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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: 7. au̯-, au̯ē-, au̯ēi-   'to like, help'

Semantic Field: to Help, Aid


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old Irish: con-ōi helps GED
Gaulish: Avicantus prop.n [personal name] GED
Old English: Eanmund prop.n Eanmund [personal name] GED
English: Eanmund prop.n Swedish prince in Beowulf LRC
Old Saxon: ālat n.masc/neut thanks GED
  ōlat n.masc/neut thanks GED
  Onmund prop.n [personal name] GED
Old High German: Awa/Awo prop.n [personal name] GED
  Awi- prop.n.pfx [personal name] GED
  Onmund prop.n [personal name] GED
Runic: auja n good fortune GED
Old Icelandic: Aunmundr prop.n [personal name] GED
Gothic: awiliuþ n.neut thanks GED
  Onemunds prop.n [personal name] GED
  Onila prop.n [personal name] GED
Latin: audeō, audēre, ausus vb to dare to do LRC
  aveō vb to yearn for GED
  avidus, avida, avidum adj eager, desirous LRC
Greek: αʼίτα n friend, beloved GED
  ἀῑ́τᾱς n friend, beloved GED
  ἐνηής adj well-wishing GED
Armenian: aviun n inspiration GED
Avestan: avaiti helps GED
Sanskrit: ávati vb to favor GED
  áviṣ adj favorable GED
Tocharian A: aulāre n friend, companion GED
  olar n friend, companion GED


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
3=3rd person
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)
sg=singular (number)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
GED=Winfred P. Lehmann: A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin

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