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Indo-European Lexicon

Gothic Reflex Index

Below we list 1237 unique Gothic reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Gothic or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

E-Germanic: a | b | d | e | f | g | h | ƕ | i | j | k=x | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | þ | u | w | y

ReflexEtyma
abrabaabhro-
abrsabhro-, apelo-
*addjisō(u̯)i̯-om
afapo-
*af-agjanagh-
af-aikaneig-
af-airzjan2. ere-s-
afarapo-
*afaraapo-
*afar-dagsā̆g̑her-
afar-gaggang̑hengh-
*af-blindnanbhlendh-
*af-dojandhau-
af-etjaed-
*af-gaggang̑hengh-
afgrundiþaghren-
af-hamon3. k̑em-
aflifnan1. leip-
*af-qiþan2. get-
*af-skiubanskeub-
af-slahanslak-
*af-slauþjan(s)leu-
*af-slauþnan(s)leu-
af-swairbansu̯erbh-
aftaapo-
*af-taurnan4. der-
aftraapo-
*-aganagh-
ageiagh-
*-aggaang̑h-
aggwiþaang̑h-
*-aggwjanang̑h-
*aggwusang̑h-
agisagh-
*aglsagh-
aglyanagh-
ahaks2. ak̑-
ahana2. ak̑-
ahs2. ak̑-
ahtauok̑tō(u)
aƕaakā-
*aiganēik-
aiginēik-
aihtroneig-
áihtsēik-
aíƕa-ek̑u̯o-s
*aiƕa-tundiek̑u̯o-s
ainlif1. leip-, oi-no-
ainsoi-no-
áinshunko-
aipiskaupusspek̑-
áirā̆ier-
airisā̆ier-
airknisar(e)-g̑-
airkniþaar(e)-g̑-
aírþa4. er-
*airzei2. ere-s-
*airzeis2. ere-s-
*airzjan2. ere-s-
*aistan2. ais-
aiþs5. ai-
aiwaiu̯-
*aiwiskiaigh-
áiwiskōnaigh-
aiwisksaigh-
*aiwsaiu̯-
aizai̯os-
*ajukduþsaiu̯-
akati
akranōg-
akrsag̑ro-s
*ala-brunstsbh(e)reu-
*alan2. al-
*aldomo2. al-
*alds2. al-
aleina8. el-
alhsaleq-
alja1. al-
aljaleiko1. al-
*aljaleikoþs1. al-
*aljan2. al-
aljar1. al-
aljaþ1. al-
aljaþro1. al-
*aljis1. al-
allis1. al-
alls1. al-
alþeis2. al-
alþiza2. al-
amsaag̑-
ana4. an-
*ana-biudanbheudh-
ana-hamon3. k̑em-
anaks4. an-
anananþjannant-
*ana-qal1. gel-
*ana-qilan1. gel-
*ana-qimangā-
*ana-qiþan2. get-
ana-silan2. sē(i)-
ana-stodeinsstā-
*ana-timrjandem-
andant-s
*anda-staþjisstā-
andbahtsag̑-
andeisant-s
*and-hamon3. k̑em-
*and-huleins4. k̑el-
and-huljan4. k̑el-
andiz2. an-
andiz-uhant-s
andnimanant-s
*and-rinnan3. er-
and-stald3. stel-
*and-staldan3. stel-
ansesansu-
anstsans-
anþar2. an-
aqiziag(e)sī
ara1. er-
arbaiþsorbho-
arbinumja1. nem-
*arƕaznaarqu-
arjanar(ə)-
arkaareq-
*arma-hairtok̑ered-
arms1. ar-, orbho-
arniba3. er-
asanses-en-
asilu-qairnus2. ger-
asilusers-
asneises-en-
astsozdo-s
at1. ad-
*at-aþniat-
atáugjan1. ad-
*at-hahank̑enk-
atiskades-
*at-rinnan3. er-
*at-snarpjan(s)nerb-
attaā̆tos
*aþnat-
aþnamat-
auga-daurodhu̯ē̆r-
*augjanok-
áugōok-
