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Indo-European Lexicon

Medieval Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 590 unique Medieval Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Medieval Latin or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

ReflexEtyma
abstractustrāgh-
accognitare2. g̑en-
accognito2. g̑en-
accostarekost-
accostokost-
acoluthus2. sem-
acolytus2. sem-
actuareag̑-
actuatusag̑-
actuaviag̑-
actuoag̑-
acuta2. ak̑-
adcognitare2. g̑en-
adcognito2. g̑en-
adverāre11. u̯er-
adverō11. u̯er-
aequiponderatus1. (s)pen(-d)-
aetiologialeg̑-
affidare1. bheidh-
affido1. bheidh-
affiliāredhē(i)-
affiliatusdhē(i)-
affiliavidhē(i)-
affiliōdhē(i)-
affixaredhēig-
affixodhēig-
afforestaredhu̯ē̆r-
afforestodhu̯ē̆r-
albaalbho-
albellusalbho-
alburnusalbho-
aliquotusko-
almārium1. ar-
alterāre1. al-
alterō1. al-
amarellumom-
amativusam(m)a
ambactiaag̑-
amicitasam(m)a
amictusi̯ē-
ammaam(m)a
ana4. an-
analysis2. leu-
anasarcatu̯erk̑-
anchōrīta1. g̑hē-
anniversāriaat-, 3h. u̯er-
annuitasat-
annuitatisat-
anormalis2. g̑en-
antependium1. (s)pen(-d)-
anthēraandh-
anti-ant-s
Antinomus1. nem-
antinomus1. nem-
antitypusant-s, 1. (s)teu-
aperitivus5. u̯er-
apodixadeik̑-
apothēcārius2. dhē-
appānārepā-
appānopā-
appenticium1. (s)pen(-d)-
aqueusakā-
archivoltum7. u̯el-
armata1. ar-
armilla1. ar-
articusŕ̥k̑þo-s
artista1. ar-
assessussed-
assideōsed-
assidēresed-
assimilare2. sem-
assimilatus2. sem-
assimilo2. sem-
astrolabium(s)lā̆g-
athanasia4. dheu-
attritio3. ter-
attritionis3. ter-
auctōrizāreau̯eg-
aureatusau̯es-
aureolaau̯es-
aurifrigiumau̯es-
bacillusbak-
*bāiulīvusbak-
bandum1. bhā-
bannus2. bhā-
barbacana5. u̯er-
barbātōrbhardhā
*barbellusbhardhā
barbusbhardhā
bedellusbheudh-
beneficium2. deu-, 2. dhē-
billa2. b(e)u-
binomiumen(o)mn̥-
binomiusen(o)mn̥-
bis-coctuspek-
blondosbhlendh-
blundusbhlendh-
bonacia2. deu-
botellusgu̯et-
bruscus3. u̯er-
bubo2. b(e)u-
bubonis2. b(e)u-
bulla2. b(e)u-
burgarebhereg̑h-
burgatorbhereg̑h-
burgatusbhereg̑h-
burglatorbhereg̑h-
burgobhereg̑h-
Caliburnus1. kal-
cambium(s)kamb-
cantuskan-tho-
capitalekap-ut
capitularekap-ut
capitulatuskap-ut
capitulavikap-ut
capitulokap-ut
capitulumkap-ut
capulumkap-
carnale4. (s)ker-
carnaticum4. (s)ker-
carraria2. k̑ers-
castellarek̑es-
castellatusk̑es-
castellavik̑es-
castellok̑es-
catalepsia(s)lā̆g-
cenith2. mei-
choralis4. g̑her-
chorista4. g̑her-
chorus4. g̑her-
-chroma2. ghrēu-
chromat-2. ghrēu-
ciliare4. k̑el-
cilio4. k̑el-
cingulus1. kenk-
clausaklēu-
claustrumklēu-
clavichordiumklēu-
colatoriumkagh-
colluviumlou-
comestibilised-
comitatus1. ei-
commensalis3. mē-
commodiosus1. med-
commūnia2. mei-
compendium1. (s)pen(-d)-
compostumapo-
