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Indo-European Lexicon

Avestan Reflex Index

Below we list 301 unique Avestan reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Avestan or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.
ReflexEtyma
adadā2. dhē-
aδāitied-
aēiti1. ei-
aēša-3. e-
aēva-oi-no-
aēxa2. ei-s-
āfš2. ā̆p-
ahura-ansu-
ahurō3. an(ə)-
aipiepi
Airyaario-?
aitieti
aiwi-γnixta-ghen-
ana4. an-, eno-
åntyå3. an(ə)-
anyadā1. al-
aŋhu-ansu-
aojōau̯eg-
apaapo-
aparamapo-
aparōapo-
ar-3. er-
arəšōŕ̥k̑þo-s
arəšyant-2. ere-s-
arəząhar(e)-g̑-
ąšnaoitienek̑-
ašnō2. ak̑-
aspa-ek̑u̯o-s
aspōek̑u̯o-s
asrūazan-dak̑ru-
aštaok̑tō(u)
aštəma-ok̑tō(u)
ava-4. au-
avaiti7. au̯-
ayah-ai̯os-
ā-zaintiš2. g̑en-
azaitiag̑-
azan-ā̆g̑her-
ązanhēang̑h-
azemeg̑-
ązōang̑h-
*azrāag̑ro-s
azrō-daiðimag̑ro-s
2. bhē̆
bakhsh-1. bhag-
bandayaitibhendh-
bantabhen-
baoδaitibheudh-
baoðayeitibheudh-
baraiti1. bher-
barəzah-bhereg̑h-
barəzišbhelg̑h-
bavaitibheu-
berezanhbhereg̑h-
bərəz-bhereg̑h-
bərəzant-bhereg̑h-
bhrātar-bhrā́ter-
bišdu̯ō(u)
brātābhrā́ter-
brāza-bherəg̑-
brāzaitibherəg̑-
būza-bhū̆g̑o-s
-ča1. ke
čaitiko-
carāiti1. kel-
čarəman-4. (s)ker-
čaθru-ketu̯er-
čaθwārōketu̯er-
caxra-1. kel-
čəvīšī1. keu-
čikayat̰1. kei(-t)-
citko-
ciþrō(s)kāi-
dā-dhei̯ə-
dab-dhebh-
dādarəsaderk̑-
daðāiti2. dhē-
daēman-dhei̯ə-
-dāenušdhē(i)-
daēva-1. dei-
daēza-dheig̑h-
daēzayeitidheig̑h-
dąh-1. dens-
dąhah-1. dens-
dąhišta-1. dens-
daibityadu̯ō(u)
dam-dem-
dantan-ed-
dar-2. dher-
darəgō5. del-
daršti-derk̑-
darz-2. dher-
dasəmōdek̑m̥
dašinō1. dek̑-
dāta-2. dhē-
datāed-
dāuru-deru-
dāy-dhei̯ə-
dažaitidhegh-
dəmąna-dem-
dərətō4. der-
dərəzra-2. dher-
drājō5. del-
drva-2. dher-
drvaēna-deru-
duγðardhug(h)əter-
dunman-4. dheu-
dūrāt̰3. deu-
duš-dus-
duž-dus-
dvadu̯ō(u)
dvaidīdhau-
dvarəmdhu̯ē̆r-
dvar̥mdhu̯ē̆r-
ərəzatamar(e)-g̑-
frašna-4. perk̑-
fra-šnuš1. g̑enu-
frāvayōitpleu-
frīnāitiprāi-
fryōprāi-
fšu-2. pek̑-
garəmogher-
gāušgou-
gavagou̯ə-
gənāgē̆nā
gərəða-g̑herdh-
gərəwnāiti1. ghrebh-
gouru-2. ger-
granta-2. ghrem-
ha-so(s)
hāma-2. sem-
hama3. sem-
haptaseptm̥
haptaθa-septm̥
haurva-solo-
haurvaiti2. ser-
hazah-seg̑h-
hištaitistā-
irinaḫtileik-
iseēik-
īšti-ēik-
isu-2. ei-s-
ǰaiδyemighedh-
ǰaini-gē̆nā