auhnsauq(h)-
auhsau̯eg-
áuk4. au-
*aukanau̯eg-
aurti-gardsg̑herdh-
áusō2. ōus-
áuþida3. au-
aweþióu̯i-s
awióu̯i-s
awiliudōn3. lēu-
awiliuþ7. au̯-
awistróu̯i-s
azaansu-
*azgoā̆s-
ba2. bhē̆
badi1. bhedh-
bagmsbheu-
baiambhi
*baidjan1. bheidh-
*baira-bagmsbhar-
baíran1. bher-
bairan1. bher-
*bairgaheibhereg̑h-
*bairganbherg̑h-
bairganbhereg̑h-
*bairgsbhereg̑h-
bairhteibherəg̑-
bairhtsbherəg̑-
baitrababheid-
*baitrsbheid-
bajōþsambhi
*bala-1. bhel-
*balgsbhelg̑h-
balþaba3. bhel-
balþei3. bhel-
*balþs3. bhel-
balweinsbheleu-
balwjanbheleu-
bandibhendh-
*bandwa1. bhā-
bandwjan1. bhā-, 2. bhā-
bandwō1. bhā-
banjabhen-
*bannan2. bhā-
*bardsbhardhā
*barizeinsbhares-
barms1. bher-
barn1. bher-
barniskei1. bher-
basi1. bhā-
*batanbhā̆d-
batistsbhā̆d-
batizabhā̆d-
bauanbheu-
*baur1. bher-
baurdbheredh-
baurgsbhereg̑h-
baurgs-waddjusbhereg̑h-, 1. u̯ei-
baurþei1. bher-
*beidan1. bheidh-
*beitanbheid-
bercnabherəg̑-
biambhi
bida2. bhedh-
bidagwa2. bhedh-
bidan2. bhedh-
bidjan2. bhedh-
*bi-gairdang̑herdh-
bi-gitanghend-
*bi-graban2. ghrebh-
bi-laibjan1. leip-
*bi-laigonleig̑h-
*bi-nauhanenek̑-
bindanbhendh-
bi-raubon2. reu-
*bi-rinnan3. er-
bi-swairbansu̯erbh-
biudanbheudh-
biugan3. bheug-
bi-uhtieuk-
bi-uhtseuk-
biwáibjanu̯eip-
bi-windan1. u̯endh-
blandanbhlendh-
blauþjan2. bhlēu-
bleiþs4. bhel-, 1. bhlē̆i-
bleiþyan4. bhel-
blēsan3. bhel-
blindsbhlendh-
blōma4. bhel-
*blostr3. bhel-
blotan3. bhel-
bloþ4. bhel-
bōkbhāgó-s
*bōkabhāgó-s
bōkabhāgó-s
bokabhāgó-s
bokareisbhāgó-s
bōtabhā̆d-
botabhā̆d-
brakja1. bhreg̑-
brannjanbh(e)reu-
*breihanbhrenk-
brigganbhrenk-
*brikan1. bhreg̑-
*brinnanbh(e)reu-
brinnobh(e)reu-
broþarbhrā́ter-
brukyanbhrūg-
brunnabh(e)reu-
brusts1. bhreu-s-
bruþfaþspoti-s
bugjan3. bheug-
*daddjandhē(i)-
*Dagis-þiusā̆g̑her-
dagsā̆g̑her-
daigsdheig̑h-
dáils
dal1. dhel-
dalaþ1. dhel-
ðar1. to-
darsdhers-
ðata1. to-
ðaþrō1. to-
daubs4. dheu-
*daufs4. dheu-
dauhtardhug(h)əter-
dauns4. dheu-
daupyandheu-b-
daūrdhu̯ē̆r-
daurdhu̯ē̆r-
daura-wards8. u̯er-
daūrodhu̯ē̆r-
dauronsdhu̯ē̆r-
daursandhers-
daurstadhers-
daursumdhers-
dauþjan2. dheu-
dauþs2. dheu-
dauþus2. dheu-
deds2. dhē-
ðei1. to-
deigandheig̑h-
diabaulus2. gel-
*digandheig̑h-
*dis-habankap-
*dis-taheinsdenk̑-
*dis-tahjandenk̑-
*dis-tairan4. der-
*dis-taurnan4. der-
*dis-winþjan10. au̯(e)-
diupsdheu-b-
dius4. dheu-
*diwan2. dheu-
doms2. dhē-
domyan2. dhē-
dragandherāgh-
dragkyandhreg̑-
*drauhtinassus2. dher-
*drauhtinon2. dher-
drauhti-witoþ2. dher-
