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Indo-European Lexicon

Old Irish Reflex Index

Below we list 372 unique Old Irish reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Celtic: A | Á | B | C | D | E | É | F | G | H | I | Í | L | M | N | O | Ó | R | S | T | U

ReflexEtyma
abab-, akā-
ad-1. ad-
ad2. ad-
adas2. ad-
ad-āgor1. ad-, agh-
ad-cin1. ad-
ad-gninim2. g̑en-
ad-slig3. lei-
ag-ag̑-
ailpeli-s-
aile1. al-
ailither1. al-
airgetar(e)-g̑-
airimar(ə)-
al2. al-
alim2. al-
alt2. al-
altae2. al-
altram2. al-
altru2. al-
ames-
anāl3. an(ə)-
anim3. an(ə)-
argatar(e)-g̑-
asagussig̑eus-
asaners-
as-boindbheudh-
ates-
atbaill1. gel-
athirpətḗ(r)
aueau̯o-s
āesai-ti-
āigthiuagh-
āinneāno-
ālagh-
ārag̑-
bair2. ger-
bairgenbhar-
ball3. bhel-
bannbhendh-
bannaeband-
barrbhares-
bábbaba-
bábánbaba-
bān1. bhā-
bárd4. ger(ə)-
bechbhei-
bengē̆nā
berbaidbh(e)reu-
bergannbherəg̑-
berid1. bher-
bēo3. gei̯-
bēu3. gei̯-
bibdu1. bheidh-
biru1. bher-
bith3. gei̯-
bláth4. bhel-
bocc3. bheug-, bhū̆g̑o-s
bolach2. b(e)u-
bolgbhelg̑h-
bolgaimbhelg̑h-
bongidbheg-
borgbhereg̑h-
bothbheu-
gou-
bōibheu-
bō-milgemē̆lg̑-
brāthirbhrā́ter-
bráu2. ger-
brigbhereg̑h-
brighbhereg̑h-
brissimbhrēi-
brībhereg̑h-
brogbhereg̑h-
brothbhreu-
bró2. ger-
brughbhereg̑h-
bruinnidbhrendh-
bruthbh(e)reu-
brú1. bhreu-s-
brūu2. bhreu-s-
buidebadi̯os, bheudh-
cacckakka-
cachtaimkap-
camm(s)kamb-
canimkan-
carn3. kar-
carr2. k̑ers-
carrac3. kar-
cathk̑ād-, k̑at-
celim4. k̑el-
cethairketu̯er-
k̑o-
cēcht2. k̑ā̆k-
céle1. k̑ei-
célide1. k̑ei-
cētdek̑m̥
-ch1. ke
ciako-
cinteirk̑ent-
cíako-
clandplā̆t-
cloth1. k̑leu-
cluaink̑lep-
clú1. k̑leu-
clúas1. k̑leu-
coire2. ker-
coirt4. (s)ker-
con-ōi7. au̯-
core2. ker-
cōicpenke
cōicedpenke
crenaidkrei-
cretimk̑ered-
cridek̑ered-
crí1. krep-
crīathar4. (s)ker-
crú1. kreu-
cuile4. k̑el-
cul4. k̑el-, 1. kel-
cum-ungang̑h-
k̑u̯on-
dadu̯ō(u)
daigdhegh-
dairderu-
damnaindemə-
daurderu-
dech1. dek̑-
dechmaddek̑m̥
ded-3. dhē-
deg1. dek̑-
degadhegh-
deichdek̑m̥
delgdhelg-
demdhem-
denaiddhē(i)-
dercderk̑-
deruccderu-
dess1. dek̑-
4. dheu-
dērdak̑ru-
dē-riaddu̯ō(u)
dēted-
dide-, du̯ō(u)
dïa1. dei-
diabuldu̯ō(u)
dïe1. dei-
digendheig̑h-
dīa1. dei-
díthdhē(i)-, 2. dheu-
do-dus-
Domnalldheu-b-
domoiniur3. men-
dordhu̯ē̆r-
Dorchūdhu̯ē̆r-
dordaid2. der-
dorn1. der-
dorusdhu̯ē̆r-
do-tuit1. (s)teu-
dreasdhereg̑h-
drechderk̑-
drenn4. der-
droch-2. dhreugh-
droch1. dhregh-
drog-2. dhreugh-
drong2. dher-