concernere4. (s)ker-
concerno4. (s)ker-
confraterbhrā́ter-
connotare2. g̑en-
connoto2. g̑en-
constipatusstē̆ib(h)-
contrabannum2. bhā-
contratakom
conveniumgā-
conventusgā-
convergere3d. u̯er-
convergō3d. u̯er-
copia1. op-
cordialisk̑ered-
corporale1. krep-
corrogata1. reg̑-
cranium1. k̑er-
cratakert-
credentiak̑ered-
cultivare1. kel-
cultivatus1. kel-
cultivavi1. kel-
cultivo1. kel-
cultivus1. kel-
cursarius2. k̑ers-
cursivus2. k̑ers-
dalfinusgelbh-
decimalisdek̑m̥
defamāre2. bhā-
defamō2. bhā-
demandāremə-r
demandōmə-r
depauperārepōu-
depauperatuspōu-
depauperōpōu-
deplumārepleus-
deplumōpleus-
deponereapo-
deprivāre2a. per-
deprivō2a. per-
diaphanus1. bhā-
dieta1. dei-
discantuskan-
discursus2. k̑ers-
disfacere2. dhē-
disfaciō2. dhē-
dispēnsāre1. (s)pen(-d)-
dispēnsō1. (s)pen(-d)-
distringere2. streig-
distringo2. streig-
disvestio5. u̯es-
disvestire5. u̯es-
divergere3d. u̯er-
divergo3d. u̯er-
divinus1. dei-
doctor1. dek̑-
dominiodem-
dominionisdem-
domnusdem-
domusdem-
dotariumdō-
doxologia1. dek̑-
dyscrasiak̑erə-
eccentricusk̑ent-
embolismus2. gel-
encyclopaediapōu-
entitases-
enula7. u̯el-
epitaphiumdhembh-
epochaseg̑h-
equinoxiumnek-(t-)
equiponderāre1. (s)pen(-d)-
equiponderō1. (s)pen(-d)-
examitum4. mei-
exemplificareem-
exemplificoem-
expatriārepətḗ(r)
expatriatuspətḗ(r)
expatriōpətḗ(r)
explicitusplek̑-
expropriare2a. per-
expropriatus2a. per-
exproprio2a. per-
extraneareeg̑hs
extraneoeg̑hs
facultas2. dhē-
facultatis2. dhē-
fello1. g̑hel-
feodum2. pek̑-
feralisg̑hu̯ē̆r-
feriadhēs-
filamentumgheiə-
filtāre2a. pel-
filtō2a. pel-
filtratus2a. pel-
filtrum2a. pel-
forestisdhu̯ē̆r-
formicariummoru̯ī̆-
fortalitiabhereg̑h-
fossorius1. bhedh-
frangere1. bhreg̑-
frangibilis1. bhreg̑-
frango1. bhreg̑-
fraternalisbhrā́ter-
granicag̑er-
gratakert-
gratitudo4. ger(ə)-
hereditamentum1. g̑hē-
heterogeneus1. g̑en-
heterogenus1. g̑en-
hierarcha1. eis-
holcasselk-
horarius1. ei-
hospitaleghosti-s
hypothecāre2. dhē-
hypothecō2. dhē-
identicus3. e-
immurāre1. mei-
immurō1. mei-
impalārepā̆k̑-
impalōpā̆k̑-
incinerare2. ken-
incineratus2. ken-
incineravi2. ken-
incinero2. ken-
incontrārekom
incontrōkom
influentiabhleu-
ingrossaregretso-
ingrossogretso-
installare3. stel-
installo3. stel-
instansstā-
instantisstā-
interludiumleid-
intermediatusmedhi-
intralia1. en
introitus1. ei-
invaginare1. u̯ā̆g-
invagino1. u̯ā̆g-
irradicabilisu̯(e)rād-
iterāre1. ei-
iterō1. ei-
juristai̯eu̯os-
kalendarium6. kel-
lacrimalisdak̑ru-
laganumlegh-
laubialeup-
lavandariuslou-
lavandula(s)lī-
lavatoriumlou-
lectorinumleg̑-
legendaleg̑-
legistaleg̑-
legitimāreleg̑-
legitimātusleg̑-
legitimāvīleg̑-
legitimōleg̑-
lenitivus3. lē(i)-
lialegh-
ligamentum4. leig-
linchinusleuk-
litargia2. u̯erg̑-