*dreibandhreibh-
drigkandhreg̑-
*driugan2. dhreugh-
driugan2. dher-
driusandhreu-
*drunjus3. dher-
dude-
dumbs4. dheu-
*du-rinnan3. er-
dwals4. dheu-
eisarn1. eis-
*ēlaēlā
fadarpətḗ(r)
faginōn1. pek̑-
fagrs1. pek̑-
fahanpā̆k̑-
faihs1. peig-
faihu2. pek̑-
faihu-frikspreg-
*faihu-geigangheig̑h-
fair-aiganēik-
faírguniperku-s
fairneis2a. per-
faírra2a. per-
*fair-rinnan3. er-
falþan3a. pel-
-falþs3a. pel-
fanapā̆n-
fani2. pen-
faran2b. per-
farjan2b. per-
fastanpasto-
*fauho1. pū̆k-
faúr2a. per-
faúra2a. per-
faura-dauridhu̯ē̆r-
faurhtei2. perg-
faurhtjan2. perg-
faurhts2. perg-
*faur-rinnan3. er-
fauspōu-
fawspōu-
fayan2. peig̑-
fenea1. pen-
fera3. sp(h)ē(i)-
fidur-dogsā̆g̑her-
fidworketu̯er-
fidwor-taihundek̑m̥, ketu̯er-
*fidwor-tigjusdek̑m̥, ketu̯er-
fifpenke
figgra-gulþ1. g̑hel-
figgrspenke
filhan3b. pel-
fill3b. pel-
filu1. pel-
fimfpenke
fimfta-penke
*fimf-taihundek̑m̥
finþanpent-
fiskspeisk-
fitanpid-
fiyandspē(i)-
fláutjanpleu-
flōduspleu-
fōdeinspā-
fōðerpā-
fōdjanpā-
fōnpeu̯ōr
fotu-baurdbheredh-
fōtus2. pē̆d-
fra-atjaned-
fra-bairan1. bher-
fra-gibanghabh-
*fra-giftsghabh-
fraíhnan4. perk̑-
fra-itaned-
fraiw2d. per-
*fra-kunþs2. g̑en-
fram2a. per-
*fram-aldrs2. al-
framis2a. per-
*fra-qistnangei̯ə-
*fra-qiþan2. get-
fraþjanpret-
fráuja2a. per-
frawaúrhts2. u̯erg̑-
freidjanprāi-
freihalsprāi-
freisprāi-
friaþwaprāi-
frijeiprāi-
frijōnprāi-
frijondiprāi-
frijondsprāi-
frisahts2a. per-
*friuspreus-
frōþspret-
fruma2a. per-
frumabaúr2a. per-
frumists2a. per-
frums2a. per-
fuglspleu-
fulapōu-
fullafahjan1. pek̑-
fulljan1. pel-
fullō1. pel-
fulls1. pel-
fuls2. pū̆-
funinspeu̯ōr
ga-batnanbhā̆d-
gabaurþs1. bher-
gabeighabh-
*ga-beidan1. bheidh-
ga-bidjan2. bhedh-
ga-bindabhendh-
ga-bindibhendh-
*ga-blindjanbhlendh-
*gabrannjanbh(e)reu-
*gabrikan1. bhreg̑-
*gabruka1. bhreg̑-
ga-daban2. dhabh-
ga-dauþnan2. dheu-
*ga-deþs2. dhē-
gadiliggsghedh-
ga-dōbs2. dhabh-
*ga-drabandhrebh-
ga-drauhts2. dher-
ga-friþōnprāi-
*ga-geigangheig̑h-
ga-geiggangheig̑h-
gaggang̑hengh-
gaggsg̑hengh-
*ga-habankap-
ga-hamon3. k̑em-
ga-ƕatjankē̆d-
gaidw1. g̑hē-
*gailjanghoilo-s
gairdag̑herdh-
gaisjangheis-
gaitsghaido-
ga-juk2. i̯eu-
*ga-karong̑ā̆r-
*ga-krotong̑er-
ga-kunnan2. g̑en-
ga-kwiþan2. get-
ga-laubeinsleubh-
ga-láubjanleubh-
ga-leiks2. lē̆ig-
galeiþanlento-
Galtis2. g̑hel-
galūkan1. leug-
ga-mains2. mei-
gamōt1. med-
ga-mōtjanmōd-
gamunds3. men-
ga-nagljanonogh-
*ga-nauhanenek̑-
ga-nisannes-
*ga-nohjanenek̑-
ga-nōhsenek̑-