ǰainti2. ghen(-ə)-
jamaitigā-
ǰąni-gē̆nā
jasaitigā-
ǰvaiti3. gei̯-
ǰyā-tu3. gei̯-
ka-ko-
kaēnā1. kei(-t)-
kara-(s)kalo-s
karana-kert-
karšu1. kel-
kəhrp-1. krep-
kərənaoiti1. ker-
kərəntaiti4. (s)ker-
1. me-
mad-1. med-
madu-médhu
maγnanog-
maibyā1. me-
mairya-2. mel-
manyeite3. men-
mar-(s)mer-
mātar-mātér-
mi-mara-(s)mer-
miryeite4. mer-
nāf1. enebh-
nāh-nas-
naoma-e-neu̯en
napta-2. enebh-
nasaitienek̑-
navae-neu̯en
nemah1. nem-
nmāna-dem-
pad-2. pē̆d-
pairi2a. per-
pairi-daēza-dheig̑h-
pančapenke
par-åntyå3. an(ə)-
-pārayeite2b. per-
pataiti2. pet-
paθana-1. pet-
pa-zdayeitiapo-
pərəsaiti4. perk̑-
pitar-pətḗ(r)
puxδa-penke
raēz-leig̑h-
raočah-leuk-
raog@h%nareugh-m(e)n-
raoiδita-reudh-
raθaret(h)-
raz-1. reg̑-
saēte1. k̑ei-
safakā̆pho-
sarah-1. k̑er-
sarəða-k̑erdho-
satəmdek̑m̥
skarəna-3. (s)ker-
-šmar-(s)mer-
snaēžaitisneigh-
snāvarəsnēu-
span-k̑u̯on-
spərəzan-sp(h)elg̑h(en)
srū-1. k̑er-
sr̥vā1. k̑er-
stāitišstā-
staman-stomen-
stārəm2. stē̆r-
stārō2. stē̆r-
stərənāti5. ster-
stū̆nāstā-
surunaoiti1. k̑leu-
tafnuštep-
tanava1. ten-
tāpaititep-
taršu-ters-
taša-tek̑þ-
tašaititek̑þ-
tav-tēu-
təmah-tem(ə)-
tərəs-tres-
thwartu̯erk̑-
thwązǰaititu̯eng̑h-
tighra-(s)teig-
tigra-(s)teig-
tū̆
tūiri-tēu-
tūmtū̆
θraxta-1. trenk-
θrayōtrei-
θrištrei-
θritya-trei-
ubdaēna-1. u̯ebh-
ugra-au̯eg-
ūna-1. eu-
ushāau̯es-
ută4. au-
uχšyeitiau̯eg-
vacah-u̯ek-
vadū2. u̯edh-
vað5. au̯-
vaēðe2. u̯(e)id-
vaēsou̯eik̑-
vąhušu̯ē̆su-
vaiδi9. au̯(e)-
vāiti10. au̯(e)-
vana1. u̯en-
vanghaiti1. u̯es-
varət-3h. u̯er-
varəta-8. u̯el-
varəz-1. u̯erg̑-
var̥na4. u̯el-
vaste5. u̯es-
vātō10. au̯(e)-
vaχšaitiau̯eg-
vayuš10. au̯(e)-
vazaitiu̯eg̑h-
vazyamu̯eg̑h-
vəhrkou̯l̥kos
vīs-u̯eik̑-
vīsaitiu̯eik̑-
xrūra-1. kreu-
xštva-su̯ek̑s
xšvašsu̯ek̑s
x˅afna-1. su̯ep-
x˅ap-1. su̯ep-
x˅ar-1. su̯el(-k)-
xvara4. su̯er-
yākarəi̯ē̆k-r̥(t-)
yāsta-i̯ō[u]s-
yavan3. i̯eu-
g̑hðem-
zaeša-gheis-
zafan-g̑ep(h)-
zafarəg̑ep(h)-
zairina-1. g̑hel-
zairis1. g̑hel-
zan-1. g̑en-, 2. g̑en-
zana-1. g̑en-
zānāiti2. g̑en-
zānu-2. g̑enu-
žanva1. g̑enu-
zaŋgəmg̑hengh-
zaoš-g̑eus-
zaotor1. g̑heu-
zar-g̑er-
zaranya-1. g̑hel-
zasta-g̑hesto-
zāta1. g̑en-
zayeite1. g̑en-
zazāitig̑hengh-
za-zāmi1. g̑hē-
zərəd-k̑ered-
zīzənti1. g̑en-
zōišnu-gheis-
zraz-dā-k̑ered-