothes LRC
Old High German: streichon vb to stroke ASD
  strich n streak, line W7
  strihhan vb to strike, pass, travel ASD
German: streichen vb to strike, move, rush, rove ASD
  Strich n.masc streak, line LRC
Icelandic: strúka vb to strike, rush ASD
  stryk n streak, stroke, dash ASD
Danish: stryge vb to strike ASD
Swedish: stryka vb to strike, stroke; iron clothes TLL
Gothic: striks n streak, mark, (pen) stroke ASD
Latin: stria n.fem furrow W7
  striga n.fem row, furrow W7
  strigilis n.fem strigil W7
  stringo, stringere, strinxi, strictum vb to wipe, remove; stroke, smooth; touch; draw (sword) IEW
New Latin: striga n.fem bristle W7
  strigosus adj meager, skinny W7
Old French: estriquier vb to strike AHD
French: tricot n.masc knitting W7
  tricoter vb to knit W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
str=strong (inflection)
wk=weak (inflection)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
IEW=Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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