*ga-qiujan3. gei̯-
gaqumþsgā-
ga-raidjan1. ar-
garaiþsreidh-
ga-raþjan1. ar-
*ga-razna2. erə-
*ga-razno2. erə-
gardsg̑herdh-
ga-rēdan1. ar-
garēhsns2. rē̆k-
ga-riudeireudh-
garuns3. er-
gasakansāg-
ga-skohi2. (s)keu-
ga-staldan3. stel-
ga-steigansteigh-
gastsgheis-, ghosti-s
ga-suljan2. sel-
ga-swogjanu̯ā̆gh-
*ga-tairan4. der-
ga-tamjandemə-
ga-tarhjanderk̑-
*ga-tarnjan4. der-
*ga-taurnan4. der-
*ga-taurþs4. der-
gateihandeik̑-
*ga-timrjandem-
*ga-timrjodem-
ga-tiuhandeuk-
ga-trudan3. der-
ga-tulgjan5. del-
gatwo1. g̑hē-
gaþaúrsnanters-
gáumjanghou̯(ē)-
*gauriþaghou-ro-s
gaurjanghou-ro-s
gaursghou-ro-s
ga-wadjonu̯adh-
gawaurki2. u̯erg̑-
ga-widan5. au̯-
ga-wiganu̯eg̑h-
gibanghabh-
*giblaghebh-el-
gildghel-tō
gilþa2. g̑hel-
*giutan1. g̑heu-
glaggwus1. g̑hel-
glitmunjan1. g̑hel-
gōðrghedh-
gōdsghedh-
gōþsghedh-
*graba2. ghrebh-
graban2. ghrebh-
*gramjan2. ghrem-
*grana3. gher-
granos3. gher-
grasghrē-
grēdags1. g̑her-
gredags1. g̑her-
*gredon1. g̑her-
*gredus1. g̑her-
greipanghreib-
Greotingi2. ghrēu-
grētan1. gher-
*grinda-fraþjisghren-
*grōba2. ghrebh-
grundu-waddjusghren-
*gulþ1. g̑hel-
*gulþeins1. g̑hel-
gumag̑hðem-
*guma-kundsg̑hðem-
gundghendh-
*Gutisk-andeisant-s
*Gutisk-andeis-andiant-s
*Gut-þiuda1. g̑heu-
guþg̑hau-
-h1. ke
habankap-
hafjankap-
*haftjankap-
*hahank̑enk-
*haidus(s)kāi-
háifstsk̑ēi-bh-
hailjankai-lo-
hailskai-lo-
haims1. k̑ei-
hairdak̑erdho-
hairdeisk̑erdho-
hairtok̑ered-
hairþra4. (s)ker-
háitankēi-
haitikēi-
haiþnokaito-
halba1. (s)kel-
*halbs1. (s)kel-
haldan5. kel-
halis-aiwaiu̯-
hals1. kel-
halts3. kel-
hanakan-
hardus3. kar-
harjiskoro-s
*hatank̑ād-
hatisk̑ād-
*hatizonk̑ād-
*hatjank̑ād-
haubiþkap-ut
hauhei2. keu-
hauh-haireik̑ered-
hauh-hairtsk̑ered-
hauhs2. keu-
haunjankau-
haunskau-
haúrdskert-
haurn1. k̑er-
*haurnja1. k̑er-
*haurnjan1. k̑er-
hausjan1. keu-
hawikāu-
heitō3. kā̆i-
heiwa-frauja1. k̑ei-
hērk̑o-
hēþjōkē̆t-
hi-k̑o-
hidrek̑o-
*hilms4. k̑el-
hilpank̑elb-
*himina-kunds3. k̑em-
himinakunds1. g̑en-
himins3. k̑em-
hindanak̑o-
hindark̑o-
hirik̑o-
hiuhma2. keu-
hiwi2. k̑ei-
hlaink̑lei-
hlainsk̑lei-
hlaiwk̑lei-
hlaiwasnak̑lei-
hlaþanklā-
hleidumak̑lei-
hlifank̑lep-
hliftusk̑lep-
*hlijak̑lei-
hlija1. k̑el-
hliuma1. k̑leu-
hneiwanknei-gh-
*hoha2. k̑ā̆k-
*hrainja-hairtsk̑ered-
hrains4. (s)ker-
hraiwa-dubō4. dheu-
hrisian3. (s)ker-
hūhjan2. keu-
huhrus2. kenk-
hulistr4. k̑el-
huljan4. k̑el-
hulundikau-l-, 4. k̑el-
hunddek̑m̥
hundadek̑m̥
hundsk̑u̯on-
hunslk̑u̯en-
hunsla-staþsk̑u̯en-