literatimdeph-
litteralisdeph-
lobialeup-
lubricussleub(h)-
ludereleid-
ludōleid-
lūnaleuk-
lupusu̯l̥kos
machicolare1. kel-
machicolatus1. kel-
machicolavi1. kel-
machicolo1. kel-
malleabilis1. mel-
malleāre1. mel-
malleō1. mel-
manipulusmə-r
manuopera1. op-
manuteneo1. ten-
manutenēre1. ten-
marcamereg̑-
marcensismereg̑-
marchiomereg̑-
marchionismereg̑-
marchionissamereg̑-
matricularemātér-
matriculatusmātér-
matriculavimātér-
matriculomātér-
mediāremedhi-
mediātusmedhi-
mediatusmedhi-
mediāvīmedhi-
mediōmedhi-
mercedesmerk̑-
mercesmerk̑-
merulusames-
meteorum1. u̯er-
misercordiak̑ered-
missaticumsmeit-
mixtamei-k̑-
modalis1. med-
monodia6. au̯-
Monophysitabheu-
motivus2. meu̯-
musaicum3. men-
nigromantianek̑-
nominalisen(o)mn̥-
Norwegiau̯eg̑h-
notorius2. g̑en-
novenae-neu̯en
nuncupativuskap-
obituarium1. ei-
octavaok̑tō(u)
oeconomia1. nem-
officina1. op-
officinalis1. op-
omniscientiaskē̆i-
opticusok-
ordinantia1. ar-
ordinis1. ar-
ordo1. ar-
ovalisō(u̯)i̯-om
paginapā̆k̑-
parabolāre2. gel-
parabolō2. gel-
paragraphusgerebh-
paraphernalia1. bher-
paroxysmus2. ak̑-
paternoster3. ne-
patina1. pet-
patronuspətḗ(r)
pedo2. pē̆d-
pellicium3b. pel-
pellicula3b. pel-
pera2b. per-
peregrinusag̑ro-s
periodussed-
perspectivusspek̑-
pica(s)pī̆ko-
pincta1. peig-
piscariapeisk-
piscinapeisk-
pistārepeis-1?
pistōpeis-1?
placitum1. plā-k-
plagalis2. plāk-
plenipotentia1. pel-
plenipotentiarius1. pel-
plethora1. pel-
plicaplek̑-
poenalitas1. kei(-t)-
porcopiscispeisk-
portale2b. per-
portalis2b. per-
postulāre4. perk̑-
postulatum4. perk̑-
postulatus4. perk̑-
postulō4. perk̑-
praebendaghabh-
praecinctum1. kenk-
praedomināridem-
praedominordem-
praeemereem-
praeemiem-
praeemptusem-
praelatus1. tel-
praelūdereleid-
praeludiumleid-
praelūdōleid-
praemioem-
praemunio1. mei-
praemunire1. mei-
praepositusapo-
praescribere4. (s)ker-
praescribo4. (s)ker-
praeservāre2. ser-
praeservō2. ser-
preambulumambhi
prephatia2. bhā-
primas2a. per-
primatis2a. per-
privitas2a. per-
privitatis2a. per-
proba2a. per-
promptāreem-
promptōem-
propositusapo-
provendaghabh-
pullanuspōu-
punctualispeuk̑-
punctuarepeuk̑-
punctuatuspeuk̑-
punctuopeuk̑-
qualificare2. dhē-
qualifico2. dhē-
quidditasko-
quodlibetumleubh-
quotāreko-
quotōko-
ramificare2. dhē-
ramifico2. dhē-
rata1. ar-
realis1. reg̑-
recommendaremə-r
recommendomə-r
recriminare4. (s)ker-
recriminatus4. (s)ker-
recrimino4. (s)ker-
rectangulus1. reg̑-
rectificare2. dhē-
rectifico2. dhē-
reductusdeuk-
refluxusbhleu-
regens1. reg̑-
regentis1. reg̑-
regulus1. reg̑-
regurgitare1. ger-
regurgitatus1. ger-
regurgitavi1. ger-
regurgito1. ger-
relevanslegh-
relevantislegh-
reliquialeik-
remorsūs5. mer-
remorsus5. mer-
renegāre1.
