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Indo-European Lexicon

Middle Low German Reflex Index

Below we list 269 unique Middle Low German reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Middle Low German or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

W-Germanic: A | B | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | W

ReflexEtyma
achteagh-
alfalbho-
an4. an-
ander2. an-
angestang̑h-
bal3. bhel-
balde3. bhel-
bale3. bhel-
balke5. bhel-
barc3. bher-
bardbhardhā
barm2. bher-
batebhā̆d-
batenbhā̆d-
be-hōfkap-
bere1. bhā-
berm2. bher-
berme1. bherem-
betbheid-
betebheid-
bitbheid-
bītenbheid-
bittebheid-
blābhlē-u̯o-s
blackbheleg-
blādere3. bhel-
blakenbheleg-
blankbheleg-
blarrenbhlē-
blasbhles-
blāsen3. bhel-
blat4. bhel-
blauwebhlē-u̯o-s
blāwbhlē-u̯o-s
bleine2. bhlei-
blēkbheleg-
blendenbhlendh-
bletenbhlē-
blōme4. bhel-
bloot2. bhlēu-
bloschenbhleu-(k-)
blosem4. bhel-
blosenbhleu-(k-)
blossem4. bhel-
blōt4. bhel-, 2. bhlēu-
blöt4. bhel-
blusbhleu-(k-)
blüsterenbhleu-
bōchbhāg̑hú-s
bōchsprētbhāg̑hú-s, 2. (s)p(h)er-
bōdebheu-
boge3. bheug-
bolde3. bhel-
boltebheld-
boltenbheld-
bōmbheu-
bonebhabhā
bor3. bher-
borchbhereg̑h-
borke2. bhreg̑-
bornbh(e)reu-
bornebh(e)reu-
bortbheredh-
bōtbheid-
brādem2. bher-
brak1. bhreg̑-
brannewīnbh(e)reu-
brantbh(e)reu-
bregenmregh-m(n)o-
bretbheredh-
brinkbhren-
broc1. bhreg̑-
brōienbh(e)reu-
broke1. bhreg̑-
brōtbh(e)reu-
būchbhāg̑hú-s
būgen3. bheug-
bǖle2. b(e)u-
bulle3. bhel-
būrbheu-
but1. bhā̆u-
degeldheig̑h-
degerdheig̑h-
dele2. tel-
dīendhē(i)-
digerdheig̑h-
dōf4. dheu-
drane3. dher-
drone3. dher-
dronen3. dher-
dwarchdhu̯ergh-
dwarkdhu̯ergh-
dwerterk-
dwerchdhu̯ergh-
e̐chelenaigh-
ēgelenaigh-
egelenagh-
eiō(u̯)i̯-om
eichelenaigh-
eigō(u̯)i̯-om
ēke2. aig-
engenang̑h-
fimmelenpei-m(i)-
fimmerenpei-m(i)-
gadderenghedh-
gadenghedh-
gaderghedh-
gaderenghedh-
galle1. gel-
galt2. g̑hel-
gatghed-
gebūrbheu-
gelveghel-
gevelghebh-el-
gīlenghoilo-s
gordeg̑herdh-
grintghren-
grōienghrē-
hackenkeg-
harstkars-
hastk̑ēi-bh-
hōkenkag̑o-
holkau-l-
hulse4. k̑el-
hump(s)kamb-
iehtu̯ek-ti-
ietu̯ek-ti-
iewetu̯ek-ti-
ihtu̯ek-ti-
īs2. ei-s-
jeneeno-
kalkkaghlo-
kluwenkeleu-
knīfgen-
knorregen-
knubbegen-
knuttengen-
koppgēu-
külde3. gel(ə)-
lesenles-
līk4. leig-
mātmad-
mēgen2. am-
meien2. am-
meigen2. am-
mēwe1. mū̆-
mīgenmeig̑h-
miremoru̯ī̆-
not1. ken-
note1. ken-
or-āteed-
or-ēteed-
orted-
ostenau̯es-
osteneau̯es-
ovenauq(h)-
ōverāpero-
pīlpeis-1?
pilepi-lo-
pintbend-
prām2a. per-
queden3. gei̯-
quēsegeid(h)-
quistgei̯ə-
rave1. ker-
raven1. ker-
rekenen2. rē̆k-
ribbe2. rebh-
ribbesper2. rebh-
risten1. rei-
roge2. krek-
rōk1. ker-
rōke1. ker-
rōmreugh-m(e)n-
rōmereugh-m(e)n-
sakkenseng-
salveselp-
sane1. seu-
sapsap-
schaven2. (s)kē̆p-
schelle1. (s)kel-
scheren4. (s)ker-
schōle1. (s)kel-
schōve2. (s)kē̆p-
sāi-
shitenskē̆i-
sinkenseng-
sipenseip-
slaggeslak-
slecleig̑h-
slecht3. lei-
slickenleig̑h-
slippen3. lei-
slipper3. lei-
slorpensrebh-
slūpensleub(h)-
smuck2. meug-
smucken2. meug-
snoresnusós
snorrenpneu-
somer3. sem-
sōrsaus-
spalden1. (s)p(h)el-
speck3. sp(h)ē(i)-
spelderen1. (s)p(h)el-
splente(s)plei-
splinte(s)plei-
spolden1. (s)p(h)el-
sprēt2. (s)p(h)er-
springsperg̑h-
stake2. (s)teg-
stēdestā-
stekel(s)teig-
sterne2. stē̆r-
stickel(s)teig-
stōdstā-
stōp(s)teig-
stōtstā-
stouwenstā-
stove4. dheu-
stōwenstā-
stūwenstā-
sūke-dageā̆g̑her-
swāren1. u̯er-
swengensu̯eng-
swēre1. u̯er-
swingensu̯eng-
tamdemə-
tegededek̑m̥
tekedeig̑h-
telt3. del-
temmendemə-
tēndu̯ō(u)
terren4. der-
tīendhē(i)-
tīkedigh-
tinded-
tinneed-
trade3. der-
trampen3. der-
trappe3. der-
treden3. der-
trūwederu-
twīveldu̯ō(u)
vīren2a. per-
vīselpeis-1?
vlōblou-
vloeblou-
vorchte2. perg-
*vordeck1. (s)teg-
vordecken1. (s)teg-
vore3. perk̑-
vrechtēik-
vrō2a. per-
vrochte2. perg-
vruchte2. perg-
wachtenu̯eg̑-
water9. au̯(e)-
weddersinnessent-
weien10. au̯(e)-
wēl1. kel-
weneu̯en-
wiggelenu̯eg̑h-
wimmelu̯eip-
Wōdan1. u̯āt-
wolde4. u̯el-
wone1. eu-
wriggeln3. u̯er-