hunsljank̑u̯en-
hups2. keu-
hūs2. (s)keu-
huzd2. (s)keu-
hwairbanku̯erp-
hwass-abakē̆d-
hwēko-
hweilakei̯ə-
hwēleiksko-
hwileiksko-
ƕako-
ƕa-h1. ke
ƕaiteis3. k̑uei-
ƕáiwa1. ei-
ƕanko-
ƕarko-
ƕarjisko-
ƕasko-
ƕaþko-
ƕeits3. k̑uei-
ƕōko-
ibái2. bhē̆
ibai2. bhē̆
id-eti
iddja1. ei-
*iftumaepi
iiz2. ei-s-
ikeg̑-
imes-
in1. en
*inbrannjanbh(e)reu-
*in-gramjan2. ghrem-
inkilþō1. gel-
inmáidjan2. mei-t(h)-
inn1. en
inna1. en
innan1. en
innana1. en
innuma1. en
inuē̆neu
inuhē̆neu
inweitan2. u̯(e)id-
inwindiþa1. u̯ei-
is3. e-, es-
istes-
ita3. e-
itaned-
eti
iusizau̯ē̆su-
jabái2. bhē̆
jai-eno-
jaind3. e-
jainseno-
jēr1. ei-
ju3. e-
juggaláuþs1. leudh-
juk2. i̯eu-
jungs3. i̯eu-
juþan3. e-
*kalbo1. gel-
*kalds3. gel(ə)-
kannjan2. g̑en-
karag̑ā̆r-
*karong̑ā̆r-
kaurjan2. ger-
kaurjos2. ger-
kaurng̑er-
kaurnog̑er-
kaurus2. ger-
kausjang̑eus-
kindins1. g̑en-
*kinnus2. g̑enu-
*kiusang̑eus-
*kniu1. g̑enu-
*knoþs1. g̑en-
knussyangen-
kukyanku-
kuni1. g̑en-
kunnan2. g̑en-
kunþi2. g̑en-
kunþjan2. g̑en-
kunþs2. g̑en-
lagjanlegh-
laguslaku-
laiba1. leip-
laikan3. leig-
láisjanleis-
láistjanleis-
lamb1. el-
land3. lendh-
lats3. lē(i)-
*lauhmunileuk-
láunlāu-
launa-wargs3e. u̯er-
laus2. leu-
láusjan2. leu-
leihtslegh-
leiƕanleik-
leik2. lē̆ig-
leikeisleg̑-
leinlī̆-no-
leitils2. lei-, leud-
lēkeisleg̑-
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lustōnlas-
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maganmagh-
magaþsmaghos
magusmaghos
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mais4. mē-
maiþm2. mei-t(h)-
malan1. mel-
malma1. mel-
malō1. mel-
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matjanmad-
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mērjan1. mei-
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midjun-gardsg̑herdh-, medhi-
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mikileimeg̑(h)-
mikilsmeg̑(h)-
milds1. mel-
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milithmeli-t
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missō2. mei-t(h)-
mitan1. med-
mitōn1. med-
miþ2. me-
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mizdōmizdhó-
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munan3. men-
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muns3. men-
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Onemunds7. au̯-
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raihts1. reg̑-
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