renegātus1.
renegāvī1.
renegō1.
respectusspek̑-
retina5. er-
retrocederesed-
retrocedosed-
rotaret(h)-
rotabulum2. reu-
rotariusret(h)-
sacristanussak-
samitum4. mei-
scaccikþē(i)-
scarlata1. sek-
sclerosis3. (s)kel-
scotomaskot-
scotomatisskot-
scribillare4. (s)ker-
scribillo4. (s)ker-
scriptorium4. (s)ker-
scrofula4. (s)ker-
secretarius4. (s)ker-
senectitudosen(o)-
seniorsen(o)-
sentimentumsent-
separalis2d. per-
seracium1. ser-
sermo4. ser-
sermonis4. ser-
sextuplus3a. pel-
simultaneus2. sem-
situāre1. k̑ei-
situātus1. k̑ei-
situāvī1. k̑ei-
situō1. k̑ei-
socasāg-
solesā́u̯el-
sororitassu̯esor-
sors4. ser-
sortilegiumleg̑-
sortis4. ser-
spenda1. (s)pen(-d)-
spergula*(s)p(h)ereg-
spēsa1. (s)pen(-d)-
spiralis3. sper-
sporadicus2. (s)p(h)er-
stallum3. stel-
subordināre1. ar-
subordinātus1. ar-
subordinō1. ar-
substratum5. ster-
subtanusupo
suffraganeus1. bhreg̑-
suffragium1. bhreg̑-
superannuariat-
superannuatusat-
superannuorat-
superpellicium3b. pel-
superplus1. pel-
supervideo2. u̯(e)id-
supervidēre2. u̯(e)id-
supponereapo-
supponoapo-
supposuiapo-
taleatāl-
talliatāl-
tascatag-
taxaretag-
taxotag-
telariumtek̑þ-
tendo1. ten-
tendonis1. ten-
Tenebraetem(ə)-
tenementum1. ten-
tenitura1. ten-
terraplenum1. pel-
terrariusters-
tertiariustrei-
throphania1. bhā-
thuia4. dheu-
timocratia1. kei(-t)-
tonsura1. tem-
totalistēu-
trachea1. dher-
tremularetrem-
tremulotrem-
trepanum3. ter-
turbariaderbh-
tympanum1. (s)teu-
ultimatus1. al-
ultramarinusmori
ultramontanus1. men-
unctuosusong-
unisonussu̯en-
uvulaōg-
uxoricidiumeuk-
validusu̯al-
valoru̯al-
vassallusupo
vassellittusupo
vassusupo
verificare11. u̯er-
verifico11. u̯er-
versio3h. u̯er-
versionis3h. u̯er-
vicecomes1. ei-
vicecomitis1. ei-
vilipendere1. (s)pen(-d)-
vilipendō1. (s)pen(-d)-
villanusu̯eik̑-
vivanda3. gei̯-
volitio2. u̯el-
volitionis2. u̯el-
wismutum3. k̑uei-

See also: Middle Latin