druidderu-, 2. u̯(e)id-
drūideru-
du-dus-
duine2. dheu-, g̑hðem-
dumacha4. dheu-
-durni1. der-
g̑hðem-
dūal2. dek̑-
dūn4. dheu-
echek̑u̯o-s
en1. en
erc2. perk̑-
errers-
essured-
ēigemeig-
ēigideig-
ēimpei-m(i)-
ēo3. ei-
ēr2. ak̑-
Ériupei̯(ə)-
étach1. (s)teg-
ētanant-s
fāith1. u̯āt-
fedid2. u̯edh-
feiss1. u̯es-
Fergusg̑eus-
fess1. u̯es-
fēnu̯eg̑h-
fiar1. u̯ei-
fidu̯idhu-
find2. u̯(e)id-
fliuchleik-
fogeirgher-
fo-gurg̑ā̆r-
forupér
for-con-gurg̑ā̆r-
fraig1. u̯erg̑-
frith-3. u̯er-
fuil4. k̑el-
fūar4. u̯er-
gabidghabh-
gaborkapro-
gabulghabh(o)lo-
gaibidghabh-
gainethar1. g̑en-
gairmg̑ā̆r-
gāirg̑ā̆r-
gein1. g̑en-
gel1. g̑hel-
géissg̑han-s-
gin2. g̑enu-
giun2. g̑enu-
glan1. g̑hel-
glass1. g̑hel-
glé1. g̑hel-
gnāth2. g̑en-
gonim2. ghen(-ə)-
gopg̑ep(h)-
gortg̑herdh-
grinne3. ger-
guidiughedh-
guin2. ghen(-ə)-
gussg̑eus-
hil1. pel-
hīcci̯ēk-
ibid2. pō(i)-
*idanpid-
il1. pel-
imb-ambhi
imbliu1. enebh-
imm-agimag̑-
in-1. en
indoll1. al-
ini-1. en
ises-
īachtaideig-
land3. lendh-
lámpelə-
lán1. pel-
legaim1. leg-
lēicidleik-
ligimleig̑h-
liuss1. leit-
línaid1. pel-
línid1. pel-
lochlaku-
lōchetleuk-
luchairleuk-
luid6. el-
maccmaghos
marb4. mer-
marbaid4. mer-
máthirmātér-
meithleōrai2. am-
melim1. mel-
me-sse1. me-
1. me-
midmédhu
milmeli-t
milismeli-t
mīlmēlo-
mlichtmē̆lg̑-
mligimmē̆lg̑-
mōith7. mēi-
mōr4. mē-
mugmaghos
muntarmə-r
mutmut-o-s
nem2. enebh-, 1. nem-
nochtnog-
noīe-neu̯en
nōmade-neu̯en
ochair2. ak̑-
ochtok̑tō(u)
ochtmadok̑tō(u)
oenoi-no-
Oengusg̑eus-
ogō(u̯)i̯-om
Ogmaag̑-
oióu̯i-s
oīnoi-no-
orcpork̑o-s
os-nad3. an(ə)-
ōac3. i̯eu-
rann2c. per-
reg-1. reg̑-
renn3. er-
rethimret(h)-
1. reg̑-
rīabach2. rei-
rīadaimreidh-
rīan3. er-
rīm1. ar-
rīmid1. ar-
ro-budbheudh-
ro-iccenek̑-
rūadreudh-
saigidsāg-
salann1. sal-
sam3. sem-
samrad3. sem-
samradh3. sem-
scaraim4. (s)ker-
sechtseptm̥
sechtmadseptm̥
seissedsu̯ek̑s
selgsp(h)elg̑h(en)
sellaim3. sel-
sensen(o)-
su̯ek̑s
sētsent-
siss-stā-
sídesed-
snāth(s)nē-
snechtisneigh-
snigesneigh-
snigidsneigh-
snī(s)nē-
-som2. sem-
srennimsrenk-
súan1. su̯ep-
súgid1. seu-
sūidesed-
tair-issimstā-
tair-sissimstā-
taítū̆
tamanstā-
tan1. ten-
táltek̑þ-
tánaisesed-
-tāustā-
tech1. (s)teg-
temeltem(ə)-
tenetep-
tengaedn̥g̑hū
terc2. ter-
tesstep-
tep-
tiprabh(e)reu-
tiugtegu-
togug̑eus-
tolctelek-
to-ucc-euk-
-tōstā-
traigtrāgh-
tre̐-denus1. dei-
tritrei-
triūtrei-
tugatóir1. (s)teg-
tugid1. (s)teg-
tulctelek-
turters-
tū̆
tūathtēu-
uilenn8. el-
uisce9. au̯(e)-
usce9. au̯(e)-